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not how scarce to keep myself from starving, John Hay, a son of Lord Kinnoul, and with the small credit I have here, being re- his wife Marjory, a daughter of Lord duced to the greatest of straits.

Stormont. Some years later James The kindness of Lord and Lady Tra- | named John Hay his Secretary of State, quair, as shown on many former occa- with high rank in his titular peerage as sions, was not denied her on this. A Earl of Inverness. Both the wife and small sum in addition was paid her by husband are described as follows in order of the Chevalier. There was also as Locklart of Carnwath's " Memoirs : " it chanced one of her sisters then at Paris ! “ The lady was a mere coquette, tolerably - Lady Anne Herbert by birth, and mar- Jhandsome, but withal prodigiously vain ried to Francis Smith, Lord Carrington and arrogant. Her lord was a cunning, - "a person.” writes Lady Nithsdale, false, avaricious creature of very ordinary " that one would have thought should parts, cultivated by no sort of literature, have helped me in this juncture. But so and altogether void of experience in far from it that I have not got a sixpence, l business.” It was now the object of this but a promise to keep my little girl who i well-matched pair to confirm and mainstays with her. But I oblige myself to

e muself totain their influence by keeping away as pay what masters she has, without which much as possible all persons who would she would have lost all the learning I

learning inot declare themselves their followers have done my endeavours to give her, and their dependants. notwithstanding all my strait.”

Within a few weeks, however, of Lord By the aid of the Traguair subsidy and and Lady Nithsdale's arrival at Rome, that from her so-called Roval “ Master." | James himself was suddenly called away Lady Nithsdale was enabled to join her from it. He was summoned to Spain, husband at Urbino, and, after a brief in

ndiera Trip in there to sanction and direct the expediterval, proceed with bim in the Cheva

tion against Great Britain, which the lier's train to Rome. From Rome there

Prime Minister Cardinal Alberoni had soon went forth another melancholy been preparing. It is well known how letter to Lady Traquair:

soon and how signally that project was

baffled by the winds and tempests; and January 3, 1719. – Dearest sister, I have

with how much of disappointment the still deferred writing to you since I came to

Chevalier had to return to Italy. this place, hoping to have some agreeable

In this journey to Spain James appears news to make a letter welcome that had so far to go; but we still are in the same situation,

to have been attended by Lord Nithsdale,

o, and live upon hopes; and, indeed, without while the Countess remained at Rome. hope, hearts would break; but I can say no There she witnessed the arrival of James's more.... I found him (my Lord] still the bride, the Princess Clementina Sobieski, same man as to spending, not being able to whom she describes (May 17, 1719) as conform himself to what he has, which really follows:troubles me. And to the end that he might not make me the pretence, which he ever did, This, dearest sister, is barely to acquaint I do not touch a penny of what he has, but you that yesternight arrived here our young leave it to him to maintain him and his man, Mistress. I and my companion went out a which is all he has, and live upon what is post to meet her, and, indeed, she is one of allowed me. ... Now as to other things : the the charmingest, obliging, and well-bred young great expectations I had some reason to have ladies that ever was seen. Our Master cannot conceived from my husband's letters when he but be extremely happy in her, and all those sent for me hither, are far from answered. 1 who has the good fortune to have any depend. am kept at as great a distance from my Mas-ence on her. To add to it, she is very pretty ; ter as can well be, and as much industry used has good eyes, a fine skin, well shaped for her to let me have none of his car as they can ; height; but is not tall, but may be so as yet, and though he is going to a house that his for she is but seventeen, and looks even family can scarce fill, I could not obtain to be younger. She has chosen a retired place in admitted under his roof. But that and many the town in our Master's absence. other things must be looked over ; at least we shall have bread by being near him, and I! It had been hoped by Lord and Lady have the happiness once again to be with my Nithsdale that on the return of James to dear husband that I love above my life.

Italy there would be expressed to them The real fact as explaining the cold re some disapproval of the mortifications to ception of Lord and Lady Nithsdale apo !)

I which they had almost daily been expears to be that the Chevalier was at this ?

