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remarks that “it is useless to deny An Earnest Protest against the furthe fact that there is danger from with- ther Circulation of certain Principles out her walls; that there is danger contained in the Pamphlet of the within our Church." (P. 4.)

Hon, and Rev. BAPTIST W. NOEL, In p. 5 he athirms, that “we surely M.A. entitled The Unity of the have no just cause to complain of a Church," &c. Especially addressed lack of either means or opportunity to to its Author. By CLERICUS Surfulfil our work." It is indeed admit

London: Seeleys. 1837. ted, that, “in some instances, from the 12ino. Pp. 42. rapid increase of population, there is

A Defence of a Tract entitled, The not room for all who would join in

Unity of the Church," being a Letour services." It must surely, on the

ter to CLERICUS SURRIENSIS, in other hand, be conceded, that the

Answer to his Earnest Protest." Church is very far from possessing

By the Hon. and Rev. Baptist means commensurate with the implied

WRIOTHESLEY NOEL,M.A. London: obligations of a religious establish

Seeleys. 1837. 12mo. Pp. 32. ment, namely, a provision for the religious instruction and worship of IN noticing Mr. Noel's “Unity of the the whole of our population. We Church,” we confined ourselves to the might easily fill page after page with mere exposure of his grand mistake in the discouragements under which the

confounding christian unity with chrisChurch of England goes to her work tian love ; as it is manifestly impossible and labour of love.

for us, except upon particular occaAs there is evidently a sincerity in sions, to enter very minutely into the the spirit of Mr. Osborve, we will merits or demerits of every ephemeral only desire, that all those of his bre

pamphlet. The exertions, however, thren who shall peruse his discourse, which have been made, especially by may seriously apply to themselves the the Dissenters, to distribute the tract, hints which he ibrows out. We feel

has given it a more than ordinary imwith him, that the clerical character

portance; and we are truly rejoiced should be always distinguishable from that its sophisms and false liberality the secular. We feel with him, that have been pointed out at length by earnestness in our calling is too im- Clericus Surriensis. Mr. Noel's deportant to be laid aside, or drowned, fence appears to be made up of childthrough the fear of fanaticism. Wé ish recrimination on one hand, and feel with him, that the false liberalism a vain endeavour on the other, to exof this age is not the spirit of christian

plain away the principles which are unity, or compatible with christian justly attributed to him in the “ Eartruth.

nest Protest.” A weaker attempt at The writer, in his strictures upon a reply has seldom been put forth; the “Oxford Tract Divinity,” asserts and the little piece of egotism at the of “ the authors and promoters of it," end, is a very poor excuse for what that “they abuse the faith of the the author evidently feels to be Romanist, while they are gradually a laine vindication. We leave the adopting the forms of his religion.” dispute between the two combatants; Little as we are inclined to rank our

merely hinting to Clericus, that he selves amongst the implicit followers of

would do well to pay more attention that class of writers, or of any other to his punctuation, and, indeed, to the school, we cannot but think that this

general construction of his periods. In attack is unadvisedly made. To us several instances we have found ourthey appear to err in the contrary ex- selves puzzled in the intricacies of a treme. The 71st Number of the “Tracts

sentence, which it required some confor the Times" is, to a considerable ex- sideration to unravel. A rejoinder is, tent, rather a palliation of Romish pe- we conceive, an improbable affair; for culiarities than an abusing of Romish Mr. Noel's second pamphlet has gone dogmas.

very far to demolish his first.

Think! London: Mitchell. 1838. into the precept contained in the text 32mo. Pp. 48.

(Prov. xxii. 6), and the encourage. If the maxim yvãi geavtov was wor

ment which it offers to secure obedi. thy of a sage, the word Think ! conveys

ence, readily presents itself; but the a precept of like importance to the accuracy with which the promise is Christian. To think of those things brought within its just limitations, in which “there is any virtue and any

and the preacher's just appreciation praise,” is the readiest means of lead

of what is meant by a religious educaing to the practice of them; and this

tion, merit the most serious attention, unpretending little book, consisting of

not only as applied to the objects of prayers and meditations, with some

the National Society, but as applicaweli-selected pieces of sacred poetry, is

ble to the duties of every christian intended to supply some useful sub


We would willingly quote jects of thought, and the best aids for

the remarks on this latter point, which thinking aright. “Those who have no occur at pp. 14, &c.; but it would be time to THINK," suggests the writer,

an injustice to the sermon to offer any " must find a time to DIE.”

excuse for the neglect of its entire perusal.

Pluralism and Non-residence unneces

sary, injurious, and indefensible ; The Persecuting Principles and Corand their entire Prohibition prac- rupt Practices of the Church of tical and indispensable to the Secu- Rome. Two Sermons, preached in rity, Extension, and Efficiency of the the Parish Church of Ashby-de-laNational Church ; with Statistical Zouch, on Sunday, November 5, Tables, founded on public Docu- 1837. By T. FELL, M.A. Curate. ments. By a CLERGYMAN. Lon- Ashby: Hextall. London: Rivingdon: Nisbet and Hamilton. 1838. tons. 1837. 8vo. Pp. 43.

