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fearless of what's past, present, or to come; insensible of mortality, and desperately mortal. ?

Duke. He wants advice.

Prov. He will hear none; he hath evermore had the liberty of the prison : give him leave to escape hence, he would not : 'drunk many times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. We have very often awak’u him, as if to carry him to execution, and thew'd him a seeming warrant for it ; it hath not mov'd him at ail.

Duke. More of him anon. There is written in your brow, Provet, honesty and constancy, if I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; but in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay myself in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than Angelo, who hath fenterc'd him. To make you understand this in a manifested effcct, I.crave but four days respite; for the which you are to do me both a present and a dangerOus courtefy.

Prov. Pray, Sir, in what?
Duke. In the delaying death.

Prov. Alack ! how may I do it, having the hour limited, and an express command, under penalty, to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may make my

cafe as Claudio's, to cross this in the smallest. Duke. By the vow of mire Order, I warrant you, instructions

may

be your guide. Let this Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head borne to Angelo.

Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will discover the favour.

Duke, Oh, death's a great disguiser, and you may

if my

7 desperately mortal.] This ex. not whether it was ever written, pression is obscure. Sir Thomas I am inclined to believe that defKanmer reads mortally desperate. perately mortal means desperately Mortally is in low conversation mischievous. yled in this sente, but I know

add

puty ?

add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard, and say it was the desire of the penitent to be so barb'd before his deach ; you know the course is common. If any thing fall to you upon this, more than thanks and good fortune ; by the Saint whom I profefs, I will plead against it with my life.

Prov. Pardon me, good father ; it is against my oath.

Duke. Were you sworn to the Duke, or to the de. ..
Prov. To him, and to his substitutes.

Duke. You will think you have made no offence, if the Duke avouch the justice of your dealing ?

Prov. But what likelihood is in chat?

Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, integrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt you, I will go further than I meant, co pluck all fears out of you. Look you, Sir, here is the hand and seal of the Duke; you know the character, I doubt not ;, and the signet is not strange to you.

Prov. I know them both.

Duke. The contents of this is the return of the Duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleasure } where you shall find, within these two days he will be here. This is a thing, which Angelo knows not, for. he this very day receives letters of strange tenor ; pero chance, of the Duke's death ; perchance, of his entering into some monallery ; but, by chance, nothing of what is writ. 8 Look, the unfolding ftar calls up the shepherd; put not yourself into amazement how these things should be ; all difficulties are but easy, when they are known. Call your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head : I will give him a present shrift, and advise him for a better place. Yet you are

8

Nothing of what is writ.] the Duke pointing to the letter We Thould iead here writ, in his hand. WARBURTON

amaz'd,

-, , 350 MEASURE FOR MEASURE. amaz'd, but this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away, it is almost clear dawn.

[Exeunt. S CE N E

VIII.

Enter Clown. Clown. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in our house of profession; one would think, it were mistress Over-done's own house ; for here be many

of her old customers. First, here's young Mr. Raj;' he's in for a commodity of brown pepper and old ginger, ninefcore and seventeen pounds ; of which he made five marks ready money : marry, then ginger was not much in request : for the old women were all dead. Then is there here one Mr. Caper, at the fuit of maller Three-Pile the mercer; for some four suits of peach-colour'd fattin, which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we here young Dizzy, and young Starve-lackey the rapier and dagger-man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd lufty pudding, and Mr. Fortbligbt the tilter, and brave Mr. Shooly the great traveller, and wild Half.canne that stabb'd Pots, and, I think, forty more ; all great doers in our trade, and are now in for the Lord's sake.'

9 First here's young Mr. Ram, I rather think this expression &c.] i his enumeration of the intended to ridicule the puritans, inhabitants of the prison affords who'e turbulence and indecency a very striking view of the often brought them to prison, practices predominant in Shake and who considered themselves speare's age. Besides those whose as fuffering for religion. follies are common to all times, It is not unlikely that men im we have four fighting men and a prisoned for other crimes, might traveller. It is not unlikely that represent themselves to casual the originals of these piĉtures enquirers, as suffering for puria were then known,

tanism, and that this might be ' in for the Lord s fake.] i. e, the common cant of the prisons. to beg for the rest of their lives. In Donne's time every prisoner WARBURTON.' was brought to jail by suretiship.

Enter

Enter Abhorson.
Abbor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither.

Clown. Master Barnardine, you must rise and be hang'd, master Barnardinė.

Abhor. What, hoa, Barnardine!

Barnar. [wirbiri.] A pox o’your throats who makes chat noise there? what are you?

Clown. Your friend, Sir, the hangman : you must be so good, Sir, to rife, and be put to death.

Barnar. [within.] Away, you rogue, away ; I am Teepy.

Abbor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly

too.

Clown. Pray, master Barnardine, awake 'till you are executed, and Neep afterwards.

Abbor. Go in to him, and ferch him out.

Clown. He is coming, Sir, he is coming ; I hear the straw rustle.

Enter Barnardine.
Abbor. Is the ax upon the block, Sitrah ?
Clown. Very ready, Sir:

Barnar. How now, Abbor fon? what's the news with you ?

Abhor. Truly, Sir, I would desire you to clap into your prayers : for, look you, the warrant's come.

Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all night, I am not fitted for't.

Clown. Oh, the better, Sir; for he that drinks all night, and is hang’d betimes in the morning, may seep the founder all the next day.

Enter Duke.

Abbor. Look you, Sir, here comes your ghostly father; do we jest now, think you ?

. Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise you, comfort you, and pray with you.

Barnar.

Barnar. Friar, not I: I have been drinking hard all night, and will have more time to prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains with billets : I will not consent to die this day, that's certain.

Duke. Oh, Sir, you must'; and therefore, I beseech you, look forward on the journey you shall

go. Barnar. I swear, I will not die to day for any man's persuasion.

Duke. But hear you,

Barnar. Not a word: if you have any thing to say to me, come to my ward; for thence will not I to day.

[Exit. S Ç E N E IX.

Enter Provost.
Duke. Unfit to live, or die : oh, gravel heart?
After him, fellows: bring him to the block. *

[ Exeunt Abhorson and Clown. Prov. Now, Sir, how do you find the prisoner?

Duke. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for death;
And, to transport him ’ in the mind he is,
Werę damnable.

Prcv. Here in the prison, father,
There dy'd this morning of a cruel fever
One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,
A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head,
Just of his colour : what if we omit
This reprobate, 'till he were well inclin'd;
And satisfy the deputy with the visage
Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?

Duke. o, 'tis an accident, that heav'n provides : Dispatch it presently. The hour draws on

2

* Here is a line given to the are gone out, turns again to the Duke which belongs to the Pro- Duke. pot. The Provost, while the

to transport him ] To Duke is lamenting the obduracy remove him from one world to of the prisoner, cries out, Ajler another. The French tripas af. him, fellows, &c. and, when they fords a kindred sense.

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