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unto the Lord the words of this Amen, with lifting up their hands : song, in the day that the Lord had and they bowed their heads, and delivered him out of the hand of all worshipped the Lord with their his enemies, and out of the hand of faces to the ground. — 8. So they Saul : and he said,
read in the book in the law of God
distinctly, and gave the sense, and ORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my
caused them to understand the readdeliverer; The God of my rock ; in him will I trust : ing. And Nehemiah, which is the He is my shield, and the horn of my salvation,
Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest My high tower, and my refuge, my Savior; Thou savest me from violence.
the scribe, and the Levites that I will call on the Lord, who is worthy to be taught the people, said unto all the
praised : So shall I be saved from mine enemies.
people, This day is holy unto the When the waves of death compassed me, Lord your God; mourn not, nor 'The fools of ungodly men made me afraid;
weep. The sorrows of hell compassed me about ;
For all the people wept, The snares of death prevented me;
when they heard the words of the In my distress I called upon the LORD,
law. Then he said unto them, Go And cried to my God: And he did hear my voice out of his temple, your way, eat the fat, and drink the And my cry did enter into his ears —
sweet, and send portions unto them 17. He sent from above, he took me ; He drew me out of many waters ;
for whom nothing is prepared : for He delivered me from my strong enemy,
this day is holy unto our LORD : And from them that hated me :
neither be ye sorry ; for the joy of For they were too strong for me, They prevented me in the day of my calamity :
the Lord is your strength. So the But the LORD was my stay.
Levites stilled all the people, saying, He brought me forth also into a large place: He delivered me, because he delighted in me.
Hold your peace, for the day is hoThe Lord rewarded ine according to my right- ly ; neither be ye grieved. And all According to the cleanness of my hands hath he
the people went their way to eat, and recompensed me.
to drink, and to send portions, and For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
to make great mirth, because they And have not wickedly departed from my God.
had understood the words that were (4.) Solomon at the Dedication of the
declared unto them. - 18. And there Temple. was very great gladness.
by day, from the first day unto the 1 Kings 8: 55. He stood and last day, he read in the book of the blessed all the congregation of Israel law of God. And they kept the feast with a loud voice, saying, Blessed be
seven days; and on the eighth day the Lord that hath given rest unto
was a solemn assembly, according his people, according to all that he
unto the manner. promised. 65. And at that time Solomon held a feast and all Israel
2. Public Fasting. with him, a great congregation... seven days and seven days, even
Ezra 8 : 21. Then I proclaimed fourteen days.
On the eighth day a fast there at the river Ahava, that he sent the people away, and they we might afflict ourselves before our blessed the king and went unto their God, to seek of him a right way for tents joyful and glad of heart, for all us, and for our little ones, and for the goodness that the Lord had done all our substance. For I was ashamfor David his servant, and for. Israel ed to require of the king a band of his people.
soldiers and horsemen to help us
against the enemy in the way : be(5.) Nehemiah and Ezra, at the Resto- cause we had spoken unto the king, ration.
saying, The hand of our God is upon
all them for good, that seek him... Neh. 8: 1. And all the people So we fasted and besought our God gathered themselves together as one for this, and he was entreated of us. man into the street that was before Esth. 4:16. Gather together all the water gate. – 5. And Ezra open the Jews that are present in Shushan, ed the book in the sight of all the and fast ye for me, and neither eat people; (for he was above all the nor drink, three days, night or day ; people ;) and when he opened it, all I also, and my maidens will fast likethe people stood up : and Ezra wise. So will I go in unto the king, blessed the Lord, the great God. which is not according to the law ; And all the people answered, Amen, and if I perish, I perish.
Keshacrs var no And when they had
Isa. 58 : 3. Wherefore have we her closet. Let the priests, the minfasted say they, and thou seest not ? isters of the LORD, weep bewherefore have we afflicted our soul tween the porch and the altar; and and thou takest no knowledge ? Be- let them say, Spare thy people, O hold, in the day of your fast ye find | LORD, and give not thine heritage to pleasure and exact all your labors. reproach. Behold ye fast for strife and debate ; Mat. 6: 16. When ye fast, be not and to smite with the fist of wicked- as the hypocrites of a sad counteness : ye shall not fast as ye do this nance ; for they disfigure their faces, day, to make your voice to be heard that they may appear unto men to on high. Is it such a fast that I fast. Verily I say unto you, they have chosen ? A day for a man to have their reward. But thou, when afflict his soul ? Is it to bow down thou fastest, anoint thy head, and his head as a bulrush, and to spread wash thy face, that thou appear not sackcloth and ashes under him ? unto men to fast; but unto thy FaWilt thou call this a fast, and an ac- ther which is in secret, and thy Faceptable day to the Lord?