Tposed. But it did not prove so. Lady time greatly under the dominion of two

Nithsdale writes, October 10, 1719:unworthy favourites, - Colonel the Hon. The first of August our young Mistress went to meet her husband, who could not come buy clothes, and I brought my mourning with hither by reason of the great heats, in which me that has served ever since I came, and was time it is thought dangerous to come into this neither with my Master's or husband's money town; so she went to a small place six or bought. But now I have nobody to address seven posts from hence, a very good air, but myself to but my Master for wherewithal to so small a place that she took but one person | buy any. I know, between you and I, but with her, which was Mrs. Hay. The strait- that I need not tell my Master, that he [my ness of the place was the reason given for my Lord) blames me and his daughter for what he companion's and my stay behind ; but there is is obliged to take up; whereas I have not had some reason to believe that our Master did one single penny, and as for our daughter, not care for to have more about him than whose masters I must pay, or she forget all what he has there. He has not permitted the little I have been at the expense of before, anybody to go to him but those he sends for, and have done it hitherto, I have neither paid which has been but few persons, and such / out of his nor my own pension, which is too only as those who addressed themselves to small to do it, but that I had 30 pistoles from Mrs. Huy's brother or husband. ... As be- (the Pope for her, which has done it. But now forementioned, our Master and Mistress they are at an end, and I know not what to do. comes hither, and are, probably speaking, to For as to my sister I suppose she will not see stay this winter, though the master of this her starve or go naked, but for more I cannot town [the Pope] does not much approve of it. rely on. Where we shall go after God knows. His company he used to have about him is much! Thus wearily and heavily the months diminished; many are gone, and more is a-go- dragged along at Rome. In March 1720, ing daily. My companion is a-going to her however, there came a gleam of joy when husband, and I fear neither he nor she intend Lady Nithsdale found herself able to anto return; so that I am the only one now left( nounce that the Princess gave hopes of of my station, and shall in all appearance be

| an heir. Even this brief gleam was yet more trampled on than were both in our

clouded over by signal mortifications. Master's absence. At his return we hoped for some redress, but now we have reason to James would allow at mis juncture no in

James would allow at this juncture no inbelieve we are to expect none, for everything timate access of any lady to his consort, is approved that was done in his absence, except only Mrs. Hay,which has made many one withdraw; and I wish that may be the greatest ill that follows.

· who is one as you know (Lady Nithsdale from the retirement of some. My husband writes), that has never had any children;... would fain have been of the number, and have and

Cand have and though I have had occasion to be better had me, but I told him my pleasure did not

leasure did not versed in these things, having been so long draw me hither, nor the slióhts and troubles I married and had so many children, yet they daily meet should make me go, but be over- P!

but be over: prefer one who has had no experience of that looked by me for the same end that brought Ki

het kind, and my Mistress has not so much as me, which was the good of my children and

dlever let me know how she was in any kind. family; so I intend to act as if I saw nothing

| And when she was indisposed, which she has but what pleased me, and expect God Al

been frequently since her being with child was

spoke of, and that I was there constantly three mighty's time for an alteration.

tiines a day to see how she did, I never was In this same letter Lady Nithsdale la- thought fit to be admitted into the secret, but ments to her sister-in-law her husband's it was told me by herself and others that it was want of forethought and consideration in nothing but a cold, though I knew in what borrowing, or, as she calls it, “taking up "condition she was. money where he finds it practicable, and, ! In spite of these unpromising signs, above all, in drawing bills on Lord or Lady Nithsdale ventured at this juncture, Lady Traquair without their consent and humbly begging." to know whether she approval first obtained. She grieves at might have any hopes of having care of this money being

the young Lord or Lady when it pleased all taken up and spent already, which she God to send it.” She was not precisely adds), is but too true ; so that if his Master refused – that is, there was no other perdoes not pay it, as I very much fear he will son preferred. But the Chevalier annot, his reputation is quite lost. . . . All my swered that, “ having taken a resolution comiort is that I have no share in this misfor- to take no servants while I am abroad, I tune, for he has never been the man that has will make neither governess nor under. offered me one farthing of all the money he !

governess. My wife has but little to do, has taken up, and as yet all is spent, but how, is a riddlc to me, for what he spends at home

