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that dangerous and unlicensed assumption, which opens so wide a door to licentiousness and immorality, namely, that a sinner on his reception of Christ is at once justified in the sight of God, so that his reconciliation actually takes place before his faith has been productive of any of the fruits of righteousness which subsequently flow from it. Was not Abraham justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar ? Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect ?'” Far otherwise St. John Chrysostom, who saw no licentiousness in that assertion of his, which is quoted toward the end of the first part of the Homily of Good Works : “I can show a man that by faith without works lived, and came to heaven : but without faith never man had life. The thief, that was hanged when Christ suffered, did believe only, and the most merciful God justified him. And for that no man shall say again, that he lacked time to do good works, for else he would have done them : truth it is, and I will not contend therein ; but this I will surely affirm, that faith only saved him.” And thus Theodoret, commenting on the third verse of the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, observes, that St. Paul, in his account of Abraham's justification, passes by all mention of his good works. And as our Lord said, “Wisdom is justified of her children," so says St. James that "a man is justified by his works,” and in no other sense; and thus understood, he is not set in opposition to the whole of Holy Scripture, as he is by those who, with Dr. E. T. Gregory, denominate the proposition that we are justified by faith only, " the lethargic proposition."

That Dr. Gregory is a clergyman of the most benevolent intentions, we do not doubt; and whilst we have nothing in common with his Whiggism, to which he frequently alludes in the notes that accompany the discourses and letters, we are happy to add that he is, if we mistake him not, an old Whig, not a new Whig, and that he was always, as such, in the proper meaning of the terms, an opponent of what is miscalled “Roman Catholic Emancipation."

The discourses are followed by two letters, entitled “Pulpit Jurisdiction,” addressed to the Rev. T. P. Magee, A.M., LL.D., Archdeacon of Kilmacduagh, Prebendary of St. John's, Dublin, Prebendary of Wicklow, and Rector of its dependencies, Drumkey, Kelpell, Glanely, Killcommon, Rathmore, Killesky, and Killoughter, (one union of eight parishes.) These letters are written in a very caustic spirit; and whilst we cannot but dissent both from this style of writing and from the impotent effort in the second letter to prop up the Irish Education System, we equally regret the bitterness which has been evinced, as well by Dr. Magee as by his opponent the Whig Rector of Kilmore. Nor do the complaints of Dr. G., as far as they are of a personal nature, appear to be altogether unfounded.

With Dr. Gregory we are not ashamed to agree at least in one particular, in the condemning of the novelty of extempore prayer before sermon. Whatever prayers are used in the pulpit should be either truly liturgical or precomposed. But a long prayer extempore before sermon, by way of filling up, we suppose, the deficiencies of the liturgy, is too absurdly presumptuous to be called worship.

LITERARY REPORT.

Ward's Companion; or Footsteps to practical nature, addressed to Chair

Erperimental Chemistry; consisting men of Magistrates, and of Select of brief Outlines and Directions to Vestries, both of which merit the atthe Young Chemist, for performing, tention of the clergy. Independently, by means of simple apparatus, with however, of this, there is so much safacility and success, a series of varied voir faire, so many available observaand interesting Experiments; with tions, written with such sound sense, an Attempt to explain the Theory and in so happy a humour, that we and Rationale ; together with some cannot choose but say, Buy ;-especiHints on Chemical Manipulation : ally as we feel that any man, who and also intended as a Guide to R. entertains a distant relation but once B. Ede's Youth's Laboratory. By a year, will be able to do it with more John WARD. London: Tegg and satisfaction to himself and his guest Son; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; after a perusal of “Hints to ChairHighley and Ward, 79, Bishopsgate men."

Street. Pp. 36. There is no science, which of late The Godly Discipline of the Church, years has assumed a greater impor- requiring that all Buptisms be pertance, or been more successfully pur- formed before the Congregation, and sued, than chemistry. In fact it is that only Communicants be Sponsors, become one of the regular branches of simply explained and enforced in liberal education : and every effort to an Address from a Clergyman to his facilitate its acquirement deserves the Parishioners. By R. M. CHATFIELD, warmest encouragement. In this point M.A., Vicar of Wilsford and Woodof view we know of no work, in so ford. Salisbury: W. B. Brodie and small a compass, that contains so much Co.; Rivington, London. Pp. 19. valuable information as the one now 1837. before us. Mr. Ward's Companion This is a useful little tract; and we ought to be every body's companion

only grieve that the clergy gerierally and bis Footsteps cannot be too closely

do not more uniforınly endeavour to followed by the student who would

impress the solemn nature of both arrive at distinction in the science. But commendation is superfluous: the

sacraments upon their parishioners,

and at the same time to repress that book must sell.

continual profanation of them and of

all religion, which arises from the negHints to Chairmen ; or Precepts for

lect of the 29th canon, and of the Presidents. By Præses. London:

rubrics that preface the Communion Hearne. Pp. xii. 72.

