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dastardly surrender to an enemy, whom, within these twelve years, our countrymen have defeated in every quarter of the world? No; we are not so miserably fallen—we cannot, in so short a space of time, have become so detestablý degenerate : we have the strength and the will to repel the hostility, to chastise the insolence of the foe. Mighty, indeed, must be our efforts, but mighty also is the meed. Singly engaged against the tyrants of the earth, Britain now attracts the eyes and the hearts of mankind ; groaning nations look to her for deliverance-justice, liberty, and religion are inscribed on her banners-her success will be hailed with the shouts of the universe, while tears of admiration and gratitude will bedew the heads of ber sons who fall in the glorious contest.” - Pp. 159–161.
The subject of this memoir had already introduced the word “statistical" into the English language, and in his “ Codean” system introduced a second. The object of this system was the condensation of human knowledge. He designed to complete, with his own hand, codes upon the four great subjects of Health, Agriculture, Political Economy, and Religion. The two former he published (both after his retirement from public life in 1811); the two latter he left unfinished. The Code of Religion was an undertaking which suggested itself to Sir John's mind in his latter years, when his reflections were drawn more forcibly to that topic. Although he had, during his whole life, expressed much respect for religion, yet the hurry of a political career, and the distraction of numerous employments, had rendered him “parcus deorum cultor, et infrequens.” It is, in fact, difficult to bring the truths of Christianity to bear well upon minds similar to that of Sir John, if the piety of youth is early worn away. Such minds are continually theorizing upon insufficient knowledge, and are, in the end, either chilled by scepticism, or led to faith by the way of the evidences. The subjeet of this memoir was brought to serious thought by the beaten way of sorrow. When clouds overcast all without, he looked for some sunshine within.
At a later period, however, after he had entered upon public life, and had become immersed in those absorbing pursuits, which, without habitual watchfulness and prayer, are so apt to weaken, and even paralyze religious feelings, he liad reason to lament, as he himself acknowledged, that spiritual interests were in a great degree forgotten. His moral character continued irreproachable, but his piety had declined. On one occasion, his friend Arthur Young, with a fidelity not common in the world, ventured to remoustrate with him on his spiritual lukewarmness. “Your conduct,” said Mr. Young, “surprises me beyond measure. You are a moral man. You do all the good in your power; you fulfil with great strictness all your relative duties; but you are not a Chrisijan. You hardly ever attend the public ordinances of religion. You rarely, if ever, read the Bible, and you probably neglect private prayer. How can you, who know that you ought to act differently, expect to prosper? Think of these things before it is too late."– Pp. 377–378.
The earnest exhortations of another valued correspondent, Mr. Wilberforce, appear also to have made a salutary impression upon my father's mind. The following may be given as an example: “My dear Sir John,
Brighton, 4th Dec. 1815. “I do admire your indefatigable and inexhaustible energy; and I must say I respect that versatility in the direction of your powers, which entitles you
VOL. XX. NO. IV.
in another way to the praise which Dr. Johnson, with all bis disaffection towards Dissenters, lavished on Dr. Watts; for that he, the same mani, could at one time enter the lists with Locke and Leibnitz, and at another write hymns for children of seven years old.
“ But, my dear Sir John), suffer me, and that with real seriousness, and real good-will, to express a wish, that as, whatever may be your success in the extension of longevity, your period and mine for going bence must soon arrive, you would expend soine of your attention on what will follow after we shali have stript off this mortal coil; the rather because we are assured in that book, which, after close inquiry, I believe to be of divine authority, that in order to secure for ourselves the happiness offered to us hereafter, there must be great labour and much diligence. But then we know that labour and diligence in that effort only, if exerted with simplicity of intention, can never fail. But I will trespass on your time no longer, but will hasten to subscribe myself, my dear Sir John, yours sincerely,
W. WILBERFORCE." The death of my eldest sister, and the publication of her work on the Principles of the Christian Faith, had also a great influence in drawing her father's mind to considerations of a strictly religious character.
The difficulties, indeed, to which I have referred, passed away—but meantime the sufferer had profited by the painful but instructive lesson. He had learnt to look upon the trials and vicissitudes of human life with the serene eye of christian wisdom, and to refer prosperity and adversity alike to the allmerciful Disposer of both. “I began once more,” he says, “to appreciate the value of devotion, and to profit by the Scriptures as the only source of present, but more especially of future bappiness."
From papers written after this period, it appears that christian principles, christian hopes and consolations gradually acquired ascendency over his mind. I am gratified to find among his papers, various evidences of religious feeling. Several forms of prayer occur, adapted to his own private exigencies, as well as to the political aspect of the times.
In 1821, he drew up, with his own hand, a testamentary document, in which, after solemn profession of his faith in the Jewish and Christian Scriptures as declarations of the Divine will, he acknowledges his unfitness as a fallen creature to abide the scrutiny of Omniscient Justice, and humbly prays forgiveness through the mediation of his Redeemer.-Pp. 379-381.