: and will look to it herself.” is but 30 pence a day in his eating. Ile has had! Great was the delight of the whole but one suit of clothes since, and now he must mournful company of exiles when, on the have one for winter. For my part I continue last day of the year, the Princess gave in mourning as yet for want of wherewithal to birth to a son, Charles Edward, the hero of “ The Forty-five.” Henceforth the ance, or for some other object, he intiletters of Lady Nithsdale teem with ac. mated to the Chevalier that some property, counts of his teething and weaning, and belonging of right to himself, was unfairly other incidents of childhood. Scarcely detained by his brother-in-law. Here. less were they rejoiced when, four years upon James, desiring to do an act of afterwards, there came a second son, justice at the same time with an act of Henry, afterwards Cardinal York. kindness, wrote as follows to one of his

But during this time the circumstances agents in Scotland :of the Nithsdales by no means improved. They were constantly reduced to dismal The Earl of Nidsdale tells me he has pristraits. Thus, on the occasion of Prince vate means of his own in the Earl of Tra. Charles's birth, when some gala dresses qu

quair's hands, from whom he has never yet

got any account of them; and as you know were required, Lady Nithsdale writes :

the just regard I have, particularly for the I have had the happiness to have one hand- / first, I would have you get Mr. Carnegy to some suit procured me by the means of a Car- take a proper method of letting Traquair know dinal, who got it from the Pope, but that is that I should take it kindly if he would settle between you and I, for I was forbid to let it be these affairs with his kinsman here to his sat. known. I have bought two others, the one as isfaction, which I am persuaded he will do good as that, the other more for bad weather, when he knows it will be agreeable to me. being obliged to walk on foot to my Master's several times in the day, so that I am much out Even the most placable of inen must of pocket, but shall in time get free, I hope, here have been roused to resentment. without taking a farthing from my husband Here, in complete reversal of the real for it. The reason why I thought myself facts, was Lord Traquair, a steady ad. obliged to provide myself so well, was that my herent of the exiled Prince, held up to Master might not think that because I was i that Prince, whose good opinion he was disappointed of what I had some reason to expect I did not care how I went; and also that

of course anxious to secure, as the spoiler if I had not he might have taken the pretence

of that kinsman whom he had so conthat he was ashamed I should be seen with

stantly befriended. No wonder if we find his wife because I had not decent clothes.

Lady Traquair writing to her brother as

follows (January 1724): – Still more grievous was it, for Lady Nithsdale at least, when dire necessity. It is but within these few days that my hus. compelled them to draw bills on Lord band was in a condition that he could know Traquair, and trust to his generosity for the contents of your letter, or what Sir John their acceptance. In 1722 there went out the King) writ of your affairs. I do not prea bill of a larger amount than usual, namely tend to write to you what his sentiments were I 50l., and for this Lord Nithsdale desired upon knowing this most unexpected and unacthat bis sister should sell a little house-countable piece of news. He was not a little hold furniture which his wife had left in E

grieved that matters had been so misrepre

sented as if he had effects of yours in his her care, and apply the proceeds in its i hands, and were so unjust to so near a relation discharge.

as not to transmit your own to you, though But fas Lady Nithsdale writes), it will you be straitened and suffer in such a cause. not answer our end if the money be not paid! This is indeed, dear brother, a very strange twenty days after the receipt of the bill ; so I office from you to my husband, after so many beg you by all that is dear to you to have como services done by him to you and your familv. passion of us ; for if this fails, if we were I must say it is very unkind and a sad return a-starving nobody would let us have a six- for all the favours my husband has done you pence. We have pawned all our credit to before and since you went last abroad; for he hinder our being molested till this can be an.

lested till this can be an. having no effects of yours save a little house. swered and have had no small difficulty in hold furniture of no use to us and what I getting it done, and are quite out of the power

vite out of the power could not get disposed of, has honoured your of doing it longer.

bills, supplied your wants without scrape of

pen from you ; besides the considerable sum Lord Nithsdale, on his part, adds, in you owed him formerly, he even under God another letter, “ This, if not answered, will has preserved your family which without his infallibly ruin me.”

money credit, and his son's assiduous attend. Neither in this instance, nor in any a

any ance and application, must, humanly speak

ing, have sunk. He might reasonably have other, so far as we are made aware of it,

expected other returns from you than comdid Lord Traquair failin the expected aid.'