8vo. Pp. 23. However plausible in appearance,

ALTHOUGH the representative of her the entire abolition of pluralities and

Majesty in Ireland did not hesitate to

sanction at least, if not to command, non-residence is, we imagine, neither

the omission of the national service of possible nor desirable. Let their abuses be swept away thoroughly; but

thanksgiving to Almighty God in the there are many cogent reasons, which

Chapel Royal, for that signal deliverwe have frequently stated, for vesting

ance from Papal violence, to which, in the diocesan a limited discretionary

perhaps, his young mistress may be

indebted for the continuance of the power with regard to their use.


Protestant succession, and consepamphlet before us is valuable for its statistical details; nor is the argu

quently for her crown; we are proud ment founded upon them without

and happy in the belief that the soweight, provided it were restricted to

lemnity was duly observed in less

elevated stations, and that the oppora legitimate reformation, and not directed to the total extermination of a

tunity was seized in a multitude of

instances, for awakening the people of system, which certainly is not absolutely " indefensible."

England to a sense of the blessings which they enjoy by the expulsion of

Papal tyranny and Papal perfidy, from Religious Education :

A Sermon, the land of their fathers. The sermons preached at Camden Chapel,Camber

before us were called forth by that well, on Sunday, January 28, 1838,

occasion; and their requested publiafter the reading of the Queen's cation is a proof that the importance Letter on behalf of the National

of their object was sensibly felt, and Society. By HenrY MELVILL, B.D.

that there is not that deep and deadly London: Rivingtons. 1838. 8vo.

apathy to the Protestant cause which Pp. 36.

is generally supposed to exist. They This sermon is in Mr. Melvill's best are good plain discourses, admirably

The division of the subject adapted to the congregation of a



country town; and they state the standing of that portion of our English question between Protestants and Ro- bistory to which it refers. Mr. Collen manists broadly, fairly, and powerfully. has evidently taken great pains to make The former is devoted to the persecut- the work as perfect as possible, nor do ing spirit of Popery, while it illus- we know any one to whose hands we trates papal statutes and decrees, and should have assigned the elucidation proves them to be unchanged and un- of this portion of bistory with better changeable; and the latter, after ad- hope of success than those of the verting to the corruptions of the author before us: it is with pleasure, Romish Church in general, selects two therefore, that we recommend the of them for more especial considera- volume to the notice of our readers. tion. These are the prevention of the free use of the Bible, and the denial of the doctrine of justification by faith.

The Prose Works of the Right Rev. In conclusion, the preacher offers some

Father in God, Thomas Ken, D.D. forcible remarks on the benefits de- sometime Lord Bishop of Bath and rived to the poor, from being enabled

Wells, To which are added (qu. to join in prayers which they can un

prefixed ?) some of his Letters (never derstand, instead of bowing in duinb before published), and a short Acignorance to an image of the Virgin. count of his Life by William Haw

kins, Esq. his Executor. The whole

collected by James Thomas ROUND, Cuvres de Claude Arvisenet. 15 vols. B.D. Rector of St. Runwald's and 32mo. Bruxelles. 1837.

St. Nicholas, Colchester, and late This is a remarkably neat little Bel

Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford.

London : Rivingtons. 1838. 8vo. gian pocket edition of the works of Arvisenet, at half-a-franc per volume.

Pp. xii. 494. The writings of this author are not, we UNDER any circumstances we believe, much known in England; obliged to Mr. Round for his editorial and as they are chiefly designed for labours in collecting the scattered the young, it is as well that they are

works of Bishop Ken; and the sound not; for, although their mild and amia- practical piety which he has thus ble spirit bespeaks a true disciple of embodied, will be received as a treaChrist, yet the Romish errors

sure of great price by the sincere and occasionally upheld, and ber peculiar contemplative Christian. The brief tenets tacitly, if not pointedly, recog- account of the Prelate's life might nised. Of course, we have no right or with advantage have given place to a intention to object to this in a member more satisfactory memoir from the of the Papal communion; whereas, able pen of Mr. Round himself, with on the other hand, with minds firmly such of the letters as are really imporfixed and settled against the admission tant, introduced in their proper conof what we believe to be corrupt, we nexion. The pieces contained in the cannot withhold praise where it is due volume are three Sernions; an Expoto literary merit, and to a sincere en- sition of the Church Catechism; Dideavour to promote the cause of

rections for Prayer; a Manual of religious truth. There is much, very Prayer for the use of the Winchester much, in all of Arvisenet's volumes,

Scholars, and all other devout Chriswhich, if separated from the doctrines

tians, with the three celebrated Hymns of an apostate church, must be read

for Morning, Evening, and Midnight, with advantage by Christians of every

annexed; Prayers for the use of all denomination.

persons who come to the Baths for cure; two Pastoral Letters ; and Ar

ticles of Visitation and Inquiry, adBritannia Saxonica. By G.W.COLLEN. dressed to the Clergy, Churchwardens,

London: Pickering. 4to. Pp. 55. and Sidesmen of his Diocese. The We consider this book as indispen

volume will be read with interest by sably necessary to the clear under- all who venerate good Bishop Ken. VOL. XX. NO, V.