The satisfaction he derived froin joining in the communion made him lament the practice of the Scottish national establishment, which withholds a privilege so consolatory from the sick and the dying. It seemed anomalous that one sacrament, by the regulations of the Church, might be administered in a private room, while the other was restricted to the usual places of public worship ; for which, after all, no peculiar sanctity was claimed. He endeavoured to prevail on some of his clerical friends to bring the subject before the General Assembly; and a paper is still extant, containing the regulations, under which, as he conceived, the privilege might be conceded.
For some years before bis death, he assembled every day his family for divine worship, and was anxious, on such occasions, that the prayers offered should recognise the great leading doctrines of the Gospel, and express, in the fullest manner, feelings of humility, confidence, and thankfulness. Like Dr. Johnson, he sometimes commenced the new year with an appropriate prayer. That which he wrote for the last new year of his life, and which he intended as an addition to the usual family devotions, may be here inserted as a specimen of these compositions.
“ Almighty and most merciful Father, thou only giver of every true and perfect gift, we bow down before Thee, arkuowledging our many past transgressions, and entreating thy favour, thy mercy, and protection for the time to
More especially, we implore thy gracious acceptance of our humble thanksgivings for thy goodness towards us during the year that bas just closed ;
during which, no calamity has befallen any member of the family, while the whole of it has been distinguished by unceasing marks of thy providential care. We humbly pray, most gracious Father, for the continuance of thy goodness during the year that has now commenced. May it be marked, equally with the last, by the tokens of thy mercy, and call forth the gratitude which thy beneficence so justly claims. With that firm reliance on the mediation of our blessed Saviour, which this season of the year so peculiarly calls forth, we conclude these humble petitions in the words which he himself hath taught us. Our Father," &c.
It was among his maxims, that the diseases of old age, and the calamities of life, are not to be lamented ; being necessary to wean our hearts from the world, and lead us to prepare for another. The “loss of parents,” he added, " of children, of near relatives, and intimate friends, all unite in rendering it desirable to quit this temporary abode. In fact, we aged persons become strangers upou earth, and can be hardly otherwise than willing to withdraw from it.”
The influence of religion appeared from the increasing placidity and cheerfulness of his temper amidst increasing infirmities.—Pp. 382—384.
We beg to recommend to our readers the perusal of two of the principal transactions of Sir John's last years,—the Bullion Controversy, and the Letters upon the Roman-catholic Question.
His views upon the former point comprise a lucid and admirable statement (introduced by some ingenious remarks of his biographer). In the latter, the sophistical double-meanings of the papist soi-disant Bishops appear to have deceived the ingenuous and generous mind of their correspondent.
This excellent person died, in the peace and hope of the Gospel, Dec. 21st, 1835, leaving a deep claim upon public and private gratitude.* Whether the latter fulfilled its duty we know not; but we are sure that the former did not bestow upon Sir John Sinclair all the honour and distinction he deserved. His fame, however, will shine brighter every year. And, in the mean while, we believe, that not one of his countrymen will be unwilling to agree with his friend Dr. Gillies, in classing him with those " enlightened and patriotic individuals,
• Inventas aut qui vitam excoluere per artes
Utopia: or the Happy Republic. A Plato's Republic, 8c. ; and copious
Philosophical Romance. By SIR Notes, by J. A. Sr. Jonn, Esq. THOMAS MORE. To which is London: J. Rickerby. Pp. Ivii. 271. added, The New Atlantis, by LORD This forms the fourth volume of the BACON. With a Preliminury Dis- (so called) masterpieces of English course, containing an Analysis of prose literature; but the subjects have
About two hundred persons are said to have owed to Sir John Sinclair the means of their success in life.
evidently been selected by the editor, at one view, the succession of many solely for the opportunity they afforded kingdoms, and as many ages. And, bim of grossly attacking the Church, therefore, as it cannot be denied that and broaching offensive doctrines of bistory bringeth an inconceivable berepublican equality and resolution. nefit to succeeding times, as well for At page 24, for instance, he writes, use as delight, so cannot the profit and “ It used to be the policy of kings to pleasure be less, but much more, goad the people into rebellion, tha which cometh by chronology; espethey might have an excuse for thin- cially if we consider, that by it many ning them. In modern times they histories of fore passed ages, or, at least, are sacrificed-to tithes, that a wealthy ihe quintessence and substance of Clergy inay be maintained.” At page them, are at once represented unto us." 33, “Our Saviour found the temple The little volume under notice is arof Jerusalem converted into a market. ranged with great taste and judgment; place and deo of thieves, by the Jewish and, we predict, will become a permapriesthood. The spirit of the Clergy vent favourite with young people. has ever been the saine.” At page 50, The tables are clear and easily com“ One meets a tolerable sprinkling of prehended. The only trifling corthem, wherever there is sin or pleasure rections we would suggest, are the to be found, from the fox's tail to the definition of “era" at page 32, which Parisian salon." And at page 218, we word certainly does not mean a point have a sneer at the Episcopal bench, of time, as the very next explanation of a most satanic nature. Fie! Mr. shows; and at page 36, we would subSt. John. As members of that priest- stitute "epoch of these Mahometans" hood, which you dare to vilify, we for “era," which, in our judgment, hope you may live to see the error of would more properly convey the your ways, and repent in sackcloth and meaning of the fair authoress, whom ashes ;-and, in a temporal matter, we we earnestly hope will shortly favour advise you to procure good and sound the rising generation with other works critical translations of classics, you of equally intrinsic value. pretend to understand, before you further misinterpret and mislead your readers, if such should be found, when
Practical Reflections on the Second acquainted with your heartless and
Advent. By the Rev. HUGH White, disgusting slanders, and utter want of
A.M. Curale of St. Mary's Parish. judgment in whatever relates to reli
Dublin : Curry London: Simpkin gion, literature, or politics !
and Co. Pp. xvi. 266.
