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A CT I. S CE N E

I.

The Duke's PALACE.

Enter Duke, Escalus, and Lords,

DUKE.

TSC
E Escal. My Lord.
Duke. Of Government the properties t'un.

fold,
Would seem in me e’affect speech and discourse.
Since I am t not to know, that your own Science
Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice 2
My strength can give you : then no more remains :

But

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* There is perhaps not one of · Lifts.] Bounds, Limits : Shakespeare's plays more darkened

Then no more remains, tban this by the peculiarities of &c. its Authour, and the unskilfulness This is a passage which has of its Editors, by distortions of exercised the sagacity of the Ephrase, or negligence of tran- ditors, and is now to employ fcription:

mine. i The story is taken from Cine

Then no more remains : thio's Novels, Decad. 8. No. Put that to your Suficiency, as

Pope.

your

Worth is able, +T, II, III, put to know, Per. And let them work.) I doubt haps rightly.

not, but this Passage, either from

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But that to your fufficiency, as your worth is able,
And let them work. The nature of our people,
Our City's Institutions, and the terms

For

no more remains :

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the Impertinence of the Actors, that, where two Words of a fi. or the Negligence of the Copy., milar Length and Termination ilts, has come maim'd to us. In- happen to jie under one another, the first Place, what an unmea. nothing is more common than for furable, inharmonious, Verse have Transcribers to glance their Eye we here ; and, then, how lame at once from the first to the underis the Sense! What was Escalus moft Word, and to leave out the to put to his sufficiency? Why, iniermediate part of the Sentence. his Science. But his Science and

THEOBALD. his Sufficiency were but One and

Since I am not to know, that the same Thing. On what then

your ovin Science does the Relative, them, depend? Exceeds, in that the lists of all The old Edici ns read thus.

advice Then no more remains.

My strength can give you : ther. But that to your Sufficiency, as your Worth is able,

. Put that ta your sufficiency, as And let them work.

your worth is able,

And let them work. Here, again, the Senle is ma- To the interity of this reading nifestly lame and detective, and Mr. Theobald objects and says, as the Verfiscation is so too, they 17hat was tscalus to put to bis concur to make me think, a sufficiency! why his science : Rut Line has accidentally been left bis science and sufficiency were but out. Perhaps, fomething like one and the famc ibing. Or what This might supply our Authour's then does the relarive them de. Meaning

pend? He will have it, there-Then no more remains.

fore, that a line has been acci. But that to your Sufficiency you

der tally drops, which he attenipis add

to feftore by due diligence. Non Due Diligency, as your Il'orth diim in fcirpo quarit. And all for is able ;

want of knowig, that by fufAnd let them tucrk.

ficiency is meant authority, the

power delegates by the luke to By fome fuch Supplement both Escalus, The plain meaning of the sense and Measure would be the word being this : Put your cur’d. But as the Conjecture is fill in governing (fars the Duke) unsupported by any Authorities, to the powe se bicb. I give you to I have not pretenced to thruit it exercise it, and let them work 10into the Text ; but submit it to gether.

WÁREURTON. Judgment. They, who are ac Sir Tho. Harmer having caught quairited with Books,, know, from Mr. Theobald a hiuit thai a

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For common justice, y’are as pregnant in, -
As art and practice hath enriched any
That we remember. There is our Commission,
From which we would not have you warp. Call hi-

ther,
I say, bid come before us Angelo :
What figure of us, think you, he will bear?
For you must know, we have with special souls

Elected

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line was loft, endeavours to sup- tue now work together. It may ply it thus.

eafily be conceived how fufficien-Then no more remains, cies was, by an inarticulate 1peakBut that to your sufficiency you er, or inattentive hearer, conjoin

founded with sufficiency as, and A will to serve ús, as jour worth how abled, a word very unusual is able.

was changed into able. For abled, He has by this bold conjecture however, an authority is not undoubtedly obtained a meaning, wanting. Lear uses it in the same but, perhaps not,' even in his sense, or nearly the fame, with own opinion, the ineaning of the Duke. As for fufficiencies, Shakespeare.

