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With views, till then, to mortal eyes deny'd. to join in this attempt. Achillas marche
against Alexandria with an army composed of From orb to orb, and now behold
Egyptians and Romans, and besieges Casar in Umnumber'd suns, all seas of molten gold; the palace,who seizes Ptolemy as a pledge for his And trace each Comet's wandering way,
own security. A herald, sent from the king to And now descry light's fountain-head,
inquire the cause of this tumult, is slain. An And measure its descending speed;
attack being made, Cæsar defends himself, burns Or learn how sun-born colours rise
the Egyptian ships in the harbour, and possesses In rays distinct, and in the skies,
himself of Pharos, where he puts Pothinus to Blended in yellow radiance, flow,
death. Arsinoe, younger sister of Ptolemy, by Or stain the fleecy cloud, or streak the watery bow; the aid of Ganimede, her governor, arriving in
Or, now diffus'd, their beauteous tinctures shed the camp, causes Achillas to be slain. GaniOn every planet's rising hills, and every verdant merle renews the attack against Cæsar, who mead.
is blocked up in Pharos, and reduced to the Thus, rais'd sublime on Contemplation's wings,
When conquering Cæsar follow'd to the land
His rival's head, and trod the barbarous strand, An inmate of the Heavens, adopted into light !
His fortune strove with guilty Egypt's fate So for a while the royal Eagle's brood
In doubtful fight, and this the dire debate; In his low nest securely lies,
Shall Roman arms great Lagus' realm enthrall ?
Or shall the victor, like the vanquish’d, fall
The bird of Heaven to Heaven aspires, [rise, Lest Rome, too happy after loss of thee,
Should rule the Nile, herself from bondage free. With generous pride his humbler birth disdains,
Secure, and with this barbarous pledge content,
The crowd that saw his entry, while, before,
Observing Cæsar soon his errour spy'd,
That not for him his mighty rival dy'd,
Then with intrepid mien he took his way,
Works which thy ancient power, great Macedon,
He view'd the splendid fanes with careless eyes, salia, was by the king's consent, basely murder
Shrines rich with gold and sacred mysteries, ed by Pothinus, and his head presented to Cæsar as he approached the Egyptian coast, in pursuit Descends the vault, which holds the royal race.
Nor fix'd his sight, but, eager in his pace, of his enemy. The poet having represented this Philip's mad son, the prosperous robber, bound catastrophe in the two former books; the argu
In Fate's eternal chains, here sleeps profound, ment of the tenth book is as follows:
Whom Death forbade his rapines to pursue, Cæsar lands in Egypt. He goes to Alexandria; visits the temple, and the sepulchre of the kings, His impious
bones, which through each climate tost,
And in the world's revenge the monster slew. in which Alexander the Great was buried. The The sport of winds, or in the ocean lost, poet, in a beautiful digression, declaims against Had met a juster fate, this tomb obtain’d, the anbition of that monarch. Ptolemy, the And sacred, to that kingdom's end, remain’d. young king of Egypt, meets Cæsar at his arrival, and receives him into his palace. His And godlike Liberty resume her reign,
0! should auspicious years roll round again, sister Cleopatra, who had been kept a prisoner Preserv'd to scorn the reliques would be shown in Pháros, makes her escape, and privately of the bold chief, whose boundless pride alone getting admittance to Cæsar, implores his pro- This curst example to ambition gave, tection. By his means she is reconciled to her
How many realms one mortal can enslave! brother; after which she entertains Cæsar at a feast. The supper being ended, Cæsar requests Disdaining what his father won before, of Achoreus, the priest, an account of the anti- Aspiring still, and restless after more, quities of Egypt, particularly of the river Nile. He left his home; while Fortune smooth'd his way, Achoreus's reply. The course of that river de And o'er the fruitful East enlarg'd his sway. scribed, with an enumeration of the various Red Slaughter mark'd his progress, as he past; opinions concerning its spring, and the causes The guilty sword laid human nature waste, of its overfowing. Pothinus plots the death of Discolourd Gånges' and Euphrates' flood, Cæsar. His message to Achillas to invite himn With Persian this, and that with Indian blooda
THE TENTH BOOK OF
He seem'd in terrour to the nations sent,
Though Pompey's ghost yet haunt those barbarous Tire wrath of Heaven, a star of dire portant,
walls, And shook, like thunder, all the continent ! And, howling in his ears, for vengeance calls,
Secure in guilt, he hugs a harlot's charms, Nor yet content, a nary he provides.
