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Might in the times to come have ta'en revenge ;
For so receiving a dishonour'd life,
With ranfon of fuch sham. 'Would yet, he had liv'd!
Alack, when once our grace we have forgot,
Nothing goes right; we would, and we would not. ?


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Changes to the Fields without the Town.

Enter Duke in his own Habit, and Friar Peter.
HESE * letters at fit time deliver me.

[Giving letters,
The Provost knows our purpose and our plot.
The matter being afoot, keep your instruction,
And hold you ever to our special drift;
Tho' sometimes you do blench from this to that,
As cause doth minifter. Go, call at Flavius' house,
And tell him, where I stay; give the like notice
Unto Valen ius, Rowland, and to Cralus,
And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate:
But send me Flavius first.
Peter. It shall be speeded well.

[Exit Friar,

Enter Varrius.

Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made good

haste: Come, we will walk. There's other of our friends Will greet us here anon, 'my gentle Varrits. [Excuni.


2 we would, and we would not.] act beginning with the following Here undoubtedly the act should scene, proceeds without in. end, and was ended by the poet; terruption of time or change of for here is properly a cessation place. of action, and night intervenes, * Peter never delivers the leto and she place is changed, be ters, but tells his story without tween the passages of ihis scene any credentials. The poet forget and those of the next. The next the plot wbich he had formed.


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Isab. To speak fo indirectly, I am loth :
(I'd say the truth; but to accuse him lo,
That is your part ;) yet I'm advis'd to do it,
He says, to vail full purpose. }

Mari. Be rul'd by him.
Isab. Besides, he tells me, that if peradventure
He speak against me on the adverse lide,
I should not think it strange; for 'cis a physick,
That's bitter to sweet end.

Mari. I would, Friar Peter
Isab. Oh, peace ; the Friar is come.

Enter Peter. 4

Peter. Come, I have found you out at a stand most fit,


3 He says to vail fuli purpose.] very little force on the words, Thus the old Copies, Tuou's mean to hide the whole extent of know, what Idea our Editors our design, and theretoie che readform'd to themselves, of vailing ing may ítand; ve: I cannot but full purpose; but, I'm persuaded, think Mr. Theobald's alteration the Poet meant, as I have restord; either lucky or ingenious. To viz. to a Purpole that wi'l liand interpret words with such laxity us in stead, that will profit us. as to make full the same with be

THEODA:D. neficial is to put an end, at once, He says, to vail full purpose I tú all neceflity of emendation, for Mr. Thcobald alters it to. He jays, any word may then stand in the t'availful purpose; becaule he has place of another. no idea of the common reading. 4 Enter Peter.] This play has A good reason! Yet the common two Friars, either of whom reading is right. Full is fed might fingly have ferved. I for beneficial: and the meaning tooid therefore imagine that is, He says, it is to hide a bene- Friar Thomas, in the fit ati,, ficial purpose, that mujt not yet be might be changed, without any revealed. WARBURTON. harm, to Friar Peter; for why To vail full purpose, may, with should the Duke unnecefiarily


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Where you may have such vantage on the Duke,
He shall not pass you.

Twice have the trumpets
founded :
The generous and gravest citizens
Have hent the gates, s and very near upon
The Duke is entring : therefore hence, away. [Exeunt.



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A publick Place near the City.
Enter Duke, Varrius, Lords, Angelo, Escalus,
Lucio, and Citizens al several Doors.

Y very worthy cousin, fairly met ;

Our old and faithful friend, we're glad to see

you. Ang. and Escal. Happy return be to you royal Grace!

Duke. Many and hearty thanks be to you both:
We've made enquiry of you, and we hear
Such goodness of your justice, that our soul
Cannot but yield jou forth to publick thanks,
Forerunning more requival.

Ang. You make by bonds ftill greater.
Duke. Oh, your desert speaks loud ; and I should

wrong it,
To lock it in the wards of covert bosom,
When it deserves with characters of brass
A forted residence, 'gainst the tooth of time
And razure of oblivion. Give me your hand,
And let the subjects see, to make them know

trust two in an affair which re- seems arbitrarily placed at the quired only one, The name of head of the scene. Friar Thomas is never mentioned s Have hent the gates.] Have in the dialogue, and therefore taken poffefsiun of the gates.


That outward courtesies would fain proclaim
Favours that keep within. Come, Escalus ;
You must walk by us on our other hand :
And good supporters are you. [As the Duke is going out.

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Peler. Now is your time : speak loud, and kneel before him.

Isab. Justice, O royal Duke! * vail your regard Upon a wrong'd, I'd fain have said, a naid. Oh, worthy Prince, dishonour not your eye By throwing it on any other object, 'Till you have heard me in my true complaint, And giv'n me justice, justice, justice, justice. Duke. Relace your wrongs ; in what, by whom?

be brief. Here is lord Angelo shall give you justice; Reveal yourself to him.

Isab. Oh, worthy Duke, You bid me seek redemption of the devil. Hear me yourself, for that which I must speak Must either punish me, not being believ'd, Or wring redress from you : hear me, oh, hear me, ,

Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm ;
She hath been a suitor to me for her brother,
Cut off by course of justice.

Isab. By course of justice !
Arg. And she will speak most bitterly and strange.

Il b. Moft ftrange, but yet nost truly, will I speak.
That Angelo's forsworn, is it not strange?
That Angeli's a murth’rer, is't not strange ?

Vail your regard.) That is, descend upon a wronged woman. withdraw your thoughts from To vail, is to lower. higher things; let your notice


That Angelo is an adult'rous thief,
An hypocrite, a virgin-violater ;
Is it not strange, and strange ?

Duke. Nay, it is ten times ftrange.

Ifab. It is not truer he is Argelo,
Than this is all as true, as it is strange :
Nay, it is ten times truer ; for truth is truth 6
To th' end of reck’ning.

Duke. Away with her, poor soul,
She speaks this in th’ infirmity of sense.

Isab. O Prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'st
There is another comfort than this world,
That thou neglect me not; with that opinion
That I am touch'd with madness. Make not impos-

That, which but seems unlike ; 'tis not impossible,
But one, the wicked'ft caitiff on the ground,
May seem ? as shy, as grave, as jult, as absolute,
As Angelo ; even fo may Angelo,

In all his dressings, caracts, titles, forms,
Be an arch-villain : believe it, royal Prince,
If he be less, he's nothing; but he's more,
Had I more name for badness.

Duke. By mine honesty,
If she be mad, as I believe no other,
Her madness hath the oddeft frame of sense ;
Such a dependency of thing on thing,
As ne'er I heard in madness.

Isab. Gracious Duke,



- truth is truth

-assby, as grave, as just, To th'end of reckning.) That as absolute.] As sy ; as reis, Truth has no gradations; served, as abstracted: as jull; nothing which admits of encrease as nice, as exact : as abjelute can be so much what it is, as truth as complete in all the round of is truth. There may be a strange duty. thing, and a thing more strange, s' In all his dreffings, &c. In but if a proposition be true there all his semblance of virtue, in can be none more true.

all his habiliments of cffice.


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