Biological Teaching in the Colleges of the United States

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1891 - 183 страници

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Страница 141 - It is the place to which a thousand schools make contributions; in which the intellect may safely range and speculate, sure to find its equal in some antagonist activity, and its judge in the tribunal of truth. It is a place where inquiry is pushed forward, and discoveries verified and perfected, and rashness rendered innocuous, and error exposed, by the collision of mind with mind, and knowledge with knowledge.
Страница 149 - This gentleman left his property in trust to the United States of America to found at Washington an institution which should bear his own name, and have for its objects ' the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.
Страница 139 - Leave out the Physiological sciences from your curriculum, and you launch the student into the world, undisciplined in that science whose subject-matter would best develop his powers of observation; ignorant of facts of the deepest importance for his own and others' welfare; blind to the richest sources of beauty in God's creation; and unprovided with that belief in a living law, and an order manifesting itself in and through endless change and variety, which might serve to check and moderate that...
Страница 141 - Accordingly, in its simple and rudimental form, it is a school of knowledge of every kind, consisting of teachers and learners from every quarter. Many things are requisite to complete and satisfy the idea embodied in this description ; but such as this a University seems to be in its essence, a place for the communication and circulation of thought, by means of personal intercourse, through a wide extent of country.
Страница 120 - Society should use its influence to diffuse : — 1. Instruction in Natural Science should commence in the lowest grades of the Primary Schools, and should continue throughout the curriculum. 2. In the lower grades the instruction should be chiefly by means of object lessons ; and the aim should be to awaken and guide the curiosity of the child in regard to natural phenomena, rather than to present systematized bodies of fact and doctrine.
Страница 155 - I reply, in order that everyone may be able to lead a healthier, stronger and more rational life than is now possible for the want of more knowledge. Hospitals are essential to alleviate sufferings which have been encountered; physical training is of great value; but still more important to humanity is the laboratory in which are studied the laws of life. A celebrated physiologist declares that " a hundred years of life is what Providence intended for man...
Страница 143 - ... a purely material development which has marked its people, will feel that this uncontrolled freedom of teaching, this multiplication of small institutions, have done for the country a work which a few State-regulated universities might have failed to do.
Страница 166 - The great need of an institution for teaching field work cannot be properly estimated by the number of those who are attracted by the opening of such opportunities for study. The mental condition of those who attend, and what it has done for them, and the sphere of influence which it reaches through them, are the only true standards by which its present and future usefulness can be properly measured. Nearly all the pupils were persons who could be termed 'well educated...
Страница 120 - Attention should also be given to the more obvious characteristics of the kinds of minerals and rocks common in the region in which any school is situated, and to such geological phenomena as are comparatively simple and easily observed. A most important feature of the scientific instruction in the lower grades, should be to encourage the pupils to collect specimens of all sorts of natural objects, and to make those specimens the subject of object lessons. The curiosity of the children will thereby...
Страница 163 - Agassiz that made Penikese a possibility. It was his magic influence that created that school, his commanding individuality that organized and vitalized it. All interests centred in him so completely that with his sudden removal the enterprise was left without a soul. The school had no coherency except in his magnetic power and intellectual strength, and the moment these elements of stability were withdrawn, collapse followed as a natural and inevitable consequence.