And mingles lawless love with lawless arms,
Nor mindful of his chaster progeny,
Luxurious Cæsar, shamefully supine,
Sells the dear purchase of his martial toil.
Presuming of her charms, the mournful fais
In wild disorder loos'd her lovely hair, Who to his grave the world's sole empire bore,
And, with a face inviting sure relief, With the same envy 'twas acquir'd before;
In tender accents thus disclos'd her grief : And, wanting a successor to bis reign,
“Great Cæsar, look! of Lagus' royal race, Left all to suffer conquest once again.
So thou restore ine to my rightful place, Yet Babylon first yielded to his arms,
I kneel a queen.
Expell’d my father's throne, And Parthia trembled at his proud alarms.
My hope of succour is in you alone.
For so the laws admit. Let Cæsar read Th’unconquer'd East defies our feeble powers, Our parents will; my brother's crown and bed So fatal once to Rome's great Crassi known,
Are mine to share, and were the youth but free A province now to Pella's puny town.
From saucy tutors, he wonld marry mc.
But by Pothinus' nod his passions move, Now from Pelusium, where expanding wide Pothinus wields his sword, and manages his love: Nile pours into the sea his ample tide,
Forbid that criine; I freely quit my claim, Came the boy-king; his presence soon appeas'd But save from such reproach our house and name The people's rage, and giddy tumult ceas'd.
Rescue the royal boy from mean command, In Egypt's palace, Cæsar sleeps secure;
Restore the sceptre to his trembling hand, This princely hostage does awhile ensure
This vile domestic's lawless pride restrain, His terms of peace; when lo! the sister-queen,
Remove the traitor-guard, and teach the king to In a small boat conceal'), securely mean,
reign. With gold corrupts the keeper of the port,
Th’imperious slave, who kill'd great Cæsar's foe, And undiscorer'd lands, and lurks within the
Inur'd to blood, would murder Cæsar too, court. The royal whore, her country's worst disgrace,
But far, far hence, ye gods, avert the threaten'd
blow! The fate and fury of the Roman race !
Let Pompey's head suffice Pothinus' fame,
Nor let a nobler death increase our shame!"
Here paus'd the queen, and spoke in looks the
Not words alone could move his savage breast; Presum'd th' imperial eagles to withstand ;
Her eyes enforce her prayers, soft beauty pleads, Canopus march'd, a woman at their head,
And brib'd the judge; a night of guilt succeeds. And then, if ever, Rome knew aught of dread, Then soon for peace th' affrighted brother sought, E'en mighty Rome with terrour heard the jar And with rich gifts his reconcilement bought. Of clatter'd cymbals tinkling to the war, And shook her lofty towers, and trembled from
Affairs united thus, the court ordains afar.
A solemn feast, where joy tumultuous reigns. What triumphs had proud Alexandria seen, Here Cleopatra's genius first was shown, Had great Octavjus then a captive been,
And arts till then to frugal Rome unknown. When bovering Victory, at Leucate's bay,
The hall a temple seem'd; corrupter days Hung on her wings, and 'twas a strife that day,
Scarce to the gods would such a structure raises If the lost world a distaff shonld obey.
Rich was the fretted roof, and cover'd o'er From that chirst night this daring hone arose, With ponderous gold; all onyx was the foor. That shameful night, the source of future woes, Nor marble plates alone the walls incas'd, Which first commenc'd polluted loves between
Beauteous to sight, anıl all th' apartment grac'd ; A Roman genaral and Egyptian queen.
But solid pillars of thick agate stood, O who can Anthony's wild passion blame?
And ebony supply'd for common wood. Ev'n Copsar's finty heart confess'd the softening Ivory the doors, with Indian tortoise seen flame!
Inlaid, and studded emerald between. The foul adulterer, reeking with the stains
The beds too shone, profuse of gems, on high, Of impious slaughter on Thessalian plains,
The coverings Tyrian silk, of double dye, Unwash'd from blood, amidst the rage of war,
Einbroider'd part with gold, with scarlet part, In joys obscene forgets his cruel care.
a curious mixture of Egyptian art.
And now the crowd of meníal slaves appears, The people's minds, and to what powers you pray Of various skin and size, and various years. What customs keep, and what devotion pay. Some swarthy Africans with frizzled hair;
Whate'er your ancient monuments contain,
To whom your sires their mystic rites confest,
Fame of my rival led me first, 'tis true,
I still had varant hours amidst my wars, The princes took their seats; amid the rest To read the Heavens, and to review the stars; Sat lordly Cæsar, their superior guest.