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Thou hast ascended on high; thou hast led captivily captive ; thou

received gifts for men : yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God

might dwell among them. The Scriptures inform us that our Saviour, after his resurrection from the dead, remained upon the earth forty days, " speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” This length of time was necessary in order to convince every one of the reality of his resurrection, by giving them every proof of it which could be given. The belief in the resurrection was first to be established, that a belief in the ascension might follow. If he had not risen from the dead, he could not have ascended up alive into heaven. Let us follow him thither, brethren, in our meditations this day; let our thoughts rise above this mortal scene, while we contemplate the ascension of our exalted Saviour, and its consequences as they affect our souls. “ He hath ascended on high; he hath led captivity captive; he received gifts for men: yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.” 1st. I shall consider in these words the person addressed, and the act supposed—“ Thou hast ascended on high.” 2dly. The circumstance involved in it—"Thou hast led captivity captive.' 3dly. The fruits and consequences —"Thou hast received gifts for men : yea, for the rebel. lious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.”

1. First, then, as to the person addressed, and the act supposed. If we look back through the whole antecedent part of the Psalm in which our text occurs, we shall perceive that God is peculiarly and immediately the object of invocation. We may understand this the better by reverting to the occasion of its being composed—the removal of the ark of God from the house of Obededom the Gittite, to the Mount Sion. It is supposed to be a laudatory hymn, sung by the Priests and Levites on that occasion, as they advanced in procession towards the Mount of God. When the ark had at length ascended, and been deposited in the place assigned for its reception, this part of the Psalm is supposed to have commenced, in which the complete triumph of God, and in him of David over all his enemies, is celebrated in the words of my text--" Thou hast ascended on high ; thou hast led captivity captive; thou received gifts for men : yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.” Evidently, then, in the primary sense of the words, the Almighty God, who "giveth victory unto kings,” was the person addressed. The God and King of Israel had in Spirit ascended the hill of Sion, because the holy ark, the symbol of his presence among them, had reached the same triumphant destination. Therefore the king, the priests, and the minstrels of Israel congratulated, as it were, their divine Ruler upon his glorious triumph ; "Thou hast ascended on high; thou hast led captivity captive; thou hast received gifts for men : yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.” But the Apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Ephesians, has given a more extended and mysterious meaning to the words in question. He applies them in this secondary sense to the victorious ascension of the God of our salvation, even our divine Redeemer, into heaven ; who in his ascension most signally “overcame death, and opened unto us the gate of everlasting life.”

“ But unto every one of us,” says he, " is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, when he ascended up on high he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.” We may therefore conclude, that though the God of Israel is here originally addressed, yet in him figuratively and prophetically is addressed that second person of the Trinity, the Incarnate Word, who in the fulness of time was to be made in the “likeness of men, to become obedient to death, even the death of the cross, but afterwards to be given a name which would be above every name.” The act supposed in the first instance, was evidently the ascent and elevation of the material ark from the house of Obededom, which was, when compared with the mount to which it was raised, as it were in “ the lower parts of the earth.” The act secondarily and more darkly intimated was, doubtless, the bodily removal of our blessed Saviour from this lower world to the spiritual Zion, even the heavenly Jerusalem. The words, “ on high," must be exclusively interpreted of the Messiah, who would ascend to that high place whither no other conqueror had

ever ascended. In the seventh Psalm the prophet prays that the Lord would“ return on high ;" which in the Chaldean language is paraphrased, “ Return to the house of thy majesty.” And it is said in another Psalm, “ The Lord on high is mightier." These expressions evidently shadow out that inconceivably exalted region, far above all heavens, where the Son of God, together with the Father and the Holy Ghost, had reigned from all eternity; but into which the Son of Man, as such, was now for the first time to enter.

II. Let us, in the second place, consider the circumstance involved in it: “Thou hast ascended on high; thou hast led captivity captive." The same figure of speech occurs in Judges v. 12, where Deborah and Barak are celebrating in song the glories of their victory. They invite and summon themselves, as it were, to join the triumphal pageant: “Awake, awake, Deborah, utter a song ; arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.” Of course in both cases we are to understand by the words, “ leading captivity captive," the subjection of enemies, hitherto victorious, together with all the accompaniments of spoils, captives, and accumulated dominion. This was true in the case of Deborah, and of David. But as this passage may comprehend the achievements of a more glorious conqueror, and a completer and more effective conquest over mightier and more formidable enemies, the circumstance involved in this spiritual triumph is more interesting to us than the one alluded to in the triumphs of David. Thou our God and Saviour, in thy ascension into heaven, “ hast led captivity captive;" for “having spoiled principalities and powers, thou hast made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.” From the Fall downwards, sin, Satan, and death, became the enemies of man ; and he was incapable of struggling against them, without something more efficient

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