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Fifth Series; }

No. 1574. - August 8, 1874.

From Beginning,

347

CONTENTS.
I. ON THE PERSONAL HISTORY OF LORD MA-
CAULAY, . . . . . . . New Quarterly Re

· New Quarterly Review, · · 323 II. ALICE LORRAINE. A Tale of the South

Downs. Part VII., . . . . . Blackwood's Magasine, . . 336 III. “LATENT THOUGHT,” . .

. Contemporary Review, . . . IV. A ROSE IN JUNE Part VIII., . . . Cornhill Magazine, . . . 353 V. THE PLACE OF HOMER IN HISTORY AND IN

EGYPTIAN CHRONOLOGY, . . . . Contemporary Review, . . . 361 VI. THE TASMANIAN BLUE GUM TREE, . . Chambers' Journal, . . . 376 VII. Combs, .

. . .

. . . Chambers' Journal, . . . 378 VIII. A CURIOUS PRODUCT, . . . . . Macmillan's Magazine, . . 380 IX. The Moon's FIGURE AS OBTAINED IN THE STEREOSCOPE By Chas. J. Wister, . . Journal of The Franklin Institute, 383

POETRY. THREE ANGELS, . . . . . 322, THE Mist, . . . . . . 322 REQUIESCIT : : : : : : 322 Thrice, : : : : : : : 322

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THREE ANGELS.

THE MIST. THEY say this life is barren, drear, and cold, The mist crept over the valley Ever the same sad song was sung of old,

Heavy, and chill, and gray; Ever the same long weary tale is told,

The mist crept into the chamber And to our lips is held the cup of strife;

Where she sitteth alone alway. And yet - a little love can sweeten life.

The mist crept over the mountain They say our hands may grasp but joys / Which loomed through its shadow dark, destroved,

And kissed with its cold embraces
Youth has but dreams, and age an aching void The old oak's gnarlèd bark.
Which Dead-Sea fruit long, long ago has
cloyed,

She cowered close to the fire,
Whose night with wild tempestuous storms is

The flames shot clear and fair, rife;

They flashed on her pallid features, And yet — a little hope can brighten life.

And they saw that the mist was there They say we fling ourselves in wild despair

A mist that is born of sorrow,
Amidst the broken treasures scattered there
Where all is wrecked, where all once promised

A cloud that is formed of dread,

Like the faint grav shade that gathers fair,

Over the face of the dead. And stab ourselves with sorrow's two-edged

kuife; And yet - a little patience strengthens life. On them 'tis the sign that showeth

Life's conqueror hath descended;

On her the mark that telleth
Is it then true, this tale of bitter grief,

The life of life is ended.
Of mortal anguish finding no relief?
Lo! midst the winter shines the laurel's leaf :
Three Angels share the lot of human strife,

The mist will pass off from the valley
Three Angels glorify the path of life -

When spring's first pulses stir ;
But the mist that rests on her spirit

Will never pass off from her.
Love, Hope, and Patience cheer us on our

Fraser's Magazine.

K. F. M. S. way ; Love, Hope, and Patience form our spirits' Love, Hope, and Patience watch us day by

day,
And bid the desert bloom with beauty vernal

THRICE
Until the earthly fades in the eternal.
Fraser's Magazine.

K. F. M. S. A fair child in the standing corn

Upon a gleamy summer morn,
Red poppies in her bosom borne ;

tay:

Her hair pale gold of dawning skies,
Blue depths of innocence her eyes,
Stirred with a sudden light surprise

A maiden standing pensively
Beside a silver flashing sea,
She beareth ocean-flowerets three :

REQUIESCIT.
Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet prince ;
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest!

Hamlet, Act v. Scene 2.
O NOBLE heart! full heavy on thee lay
Life's grievous burden; for thy soul was

fair,
And found but foulness in this earthly air ;
For freedom found a varnished slavery,
Falsehood for truth, and seeming for to be. }
Yet didst thou struggle on, though worn

with care,
And ever strong enticements to despair,
In darkness, yet still bent the way to see.
And now, the striving over, there is peace;
For thee are no more “ questions ;” not again
Shalt thou wail out for respite from the pain
Of this world's “uses ; " where the mean-

souled cease
From troubling, thou shalt haven, spirit blest,
And "flights of angels sing thee tothy rest.”
Macmillan's Magazine.

J. W. HALEs.

A sweet face on a stainless heaven,
Bright hair upon the bright wind driven,
A foam-bow with its colours seven.

III.

A gray sky o'er a river-mead,
A waving wall of flowery reed,
White gleams that o'er the low plain speed.

Hark! some one singeth sweetly there,
White water-lilies in her hair,
The song's words are of promise fair.
Victoria Magazine.