ther which seeth in secret, himself Is not this the fast, that I have shall reward you openly. chosen : to loose the bands of wickedness; to undo the heavy burthens, ordained them elders in every church, and to let the oppressed go free ; and and had prayed with fasting, they that break every yoke ? Is it not commended them to the Lord on to deal thy bread to the hungry, and whom they believed. that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? When thou seest the naked, that thou cover him, and that thou hide not thyself from § 5.
OF INSTRUCTION, thine own flesh ? Then shall thy AND GOVERNMENT IN THE CHURCH. light break forth as the morning.
1 Sam. 7 : 6. And they gathered | I. The ministry appointed, with their together to Mizpeh... and fasted on
instructions. that day, and said there, We have sinned against the Lord. — 10. And MARK 3: 14. He ordained twelve, the LORD thundered with a great that they might be with him, and
the Philistines, and that he might send them out to they were smitten before Israel. preach.
NEH. 1 : 4. When I heard their Mat. 9:37. Then saith he unto words, I sat down and wept, and his disciples, The harvest truly is mourned certain days, and fasted | plenteous, but the laborers are few, and prayed before the God of heav- Pray ye therefore the Lord of the en. (See Prayer.)
harvest, that he will send forth la, Dan. 9 : 3. I set my face unto the borers into his harvest. Lord, to seek by prayer and by sup- 10: 1. And when he had called plication with fasting and sackcloth unto him his twelve disciples, he and ashes. (See Prayer.)
gave them power against unclean
spirits, to cast them out, and to heal JOEL 2 : 12. Therefore also now all manner of sickness, and all manturn ye unto me with all your heart, ner of disease. and with fasting, and with weeping, 5. These twelve Jesus sent forth, and with mourning, and rend your and commanded them, saying, Go heart and not your garment, and not into the way of the Gentiles, turn unto the Lord your Godl; for and into any city of the Samaritans he is gracious and merciful, slow to enter ye not. But go rather to the anger and of great kindness, and re- lost sheep of the house of Israel. penteth him of the evil. — 15. Blow And as ye go, preach, saying, The the trumpet in Zion; sanctify a kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal fast ; call a solemn assembly; gather the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the the people ; sanctify the congrega- dead, cast out devils: freely ye have tion; assemble the elders; gather received, freely give. Provide neithe children and those that suck the ther gold, nor silver, nor brass in breasts ; let the bridegroom go forth your purses ; nor scrip for your jourof his chamber, and the bride out of ney, neither two coats, neither shoes,
nor yet staves: for the workınan is the Lord appointed other seventy worthy of his meat. And into what- also, and sent them two and two besoever city or town ye shall enter, fore his face into every city and inquire who in it is worthy; and place, whither he himself would there abide till ye go thence. And come. Therefore said he unto them, when ye come into a house, salute The harvest truly is great, but the it. And if the house be worthy, let laborers are few: pray ye therefore your peace come upon it: but if it the Lord of the harvest, that he be not worthy, let your peace return would send forth laborers into his to you. And whosoever shall not re- harvest. Go your ways: behold, I ceive you, nor hear your words, send you forth as lambs among when ye depart out of that house, wolves. Carry neither purse, por or city, shake off the dust of your scrip, nor shoes : and salute no man feet. Verily, I say unto you, it shall by the way. And into whatsoever be more tolerable for the land of house ye enter, first say, Peace be to Sodom and Gomorrah, in the day of this house. And if the son of peace judgment, than for that city. Behold, be there, your peace shall rest upon I send you forth as sheep in the midst it: if not, it shall turn to you again. of wolves: be ye therefore wise as And in the same house remain, eatserpents, and harmless as doves. ing and drinking such things as they But beware of men: for they will give: for the laborer is worthy of deliver you up to the councils, and his hire. Go not from house to house. they will scourge you in their syna- And into whatsoever city ye enter, gogues: and ye shall be brought be- and they receive you, eat such things fore governors and kings for my as are set before you. And heal the sake, for a testimony against them sick that are therein, and say unto and the Gentiles. But when they de-them, The kingdom of God is come liver you up, take no thought how nigh unto you. or what ye shall speak; for it shall And the seventyreturned again be given you in that same hour what with joy, saying, Lord, even the ye shall speak. For it is not ye that devils are subject unto us through speak, but the Spirit of your Father thy name. And he said unto them, I which speaketh in you. And the beheld Satan as lightning fall from brother shall deliver up the brother heaven. Behold, I give unto you to death, and the father the child: power to tread on serpents and scorand the children shall rise up against pions, and over all the power of the their parents, and cause them to be enemy: and nothing shall by any put to death. And ye shall be hated means hurt you. Notwithstanding in of all men for my name's sake: but this rejoice not, that the spirits are he that endureth to the end shall be subject unto you ; but rather rejoice saved. But when they persecute you because your names are written in in this city, flee ye into another. For heaven. verily I say unto you, Ye shall not Acts 12: 25. And Barnabas and have gone over the cities of Israel Saul returned from Jerusalem, when till the Son of man be come. The they had fulfilled their ministry, and disciple is not above his master, nor took with them John, whose surname the servant above his lord. It is
