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first, and also to the Greek. For 4:1. I charge thee therefore betherein is the righteousness of God fore God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, revealed from faith to faith: as it is who shall judge the quick and the written, “The just shall live by dead at his appearing and his kingfaith.” (Hab. 2: 4.)

dom; preach the word ; be instant 8: 1. What advantage then hath in season, out of season; reprove, the Jew? or what profit is there of rebuke, exhort with all long-suffercircumcision ? Much every way; ing and doctrine. chiefly because that unto them were JAMES 1:19. Wherefore, my becommitted the oracles of God. loved brethren, let every man be

Gal. 1: 6. I marvel that ye are so swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to soon removed from him, that called wrath. For the wrath of man workyou into the grace of Christ, unto eth not the righteousness of God. another gospel : which is not anoth- Wherefore lay apart all filthiness, er; but there be some that trouble and superfluity of naughtiness, and you, and would pervert the gospel receive with meekness the ingrafted of Christ. But though we, or an an- word, which is able to save your gel from heaven, preach any other souls. But be ye doers of the word, gospel unto you than that which we and not hearers only, deceiving your have preached unto you, let him be own selves. For if any be a hearer accursed! As we said before, so say of the word, and not a doer, he is I now again, if any man preach any like unto a man beholding his natuother gospel unto you than that ye ral face in a glass: for he beholdeth have received, let him be accursed! himself, and goeth his way, and For do I now persuade men, or God? straightway forgetteth what manner or do I seek to please men? for if I of man he was. But whoso looketh yet pleased men, I should not be the into the perfect law of liberty, and servant of Christ. But I certify you, continueth therein, he being not a brethren, that the gospel which was forgetful hearer, but a doer of the preached of me is not after man: for word, this man shall be blessed in I neither received it of man, neither his deed. was I taught it, but by the revelation 2 Pet. 1: 16. For we have not of Jesus Christ.

followed cunningly devised fables, Eph. 6: 17. Take the helmet of when we made known unto you the salvation and the sword of the Spir- power and coming of our Lord Jeit, which is the word of God. sus Christ, but were eye-witnesses

Col. 3:16. Let the word of Christ of his majesty. For he received from dwell in you richly in all wisdom; God the Father honor and glory, teaching and admonishing one anoth- when there came such a voice to er in psalms, and hymns, and spirit- him from the excellent glory, ual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. And whatsoever This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well

pleased. ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving And this voice which came from thanks to God and the Father by heaven we heard, when we were him.

with him in the holy mount. We 2 Tim. 2: 8. Remember that Je- have also a sure word of sus Christ, of the seed of David, was prophecy ; whereunto ye do well raised from the dead, according to that ye take heed, as unto a light my gospel: wherein I suffer trouble that shineth in a dark place, until as an evil doer even unto bonds: but the day dawn, and the day-star arise the word of God is not bound. in your hearts: knowing this first,

that no prophecy of the scripture is 1 3 : 16. All scripture is given of any private interpretation. For by inspiration of God, and is prof- the prophecy came not in old time itable for doctrine, for reproof, for by the will of man: but holy men correction, for instruction in right- of God spake as they were moved eousness : that the man of God by the Holy Ghost. may be perfect, thoroughly furnish- [See Holy Scriptures."] ed unto all good works.








ye shall receive the gift of the

Holy Ghost. For the promise is REPENTANCE.

unto you, and to your children, and

to all that are afar off, even as many § 1. THE DUTY

as the Lord our God shall call.

