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fashion the mystery in accordance with | Professor Tyndall that the Final Cause its own needs — then, in opposition to all is Matter just as readily and with just as the restrictions of materialism, I would complete a surrender of the right of priaffirm this to be a field for the noblest vate judgment as Catholics show when a exercise of what, in contrast with the Pope decides that usury is immoral, or as knowing faculties, may be called the cre- the Peculiar People show when they let ative faculties of man. Here, however, their children die because St. James did I must quit a theme too great for me to not believe in the value of medical adhandle, but which will be handled by the vice. If Professor Tyndall affirmed that loftiest minds ages after you and I like the Final Cause was heat, they would go streaks of morning cloud, shall have about extolling the instinctive wisdom of melted into the infinite azure of the past." | the Guebres, and perhaps subscribe for

Plainer speaking than this can no man a temple to maintain a perpetual fire. desire, and we need not say we have no There will, however, be injury to such quarrel with Mr. Tyndall for the plain-men, and if only for their sake, it would ness of his speech. We rather honour have been well if Professor Tyndall had, him for the courage which impels him to when announcing a conclusion which, if tell out his real thought, and face what-true, is fatal to all religion - for thought ever of obloquy now attaches — and evolved from matter is thought without though little, it is often bitter - to opin- responsibility, and man is necessarily jons so extreme. If Materialism, - we sinless — at all events stated frankly use the word without endorsing the op- what his opponents would consider the probrium it is supposed to convey – is great objections to his theory, had retrue, why waste time and energy and moved at least the primary difficulty, that character in teaching what we know, or the reference of all thought to motors at least believe, to be so false ? That apart from the independent and conceivpractice can lead only to a restriction of ably immortal mind in man, does not, intellectual effort, or to an intellectual (like any other scientific assumption, exhypocrisy even worse in its effects than plain the visible phenomena. hypocrisy as to morals. That the result The hypothesis does not, for instance, of such a philosophy, if universally ac: explain in any way the consciousness of cepted, would be evil, or rather, to avoid free-will, which is as strong as that contheological terminology, would be injuri- sciousness of existence without which it ous to human progress, we have no is impossible to reason; or the independdoubt; but if it be true, the injury is no ent influence of will, whether free or argument against its diffusion, for the not, on the brain itself; or above all, the injury, whatever its amount, is less than existence of conflicting thoughts going on that which must proceed from the delib- in the mind at the same indivisible point erate lying of the wise, or from the ex- of time. If a consciousness which is uniistence of that double creed, an exoteric versal and permanent is not to be acand an esoteric one, which is the invari- cepted as existing, why should the eviable result of their silence, or their lim-dence of the senses, or the decision of itation of speech to a circle of the initiat- reason, or the conclusions of science be ed. Lucretius denying God and deifying accepted either? If the fact, as we Nature is a safer as well as nobler teacher should call it, is mere illusion, why is not than the Augur chuckling in silent scorn the evidence for the conservation of enas he announces to the mob the imagi.ergy mere illusion too? Belief in either nary will of the Gods whom, for him and can only be the result of experience, and for them alike, he believes to be non- the experience as to the one is at least as existent. The evil the Professor will do great as the experience as to the other. arises not from any fault of his — save so Yet as the outcome of material forces, of far as there may be moral fault in accept any clash of atoms, any active relation ing such conclusions, a point upon which between the organism and its environbis conscience, and no other man's, must ments, must be inevitable, - free-will judge - but from the cowardly subser- and thought evolved from machinery vience to authority which marks some could not co-exist. The machine may be would-be students of science as strongly as fine as the mind can conceive, but as ever it marked any students of Theol- still it can only do its natural work, ogy. There is a class of men among us cannot change its routine, cannot, above who are in inatters of Science as amen- all, decline to act, as the mind unquesable to authority as ever were Ultramon- tionably often consciously does. Lucretanes, and who will accept a decision from tius, who killed himself to avoid corrupt imaginings, could, had his sanity been |[Lucretius] had, as you know, threatenperfect, have controlled them, – that is, ings of lewdness introduced into his brain could have declined to let the mind act by his jealous wife's philter; and sooner as it was going to act; and in that con- than permit himself to run even the risk trol is at least an apparent demonstra- of yielding to these base promptings, he tion that he possessed something above slew himself. How could the hand of the product of any material energies. Lucretius have been thus turned against Professor Tyndall will say that animals bimself, if the real Lucretius remained as show the same will, the dog, for instance, before ? Can the brain or can it not act restraining the inclination to snap at food, in this distempered way without the inthough his mind, as you can see in his tervention of the immortal reason? If it eyes, wants it as much as his body, but can, then it is a prime mover which rewhat new difficulty does that involve ? quires only healthy regulation to render Immortality for animals, says Bishop it reasonably self-acting, and there is no Butler, when he met that dilemma; and apparent need of your immortal reason at Professor Tyndall accepts that conclu- all. If it cannot, then the immortal reasion as only logical ; but where is the son, by its mischievous activity in opelogic that requires it? There is no ob-rating upon a broken instrument, must jection, that we know of, except preju- have the credit of committing every imdice, to the immortality of animals high aginable extravagance and crime.” Why enough in the scale to receive the sep- should it not have the credit, if the “imarate reason, but neither is there any mortal reason” has full power? What necessity why their separate reason else but that is the essence of the idea of should be deathless or incapable of ab- sin ? If the immortal reason, indeed, sorption. The free-will of man does not has not full power - if, by reason of the prove or involve immortality, which must imperfection of the instrument, it cannot, be defended on quite other grounds, to use ordinary language, transmit its though it does prove the existence in orders intact, then, in the degree to man of a force not emanating from ma- which that transmission is imperfect, terial sources. Professor Tyndall says, there is neither extravagance nor crime, if there were such a separate reason, it but merely action, to that extent morally could not be suspended or thrown into a indifferent. The alternative which the trance, as it were, by an external accident, Professor puts down as a reductio ad abbut he does not prove that it is. His surdum is the main assumption not only of argument from surgical experience - the every Christian creed, but of every creed apparent suspense of all faculties be- that ever existed, is, as we should say, cause a bone presses the brain — only one of the intuitions of which every man shows that the relation between the soul is as certain as he is of his legs. In the