was Mark. enough for the disciple that he be as 13: 1. Now there were, in the his master, and the servant as his church that was at Antioch, certain lord. If they have called the master prophets and teachers ; as Barnabas, of the house Beelzebub, how much and Simeon, that was called Niger, more shall they call them of his and Lucius, of Cyrene, and Manaen, household ? Fear them not there which had been brought up with fore. For there is nothing covered, Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. As that shall not be revealed; and hid, they ministered to the Lord, and that shall not be known. What fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Sepatell you in darkness, that speak ye rate me Barnabas and Saul for the in light: and what ye hear in the work whereunto I have called them. ear, that preach ye upon the house- And when they had fasted and praytops.
ed, and laid their hands on them,
they sent them away. 1 LUKE 10: 1. After these things,
| 14: 23. And when they had or- 1 2 Cor. 2:14. Now thanks be unto dained them elders in every church, God, which always causeth us to triand had prayed with fasting, they umph in Christ, and maketh manicommended them to the Lord, on fest the savor of his knowledge by whom they believed.
us in every place! For we are unto 20: 17. And from Miletus he sent God a sweet savor of Christ, in them to Ephesus, and called the elders of that are saved, and in them that the church. — 28. Take heed there- perish: to the one we are the savor fore unto yourselves, and to all the of death unto death ; and to the othflock, over which the Holy Ghost er the savor of life unto life. And hath made you overseers, to feed the who is sufficient for these things ? church of God.
For we are not as many, which cor21: 8. And we entered into the rupt the word of God: but as of sinhouse of Philip the evangelist, which cerity, but as of God, in the sight of was one of the seven; and abode God speak we in Christ. with him. And the same man had 5: 20. Now then, we are ambasfour daughters, virgins, which did sadors for Christ, as though God did prophesy. And as we tarried there beseech you by us, we pray you in many days, there came down from Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to Judea a certain prophet, named Aga- God. bus.
1 Cor. 14: 1. Follow after chariRom. 1:1. Paul, a servant of Jesus ty, and desire spiritual gifts, but Christ, called to be an Apostle, sep- rather that ye may prophesy. For arated unto the gospel of God, (which he that speaketh in an unknown, he had promised afore by his proph- tongue, speaketh not unto men, but ets in the Holy Scriptures,) concern- unto God: for no man understandeth ing his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. him; howbeit in the spirit he speak
1 Cor. 12: 4. Now there are di- eth mysteries. But he that propheversities of gifts, but the same Spir- sieth, speaketh unto men to edifica- 1 it: and there are differences of ad- | tion, and exhortation, and comfort. ministrations, but the same Lord. | He that speaketh in an unknown And there are diversities of opera- tongue edifieth himself; but he that tions, but it is the same God which prophesieth edifieth the church. I worketh all in all. But the manifes- would that ye all spake with tongues, tation of the Spirit is given to every but rather that ye prophesied: for man to profit withal. For to one is greater is he that prophesieth than given by the Spirit the word of wis- he that speaketh with tongues, exdom; to another, the word of knowl- cept he interpret, that the church edge by the same Spirit; to another, may receive edifying. faith by the same Spirit; to another, 2 Cor. 10: 7. Do ye look on things the gifts of healing, by the same
after the outward appearance ? If Spirit; to another, the working of any man trust to himself that he is miracles ; to another, prophecy ; to Christ's, let him of himself think this another, discerning of spirits; to again, that, as he is Christ's, even so another, divers kinds of tongues ; are we Christ's. For though I should to another, the interpretation of boast somewhat more of our authortongues. But all these worketh that ity, which the Lord hath given us one and the self-same Spirit, dividing for edification, and not for your deto every man severally as he will. struction, I should not be ashamed. - 27. Now ye are the body of Eph. 8:7. Whereof I was made Christ, and members in particular. a minister according to the gift of And God hath set some in the church, the grace of God given unto me by first, Apostles, secondarily, proph- the effectual working of his power: ets, thirdly, teachers, after that, mi- (unto me, who am less than the least racles, then gifts of healing, helps, of all saints, is this grace given,) governments, diversities of tongues. that I should preach among the Are all Apostles ? are all prophets ? Gentiles the unsearchable riches of are all teachers ? are all workers of Christ: and to make all men see miracles ? have all the gifts of heal- what is the fellowship of the mysing? do all speak with tongues ? do tery, which from the beginning of all interpret ?
