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§ 35. CARDINAL NUMBERS. 1. The Hebrew cardinal numbers are nouns in origin, with the single exception of 77x one, which is an adjective; and that circumstance accounts for several peculiarities in their use and construction.
2. The numbers from 1 to 10 have different forms for the masculine and the feminine, and for the absolute and the construct state; those from 11 to 19 distinguish only the masculine and the feminine; while the tens have altogether but one form. 3. The masculine numerals from 3 to 10 have a feminine termina
yard, etc.), while the feminines are not provided with such ending (W7, ya?, etc.), which strange irregularity has hardly yet found a satisfactory explanation ; for instance, seven bulls is you bine, but seven cows nine yaw; 700 — Mixa yaw, but 7000 —
4. The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of ten (expressed by Wy and 77WY) and the units, some of which are in the status absolutus (189 19, ww zare, etc.), and some, effecting a closer connection, in the status constructus (98 778, 89 '3W, and all feminines). The singular and obscure word Dwy, and the con
are analogous to the construct state 'W and nu, occur only in these combinations.
6. Numbers consisting of units and tens begin either with the units or the tens; the former is the more ancient Hebrew usage, while the other occurs chiefly in the later Biblical Books, as Ezra, Nehemiah, and the Chronicles.
7. Numbers consisting of hundreds, tens, and units, may ascend from the smaller to the greater, or descend from the greater to the smaller figure, so that, for instance, 748 is either 8 and 40 and 700, or 700 and 40 and 8; in the latter case the units may, of course, precede the tens, in accordance with the last rule (No. 6).
8. Numbers consisting of thousands, hundreds, tens, and units, always begin with the thousands, and then descend regularly to the smaller figures, or, less frequently, ascend from the units to the tens and hundreds.
9. The following list of the cardinal numbers will now be better understood :
FEMININE. Nos. Stat. absol. Stat. const Stat. absol. Stat. const.
On the usage of representing numbers by the letters of the alphabet, see $ 1. 7.
EXERCISE XXV. Express in Hebrew:
23; 34; 45 ; 56 ; 67 ; 78; 89 ; 95; 108 ; 214; 327 ; 435 ; 542 ; 651 ; 764; 878 ; 989; 1,005; 2,106 ; 3,217; 4,319 ; 5,528 ; 6,735 ; 7,963 ; 8,746 ; 9,438 ; 10,275 ; 11,873 ; 12,799 ; 15,421 ; 19,167;