Henceforth all calendars must yield to mine, Proud Cleopatra, not content alone
And ev'n Eudoxus shall the palm resign. I enjoy a brother spouse, and share his throne, But, more than all, the love of truth, which fires Had stain'd her checks, and arm’d with artful care My glowing breast, an ardent wish inspires Her fatal eyes, new conquest to prepare;
To learn, what numerous ages ne'er could know, Bright jewels grac'd her neck, and sparkled in her Your river's source, and causes of its flow. hair.
Indulge my hope Nile's secret birth to view,
He pausd; when thus Achoreus made reply · Which through the net-work veil a thousand
“ Ye reverend shades of our great ancestry! charins display'd.
While I to Cæsar Nature's works explain, Here might be seen large oval tables, wrought
And open stores yet hid from eyes profane, Of citron froin Atlantic forests brought,
Be it no crime your secrets to reveal! T'heir tressels ivory; not so rich a sort
Let others hold it pious to conceal Was Caesar's prize in vanquish'd Juba's court.
Such mighty truths. I think the gods design'd Blind ostentatious madness! to display
Works such as these to pass all human kind, Your wealth to whom ev'n civil war's a play,
And teach the wondering world their laws and And tempt an armed guest to seize the prey !
heavenly mind. Grant riches not the purpose of his toil,
“ At Nature's birth, a various power was given Nor with rapacious arins to hunt for spoil,
To various stars, that cross the poles of Heaven, Think him a hero of that chaster time,
And slack the rolling sphere. With sovereign rays When poverty was praise, and gold a crime ; The Sun divides the months, the nights, the days; Suppose Fabricius present at the show,
Fix'd in his orb, thc wandering course restrains Or the rough consul chosen from the plough, Of other stars, and the great dance ordains. Or virtuous Curius; each would wish to come The changeful Moon attends th' alternate tides, With such a triumph back to wondering Rome. Saturn o'er ice and snowy zones presides;
Mars rules the winds, and the wing'd thunder What earth and air, the sea and Nile afford, Jove's is a sky serene and temperate air; [guides ; In golden vessels heaps the plenteons board ; The seeds of life are Venus' kindly care. Whate'er ambitious Luxury could find
O’er spreading streams, Cyllenius, is thy reign : Through the search'd globe, and more than want
And when that part of Heaven thou dost attain, enjoin'd;
When Cancer with the Lion mingles rays, Herds of Egyptian gods, and fowl of various kind.
And Sirius all his fiery rage displays, In crystal ewers Nilus supplies around
Beneath whose hot survey, deep in his bed, His purest streams; vast glittering bowls abound
Obscure from sight, old Nilus veils his head ; With wine from Merve's isle, whose noble age, When thou, from thence, in thy celestial course, Fermenting, sparkles with ungovern'd rage : Ruler of foods, dost strike the river's source, With twisted wreaths, which fragrant flowers com- The conscious streams break out, and flowing soon Delightful nard, and ever-blooming rose, [pose, Obey thy call, as Ocean does the Moon; They crown their brows; and strow their oily hair Nor check their tide, till night has from the Sun With spice from neighbouring fields, not yet expir'd Regain'd those hours th' advancing Summer won.
in air. Here Cæsar learns the fruitful world to drain,
“ Vain was the faith of old, that melted snow While conscious thoughts his secret soul arraign ;
Prom Ethiopian hills produce this flow; Blushing he inward inourns the dire debate
For let the native's sun-burnt skins declare, With his poor son, but mourns, alas ! too late, That no bleak North breathes wintry tempests And longs for war with Egypt's wealthy state.
But vapours from the South possess the parching At length, the tumult of the banquet o'er, Besides, such torrents as by snows increase, (air. When sated Luxury requird no more,
Begin to swell when Spring dots first release Crsar protracts the silent hours of night,
Those wintery stores ; Nile ne'er prorukes his And, turning to Achoreus, cloth'd in white,
streams, High on a lofty couch—“ Say, boly seer !
Till thc hot Dog-star shoot his angry beams; Whose hoary age thy guardian gods revere, Nor then resumes his banks, till Ijbra weighs Devoted to their rites! wilt thou relate
In equal scale the measur'd nights and days. The rise and progress of the Pharian state?
Hence he the laws of other streams declines, Describe the land's extent, what humours sway Nor flows in winter, when at distance shines
The moderate Sun'; commanded to repair, To promis'd spoils a numerous army led;
Where'er thou flow'st, thy springs possest by none,
tends. Who can the cause of such great changes read?
First from the Southern pole thy stream we trace, Ev'n so our parent Nature had decreed
Which rolling forward with a speedy pace,
Under hot Cancer is directly driven Nile's constant course, and so the world has need.