This really useful and practical work Conversations on Chronology, with a
is divided into fourteen chapters. It Set of Chronological Tables for the opens with the scriptural testimony Use of Children. London: Picker
and probable reasons for the promiing. Pp. vi. 100.
nence given to this subject in Scrip
ture; and, after some sound practical This little book is introduced to the reflections, proceeds to address the public by the well-known and highly- Millenarians, whose fanciful and unesteemed author of “ Gleanings in scriptural speculations are completely Natural History,” and is the work of demolished. The language sometimes, a favourite niece. The value and im- perhaps, reminds us, by its warmth, of portance of this study was ably set the country whence it emanated; for forth, above two centuries ago, by the Clergy, no less than the statesmen Henry Isaacson, in his great chrono- and authors of Ireland, have a somelogical work. He says,
“ The chief what redundant style, and revel too light and eye of history is chronology; much in the fields of imagination ;which is, indeed, the very loadstar but of the zeal and ability with which which directeth a man out of the sea the undertaking has been commenced of history into the wished-for haven of and finished, no difference of opinion his reading, and causeth him to behold, can exist.
Studies of the Apocalypse ; or, an long since shown that there does not Attempt to elucidate the Revelation
appear to be sufficient evidence for of St. John. London: Hatchard this opinion. The sentiments, to and Son. 1838. 12mo. Pp. xx, which we have felt it our duty thus to 320.
advert, are not obtruded offensively
upon the reader; who, we think, conSo numerous are the interpretations
not arise from the attentive perusal of of the Apocalypse, that it really be
this volume without deriving an intercomes a matter of no small difficulty esting addition to his previous knowto pronounce which is the best. By
ledge of the Apocalypse. a judicious collation and condensation of the united labours of the various commentators and expositors of this prophetic. book, we have no doubt that posterity will eventually be much
The Genealogies recorded in the Scripbenefited. The present volume, which
tures, according to every Fumily and is modestlytermed "Studies," is piously
Tribe: with the Line of our Saviour and soberly written. The following
Jesus Christ, observed from Adam to is an outline of the author's items :
the Virgin Mary. By John PAYNE “ The SEVEN SEALS relate to the eccle
Morris, Esq. London : Groomsiastical state of Christendom : they
bridge. 1837. Folio. embrace a period from the promulga- This volume consists of forty very tion of the Gospel to the rapture of neatly engraved plates, including two the saints. The Seven TRUMPETS
maps, with illustrative letter-press. It have reference to the political state of is a very considerable improvement Cbristendom, as regards the changes upon the Genealogical Tables publishin the universal governmeut. They ed by the historian Speed, during the occupy a period from the overthrow
reign of Queen Elizabeth, as well as of the imperial government by the in the early part of the seventeenth Goths, &c., to the establishment of century, and which are now very rarely Messiah's kingdom. The seven VIALS to be met with. A copious catalogue correspond with the sitting of the
of names occurring in the table, termijudgment, (Dan. vii. 10,) upon anti
nates the volume; the utility of which christ. Their outpouring commenced entitles it to a place in every wellA.D. 1793, and will continue unto his selected biblical library. final destruction." In the course of his work, the author has made judicious use of the previous labours of Bishop Newton; and in the application of A Memoir of the Life and Writings of modern history to recent events, Mr. JOHN ALBERT BENGEL, Prelule in Alison's admirable History of Europe Würtemburg; compiled principally has furnished some very valuable ma- from Manuscripts never before pubterials. From a page or two in the Intro
lished. By John CHRISTIAN FREduction, it appears that the author
DERICK BURK, A.M. Translated adopts the hypothesis of the personal
from the German by Robert FRANreign of the Messiah : this hypothesis,
cis WALKER, M.A. London: Ball. however, is not brought forward po
1837. 8vo. Pp. xii. 539. lenically. We consider the doctrine of the Anglican Church, as expressed BIOGRAPHIES of distinguished scholars in her Fourth Article, to be directly are, too olten, little more than chronoopposed to this opinion. Following logical details of their literary Jabours, the example of Vitringa and some and sometimes of their literary disother interpreters, the author also putes. The present work, however, viens the Epistles to the seven apoca
a pleasing exception. This lyptic churches as prophetical of so Memoir is drawn up chiefly from orimany successive periods or states of ginal manuscripts; and the translator the Christian Church in particular has produced (which is by no means countries. But Bishop Newton has easy to accomplish) a readable volume,