- to employ the theological and best- same way, the existence of conflict in the known term — and its instrument may be mind seems to us fatal to any idea that suspended for a time, but does not prove mind is a product of material action alone. that the soul ceases even temporarily to The result of the physical brain-process, be. The electric fluid exists even when whatever it is, must surely be a result, the wire which conveys it ceases to be and not a struggle of two results, in insulated. His moral illustration is which one not only gives way, but is exstronger, because it carries us to the tinguished by the other. It is possible edge of the region where thought and ex- to deny that the struggle arises from one perience alike begin to fail, but it is not and the same operation, although it conconclusive :-“ The brain may change stantly seems to do so ; but if it does so from health to disease, and through such arise, there must be something in mind a change the most exemplary man may be other than mental steam arising from converted into a debauchee or a murderer. physical friction. My very noble and approved good master!

In a paper in Petermann's Mittheilungen 1-1. The long axis of the arctic land-mass (Heft vii. 1874) by Dr. Joseph Chavanne, of (which probably consists of an island archiVienna, on “The Arctic Continent and Polar / pelago separated by narrow arms of the sea, Sea,” the author deduces the following con- perhaps only fjords) crosses the mathematical clusions from the data furnished by recent ex- | pole; it thus bends round Greenland, north of peditions, and which he carefully discusses : Shannon Island, not towards the north-west, but runs across to 82° or 83° N. lat. in a , crater deeper than Etna's, and raging, as far as it can northerly direction, proceeding thence towards reach, in one frantic desolation of whatever is lovely, or

holy, or memorable, in the central city of the world. N.N.E. or N.E. 2. The coast of this arctic "