3:19: Repent ye therefore and be Mat. 3: 1. In those days came

converted, that your sins may be John the Baptist, preaching in the blotted out. - 26. Unto you first wilderness of Judea, and saying, God, having raised up his son Jesus, Repent ye; for the kingdom of sent him to bless you in turning heaven is at hand. -7. But when away, every one of you from his inhe saw many of the Pharisees and iquities. Sadducees come to his baptism, he 14: 15. We also are men of like said unto them, O generation of vi- passions with you, and preach unto pers! who hath warned you to flee you, that ye should turn from these from the wrath to come ? Bring vanities unto the living God, which forth therefore fruits meet for repent- made heaven, and earth, and the ance : and think not to say within sea, and all things that are therein : yourselves, We have Abraham to who in times past suffered all naour father : for I say unto you, that tions to walk in their own ways : God is able of these stones to raise nevertheless, he left not himself up children unto Abraham. And without witness, in that he did good, now also the axe is laid unto the root and gave us rain from heaven, and of the trees; therefore every tree fruitful seasons, filling our hearts which bringeth not forth good fruit with food and gladness. is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

4: 17. From that time Jesus be- 17:30. And the times of this iggan to preach, and to say, Repent; norance God winked at; but now for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. commandeth all men everywhere to

9:13. I am not come to call the repent : because he hath appointed righteous but sinners to repentance. a day in the which he will judge the

LUKE 13:3. Except ye repent, ye world in righteousness, by that man shall all likewise perish.

whom he hath ordained ; whereof MARK 6 : 12. They went out and he hath given assurance unto all preached that men should repent. men, in that he hath raised him from

LUKE 15: 10. There is joy in the the dead. presence of the angels of God, over 20:20. I kept back nothing that one sinner that repenteth.

was profitable unto you, but have Acts 2:37. Now when they heard showed you, and have taught you, this, they were pricked in their heart, publicly and from house to house, and said unto Peter and to the rest testifying, both to the Jews and also of the Apostles, Men and brethren, to the Greeks, repentance toward what shall we do? Then Peter said God, and faith toward our Lord Jeunto them, Repent, and be baptized sus Christ. every one of you in the name of Je- 26: 19. Whereupon, Oking sus Christ, for the remission of sins, Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision : but showed | tribulation, and all these things come first unto them of Dainascus, and at upon thee, if thou turn to the Jerusalem, and throughout all the Lord thy God, and shall be obecoasts of Judea, and then to the dient to his voice, he will not forsake Gentiles, that they should repent and thee. turn to God, and do wor meet for

Isa. 55: 7. Let the wicked forsake repentance.

his way and the unrighteous man his Ezek. 33: 11. Say unto them, As thoughts; and let him return unto I live, saith the Lord God, I have the Lord, and he will have mercy no pleasure in the death of the wick- upon him, and to our God, for he ed; but that the wicked turn from will abundantly pardon. his way and live: turn ye, turn ye EZEK. 18: 21. If the wicked will from your evil ways; for why will turn from all his sins that he hath ye die, 0 house of Israel ? 'T'here- committed, and keep all my statutes, fore, thou son of man, say unto the and do that which is lawful and children of thy people, The right right, he shall surely live, he shall eousness of the righteous shall not not die. They shall not be mentioned deliver him in the day of his trans- unto him. In his righteousness that gression : as for the wickedness of he hath done shall he live. Have I the wicked, he shall not fall thereby any pleasure at all that the wicked in the day that he turneth from his should die ? saith the Lord God : wickedness ; neither shall the right- and not that he should return from eous be able to live for his righteous- his ways and live ? — 30. Repent ness in the day that he sinneth. and turn from all your transgresWhen I shall say to the righteous, sions : so iniquity shall not be your that he shall surely live ; if he trust ruin. to his own righteousness, and com- 33: 11. As I live, saith the LORD mit iniquity, all his righteousness God, I have no pleasure in the death shall not be remembered; but for of the wicked; but that the wicked his iniquity that he hath committed, turn from his way and live. Turn he shalì die for it. Again, when I ye, turn ye from your evil ways, for say unto the wicked, Thou shalt why will ye die, O house of Israel ! surely die


