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write her a bill of divorcement, and he heard them ; then whatsoever giveth it in her hand, and sendeth proceeded out of her lips concerning her out of his house ; or if the latter her vows, or concerning the bond of husband die, which took her to be her soul, shall not stand: her hushis wife ; her former husband, which band hath made them void: and the sent her away, may not take her LORD shall forgive her. Every vow, again to be his wife, after that she and every binding oath to afflict the is defiled; for that is abomina- soul, her husband may establish it, tion before the Lord: and thou shalt or her husband may make it void. not cause the land to sin, which the But if her husband altogether hold LORD thy God giveth thee for an in- his peace at her from day to day ; heritance.

then he establisheth all her vows, or Num. 26: 10. Even as the Lord all her bonds, which are upon her: cominanded Moses, so did the daugh- he confirmeth them, because he held ters of Zelophehad: for Mahlah, his peace at her in the day that he Tirzah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, | heard them. But if he shall any ways and Noah, the daughters of Zelo- make them void after that he hath phehad, were married unto their heard them ; then he shall bear her father's brother's sons.

iniquity. These are the statutes,

which the LORD commanded Moses, Cases of Violation.

between a man and his wife, between

the father and his daughter, being Shechem and Dinah, Jacob's yet in her youth in her father's daughter. Gen. 34:1.

The Benjamites almost annihi-
lated. Judg. 19: 20.

David betrayed into murder by it.
2 Sam. 11: 2.

Ainon killed for it. 2 Sam. 13:

Ex. 22:1. If a man shall steal an Solomon's kingdom wrested from ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; him in consequence of it. 1 Kings he shall restore five oxen for an ox, 11:1.

and four sheep for a sheep. If a Eli's house blotted out for it. 1 thief be found breaking up, and be Sam. 2.

smitten that he die, there shall no Num. 30: 6. And if she had at all blood be shed for him. If the sun be an husband, when she vowed, or ut- risen upon him, there shall be blood tered aught out of her lips, where shed for him ; for he should make with she bound her soul; and her full restitution ; if he have nothing, husband heard it, and held his peace then he shall be sold for his theft. at her in the day that he heard it: If the theft be certainly found in his then her vows shall stand, and her hand alive, whether it be ox, or bonds wherewith she bound her soul ass, or sheep; he shall restore doushall stand. But if her husband dis- / ble. allowed her on the day that he heard Lev. 19:11. Ye shall not steal, it; then he shall make her vow which neither deal falsely, neither lie one she vowed, and that which she ut- to another. tered with her lips, wherewith she Ps. 50: 18. When thou sawest a bound her soul, of none effect: and thief, then thou consentedst with the LORD shall forgive her. But him. ... But I will reprove thee, every vow of a widow, and of her and set thy sins in order. that is divorced, wherewith they PR. 29:24. Whoso is partner with have bound their souls, shall stand a thief, hateth his own soul. against her. And if she vowed in her Jer. 17:11. He that getteth richhusband's house, or bound her soul es, and not by right, shall leave by a bond with an oath; and her them in the inidst of his days; and husband heard it, and held his peace at his end shall be a fool. at her, and disallowed her not: then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she bound her soul shall stand. But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day



push a man-servant or maid-servant; § 9. LAW OF FALSEHOOD. he shall give unto their master thirty

shekels of silver, and the ox shall Ex. 23:1. Thou shalt not raise be stoned. And if a man shall open a false report: put not thine hand a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and with the wicked io be an unrighteous not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall witness. Thou shalt not follow a therein ; the owner of the pit shall multitude to do evil; neither shalt make it good, and give money unto thou speak in a cause to decline the owner of them; and the dead after many to wrest judgment: nei- beast shall be his. And if one man's ther shalt thou countenance a poor ox hurt another's, that he die; then man in his cause.

they shall sell the live ox, and divide Deut. 19: 16. If a false witness the money of it; and the dead ox rise up against any man to testify also shall they divide. Or if it be against him that which is wrong, known that the ox hath used to push the judges shall make diligent in- in time past, and his owner hath not quisition ; and behold, if the witness kept him in; he shall surely pay ox be a false witness, and hath testified for ox; and the dead shall be his falsely against his brother, then shall ye do unto him as he thought to do 22 : 5. If a man shall cause unto his brother; so shalt thou put field or vineyard to be eaten, and the evil away from among you. shall put in his beast, and shall feed