Academy. continent is consequently to be found between 25° and 170° E. long. in a mean N. lat. of 84° 1 and 85°, the west coast between 90° and 170° “A Rose IN JUNE," the publication of W. long. in a latitude from 86° to 80°. 3. which was recently completed in The LIVING Robeson Channel, which widens suddenly Age, is from the pen of Mrs. Oliphant. north of 82° 16m. N. lat., still widening, bends sharply in 840 N. lat. to the west ; Smith Sound, therefore, is freely and continuously

THE FISHER. connected with Behring Strait. Grinnell

Sorrow, and strife and pain Land is an island which probably extends to Have crushed my spirit with relentless hand. 95° W. long., south of which the Parry Is- Long have I toiled, O Lord, and wrought in lands fill up the sea west of Jones's Sound.

vain, 4. The sea between the coast of the arctic

But still, at Thy command polar land and the north coast of America is traversed by an arm of the warm drift-current

Into the wide blue sea, of the Kuro Siwo, which pierces Behring Clinging to Thine own word, I cast the net; Strait, and thus at certain times and in certain Thy covenant was made of old with me places is free of ice, allowing the warm cur

And I will trust Thee yet. rent to reach Smith Sound. 5. The Gulf Stream gliding between Bear Island and No

Lord, it is hard to stand vaya Zemlya to the north-east washes the Waiting and watching in this silent toil, north coast of the Asiatic continent, and is While other fishers draw their nets to land, united east of the New Siberia Islands with

And shout to see their spoil. the west arm of the drift current of the Kuro Siwo. On the other hand, the arm of the

My strength fails unawares, Gulf Stream, which proceeds from the west

My hands are weak, — my sight grows dim

with tears; coast of Spitzbergen to the North, dips, north

My soul is burdened with unanswered prayers, of the Seven Islands, under the polar current,

And sick of doubts and fears. comes again to the surface in a higher latitude, and washes the coast of the arctic polar

I see, across the deep, land, the climate of which, therefore, is under | The moon cast down her fetters, silver-bright. the influence of a temporarily open polar sea ; | As if to bind the ocean in his sleep hence both the formation of perpetual ice, as

With links of living light. well as excessive extreme of cold, is manifestly impossible. 6. The mean elevation of the

I hear the roll and rush pular land above the sea diminishes towards Of waves that kiss the bosom of the beach ;the pole. 7. The sea between Spitzbergen | That soft sea-voice which ever seems to hush and Novaya Zemlya to Behring Strait is even

The tones of human speech. in winter sometimes free of ice, and may be navigated in summer and autumn. 8. The

A breeze comes sweet and chill most likely routes to the pole are: - first, the Over the waters, and the night wanes fast; sea between Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemlya ; His promise fails; the net is empty still, and second, the sea north of Behring Strait

And hope's old dreams are past ! along the coast of the unknown polar land.

Slow fade the moon and stars, | And in the east, the new dawn faintly shines

| Through dim grey shadows, flecked with We have been so alarmed by the denuncia

pearly bars, tion of “the Editors of the European press "| And level silver lines. in the new number of Fors Clavigera, and their habit of living by the sale of their “ opinions,

But lo! what form is this instead of knowledges," that we scarcely ven. Standing beside me on the desolate shore ? ture to hold, much less to express, the very I bow my knees ; His garment's hem I kiss ; harmless “ opinion ” that the following passage

Master, I doubt no more! is one of painful interest :

“Draw in thy net, draw in," The Pope's new tobacco manufactory under the Palau

He cries, “behold the straining meshes tine (is) an infinitely more important object now, in all views of Rome from the west, than either the Palatine or the Capitol ; while the still more ancient documents Ah, Lord, the spoil I toiled so long to win of Egyptian religion - the obelisks of the Piazza del

Is granted for Thy sake! Popolo, and of the portico of St. Peter's - are entirely eclipsed by the obelisks of our English religion, lately elevated, in full view from the Pincian and the Mon

The rosy day blooms out torio, with smoke coming out of the top of them. And | Like a full-blossomed flower ; the joyous sea farther, the entire eastern district of Rome, between Lifts up its voice ; the winds of morning shout the two Basilicas of the Lateran and St. Lorenzo, is

All glory, God, to Thee ! now one mass of volcanic ruin ; a desert of dust and ashes, the lust of wealth exploding there, out of a Sunday Magazine. SARAH DOUDNEY.