D. Hamilton, in his dying speech, That the paffage is more or prays that Charles Il. may exceed less corrupt, I believe every rea

both the virtues and sufficiencies der will agree with the Editors. of his father. I am not convinced that a line is

-The terms loft, as Mr. Theobald conjectures, For common justice you're as prege nor that the change of but to put,

nant in.] which Dr Warburton has admit

The latter Editions all give it, ted after some other Editor, will without authority, the terms of amend the fault. There was probably fome original obfcu. juftice, and Dr. Warburton makes rity in the exp:ellion, which gave rather think the Duke meant to

trims fignify bounds or limits. I occasion to miitake in repetition fay, that Escalus was pregnant, or transcription. I therefore that is ready and knowing in all suspect that the Authour wrote the forms of laiv, and, among tous.

other things, in the terms or times -Thin no more remains,

set apart for its administration. But that to your fufficiencies your s For you mufi know we have worth is abled,

with special soul. And let them work.

Elected him our absence to supply.) Then nothing remains more than This nonsense muit be corrccied to tell you that your Virtue is now thus, invested with power equal to your

with special ROLL knowledge and wisdom. Let there. fore your knozuledge and your vir- i.e. by a special commiflion.

For

Elected him our Absence to supply ;
Lent him our Terror, dreft him with our Love;
And giv'n his Deputation all the organs
Of our own Power : say, what think you of it?

Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth
To undergo fach ample grace and honour,
It is lord Angelo.

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Duke. Look, where he comes.

Ang. Always obedient to your Grace's will, I come to know your pleasure.

Duke. Angelo, There is a kind of character in thy life, That to th' observer doth thy history Fully unfold. Thyself and thy belongings Are not thine own so proper, as to waste For it appears, from this scene, less happy in his emendation. I that Esialus had one commission, read, and Angelo another. The Duke We have with special feal had before delivered Escalus his . Eletted him our absence to fupcommiflion. He now declares

ply. that designed for Angelo: and he A special feal is a very natural says, afterwards, to both, Metonymy for a special commif

fron. To th' hopefulexecution do I leave

There is a kind of character you

in thy life, Of your commiffions.

That to th' obferver, &c.] Why Angelo's was call'd the fpe Either this introduction has cial roll, was because he was in more solemnity than meaning, or authority superior to Escalus, it has a meaning which I cannot -old Escalu,

discover. What is there peculiar The first in question, is thy fecone in this, that a man's life informs

the observer of his hiftory? Might dary. WARBURTON.

it be supposed that Shakespear

wrote this? This Editor is, I think, right There is a kind of chara&er in fupposing a corruption, but in thy look,

Thy.

Thyself upon thy virtues; them on thee.
Heav'n doch with us, as we with torches do,
Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues ?
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd,
But to fine issues ; nor Nature never lends
The smallest scruple of her excellence,
But, like a thrifty Goddess, the determines
Herself the glory of a creditor,
Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech

To one that can my part in him advertise ;
Hold therefore, Angelo :'
In our remove, be thou at full our self.
Mortality and mercy in Vienna
Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escalus,
Though first in question, * is thy Secondary.

-Take thy commission.

2 for if our virtuts, &c, characteristic marks, which, if

Paulum sepultæ diftat inertia not one of the comlieft, is yet
Celata virtus Hor. one of the strongeft. So he al-

WARBURTON. ters this to
: To fine iues.] To great con-
sequences. For high purposes.

To one that can, in my pari, me 9 -I do bend my speech

advertise. To One that can my part in him A better expression, indeed, but, advertise.]

for all that, none of Shakespear's. This is obscure. The meaning

WARBURTON, is, I direct my speech to one who

I know not whether we may is able to teach me how to

govern: my part in bim, fignifying not better read, my office, which I have dele One that can my part to bim adgated to him. My part in bim vertise. advertise ; i. c. who knows what One that can inform himself of appertains to the character of de- that which it would be otherwise puty or viceroy. Can advertise

my part to tell him. my part in him; that is, his re

· Hold therefore Angelo.] presentation of my person. But all these quaintnefies of expres

That is, continue to be Angelo,

bold as thou art. fion, the Oxford Editor seems fworn to extirpate ; that is, to First in question.] That is, take away one of Shakespear's first called for; first appointed.

Ang

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