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like him I will eat up the very stones whole, and not the earth alone."
The speaker introduced here is an extravagant old fellow, an imitator of Ctesippus, the son of Chabrias, whose shameful doings and luxury are described by Athenæus.
A Xhavis was a fine thin robe worn as an upper garment among the Athenians. When a young man he had worn a xaanús, a thicker, coarser, military garment, worn over the tunic, a cuirass.
Voluptuous old men painted the hair of their head and beard, (“ crines et barbam sibi pingebant," are the words of the Commentator,) that they might seem the younger to their mistresses.* This operation, which was intended to conceal gray hairs, could not have been performed by immersion, which would have dyed the skin as well as the hair, and might have given a man the appearance of a mulatto or a black but certainly not of a youth. It must, therefore, have been a laying on of colour, an operation of painting, and the word Bánfonai is here used as the appropriate term for it.
While such men, as the speaker in this passage, painted their hair, where they considered it an ornament, they had it, in other parts, entirely plucked away. This explains the additional clause nai napon τιλούμαι.
Ctesippus was, as already said, the son of Chabrias, an illustrious Athenian general, but very unlike his
* See the two examples at the top of page 253.
father. He went to such an extreme of profligacy as to sell the stones of his father's monument, built by the Athenians at the public expense, that he might consume the money on his pleasures. It is to this fact, that the old man alludes, when he speaks about “ eating up the very stones." Msvavogou asnjava, with
” Μενανδρου λειψανα, Notes by Grotius and Clericus. Amstel. 1709. 8vo.
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