Lev. 19:16. Thou shalt not go in another man's field; of the best up and down as a tale-bearer among of his own field, and of the best of thy people.

his own vineyard shall he make restiPR. 6:16. These six things doth tution. If fire break out, and catch the Lord hate ; yea, seven are an in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, abomination unto him. — 19. A false or the standing corn, or the field be witness that speaketh lies, and sow- consumed therewith; he that kindleth eth discord among brethren.

the fire shall surely make resti 19: 5. A false witness shall not be If a man shall deliver unto his neighunpunished; and he that speaketh bor money or stuff to keep, and it be lies shall not escape.

stolen out of the man's house ; if the 21:28. A false witness shall perish. thief be found, let him pay double.

25:18. A man that beareth false If the thief be not found, then the witness against his neighbor, is a master of the house shall be brought maul, and a sword, and a sharp ar- unto the judges, to see whether he

have put his hand unto his neighbor's goods. For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass,

for sheep, for raiment, or for any OF COVETOUSNESS, OR manner of lost thing, which another

challengeth to be his, the cause of

both parties shall come before the Ex. 21: 28. If an ox gore a man judges; and whom the judges shall or woman, that they die: then the ox condemn, he shall pay double unto shall be surely stoned, and his flesh his neighbor. If a man deliver unto shall not be eaten ; but the owner of his neighbor an ass, or an ox, or a the ox shall be quit. But if the ox sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it were wont to push with his horn in die, or be hurt, or driven away, no time past, and it hath been testified man seeing it: then shall an oath of to his owner, and he hath not kept the Lord be between them both, that him in, but that he hath killed a man he hath not put his hand unto his or a woman ; the ox shall be stoned, neighbor's goods; and the owner of and his owner also shall be put to it shall accept thereof, and he shall death. If there be laid on him a not make it good. . And if it be stolen sum of money, then he shall give for from him, he shall make restitution the ransom of his life whatsoever is unto the owner thereof. If it be torn laid upon him. Whether he have in pieces, then let him bring it for gored a son, or have gored a daugh- witness, and he shall not make good ter, according to this judgment shall that which was torn. And if a man it be done unto him. If the ox shall borrow aught of his neighbor, and it


§ 10.


be hurt, or die, the owner' thereof took violently away, or the thing being not with it, he shall surely which he hath deceitfully gotten, or make it good. But if the owner that which was delivered him to thereof be with it, he shall not make keep, or the lost thing which he it good: if it be an hired thing, it found, or all that about which he came for his hire. — 21. Thou shalt hath sworn falsely; he shall even neither vex a stranger, nor oppress restore it in the principal, and shall him: for ye were strangers in the add the fifth part more thereto, and land of Egypt. Ye shall not afflict give it unto him to whom it apperany widow, or fatherless child. If taineth, in the day of his trespassthou afflict them in any wise, and offering. they cry at all unto me, I will surely 19 : 9. And when ye reap the hear their cry; and my wrath shall harvest of your land, thou shalt wax hot, and I will kill you with the not wholly reap the corners of thy sword ; and your wives shall be wid- field, neither shalt thou gather the ows, and your children fatherless. If gleanings of thy harvest. And thou thou lend money to any of my people shalt not glean thy vineyard; neither that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be shalt thou gather every grape of thy to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou vineyard; thou shalt leave them for lay upon him usury. If thou at all the poor and stranger; I am the LORD take thy neighbor's raiment to pledge, your God. – 13. 'l'hou shalt not dethou shalt deliver it unto him by that fraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the sun goeth down: for that is his the wages of him that is hired shall covering only, it is his raiment for not abide with thee all night until the his skin : wherein shall he sleep? morning. Thou shalt not curse the and it shall come to pass, when he deaf, nor put a stumbling-block before crieth unto me, that I will hear; for the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am I am gracious.