Against Bootes' wain, far in the north of Heaven. As vainly too Antiquity apply'd
Yet winding in thy course from east to west, Th’ Etesian winds to raise this wondrous tide, Arabia now, now Libya's sands are blest Whicb blow at stated seasons of the year
With thy cool flood ; which first the Seres spy, For several days, and long possess the air; (Ay Yet seek thee too; thy current, rolling by, Or thought vast clouds, which, driv'n before them, Through Æthiopia next, a stranger, flows. Beyond the South, discharg'd the burden'd sky Nor can the world perceive to whom it owes On Nilus' head, and thence his current swellid; Thy sacred birth, which Nature hid from all, Or that those winds the river's course repellid, Lest any nation should behold thee small, Which stopp'd, and press'd by th' entering sea, And, covering deep thy infant head, requir'd disdains
That none should find what is by all admir'd. His banks, and issuing boils along the plains.
Thou, by a law to other streams unknown, Some think vast pores, and gaps in carth abound, In summer's solstice o'er thy banks art thrown, Where streams in silent veios creep under ground, And bring'st in thy full tide a winter of thy own. Led from the chilling North, the line to meet, To thee alone 'tis given thy waves to roll When pointed beams direct on Meroe beat, Athwart the globe, enlarg'a to either pole; While the parch'd earth a watery succour craves;
These nations seek thy fountain, these would trace Then Po and Ganges roll their smotber'd waves Thy gulph. With spacious arms thou dost embrace Deep through the vaults beneath; and, Nile sup- Hot Meroe, fruitful to a sooty race, Discharges at one vent their uningled tide, (ply'd, And proud of ebon woods; yet no retreat Nor can the gather'd food in one straight channel Their useless shades afford to shun th' excessive ride.
heat. Some think the sea, which round all lands ex
Then through the regions of the scorching Sun, tends
Not lesseu'd by his thirst, thy waters run. His liquid arms, these gushing waters sends;
O'er barren sands they take a tedious course, That length of course the saltness wears away;
Now rolling in one tide their gather'd force; Or thus; since Phæbus and the stars, we say,
Now wandering in their way, and sprinkled round, Drink ocean's streams ; when, near bot Cancer's D'er yielding banks thy wanton billows bound.
Thy channel here its scatter'd troops regains, The thirsty Sun a larger portion draws, (claws, That more than air digests, attracted so,
Between th’Egyptian and Arabian plains,
Where Philas bounds the realm ; with easy pace Falls back by night, and causes Nile to flow.
Thy slippery waves through deserts cut their race, Might I in so perplex'd a cause engage,
Where Nature by a tract of land divides I think, since Nature grew mature in age,
Our sea, distinguish'd from the Red-Sea's tides. Some waters, Cæsar, bave deriv'd their birth Who that beholds thee bere so gently flow, From veins by strong convulsions broke in earth ! Would think thou ever could'st tempestuous grow? And some coeval with the world began,
But when o'er rugged cliffs and ways unev'n And starting through appointed channels ran, In steepy cataracts thou’rt headlong driv'n, When this whole frame th' Almighty Builder rear'd, Thy rushing waves, resisted, fiercer fly, Ordain'd its laws, and its first motions steer'd. And batter'd froth rebounding fills the sky,
The hills remurmur with the dashing sound, The kings of Greece, of Ægypt, and the East,
Thy billows ride triumphant far around, Ardent like you, were with this wish possest,
And rear their conquering leads with hoary boAnd every age has labour'd to attain
nours crown'd. The wondrous truth, but labour'd still in vain,
Hence shaken Abatos first feels thy rage, For Nature lurks obscure, and mocks their pain.
And rocks, which in our great forefathers age Pbilip's great son, whose consecrated name
Were call'd the river's veins ; because they show Memphis adores, the first in regal fame,
His first increase, and symptoms of his flow. Earious of this, detach'd a chosen band
Vast piles of mountains here encompass wide To range th' extreme of Æthiopia's sand!
His streams, to Libya's thirsty land deny'd, They pass the scorching soil, and only view
Which thus enclos'd in a deep valley glide.
At Memphis first he sees the open plains,
Then Aows at large, and his low banks disdains, Yet drank your Rhodanus and Padus first
While thus secure, as if no danger nigh, At both their springs, ere Nile obey'd bis thirst. Till Night's black steeds had travell'd half the sky, Cambyses, mad with lust of power t'o'er-run They pass the hours of rest, Pothinus' mind The long-lir'd nations of the rising Sun,
From brooding inischief can no leisure finde VOL X.
