Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub

MISCELLANIES.

66

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Page

Page
ACADEMY, the first in the valley of Va........ 454 Dodridge, Rev. J., work of.

198
Allen's Cave....
497 Dunmore's palace.

328
Anecdotes, revolutionary.

290 359
Ann, Mad, notice of

173 Early settlers, customs of in nw. Va...... 198 372
Archer, Col. Wm....
173 Eastern shore described

404
Archer, Dr. B.T..

431
monumental inscription on .....

405
Arnold...
243 305 399 Eggleston, Major...

174
Ashley, Gen. Wm. H....
431 Emory and Henry College.....

498
Austin, Stephen, birthplace of.
515 Emigration to Va. from the North

254
Episcopal church, first in valley of Va..

273
Bacon's Castle....
486 Episcopal Theological Seminary....

513
Baptist, warrior parson......
258 Eulen's leap.

366
preacher confined at Fairfax.

239
Baptists, history and persecutions of.
379 Fairfax, Lord.....

235 275
college of ...

312 487 539
stone....

300
Banks, Linn.....
360 Foreman, Capt., defeat of

368
Barbour, Gov....
44 Forsyth, Hon. John....

481
Judge
424 Fort Donnally, attack on..

287
Baylor, Col....

293
Henry, siege of.....

409
Blackburn, Gen...
186 London...

274
Blannerhasset, notice of..
516 Nelson, abandoned ..

399
Bland, Col. Theodorick..

410
Rice, attack of.......

201
Richard....

441
Savannah...

285
Blind Preacher ........
350 " Seybert, massacre at.

428
Blind, institution for the
179 Young...

172
Blowing Cave....

.... 185
at Point Pleasant...

366
Boa imen, life of...
496 Forts of early settlers described...

201
Booker, Wonder, longevity of.
435 Fortification, ancient

270
Botte tourt, Lord.
326 Francisco, Peter...

207
Brady, Capt. Samuel..

200)
Braxton, Carter...
318 Garden, the Devil's........

300
Burk, the historian...
248 Gates, Gen.......

192
Buffalo Knob....
270 German settlers, customs of ..

461
Bursted Rock, the
428 Germanna, ancient town of

475
Giles, Gov.

170
"Campbellites," sketch and college of
193 Gilmer, F. W

165 265
Campbell, Col. Arthur, biography of

503 Gigantic race, relics of a
Gen. Wm.
.504 505 Girardin, the historian....

248
Carrington, Judge Paul.....
220 Glass windows, the

444
Carr, Dabney..
358 Grundy, Hon. Felix....

193
Caudy's Castle ....
...... 292 Greenbrier, early settlements in.

285
Catholic Colleges .......
•312 542 Grayson, Hon. Wm..

442
Cen 115 of 1840....
160 Graham, Rev. W., anecdotes of..

455
Certificates, revolutionary.
240 Great Bridge, battle of....

397
Church, the Esliblished, abolition of..
142 Gwyn's Island, battle at....

376
Church, ancient.234 247 255 311 315 317 342 381 395
Champe, Sergeant .......

352 Harrison, President...
City, ancient, relics ofan...

209
Hon. Benj....

218
Clay, Henry..

293 Hanging Rocks, battle near....
Clarke, Gen. Geo. Rogers.
234 Hampden Sidney College

433
Gen. Wm
234 Henry, Patrick...

213 220 295
Coal Mines of Eastern Va..
230 Helphistine, Major...

275
Columbian College....
539 Henrico, origin of its name.

302
Convention, troops of.....,
165 Hoge, Rev. M.......

434
Convention of 1788 and 1829-30..
312 Houston, President

155
Cornstalk, murder of.....
364 Horses, wild.....

103
Country, description of, on the Big Sandy.. 506 Hughs, Jesse, anecdotes of..

301
Cruney Island, attack on....
403 Huguenot settlement.

431
Crawford, Col....

193
Cunninghamo, Capt. Wm
251 Ice Mountain...

291
Culpeper minute-men.

237 Indian incursions

173 204 278 286 408
Cyclopean Towers..
160 Indian graves.