the world bath been hid in God, who But covet earnestly the best gifts. I created all things by Jesus Christ,
to the intent that now unto the prin- thing as of ourselves; but our sufficipalities and powers, in heavenly ciency is of God; who also hath places, might be known by the church made us able ministers of the new the manifold wisdom of God, accord- testament ; not of the letter, but of ing to the eternal purpose which he the spirit: for the letter killeth, but purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord: the spirit giveth life. in whom we have boldness and ac- 1 THESS. 2: 5. For neither at any cess with confidence by the faith of time used we flattering words, as ye him. Wherefore I desire that ye know, nor a cloak of covetousness ; faint not at my tribulations for you, God is witness: nor of men sought which is your glory.
we glory, neither of you, nor yet of Eph. 4: 11. And he gave some others, when we might have been Apostles, and some prophets, and burdensome, as the Apostles of some evangelists, and some pastors Christ. But we were gentle among and teachers; for the perfecting of you, even as a nurse cherisheth her the saints, for the work of the minis- children: so, being affectionately detry, for the edifying of the body of sirous of you, we were willing to Christ.
have imparted unto you, not the 1 Tim. 1: 12. And I thank Christ gospel of God only, but also our own Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled souls, because ye were dear unto us. me, for that he counted me faithful, For ye remember, brethren, our laputting me into the ministry; who bor and travail: for laboring night was before a blasphemer, and a per- and day, because we would not be secutor, and injurious: but I obtain chargeable unto any of you, we ed mercy, because I did it ignorant- preached unto you the gospel of God. ly in unbelief.
Ye are witnesses, and God also, how John 20:21. As my Father hath holily, and justly, and unblamably sent me, even so send I you.
we behaved ourselves among you Rom. 1:1. Paul, called to be an that believe: as ye know how we Apostle, separated unto the gospel exhorted, and comforted, and chargof God.
ed every one of you, as a father doth HEB. 5: 4. No man taketh this his children, that ye would walk honor to himself ; but he that is worthy of God, who hath called you called of God, as was Aaron.
unto his kingdom and glory. 2 Tim. 2: 2. And the things that thou hast heard of me among many
1 1 Tim. 3: 1. This is a true saywitnesses, the same commit thou to ing, if a man desire the office of a faithful men, who shall be able to bishop, he desireth a good work. A teach others also.
bishop then must be blameless, the
husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, II. The character they should pos- of good behavior, given to hospi
tality, apt to teach; not given to
wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy Mar. 10:16. Behold, I send you lucre ; but patient; not a brawler ; forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: not covetous ; one that ruleth well be ye therefore wise as serpents, and his own house, having his children harmless as doves.
in subjection with all gravity ; (for 2 Cor. 3: 1. Do we begin again if a man know not how to rule his to commend ourselves ? or need we, own house, how shall he take care as some others, epistles of commen- of the church of God ?) not a novdation to you, or letters of commen- ice, lest being lifted up with pride dation fro you ? Ye are our epis- he fall into the condemnation of the tle written in our hearts, known and Devil: moreover, he must have a read of all men: forasmuch as ye are good report of them which are withmanifestly declared to be the epistle out; lest he fall into reproach and of Christ ministered by us, written the snare of the Devil. not with ink, but with the Spirit of 4: 12. Let no man despise thy the living God: not in tables of stone, youth. But be thou an example of but in feshly tables of the heart. the believers, in word, in conversaAnd such trust have we through tion, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in Christ to God-ward: not that we are purity. sufficient of ourselves to think any