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TOOHOS ALINIAIC

AN

INTRODUCTION

TO THE

CRITICAL STUDY AND KNOWLEDGE

OF THE

HOLY SCRIPTURES.

BY THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, M. A.

(of st. JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,)
Curate of the united parishes of Christ Church, Newgate Street, and St. Leonard, Foster Lano.

FROM THE FOURTH CORRECTED EDITION.
ILLUSTRATED WITH NUMEROUS MAPS AND FAC-SIMILES OF

BIBLICAL MANUSCRIPTS.

VOLUME III.

LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY

HARVARD

Philadelphia:

PUBLISHED BY E. LITTELL.

SOLD ALSO BY

WILDER & CAMPBELL, NEW-YORK; AND CUM"T

TIARD, & CO. BOSTON.

1825.

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CONTENTS

Part II. POLITICAL ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS.

CHAPTER I. Different Forms of Government from the Patriarchal

Times to the Babylonian Captivity.

1. Patriarchal government.-II. Government under Moses-a theocracy; its na-

ture and design.-1. Notice of the heads or princes of tribes and families.-2.

Of the Jethronian Prefects or judges appointed by Moses.-3. Of the Senate,

or council of seventy assessors.–4. Scribes.—III. Governmont of the Judge

-IV. Regal government instituted ;-the functions and Privileges of the

Kings ;– Inauguration of the kings : -Scriptural Allusions to the courts of

sovereigns and princes explained.-V. Rovonnos of the kings of Israel.-VL.

CHAPTER III. Courts of. Judicature, Legal Proceeding, and Criminal

Law of the Jews.

SECTION I. Jewish Courts of Judicature, and Legal Proceedings.

Inferior judges.-II. Seat of justice.--III. Appeals.-Constitution of the San.

hedrim or Great Council.-IV. Form of Legal Proceedings among the Jews.

--l. Citation of the Parties.--2, 3. Form of Pleading in Civil and Criminal

Cases.-4. Witnesses.-5. The Lot, in what cases used judicially.-6. Forms

of Acquittal.—7. Summary Justice, sometimes clamorously demanded.—V.

Execution of Sentences, by whom, and in what manner performed. 106

Section II. Of the Roman Judicature, Manner of Trial, and Treat-

ment of Prisoners, as mentioned in the New Testament.

I. Judicial Proceedings of the Romans.-II. Privileges and Treatment of Roman

citizens, when Prisoners.—III. Appeals to the Imperial Tribunal.-IV. The

Roman method of fettering and confining criminals.-V. The Roman Tribu-

nals.-VI. The Areopagus of the Athenians.

115

Section III. On the Criminal Law of the Jews.

I. CRIMES AGAINST God.-1. Idolatry.—2. Blasphemy.-3. Falsely prophesying

-4. Divination.–5. Perjury.-II. CRIMES AGAINST PARENTS AND Rulers.

III. CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY.–1. Theft.–2. Man-stealing.–3. The Crime

of denying any thing taken in trust, or found.-4. Regulations concerning
Debtors.-IV. CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON.-1. Murder.-2. Homicide.-3.

Corporal Injuries.—4. Crimes of Lust.–5. CRIMES OF Malice.

126

Section IV. On the Punishments mentioned in the Scriptures.

Design of Punishments.-Classification of Jewish Punishments.—1. Punish-

MENTS, NOT CAPITAL.--1. Scourging.–2. Retaliation.-3. Pecuniary fines.—4.

Offerings in the nature of punishment.–5. Imprisonment.--Oriental mode

of treating prisoners.—6. Depriving them

of Sight.-7. Cutting or plucking

off the Hair -8. Excommunication.-II. CAPITAL PUNISHMENTS.-1. Slaying

with the Sword.—2. Stoning.–3. Decapitation.-4. Precipitation.-5. Drown-

ing.-6. Bruising in a mortar.-7. Dichotomy, or cutting asunder.—8. Toura-

veruos, or beating to death,-9. Exposing to Wild Beasts.-10. Burning to

Death.-11. Crucifixion.-(1.) Prevalence of this inode of punishment among

the antients.—(2.) Ignominy of Crucifixion.—(3.) The circumstances of our

Saviour's Crucifixion considered and illustrated.

136

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