Service. So far are too many amongst We had some doubts whether this us from regretting, with the compilers excellent and indispensable little ma- of the Liturgy, the disuse of a godly nual could be legitimately noticed in discipline and of a thorough reformaour pages; but upon a careful perusal tion in this respect, that it has been we find hints, of a most admirable and unblushingly pretended by some, who Hold themselves in duty bound to semble, were we at the same time not maintain every thing as it is, and to to hint at the desirableness of removing oppose all repair lest the building from the same canon the restriction should fall, that to desire a return to by which parents are prevented standa system of church-discipline, is to ing as sponsors for their children. We find fault with the Reformation, and know that in numerous instances this to affect the Puritan! Such, how- restriction is as little beeded as the ever, are not the persons who will add other, it being next to impossible to to the stability of the Church in the procure otherwise any sponsors at all searching crisis that yet appears to be (at least in agricultural districts). Nor advancing—and not the less surely, can those who really respect primitive because without external commotion, antiquity object to our hint; for the What can be more disheartening to restriction is itself an innovation of the pastor, than to be called upon from the dark ages, we mean,

of that period time to time to administer baptism in which the ecclesiastical historian, Rothe presence of sponsors, of whom he manist as well as Reformed, would literally knows nothing, or of whom he thus denominate. knows nothing but what is disheartening? to ask such to promise to keep God's commandments, who in the

The Holy Bible, written at various

pemorning broke a commandment openly

riods during 4000 years, the One before all by absenting themselves

Design of One Eternal Mind. A from the table of the Lord ? to ask

Series of Texts illustrating the Consuch, within, perbaps, a few hours

nexion between the Old and New after, to promise in the sight of God,

Testaments; as given in a Series of that which they only know how to pro

Exercises to the Children of the St. mise by the instruction of the parishclerk?' It is thus from the sacraments

Anne's Society Schools.

By the

Rev. DAVID LAING, M.A., St. Pehaving been so habitually profaned, ter's College, Cambridge; Honorary that our cong atio do not enter

Chaplain to the Schools, and Chapinto the spiritual nature of the sacra

lain to the Middlesex Hospital. ments; whilst Dissenters make a laugh

London: Smith, Elder, and Co.; and scorn of that which, if they were

Nisbet and Co. 1838. Pp. 86. sincerely religious, they would never allude to but with undissembled grief. This litile book will be found of great It was not the intention of the Church use by all who are engaged in the that the sabbath breaker, the brawler, religious instruction of youth; which the swearer, the drunkard, or even the cannot be more securely advanced than man whose only notorious offence was by judicious compendiums of Scripbis notorious indifference to religion, ture itself, impartially and scripturally should be brought forward in the face selected, and without the addition of of the whole congregation to fill up the unscriptural notes. We are careful complement of sponsors. What has thus to limit our statement, from the been the effect? To reduce the con- very popular and equally fallacious ception of the poor in respect of bap- argument now in fashion, by which the tisin, to the simple notion of giving friends of the Government scheme of names to their children. The writer education in Ireland would convict of these lines speaks upon his own those who differ from them of inconknowledge, and has for some time sistency. Thus Dr. E. Tighe Gregory, acted upon the canon on which Mr. in a letter to Archdeacon Magee, enChatfield grounds his “Remarks,” en- titled Pulpit Jurisdiction, thus repretitled “The Godly Discipline of the sents,or rather misrepresents, a question Church,” &c. And thus at least an which he does not appear desirous of open profanation of this sacrament is sifting, if we may judge by his "oratoavoided, altbough, the parish being rical” method of treating it : “ The small, public baptisms are

objections to them (i. e. the Scripture quently rare,

Lessons) are extremely shallow : the It would however be but to dis- volume of the Holy Bible, forsooth,

conse

6

is not set out as a whole,', 'not as only popery, but heresy and schism of itself,' 'but in detached, selected, every shade and degree receive their accommodated passages.” The same awful warning from the voice of the objection would lie against Sellon's Son of God; and in the address to the Abridgement, our Saviour's Sermon Church of Thyatira especially, all sorts on the Mount, bis Parables, Miracles, and conditions of men, who wilfully Discourses, published separately by build up their own temples, and walk the Association for Discountenance in their own ways, and make priests to ing Vice.'” Mr. Magee has no occa- themselves, unauthorized by God, and sion to fear such oratorical retorts as unqualified by station, or legitimate these, but it is not unlikely that they ordination, are fearfully exhorted to may blind those who are willing to be “repent of their fornication.” We say blinded.–To return to Mr. Laing's therefore, not to the Papists alone, very serviceable little work, or rather but to one and all, “ He that hath an compilation, we could have wished ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith that he had brought out the doctrine to the Churches." of the Holy Trinity in a more formal manner, in these selections : it might A History of Brilish Birds.

Ву have been preferable, but this is a WILLIAM YARRELL, F.L.S., V.P.Z.š. matter of judgment. There is, we

Ilustrated by a Wood-cut of each believe, no intentional neglect of this

Species, and numerous Vignettes. or of other doctrines materially affect.

London: Van Voorst. Parts VIII. ing the design of his work. We would

& IX.