the Lord. Ye shall do no unright

eousness in judgment: thou shalt not | 23:4. If thou meet thine enemy's respect the person of the poor, nor ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt honor the person of the mighty: but surely bring it back to him again. If | in righteousness shalt thou judge thy thou see the ass of him that hateth neighbor... Neither shalt thou stand thee lying under his burden, and against the blood of thy neighbor: wouldest forbear to help him, thou | I am the Lord. Thou shalt not hate shalt surely help with him. Thou thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt shalt not wrest the judgment of thy in any wise rebuke thy neighbor, and poor in his cause. Keep thee far not suffer sin upon him. 'Thou shalt from a false matter; and the inno- not avenge, nor bear any grudge cent and righteous slay thou not: for against the children of thy people, I will not justify the wicked. And but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thou shalt take no gift: for the gift thyself: I am the LORD. Thou blindeth the wise, and perverteth shalt rise up before the hoary head, the words of the righteous. Also and honor the face of the old man, thou shalt not oppress a stranger: and fear thy God: I am the LORD. for know the heart of a stranger, And if a stranger sojourn with thee seeing ye were strangers in the land in your land, ye shall not vex him. of Egypt.

But the stranger that dwelleth with Lev. 6: 1. And the LORD spake you shall be unto you as one born unto Moses, saying, If a soul sin, among you, and thou shalt love him and commit a trespass against the as thyself; for ye were strangers in LORD, and lie unto his neighbor in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD that which was delivered him to your God. Ye shall do no unrightkeep, or in fellowship, or in a thing eousness in judgment, in mete-yard, taken away by violence, or hath de- in weight, or in measure. Just balceived his neighbor; or have found ances, just weights, a just ephah, that which was lost, and lieth con- and a just hin, shall ye have: I am cerning it, and sweareth falsely ; in the LORD your God, which brought any of all these that a man doeth, you out of the land of Egypt. sinning therein: then it shall be, be- Therefore shall ye observe all my cause he hath sinned and is guilty, statutes, and all my judgments, and that he shall restore that which he do them: I am the LORD.


24: 22. Ye shall have one man- | shalt in any case bring them again ner of law, as well for the stranger, unto thy brother. And if thy brother as for one of your own country: for be not nigh unto thee, or if thou I am the Lord your God.

know him not, then thou shalt bring

it unto thine own house, and it shall 1 Deut. 15:1. At the end of every be with thee, until thy brother seek seven years thou shalt make a re- after it, and thou shalt restore it to lease. And this is the manner of him again. In like manner shalt the release: Every creditor that lend- thou do with his ass; and so shalt eth aught unto his neighbor shall re- thou do with his raiment; and with lease it ; he shall not exact it of his all lost things of thy brother's, which neighbor, or of his brother; because he hath lost, and thou hast found, it is called the Lord's release. Of shalt thou do likewise: thou mayest a foreigner thou mayest exact it not hide thyself. Thou shalt not again: but that which is thine with see thy brother's ass or his ox fall thy brother thine hand shall release ; | down by the way, and hide thyself save when there shall be no poor from them: thou shalt surely help among you ; for the LORD shall him to lift them up again. greatly bless thee in the land which 23:19. Thou shalt not lend upon the LORD thy God giveth thee for usury to thy brother: usury of moan inheritance to possess it: only if ney, usury of victuals, usury of any thou carefully hearken unto the voice thing that is lent upon usury: unto of the LORD thy God, to observe to a stranger thou mayest lend upon do all these commandments which I usury ; but unto thy brother thou command thee this day. For the shalt not lend upon usury. Lord thy God blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend [ 24: 16. The fathers shall not be unto many nations, but thou shalt put to death for the children, neither not borrow; and thou shalt reign shall the children be put to death over many nations, but they shall not for the fathers: every man shall be reign over thee. If there be among put to death for his own sin, Thou you a poor man of one of thy breth shalt not pervert the judgment of ren within any of thy gates, in thy the stranger, nor of the fatherless; land which the Lord thy God giveth nor take the widow's raiment to thee, thou shalt not harden thine pledge : but thou shalt remember heart, nor shut thine hand from thy that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, poor brother : but thou shalt open and the Lord thy God redeemed thine hand wide unto him, and shalt thee thence: therefore I command surely lend him sufficient for his thee to do this thing. When thou need, in that which he wanteth. Be- cuttest down thine harvest in thy ware that there be not a thought in field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the thy wicked heart, saying, The sev- field, thou shalt not go again to fetch enth year, the year of release, is at it: it shall be for the stranger, for hand; and thine eye be evil against the fatherless, and for the widow: thy poor brother, and thou givest that the LORD thy God may bless him nought : and he cry unto the thee in all the work of thine hands. Lord against thee, and it be sin unto When thou beatest thine olive tree, thee. Thou shalt surely give him; thou shalt not go over the boughs and thine heart shall not be grieved again: it shall be for the stranger, when thou givest unto him: because for the fatherless, and for the widow. that for this thing the Lord thy God When thou gatherest the grapes of shall bless thee in all thy works, and thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean in all that thou puttest thine hand it afterward : it shall be for the unto. For the poor shall never cease stranger, for the fatherless, and for out of the land : therefore I com- the widow. And thou shalt rememmand thee, saying,' Thou shalt open ber that thou wast a bondman in the thine hand wide unto thy brother, to land of Egypt : therefore I comthy poor, and to thy needy, in thy mand thee to do this thing. land.