plaints to one we valuc so infinitely as we do But it must be owned that Lord Nithsdale Sir John, as if my husband had wronged you made him a strange return. This was in and detained your own when your sufferings 1723. Either to enhance his own import- justly call for the greatest consideration,

This affir, however little to the credit conveyed, was by the young lady acof Lord Nithsdale, produced no breach cepted, and the marriage took place at between the sisters : “I having been al- Lucca in the course of the same year. ways kept ignorant of his affairs," writes Another marriage, at nearly the same Lady Nithsdale, in a previous letter(March period, must have been still more inter22, 1723). And subsequently (March 7, esting to Lord and Lady Nithsdale. Lord 1725), adverting to this very incident, she Maxwell, now a resident in Scotland, bad says to Lady Traquair:

become attached to his cousin Lady Cath

erine Stuart, daughter of Lord and Lady As to what you imagined to be the reason Traguair. Considering the old connec. of my not writing you wronged me very much tion, and the constant friendship between in the matter, for what happens between your

the two families, and their agreement brother and you yourselves are best able to judge. I am only sorry that he should do any.

both in religion and in politics, to say thing that gives you reason to take ill, and if nothing of the benefits conterred by the it lay in my power I am sure he would not. one Earl upon the other, it might have As for my part I am so sensible of all your been supposed that the prospect of this kindnesses and favours to my son and family | alliance would have given Lord Nithsdale that I never think I can sufficiently acknowl- especial pleasure. But such was by no edge them, or return you my grateful thanks. means the case. We may perceive the But although there might be no abso

contrary from the following sentence of lute breach of friendship, there was cer

| Lady Nithsdale, writing to Lady Traquair tainly a decline of correspondence. From

(October 2, 1731): “Dear sister, I have this period the letters, as we find them, of

this considerable while been expecting Lady Nithsdale to her sister-in-law are

every post the good news of the conclufew and far between. The latest of all,

ii sion of my son's happy marriage with after six years' interval, bears date Janu

| Lady Catherine ; a happiness he has long

coveted, and I as long been endeavouring ary 29, 1739, and in this she excuses her-1 self that “my great troubles, and ill

to procure him his father's consent to." nesses occasioned by them, has hindered

The marriage, however, did take place in me from writing hitherto.”

the course of the same year. It appears In this period of years, however, there

to have been a happy one, as Lady Nithshad been several events to cheer her.

dale, by anticipation, called it. No sons Lord Maxwell, her sole surviving son,

| were born from it, and only one daughter, after much litigation in the Court of Ses

" through whom the line of Maxwell was sion and the House of Lords, was admit

continued. ted by the latter tribunal to the benefit of! Lord Nithsdale did not live to witness an early entail which Lord Nithsdale had

the last enterprise on behalf of the exiled

Stuarts. He died at Romein March 1744. made, so that at his father's death he

After his decease bis widow was induced, would, notwithstanding his father's forfeiture, succeed to Terregles and the i

though not without difficulty, to accept an family estates. Practically he succeeded

annuity of 200l. a year from her son, who

then came into full possession of the to them — in part, at least - even sooner, since the life-interest of his father was

family estates. Of this annuity she repurchased from the Government in his

di solved to apply one-half to the discharge

of her husband's debts, which would in behalf.

Pass we to the daughter. Lady Anne. i that manner be paid off at the end of who had come to join her parents in Italy. / m

o join her parents in Italu' three years. There she chanced to meet Lord Bellew. i Lady Nithsdale herself survived till an Irish nobleman upon his travels. He! he spring, of 1749: . Nothing further is

i known of her declining years. We conconceived for her a strong attachment,

jecture, however, that she had grown very apparently on but slight acquaintance. !!