Season'd in sacred blood, what crime can scare No, Fate's our own, and Fortune in our way,
Stripp'd of his army, what's this soldier more
A sacrifice to troops of ghosts below, The guilty life in Brutus' absence spare !
And pay that head, which to the world they owe. Nor let vile Ægypt Romne's great justice boast, At Cæsar's throat let the fierce soldiers fly, And this example to the world be lost !
And A gypt's youth with Rome's their force apply,
Those for their king, and these for liberty. Vain is th' attempt; yet, scorning secret snares, No more, but haste, and take the foc supine Steel'd by his crimes, the desperate villain dares Prepar'd for lust, and gorg'd with food and wine. With open war th' unconquer'd chief provoke, Be bold, and think the gods to thec commend And dooms his head already to the stroke, The cause, which Brutus' prayers and Cato's will Designs to bid the slaughter'd father go,
defend." And seek his son in dreary shades below, Yet first he sends a trusty slave, to bear
To mischief swift, Achillas soon obey'd This hasty message to Achillas' car,
This summons, yet his sudden march betray'd His partner-ruffian in great Pompey's fall, By no loud signal, nor the trumpet's jar: Whom the weak king had made his general, In silent haste he led a barbarous train of war, And, thoughtless of his own defence, resign'd Degencrate crowds of Romans fill his bands, A power against himself and all mankind.
So lost in vice, so chang'd in foreign lands,
That they, who should have scorn'd the king's “ Go, sluggard, to thy bed of down, and steep commands, Thy heary eyelids in luxurious sleep!
Forgetful of their country and their fame, While Cleopatra does the court invade,
Under a vile domestic's conduct came. And Pharos is not privately betıay'd,
No faith, no honour, can the herd restrain, But giv'n away; dost thou alone forbear
That follow camps, and fight for sordid gain ; To grace the nuptials of thy mistress here?
Like ruffians brib'd, they ne'er the causc inquire, Th’incestuous sister shall her brother wed, That side's the just, which gives the largest hire. Ally'd already to the Roman's bed.
If by your swords proud Cæsar was to bleed, And sharing both by turns; Ægypt's her hire, Strike for yourselves, ye slaves ! nor sell the deed ! Already paid, and Rome she may require.
Oh wretched Rome! where'er thy Eagle flies, Could Cleopatra's sorceries decoy
New civil wars, new fury, will arise; Erin Cæsar's age, and shall we trust a boy? Ev'n on Nile's banks, far from Thessalian plains, Whom if one night she fold within her arms, Amidst thy troops their country's madness reigns. Drunk with lewd joys, and fascinating charms, What more could the bold house of Lagus dare, Whatever pious name the crime allay,
Had Pompey found a just protection there? Between each kiss, he'll give our heads away, No Roman hand's exempt, but each must spill And we by racks or fames must for her beauty His share of blood, and Heaven's dècrees fulfil, In this distress Fate no relief allows; (pay. Such vengeful plagues it pleas'd the gods to send, Cæsar's her lover, and the king her spouse:
And with such numerous wounds the Latian state And she herself, no doubt, the doom has past
to rend. On us, and all who would have left her chaste. But by the deed which we together shar'd,
Not for the son or father now they fight; In vain, if not by new attempts repaird,
A base born-slave can civil arms excite, Hy that strict league a hero's blood bas bound, Achillas mingles in the Roman strife; Bring speedy war, and all their joys confound, . And, had not Fate protected Cæsar's life, Rush boldly on; with slaughter let us stain These had prevaild: each villain ready stood, Their nuptial torch; the cruel bride he slain This waits without, and that within, for blood. Ev'nin her bed, and which soe'er supplies
The court, dissolv'd in feasting, open lay In present turn the husband's place, he dies. To treacherous snares, a careless easy prey. Nor Cæsar's name our purpose shall appall; Then o'er the royal cups had Cæsar bled, Fortune's the coinmon mistress of us all,
And on the board had fall'n his sever'd head. And she, that lifts him now above mankind, But lest, amid the darkness of the night, Courted by us, may be to us as kind.
Their swords unconscious, in the huddled fight, We share his brightest glory, and are great Might slay the king, the slaves awhile took breath, By Pompey's death, as he by his defeat.
And slipp'd the important hour of Cæsar's death.
He sees the Sun once more renew his race.
Now the fair morning-star began to show Grant that our birtle's obscure; yet, shall we need The sign of day from Cassia's lofty brow, hings or rich stales confederate to the deed ? And ev’n the dawn made sultry Egypt glow,