426
mounds .......

350 456
Dale, Commodore....

403
relics....

300
Dan, the passage of
427 Indians, ancient, of Va..

135
Darke, Gen...

340
relics of in eastern Va...

.349 470
Davies, Rev. Samuel.

293
skirmish with....

300
Davison, J., anecdote of

435 Insane and idiotic persons, number of in Va... 179
Deaf and Dumb...
Declaration of Independence at Richmond.... 313 James City, battles in.....

319
Dick Pointer, heroism of
287 Jetterson, President.....

..}68 214
Dismal Swamp................ .............. 401 Jefferson's Rock.....

335
Dodridge, Philip, anecdotes of................ 197 Joe Logston, anecdotes of......

445

469

.. 218

..... 292

66

215

66

[ocr errors]

gas wells

[ocr errors]

414

[ocr errors]

.... 171

305

66

Page

Page
Johnsons, intrepidity of....... .......... 416 Petersburg volunteers ........................ 145
Johnson, Judge Peter....

......... 505 Pendleton, Edmund............................
Philips, the tory...

438
Kanawba, falls of........

267 Philips, Geu., death of......... ......... 244
salt works.
344 Pocahontas basin....

248
346

place where she rescued Capt.Smith 282
pictured rocks at........

346 Poes, the bravery of...
Kenton, Gen. Simon....
267 Point Pleasant, battle of..

.361 366
song on .....

366
laws, ancient
150 Powell's Fort Valley....

...... 426
Law, Lynch, origin of...
212 Point of Fork, invasion of.

...... 271
Lead Mines of Wythe
515 Pleasants, Gov.....

...... 283
Lee. Gen. Charles....
191 Preaching, the first in western Va..

.... 192
* Francis Lightfoot....

511 Presbyterian clergyman, the first in America .. 293
# Gov....
511 Princess Ann, skirmish in.....

438
u Richard Henry:

...... 510 Prince William, military events in the vicinity. 442
Lewis, Meriwether
Gen. Andrew .......
204 Quakers, persecution of.......

151 354
Charles..........

182 362
family.....
181 Randolph, John of Roanoke ...

.223 440
Colonel Fielding

482
Edmund ...........

313
Life in western Va....

152
Peyton

333
* in eastern Va....

156
Macon College ........

378
Longevity, list of remarkable cases of
148 Reminiscences, revolutionary.

243
Long Island, hattle of.......
501 River, the lost...

300
Litlepage, Lewis........
483 Richmond Theatre, the burning of..

309
Lacas family.....

279

invasion of
Lanatic Asylum...........

..178 321 Roberdeau, Gen. D........................... 275
Laray, cave at.....
425 Rice, Dr. J. H......

...... 434

Rumsey, the first steamboat inventor.......... 336
M'Vutt, Gov....

456
Mad Ann...
172 Salt, fossil..

469
Mason, George
260 Scotch-Irish, settlements of

451
Marsball. John.
..262 275 Scout, Gen. Charles....

244
Marshall's Pillar............

268
Major Joseph

...... 242
Massie, Gen. N...

283
Gen. Winfield..

248
Marriages, poetical notices of
332 Scenery of the valley of Va...........

456
Madison, D. D., James..

333 Settlements, early, in nw. Va.......... 189 382 444
Mution, President ...

356
in sw. Va........

499
Man.moth mound...

..... 370 Simcoe, skirmishes of........ 217 271 290 306 319
Matoaca, inscriptions at....
229 Sheffey, Daniel....

179
Medical Colleges.

..........312 539 Spring, Augusta...
Mercer, Gen. H....

480

Alum....
Meredith, Capt..

251
Blue Sulphur

289
Monumental İnscriptions at Hampton...:

249
Bottetourt....

448
oldest in Virginia.... 261
Dagger's

203
at Turkey Island. 312
Fauquier

262
at Norfolk....