To infirm, since her signature, of which some As he writes himself to Lord Nithsdale (April 27, 1731): –

i specimens are given at this period, is

tremulous and indistinct to a most unI propose to be entirely happy in the pos- common degree. session of the lady, who has so tine a character. Both Lord and Lady Nithsdale died at with all those that know her. But it is not Rome, and, in all probability, were buried only hcarsay on which I ground my happiness,';

ppiness, there. When the late Mr. Mirmaduke having had the honour and pleasure to see i Lady Anne, though, perchance, not the good

Maxwell, of Terregles, came to that city fortune to be remembered by her.

in the year 1870 – so the editor of these

volumes informs us – he made inquiries The offer of his hand, which this letter' for any monument or grave of these two LIVING AGE. VOI.. VII. 346

ancestors ; but, after much research, was as she did. Val was extremely well re. unable to find the least trace of any such. ceived in the county, and considered,

Here then ends our narrative of the life young as he was, an acquisition to general of Winifred Herbert, as she was by birth, society; and was asked far and wide to the worthy descendant of that first Earl garden-parties, which were beginning to of Pembroke of the last creation, the come into fashion, and to the few dances chief of the English forces at the battle which occurred now and then. He lad of St. Quentin and the Lord President of to go, too, to various entertainments Wales. In her was nobly sustained the given by the new people in Lord Eskspirit of that ancient race. Nor in our side's feus. During Val's boyhood, the own century has that spirit declined. feus which the old lord and his factor laid When we look to what they have done, out so carefully had been built upon, to or may probably yet do, in the present the advantage of the shopkeepers in Lassage – to the past of Sidney Herbert - to wade for one thing; and a row of, on the the future of Lord Carnarvon — to the whole, rather handsome houses, in solid future also perhaps of that son of Sidney white stone, somewhat urban in architecHerbert, who, young as he is, has already ture for the locality, and built to resist wielded his pen with considerable power, wind and storm for centuries, rose on the though not always quite discreetly, and crown of the green bank which overlooked who has been so recently named Under- the road, and were to be seen from the Secretary of State in that very War De- terrace at Rosscraig. There were two partment where his father gained and ladies in them who gave parties,- one deserved such high distinction — we can- the wife of a retired physician, the other not but feel how much of sap and growth a well-connected widow. Val had to is left in the ancestral stem, and how aptly dance at both houses, for the very good it might take for its motto REVIRESCIT. reason that the widow was well connected,

which made it impossible to refuse her; while the other house had a vote, more important still. “It is your business to

make yourself agreeable to everybody, From Blackwood's Magazine.

Val," said Lord Eskside, feeling as he THE STORY OF VALENTINE; AND HIS BROTHER.

looked at the boy's long limbs and broad

shoulders, that the time was approaching CHAPTER xx.

in which his ambition should at last be This was Val's last summer at Eton ; gratified, and a Ross be elected for the 'he went away with deep regret, as all county, notwithstanding all obstacles. well-conditioned boys do, and was petted Within the next four or five years a genand made much of at home in the interval eral election was inevitable ; and it was between his school and his university life. I one of the old lord's private prayers that Lady Eskside, who had once carried little it might not come until Val was eligible. Val with her, with care so anxious, was He did all he could to communicate to him proud and happy beyond description now that interest in politics which every young when Val accompanied her anywhere with man of good family, according to Lord that air of savoir faire and intimate knowl- Eskside, should be reared in. Val had edge of the world which distinguishes his been rather inattentive on this point: he kind. He had already a circle much en- held, in an orthodox manner, those conlarged from hers, and knew people whom ventional and not very intelligent Tory even the Dowager Duchess, who was principles which belong to Eion ; but he more in the world than Lady Eskside, had not thought much about the subject, could not pretend to know. He was a if truth must be told, and was rather head taller than good-natured Lord High- amused than impressed by Lord Eskside's towers, and a thousand times handsomer eloquence. “All riglit, grandpapa," he and better bred. “But not the least like would say, with that warm general assent his father," said her Grace, with pointed of youth which is so trying to the enger particularity. “Not so like as he was,” | instructor. He was quite ready to accept said Lady Eskside, not unprepared for both position and opinions, but he did this attack; “but I can still see the re- not care enough about them to take the semblance – though the difference of trouble of forming any decision for himcomplexion is bewildering to those who self. don't know both faces as well as I do,” | But he went to Mrs. Rintoul's party, she added, with a smile. To be sure, no' and made himself very agreeable; and one else could know the two faces as well not only the retired doctor hiinself, but

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