if he turn from his Hosea 6: 1. Let us return unto sin, and do that which is lawful and the LORD; for he hath torn, and he right; if the wicked restore the will heal us : he hath smitten, and pledge, give again that he had rob- he will bind us up. bed, walk in the statutes of life, 14:1. O Israel, return unto the without committing iniquity; he Lord : for thou hast fallen by thine shall surely live, he shall not die. iniquity. Take with you words and None of his sins that he hath com- say unto him, 'Take away all iniquimitted shall be mentioned unto him: ty and receive us graciously. he hath done that which is lawful Joel 2: 12. Therefore also now, and right; he shall surely live. Yet saith the Lord, Turn ye even to me the children of thy people say, 'The with all your heart, and with fasting way of the Lord is not equal : but and with weeping and with mournas for them, their way is not equal. ing : and rend your heart and not When the righteous turneth from his your garments, and turn unto the righteousness, and committeth_in- Lord your God ; for he is gracious iquity, he shall even die thereby. But and merciful, slow to anger, and of if the wicked turn from his wicked- great kindness. ness, and do that which is lawful Zech. 1: 3. Thus saith the LORD and right, he shall live thereby. Yet of Hosts, Turn ye unto me, and I ye say, The way of the Lord is not will turn unto you. equal. O ye house of Israel, I will Isa. 1: 16. Wash you, make you judge you every one after his ways. clean. Put away the evil of your

doings from before mine


Cease to do evil ; learn to do well : seek

judgment, relieve the oppressed, § 2. ACCEPTANCE PROMISED TO THE judge the fatherless, plead for the

widow. Come now and let us reason

together, saith the LORD. Though Deut. 4: 30. When thou art in your sins be as scarlet, they shall be



as white as snow; though they be 7:10. The pride of Israel doth red like crimson, they shall be as testify to his face ; and they do not wool.

return to the Lord their God, nor Acts 3: 19. Repent ye therefore seek him for all this. — 13. Woe unand be converted, that your sins may to them;... destruction unto them. be blotted out, when the times of - 16. They return but not to the refreshing shall come from the pre- Most High. sence of the Lord.

26. Unto you,

Mat. 11. 20. Then began Jesus first God having raised up his to upbraid the cities wherein most Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in of his mighty works were done, beturning away every one from your cause they repented not ; saying, iniquities.

Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto 2 Peter 3: 9. The Lord is... not thee, Bethsaida ; for if the mighty willing that any should perish, but works, which were done in


had that all should come to repentance. .

been done in 'Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, in sackcloth and ashes. But I say unto

you, it shall be more tolerable for § 3. GOD'S DISPLEASURE AT IMPEN- Tyre and Sidon at the day of judg

ment, than for


18: 1. At the same time came the 2 Kings 17: 13. The Lord testi- disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who fied against Israel and Judah, by the is the greatest in the kingdom of prophets and seers, saying, Turn ye

heaven? And Jesus called a little from your evil ways; but they would child unto him, and set him in the not hear. —18. The Lord was angry, midst of them, and said, Verily, I and removed them out of his sight. say unto you, except ye be convert

Ps. 7: 12. If the wicked turn not, ed, and become as little children, ye God will whet his sword. He hath shall not enter into the kingdom of bent his bow, and made it ready. heaven. Whosoever therefore shall He hath also prepared for him the humble himself as this little child, instruments of death.

the same is greatest in the kingdom Jer. 15: 7. I will destroy my peo- of heaven. And whoso shall receive ple, since they return not from their one such little child in my name, reways.

ceiveth me. 18:11. Thus saith the Lord, behold I frame evil against you : re

1 21: 31. Jesus saith unto them, turn ye now every one from his evil Verily I say unto you, that the pubway, and make your ways and your licans and harlots go into the kingdoings good.

dom of God before you. For John 23 : 14. The false prophets, came unto you in the way of rightstrengthen the hands of the evil do- eousness, and ye believed him not ; ers, that no man doth return from but the publicans and harlots behis wickedness. . . Therefore thus lieved him ; and ye, when ye had saith the LORD of Hosts concerning seen it, repented not afterwards, that the prophets, Behold I will feed them ye might believe him. with wormwood, and make them Rev. 2: 21. I gave her space to drink the water of gall.