396
Grayson

.... 216
at York..........521 523
Holston...

• 464
at Washington 540

Hygeian.
Morgan, Gen. D........

.233 276
Howard......

430
anecdote of..

515
Jordan...

....... 272
Moore family, captivity and murder of ........ 489

Orkney ...........

....... 467
Moore's Lamentation, a song....

495
Red

385
Moore, Hon. A........

456

Salt Sulphur
Moase house ....

530
Shannondale...........

... 342
Mountain scenery

488
Sweet

384
Muhlenburg, Gen. P.

468

White Sulphur of Greenbrier...
Slavery and tobacco..

133
Natural Pillars ........
278 Slaughter, Capt..

237
Bridge .....
457 Southampton insurrection...

471
Tunnel .........

464 Spotswood, Gov., visit to the family of....... 476
Negro duel..............
...... 351 Statistics of 1840

160
Nelson family, seat of....

295 Stephens, Gen.....

......... 191
Gov.....
.. 522 Stevens, Gen. E.

240
Newspapers, first in Va.......

331 Stockton, Isabella, romantic courtship of...... 192
Norfolk, burning of
398 Suffolk, burning of...

387

Superstition, anecdotes illustrating it at the
Obituary :

148

present day
Old Church
520 Summers, Judge ....

347
305 329 Stone structure, ancient, on Ware creek ...... 391
" Dominion, origin of the name..

131
magazine
328 Tarleton, Col.....

166 212
Raleigh tavern........
330 Taylor, Col. John...

215
O'Hara, Gen., anecdote of........

245
Geo. Keith ...

440
Opechancanough's residence..
349 Tea-table, the........

292

Thruston, Col., the warrior parson...., .... 234 283
Page, Gov.
281 Tories, the hanging of...

358
Parson Cummings, anecdote of .....

....... 499
insurrection of....

301
Pass of the James..
....... 176 Trough-Hill, battle of...............

300
Peter Wright, the hunter........... ........ 172 Tyler, Judge

219
Peaks of Otter....
................. 189
President.............

..219 327

.... 177

. 450

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

64

46

... 278

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

66

Page

Page
University of Virginia.....

165 Washington, likeness of at Harper's Ferry.... 335
Uncle Jack, the negro preacher....

........., 174
his recommendation of Volney

-- 261
Union Theological Seminary.

434
aged servant of....

184
Upshur, Hon. A. P.....

405

fac-simile of his writing. 509
Van Bebbers, anecdotes of the..........

of the entry of his birth 509
366
birthplace of ...

507
Virginia, general view of....

128

Lord Brougham's sketch of the
Governors..........................

145
character of

... 508
Military Institute.

449
Judge Bushrod...

513
Virginians in high official stations under the

Col. William .......

......... 484
United States....
146 Weyer's Cave.......

183
Virginians, Jones's description of..
330 Weddings of early settlers .....

..... 198
Westover, the seat of Col. Byrd..

217
Waddel, James, the blind preacher..... 417 Weems, Parson....

.255 256
Washington, marriage and courtship of....... 389 Wetzel, Lewis

413
his office at Soldier's Rest....... 233 Weedon, Gen.........................

480
entry of as surveyor............ 237 Wirt, William..

171
anecdotes of..

..... 241 543 William and Mary College..
residence of at Mt. Vernon...... 257 Witchcraft, trial for....

436
statue of ....
....... 308 Woodford, Gen. Wm.....

215
modesty of

329 Wolf-pits, construction of..
mother of ...... ............ 483 Wythe, George...

352
college...

......................... 449
farm...
482 Zane, Elizabeth, heroism of........

....... 411

[ocr errors]

44

.... 324

.... 206

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

OUTLINE

HISTORY OF VIRGINIA.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION, PROGRESS OF COMMERCE, ROANOKE SETTLEMENTS.

Discovery of America.England.- Want of Commerce in early times.Voyages of

the Cabots.- Progress of English discovery-Frobisher-Gilbert-Raleigh.--Fail. ure of the Roanoke settlements.

