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29. The sun will not overstep his bounds; if he does, the Erinnyes, allies of justice, will find him out.

30. The limit of the evening and the morning is

the Bear; and opposite the Bear is the boundary of bright Zeus.

Strabo regards this as a Homeric expression for the fact that the northern circle is the boundary of

rising and setting. Zeus aithrios means the clear heavens.

31. If there were no sun, it would be night.
32. The sun is new every day.

33. (Herakleitos and Demokritos bear witness that Thales was an astronomer, and predicted eclipses, etc.)

34. The seasons bring all things.

‘Time is not motion of a simple sort, but, so to speak, motion in an order which has measure and limits and periods. The sun, guardian of these, . appoints and announces the seasons, which, according to Herakleitos, bring all things.”

35. Hesiod is the teacher of most men; they suppose that his knowledge was very extensive, when in fact he did not know night and day, for they are one.

36. God is day and night, winter and summer, war and peace, Satiety and hunger; but he assumes different forms, just as when incense is mingled with incense; every one gives him the name he pleases. * D

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37. Arist. de sensu 5, p. 443 a 21.

38. Plut. de fac. in orbe lum. 28, p. 943 E. Patin, Einheitslehre, p. 23, points out that this so-called fragment is probably due to a misunderstanding of the passage in Aristotle (Fr. 37).

39. Schol. Tzetz. ad Exeg. in Iliad. p. 126, Hermann. Cf. Hippokrates, repl Stairns 1, 21; Pseudo-Herakl. Epist. v.

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37. If all things should become smoke, then perception would be by the nostrils.

Arist. “Some think that odour is a smoky exhalation, . and that every one is brought in contact with this in smelling. So Herakleitos says that if all things,' etc. The reference is originally to the conflagration of the universe [ékirspoons].

2 38. Souls smell in Hades.

Plutarch adds the reason: Because they retain a perception of what is fiery.

39. Cool things become warm, the warm grows cool; the wet dries, the parched becomes wet.

40. It scatters and brings together; it approaches and departs.

This follows the next fragment, as illustrating change.

41–42. You could not step twice in the same rivers; for other and yet other waters are ever flowing on,

43. Herakleitos blamed Homer for saying: Would that strife might perish from among gods and men For then, said he, all things would pass away.

Aristotle assigns a different reason: For there could be no harmony without sharps and flats, nor living beings without male and female, which are contraries.

44. War is father of all and king of all; and some he made gods and some men, some slaves and some free.

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45. Hipp. Ref. haer. ix. 9. Cf. Plato, Symp. 187A, Soph. 242 D; Plut. de anim. procr. 27, p. 1026 B. MSS. àuoxoyéew, corr. Miller. Cf. (Bywater 56) Plut. de tranq. 15, 473; de Is. 45, 369; Porphyr. de ant. nym. 29; Simpl. Phys. 11 r 50, 11. These writers give traxivrovos; traxtyTporos is probably from Parmenides v. 59; Plutarch inserts kóopov. 46. Arist. Eth. Nic. viii. 2, p. 1155 b 14. Cf. Theophr. Metaph. 15; Arist. Eth. Eud. vii. 1; 1235 a 13. These are rather summary phrases than quotations. 47. Plut. de anim. procr. 27, p. 1026 C ; Hipp. Ref. haer. ix. 9–10. 48. Diog. Laer. ix. 73. 49. Clem. Al. Strom. v. 14, p. 733. 50. Hipp. Ref. haer. ix. 10. MSS. ypaspéov, corr. Duncker. The MSS. reading may be a participle introducing the quotation, and wrongly included in the excerpt, as Tannery suggests (Science hellén. pp. 198 ft.). 51. Arist. Eth. Nic. x. 5, p. 1176 a 6. Cf. Albertus M. de veget. vi. 401 (p. 545 Mey.) R. P. 40 B : “Boves . . . felices . . . cum inveniant orobum ad comendum.’ Bywater, Journal Philol. 1880, p. 230. 52. Hipp. Ref. haer. ix. 10. Cf. Sext. Emp. Pyrrh.. hyp. i. 55. 53. Columella, de R. R. viii. 4. Cf. Galen, Protrept. 13, p. 5 ed. Bas. 54. Athen. v. 178 F. Cf. Clem. Al. Protrept. 10, p. 75; Sext. Emp. Pyrrh.. hyp. i. 55; Plotin. Enn. i. 6, p. 55.

45. Men do not understand how that which draws apart agrees with itself; harmony lies in the bending back, as for instance of the bow and of the lyre.

W. Bernays, Rhein. Mus. vii. p. 94. Reading traMivrovos from fragment 56, we obtain the meaning ‘opposite tension' more distinctly.

46. Opposition unites. From what draws apart results the most beautiful harmony. All things take place by strife.

Quoted by Aristotle as an illustration of the search for a deeper principle, more in accordance with nature.

47. Hidden harmony is better than manifest.

48. Let us not make rash conjectures about the greatest things.

49. Men who desire wisdom must be learners of very many things.

50. For woolcarders the straight and the crooked path is one and the same.

51. Asses would rather have refuse than gold.

52. The sea is the purest and the foulest water ; it is drinkable and healthful for fishes; but for men it is unfit to drink and hurtful.

Quoted by Hippolytos as an example of Herakleitos' identification of opposites.

53–54. Swine like to wash in the mire; barnyard fowls in the dust.

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