Fifth Series, }
Volume VII. S

No. 1581. - September 26, 1874.

From Beginning, ? Vol. CXXII.


i 771 . 793

I. THE DEPTHS OF THE SEA, . . . . British Quarterly Review, . II. THE MANOR-HOUSE AT MILFORD. Part IV., Chambers' Journal, . . III. INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF PROF. JOHN TYN

DALL, D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., . . . Nature, . . . .

** Title and Index to Volume CXXII.

. 802

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Blue eyes, or black, or hazel, — which

Are best? Your-colour'd eyes.
IF we be fools of chance, indeed, and tend
No whither, then the blinder fools in this :

No longer &c.
That, loving good, we live, in scorn of bliss,
Its wageless servants to the evil end.

Your manners, gestures, being of you,

Most easily excel. If at the last, man's thirst for higher things

Have you defects ? I love them too, Be quench'd in dust, the giver of his life,

I love yourself so well. Why press with growing zeal a hopeless

No longer &c. strife, Why - born for creeping — should he dream of wings?

To me, once careworn, veering, vext,

Kind fate my Queen hath sent;
O Mother Dust! thou hast one law so mild, In full allegiance, unperplext,
We call it sacred — all thy creatures own I live in sweet content.

The tie which binds the parent and the child, -
Why has man's loving heart alone outgrown No longer any choice remains ;

All beauty now I view,

All bliss that womankind contains, Why hast thou travail'd so to be denied,

Completely summ'd in you. So trampled by a would-be matricide ?

Fraser's Magazise


Ripe fruit of science - demonstrated fact

We grasp at thee in trembling expectation,

We humbly wait on thee for explanation : Words of the Universe, enshrin'd in act !


FROM THE FRENCH OF THEOPHILE GAUTIER. Words, pregnant words, but only parts of speech

The original begins :
As yet, curt utterance such as children use, “Souleve ta paupière close,
With meanings struggling through but to

Qu'effleure un songe virginal!"
And hinted signs which soar beyond our reach.

Those slumbering lids unclose,

Where pure dreams hover so light ! Work on in patience, children of the time

A spectre am I – the Rose Who lend your faultering modes to Na

That you wore at the ball last night. ture's voice,

| You took me, watered so late Fulfil your present task; some prize sublime

My leaves yet glistened with dew;
Ye wot not of your hearts may still rejoice, And amid the starry fête

You bore me the evening through.
Some strain of music shape the wild turmoil,
And consecrate the pauses of your toil.



O lady, for whom I died,

You cannot drive me away!
My spectre at your bed-side

Shall dance till the dawning of day.

Yet fear not, nor make lament,

Nor breathe sad psalms for my rest !

For my soul is this tender scent, No longer any choice remains ;

And I come from the bowers of the Blest.
All beauty now I view,
All bliss that womankind contains,

Completely summ'd in you.

How many for deaths so divine
Your stature marks the proper height;

Would have given their lives away!
Your hair the finest shade ;

| Was never such fate as mine Complexion - Love himself aright

For in death on your neck I lay!
Each varying tint hath laid.

To my alabaster bier

A poet came with a kiss :
No longer &c.

And he wrote, “A rose lies here,

But kings might envy its bliss." Your voice — the very tone and pitch

FRANCIS DAVID MORICE. Whereto my heart replies !

Macmillan's Magazine.

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