repent of her fornication ; and she Ezek. 3: 19. If thou warn the repented not. Behold I will cast wicked, and he turn not from his her into a bed, and them that comwickedness, ... he shall die in his mit adultery with her into great tribiniquity.

ulation, except they repent of their Dan. 9: 13. All this evil

deeds. upon us, yet made we not our prayer Rom. 2: 4. After thy hardness, before the LORD our God, that we and impenitent heart, treasurest up might turn from our iniquities. wrath against the day of wrath, and Therefore hath the Lord watch- revelation of the righteous judgment ed

upon the evil and brought it of God : who will render to every upon us.


one according to his works. Ho. 14: 1. O Israel, return unto Jas. 5: 19. Brethren, if any the LORD thy God; for thou hast do err from the truth, and one confallen by thy iniquity.

vert him, let him know, that he

of you

which converteth the sinner from commandment holy, and just, and the error of his way, shall save a good. Was that which is good soul from death, and shall hide a made death unto me? God forbid. multitude of sins.

But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good ; that sin by the command

ment might become exceeding sinful. § 4. REPENTANCE DESCRIBED. For we know that the law is spirit

ual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. I. Implies Consciousness of Guilt. For that which I do, I allow not:

for what I would, that do I not; but Ps. 38: 4. Mine iniquities are as what I hate, that do I. If then I a heavy burden.

do that which I would not, I consent JOB 42: 6. Now mine eye seeth unto the law that it is good. Now thee, wherefore I abhor myself and then it is no more I that do it, but repent in dust and ashes.

sin that dwelleth in me. For I Ps. 51: 3. I acknowledge my know that in me, (that is, in my transgressions, and my sin is ever flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for before me. Against thee, thee only, to will is present with me; but how have I sinned, and done this evil in to perform that which is good, I thy sight ... Behold I was shapen find not. For the good that I would, in iniquity, and in sin did my mother I do not; but the evil which I would conceive me.

not, that I do. Now if I do that I Mat. 11: 28. Come unto me all would not, it is no more I that do it, ye that labor and are heavy laden, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find and I will give you rest.

then a law, that when I would do Rom. 3: 19. Now we know that good, evil is present with me. For what things soever the law saith, it I delight in the law of God, after saith to them who are under the the inner man: but I see another law : that every mouth may be law in my members warring against stopped, and all the world may be the law of my mind, and bringing come guilty before God. Therefore me into captivity to the law of sin by the deeds of the law there shall which is in my members. O wretchno flesh be justified in his sight: for ed man that I am! who shall deliver by the law is the knowledge of sin. me from the body of this death? I But now the righteousness of God thank God, through Jesus Christ without the law is manifested, being our Lord. So then, with the mind, witnessed by the law and the proph- I myself serve the law of God: but ets; even the righteousness of God with the flesh the law of sin. which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that T 2 SAM. 24: 10. And David's heart believe ; for there is no difference: smote him after that he had numfor all have sinned, and come short bered the people. And David said of the glory of God.

unto the Lord, I have sinned greatRom. 7: 7. What shall we say ly in that I have done: and now I then? Is the law sin? God forbid. beseech thee, O LORD, take away Nay, I had not known sin, but by the iniquity of thy servant; for I the law: for I had not known lust, have done very foolishly. For when except the law had said, “Thou David was up in the morning, the shalt not covet. But sin, taking word of the Lord came unto the occasion by the commandment, prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, wrought in me all manner of concu- Go and say unto David, Thus saith piscence. For without the law sin the Lord, I offer thee three things: was dead. For I was alive without choose thee one of them, that I may the law once: but when the com- do it unto thee. So Gad came to mandment came, sin revived, and David, and told him, and said unto I died. And the commandment, him, Shall seven years of famine which was ordained to life, I found unto thee in thy land? or to be unto death. For sin, taking wilt thou flee three months before occasion by the commandment, de- thine enemies, while they pursue ceived me, and by it slew me. thee? or that there be three day's Wherefore the law is holy, and the pestilence in thy land? now advise,


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