A. LE G.

From The New Quarterly Review. broken, and his sister was absent in ON THE PERSONAL HISTORY OF LORD Madras, before Sir Charles Trevelyan's MACAULAY.

unworthy recall, he had seriously conI PROPOSE to gather up some notes, templated rejoining her, and might so mainly derived from public sources, which have closed his life on Indian soil. I have made froin time to time, on the His father, Zachary Macaulay, will personal history of Lord Macaulay. He have his own niche in history, hardly bewas one of whom it was repeatedly said low his son's. His mother's father was that he lived his life in public, and his Mr. Thomas Mills, bookseller and pubprivate life was only thinly separated | lisher, of Bristol ; the name is a wellfrom his public career. We had hoped known Bristol name. Thomas Mills bad that before now some family biography a shop in the High Street, just opposite would have appeared, which might possi-that amiable bibliopole's, Mr. Cottle, who bly include not only the Indian journals, proved such a sturdy friend to Southey but the unpublished poem of Waterloo, and Coleridge. His printing place was some collections towards the History of in a street off Small Street. The site of the French Revolution of 1830, which at the place of business is now occupied by one time he contemplated writing, and a bank, the shop having been burnt some additional deciphered fragments of down. The impression of my informant the History. By the lamented death of was that this conflagration happened in Lady Trevelyan, the prospect seems still Mr. Mills' time, and we find him with further removed, unless the honourable more than one business residence. Mamember for the Border Boroughs should caulay most probably received his first take the task in hand. As Mr. Gladstone name from his grandfather, Thomas Mills. truly said, the English public has an in- His sister (Lady Trevelyan) received the satiable interest in everything belonging name of Hannah More from the wonderto Lord Macaulay. There are one or two ful old lady who was so closely conpoints both in the earlier and latter partnected both with the Mills and the of his career, which it would be interest- Macaulays. The Misses Mills became ing to see traced out. Macaulay was a Hannah More's successors in the school Liberal of the Liberals, but there was a in Park Street. The old lady passed the time when he was a Tory of the Tories. last years of her life at Windsor Terrace, Looking over the reports of the Union Clifton, where she died, where Macaulay debates at Cambridge some time ago, I would visit her during his occasional soobserve that in earlier times he took a journs in Clifton. strong Tory line. He always took a Macaulay was of Scotch descent, and strong Tory line during the Queen Caro-many peculiarities of the Scottish mind line agitation. The noticeable point is - especially the clearness and simthe suddenness and completeness of his plicity of what stood for his mental alteration of views. The remarkable In- science — show clearly forth. His granddian career of Lord Macaulay, during father was that Mr. John Macaulay, who which he was enabled to give very import-is mentioned in “ Boswell's Life of Johnant practical effect to his views on edu- son,” and whom Johnson told, with cation and legislation, is a chapter of characteristic brusqueness, that he was personal and political history little known grossly ignorant of human nature. The except to some individuals in some Asia father of this Macaulay was a minister of Minor of Bath or Cheltenham, where old an obscure parish in the Western Isles, Indians congregate. We have some and from this obscurity the plain pedinotes on this head, but the subject might gree starts. Zachary Macaulay, the fawell demand an essay as full as one of ther of the historian, most characteristihis own Indian essays. India occupied cally possessed the perfervidum in. the centre of his life, and proved the genium Scotorum. Macaulay, unlike Mr. turning point of his career. We believe Gladstone, who prides himself on his that in his last days, when liis health was! Scotch descent, carefully guarded himself against being called a Scotchman.kings.” The design had been to send “ I had not the honour of being born in him to Westminster School. At this Scotland, neither was I educated there,' date, however, men of evangelical princihe once remarked on a public occasion. ples were shy of the great public schools, And again he says, “ I am not a Scotch-perhaps because the great evangelical man by birth or education." And once poet bad written the “Tirocinium.” So more, “ That he only visited Scotland as he went to one or two private schools; a stranger and traveller.” We should and one of his masters exultingly showed have thought that it would have been a friend the very Horace that be used. with very different feelings that he would Hannah More wished that “ Tom might have visited the home of his fathers, and be in Parliament, for then he would beat the cradle of his race. The Greek útoLKOS them all.” He and Hannah More did would have looked on Scotland as the not always get on very well together. mother land, but Macaulay speaks of it She could not approve of all that he said pretty much as he might of Kamts- and did when he was in Parliament, and chatka. The family connection on which is believed to have told him so very he most prided himself was merely an plainly. But when he stayed at Clifton accidental one with the ancient family of for his health, in his latter days, he would the Leicestershire Babingtons, one of speak of her with affection, and point whom had married his aunt Jean. He out the house where she lived. III was born at the family mansion of Roth-though he was, he would go out and see ley Temple, and in his autobiographical/" the St. Vincent Rocks in all their poem, written after his defeat at Edin- / beauty," as he said in one of his letters burgh, he alludes to the “ancient cham- to the late Mr. Black who kindly gave ber” of the “old mansion." The house me permission to make some use of Maonce belonred to the Knights Templars, caulay's letters to him. At Clifton he and was reputed to be “in the parish of would visit his relations, the Mills, who Jerusalem.” The intermarriages of the conducted a very respectable local newsfamily are recorded on stained glass on a paper, large bow window. The family are en- Although he came up to Cambridge, in titled to a set of rooms at Cambridge, I his eighteenth year, with none of the which cannot be otherwise disposed of 'éclat which a public school can confer, without their permission. In the house when he first rose up to construe in class are preserved the ancient rapier and hel-1 - it was a passage in the Persæ of Æsmet and constable's staff with which the chylus — he was pointed out as likely to Babingtons of the day went out at the be the first man of his year. It is intertime of the Armada. This may have in-esting to observe, that one year he ob. fluenced his writing the fine poem of the tained a prize for the best essay on the Armada. At the extreme end of the conduct and character of William the great hall of Trinity are the royal arms, Third -- an incident which may have and below is Queen Elizabeth's motto, helped towards his future line of study. Semper eadem. “The glorious Semper in his reading, he widely diverged from eadem, the banner of our pride," as he the course of Cambridge mathematical calls it.