25: 1. If there be a controversy 22: 1. Thou shalt not see thy between men, and they come unto brother's ox or his sheep go astray, judginent, that the judges may judge and hide thyself from them : thou 'them : then they shall justify the

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righteous, and condemn the wicked. man to whom thou dost lend shall And it shall be, if the wickell man bring out the pledge abroad unto be worthy to be beaten, that the thee. And if the man be poor, thou judge shall cause him to lie down, shalt not sleep with his pledge: in and to be beaten before his face, ac- any case thou shalt deliver hirn the cording to_his fault, by a certain pledge again when the sun goeth number. Forty stripes he may give down, that he may sleep in his own him, and not exceed : lest if he raiment, and bless thee: and it shall should exceed, and beat him above be righteousness unto thee before these with many stripes, then thy the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not brother should seem vile unto thee. oppress an hired servant that is poor Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when and needy, whether he be of thy he treadeth out the corn.

brethren, or of thy strangers that 25: 13. Thou shalt not have in are in thy land within thy gates: at thy bag divers weights, a great and his day thou shalt give him his hire, a small. Thou shalt not have in neither shall the sun go down upon thine house divers measures, a great it'; for he is poor, and setteth his and a small. But thou shalt have a heart upon it: lest he cry against perfect and just weight, a perfect thee unto the LORD, and it be sin and just measure shalt thou have: unto thee, that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, for all that do such things, and all that do unrighteously, § 11. LAW OF MASTER AND SERVANT, are an abomination unto the LORD thy God.

Ex. 21: 2. If thou buy an He19: 14. Thou shalt not remove brew servant, six years he shall thy neighbor's landmark, which serve: and in the seventh he shall they of old time have set in thine go out free for nothing. If he came inheritance, which thou shalt in- in by himself, he shall go out by himherit in the land that the Lord self: if he were married, then his thy God giveth thee to possess it. wife shall go out with him. If his be before thee in the way in any hath borne him sons or daughters; tree, or on the ground, whether they the wife and her children shall be be young ones, or eggs, and the dam her master's, and he shall go out by sitting upon the young, or upon the hiinself. And if the servant shall eggs, thou shalt not take the dam plainly say, I love my master, my with the young: but thou shalt in wife, and my children ; I will not go any wise let the dam go, and take out free: then his master shall bring the young to thee; that it may be bim unto the judges : he shall also well with thee, and that thou mayest bring hini to the door, or unto the prolong thy days. When thou build door-post; and his master shall bore est a new house, then thou shalt his ear through with an awl;. and make a battlement for thy roof, that he shall serve him forever. And if thou bring not blood upon thine a man sell his daughter to be a maidhouse, if any man fall from thence. servant, she shall not go out as the Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard men-servants do. If she please not with divers seeds ; lest the fruit of her master, who hath betrothed her thy seed which thou hast sown, and to himself, then shall he let her be the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled. redeemed: to sell her unto a strange Thou shalt not plow with an ox

nation he shall have no power, seeand an ass together, Thou shalt ing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. not wear a garment of divers sorts, And if he have betrothed her unto as of woollen and linen together. his son, he shall deal with her after

24: 6. No man shall take the the manner of daughters. If he nether or the upper mill-stone to take him another wife; her food, pledge: for he taketh a man's life to her raiment, and her duty of marpledge. - 10. When thou dost lend riage shall he not diminish. And thy brother any thing, thou shalt

not if he do not these three unto her, go into his house to fetch his pledge. then shall she go out free without Thou shalt stand abroad, and the money. — 16. Ănd he that stealeth


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