The claims of the Icelanders, the Welsh, and even the Norwegians,* to the discovery of America, seem in modern times to be universally set aside in favor of a native of a milder clime. Indeed, the evidence by which their respective claims were sought to be established was so vague, contradictory, and unsatisfactory,t and their discoveries, if proved, so entirely accidental, and useless to mankind, that it is not at all astonishing that all the merit should be given to that individual whose brilliant genius first demonstrated a priori the existence of a continent in the western waters, and whose adventurous daringf led him to risk his life in the search of a world, of the existence of which he was only informed by his science, with little aid of any human experience; or that posterity should give to COLUMBUS the undivided glory of an exploit for which he received only the ignominy of his contemporaries, and to Italy the honor due the birthplace of so distinguished a son, from whose brilliant achievements she has received little else.

In 1460, the Portuguese discovered the Cape de Verd islands, and afterwards extended their discoveries farther south. This near prospect of an easier and more direct route to India, had already begun to excite the jealousy of the Venetians, who then nearly monopolized the trade of India, and to elevate the hopes of the Portuguese, who expected to enjoy a portion of the wealth and luxury which the Venetians derived from that trade; when the minds of both, and indeed of all Europe, were turned in another

* Winterbotham's America, vol. I. p. 1 and 2, and Hinton's United States. † Bancroft's Hist. U. States, vol. I. p. 6, and notes.

I“ L'Italie reparut, avec les divins tresors que les Grecs fugitifs rapportèrent dans son sein; le ciei lui révéla ses lois ; l'audace de ses enfants découvrit un nouvel kémis. phère."-De Staël - Corinne.

cance.

direction by the occurrence of an event in the history of maritime discovery, compared with which all others sunk into insignifiThis event was the

discovery of America, by Christopher ColumOct. 11, 1492.

bus. The education of this daring mariner, his dis

appointments and dangers, his difficulties and his brilliant success, or the melancholy story of his sad reverses, and the example afforded in him of the ingratitude of kings, it is not the

purpose of the writer to narrate. He refrains from recounting so temptingly interesting a narrative, because it would lead him too far from his purpose, which is only to narrate succinctly the progress of navigation and discovery to the time of the first colony settled in Virginia,—and because the same story has been so well told by Robertson, Irying, and others, that it ought to be familiar to all.

Notwithstanding the advances in navigation which have been enumerated, the art of ship-building was still in such a rude and imperfect state, that the vessels in which Columbus embarked on an unknown sea, a modern mariner, with all the advantages of modern science, would scarcely venture in, to cross the Atlantic. The largest was a vessel of no considerable burden,* and the two

others scarcely superior in burden to large boats, and the united ' crews of the three only amounted to ninety men, including officers, and a few gentlemen, adventurers from Isabella's court.

But notwithstanding these inadequate means for the prosecution of maritime discovery, the ardor of enterprise was so much excited by the brilliant achievements of Columbus, the greedy thirst for gain, and hope of finding some country abounding in gold, together with the eager desire which still prevailed of discovering some passage through the great continent of America, which might lead to India, that in twenty-six years from the first discovery of land by Columbus, the Spaniards had visited all of the islands of the West Indies—they had sailed on the eastern coast of America from the Rio de la Plata to the western extremity of the Mexican Gulf-they had discovered the great Southern Ocean, and had acquired considerable knowledge of the coast of Florida. It is also said that these voyages in search of a nearer passage to the East Indies, had extended much farther north, but not however until that country had been discovered by the seamen of another nation, of whose exploits in the field of maritime adventure we shall presently speak.

The great interior was still unknown, the whole western and the extreme southeastern coasts were still undiscovered, and the long line of coast from Florida to Labrador had only been seen, and touched upon in a few places.

England did not at an early period make those advances in navigation, to which the eminent advantages of her insular situation

* Robertson-Hist. America, 49.

« ПредишнаНапред »