study, which in those days had the unfair Bristol was a place with which he effect of debarring him from the highest maintained his associations from first to classical honours. He distinguished him. last. His mother had been a pupil of self in literature and oratory, and Lord Hinnah More's, her last pupil, before Brougham sent him, through his father, a she gave up her school. As a child he good deal of advice about oratory, which used to visit Hannah More, and the old young Macaulay studied and surpassed. lady thought that there was no schoolboy, / There is a book, now very scarce, entitled no young man like him. “He ought to Conversations at Cambridge, which purhave competitors. He is like the prince ports to give some specimens of Macauwho refused to play with anything but lay's Union speeches. The declamation against Cromwell belongs to those very,ever, was of the scantiest. He convicted early days in which he was a Tory. Its a boy of stealing a parcel of cocks and internal evidence places the authorship hens, and that was about the amount of beyond a doubt, and it becomes a ques-it. Still Macaulay belonged to the polittion how the speeches found their way ical party that was now prosperous, and into this obscure book. Either they it was determined to do something for must have been furnished by Macaulay, him. We have no doubt but his father or they were reprinted as a pamphlet Zachary, and the friends with whom he for private circulation, as I have known acted, were perfectly sincere in their zeal done at the Oxford Union. This is not, for the abolition of slavery, and would however, the impression of the author have been true to the cause, as in years of the book, who told me, that in the gone by, amid all difficulties and obstalapse of years he had forgotten the cles. But Abolition was found to be an sources from which he obtained these exceedingly popular eloction cry, and it speeches. To his contributions at this was turned to sharp political purposes. date to Knight's Quarterly Magazine, so “ Young Macaulay” was described in great is the value attached, that nearly all those days as the son of “old Macaulay;" his juvenile pieces, as in the case of and in course of time, when their friends Tennyson, have been reprinted. His por- were in, both “young Macaulay” and trait is sketched at this time by his friend old Macaulay” got places. Sidney Mr. Moultrie, in one of his poems: - Smith asked Lady Grey to get the Whigs Little graced

to make Macaulay Solicitor-general. With aught of manly beauty – short, obese,

That legal experience about the cocks Rough featured, coarse complexion, with lank and hens furnished too narrow a basis for hair

such a distinction. But he was made one And small grey eyes ... his voice abrupt, of the seventy Commissioners of BankUnmusical.

ruptcy – Lord Westbury once said they

were called the Chancellor's Septuagint He was not over scrupulous ; to him There was no pain like silence - no constraint

- and it must be said that this system of So dull as unanimity.

commissioners, though derided and abol

lished, did the bankruptcy work at least His heart was pure and simple as a child's

as well as it has ever been done since. Unbreathed on by the world - in friendship

His great legal appointment was when he warm,

was made Legal Member of the Supreme Confiding, generous, constant.

Court of Calcutta ; but I believe he alVor was it only in literature that he made ways consistently denied the soft imhis début. Between taking his degree peachment that he was a lawyer. and achieving his fellowship he made al in the old days young men of congreat anti-siavery speech at the Freema-spicuous ability were sought for as posons' Hall, which, though unreported by litical recruits by leaders of parties, and the Times, was alluded to both by the at times promising young men at the Quarterly and the Edinburgh. Alto-universities were watched, marked out gether, this is a very remarkable position for future eminence, and returned to for a young Bachelor of Arts to have Parliament by political sponsors and pataken up before he attained his fellowship. trons. Reform legislation, with many at

He was called to the bar in 1826, and tendant advantages, has closed the doors went the Northern Circuit. Those were of the House to this class of political asthe great days of the Northern Circuit, pirants — young men who are thinkers when it was attended by Brougham, Scar- and readers, and have taken to politics as lett, Tindal, Williams, Coltman, Alder- the serious business of their lives. It is son. He also went to Quarter Sessions, hard to see how men of the character and which had then the character, which it is belongings of Macaulay, Canning, and fast losing, of being an avenue to dis- Gladstone, can have a political career tinction at the bar. His business, how-l open to them in the future, in what some

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