Pp. 48. however suggest the propriety of an alteration in p. 50, " the name of JF it were possible, we should say that glory.The reference is to Phil. ii. these Numbers are even superior to their 9–11, in

p.
53. This to us appears

predecessors. But the fact is, nothing unintelligible.

can be better; the wood-cuts are posi

tively superb, and the whole book A Practical Erposition of the Epistles

teems with life. All persons connected to the Seven Churches of Asia. By

with the publication bave exerted the Rev. Henry Blunt, A.M.,

themselves to the utmost. Author, Rector of Streatham, Surrey. Lon

artist, engraver, printer, publisher, ali don: Hatchard; Hamilton, Adams

deserve, and all have our best thanks. and Co. Pp. xi. 249. Mr. Blunt is sure to write well, and

A General Outline of the Animal learnedly; but we very much question

Kingdom. By Thomas RYMER the correctness of the position he has

Jones, F.Z.S., Professor of Compataken in the present instance. The

rative Anatomy in King's College, addresses to the Seven Churches ap

London. Illustrated by numerous

London: pear to us to have been directed more Engravings on Wood. especially to the existing heresies and

Van Voorst. Part I. pp. 48. Part schisms, which, even in the apostolic

II. pp. 48. ages, began to rend the seamless går- The principles of zoological arrangement of our Saviour's righteousness; ment, as based upon the organizatiou and not to have had any direct or of animals, is the groundwork of this exclusive reference to popery. It can- excellent publication; and Mr. Jones, not fail to strike the reader, that the by the simple elegance of his style, sublime description of the Son of God and the plain, though at the same time in each several address, is characte- scientfic delineation of “the general rized by its peculiar adaptation to the outline of the animal kingdom,” has condition of the Church to which he occupied a position in the literary is graciously pleased to speak; and world, which has been too long negthis renders the personal identification lected. The extreme beauty and acto which we allude, perfect; besides curacy of the embellishments cannot which, by confining the prophecy to fail to secure the approbation of the Rome, we destroy, in a great degree, public; and if the work progresses as the efficacy of the message; since not it has commenced, it will decidedly

are flashes of genius which we would gladly see devoted to more worthy topics. If we are rightly informed, the present work is from the pen of the author of “ Bay Leaves ;' and we do not think we could confer upon him a greater benefit, than by recommending him to follow the career comnienced so auspiciously in that beautiful and song-inspired volume.

prove one of the most valuable additions to our popular libraries of science and art. The Christian Examiner. An Expo

sition of the Basis of Christianity, developing the Operation of the Spirit Incarnate, or Divinity in Human Nature, through the reasoning Soul of Man. By the Author of "AN ESSAY ON Man." No. I. Published quarterly. London : Wirgman.

Pp. 16. We have great doubts whether metaphysical disquisitions and scholastic subtleties are calculated to promote true religion. “The secret things belong unto the Lord, but the things that are revealed, to us and to our children for to do them.” We cannot therefore commend the zeal which seduces men from their proper sphere; and we advise all theoretical writers to remember, that there are knots in religion which our puny hands can never untie, infinite mysteries which our utmost finite powers can never comprehend. The Scottish Christian Herald, con

ducted under the superintendence of Ministers and Members of the Established Church. Edinburgh: Johnstone. London: Nisbet. Dublin :

Curry. Part XXXIII. Pp. 64. We are not in the babit of calling the attention of our readers to periodical literature; especially when, to a certain extent, it assumes the same position as ourselves; but there is so much excellence, so much zeal with knowledge, in our northern contemporary, that we cannot withhold our meed of praise, nor neglect to wish it “God speed.”

An Address to Parents who have Chil

dren at National, Infant, and other
Schools. By the Rev. S. Hoeson,
LL.B. Curate of Kirstead, Norfolk.
London : Roake and Varty. 1838.

Pp. 22. Mr. Hobson has treated the several points necessary to be addressed to parents on their own duties, as well as of their children who may belong to our national and other schools, with so much good sense and christian feeling that little need be added. His language is simple, and his appeals are forcible; we therefore think the distribution of this little tract will be productive of much good.

Questions and Answers for Young

People of the Church of England, to guard them against its Enemies. By A LAYMAN. Sixth Edition, London: Roake and Varty. 1837.

Pp. 25. It affords no sinall proof of the value of this little tract, to which we some time since affixed our imprimatur, that it has arrived at its sixth edition. As we then observed, the questions and answers contained in it are of vital importance to all who are desirous of obtaining clear ideas upon the nature of a true Church, as well as of the duties of those who wish to be its faithful members. The notes subjoined evince extensive knowledge in ecclesiastical history, and also a thorough acquaintance with the doctrines and discipline of our Protestant Church; we have therefore much pleasure in being again called upon by the present reprint to commend the “ Layman's Questions and Answers” to the serious notice of the youthful members of the Church of England.

Belfegor. London : Simpkin, Mar

shall and Co. Pp. 134. It must ever be a source of regret, that talents of the highest order, and poetic fire sufficient for a first class poem, should be wasted in trifles, or, what is worse, misspent upon subjects better let alone. The author of the legendary lore before us is clearly a Whig, and we fear not a very sound divine. But in justice we must say, that in many portions of the story there

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