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ing. The next person we saw was Mart Half the farming business of the day Snail-he seemed to have forgotten all is now over : the prosperity of Ireland his war-nffice humbugging, or to have is promoted--and the cloth is removed, laid it alide for the more prudent and when the other object of the club is in: more important duty of promoting the troduced by Doctor Four Eyes. Mr. profperity of Ireland.

Chairman, says this well looking man, Halloo rabble, halloo, out of the way I sise- ! rise to propose the condeinna. for Sir John Weathercock, from Wea- tion-the condemnation of those three thercock Hall, Esq He is come Magazines in to!o. I have never read to promote the prosperity of Ireland ;- the Irish Magazine, but all I was told of and as he is of too much confequence, it by bishop O'Beirne-1 think then we to be thruit into such an article as this, ņould purge the town of such as you we must in some future number spare a called it before dinner, an infamous few coluinns for bis individual self, production. The head of the club where we can put his riiles, bis whole bowed affent, and was pleased to detitles, and nothing but his titles at the clare himself perfe&tly convinced, and top

persuaded, and satisfied, that whilft that Now comes Peter Veto from King. venerable prelate's influence extended street. Peter will we, or will we not, to Kilkenny, and whilft such liberality, reserve you for a weathercock article ? as the gentleman jult fat down had shewn, No, your's indeed is an old Catholic fa prevailed an:ongst them, the growing mily, and though you have grossly de. fi ofperity of Ireland molt be manifest. viated from the Catholicity of your ao. The increasing opposition to the Irifl cestors, you may yet regain their re- Magazine kept pace with the consumpspectability, by turning off that road. tion of the caret-till at length rouled which your pride of the moment tempe- by that patriotism, by which that very ed you to travel.

fes were ever known to be actuated, Redniond Clyster, you are scarcely they paid for the wine and the dinner, deserving our notice ; its vru are, how. and each teftified à with that they could ever, one of the Farmers' Club, we find some parfon to PACK to our will.give you a palling word, by telling agent in Kilkenny, to top the fale of you, you are like a man on the top of a the barefaced Irish Magazine. Thus, very high steeple, where the people un- and thus ended all the farming bus derneath appear little, and where becer

ness transacted either then, or tver, by tainly appears less in their eyes. the old fpurious farthing club.

And Kervan what brings you here? Is not one apothecary enough for the farmers' club? Yes you are no farmer; A Critical Essay on the Scoto Mile you have more sense than to be apeing

sian Antiquities. after such a club. You have only drop: ped in, well knowing where you could (Continued from page 518.) enjoy your Humour, with arched brow, and leering Joseph Scaliger enumerates eleven eye,

mother tongues ; the Hebrew, the LaShrewd, ple.fant, folemn, subtle, Now tin, the Greek, the Teutonic, the Sclaaod lly;

vonian, the Epirotic, the Hungarian, Serious yourself, yet laughter Aill pro. the Finlandith, the Irish, the British, voking

and Biscayan. The number of mother By tealing, tickling, jeering, jibing, joke tongues

of less extended Europe, in

avs Sampson (Jatrod. ù la Geog. 2. par. liv. 3. c. 5.) is better known to us It appears that Bolandus, a man of than that of the other three quarters of distinguished abilities in other respects, the Globe; they may be reduced to fix, has not duly inveltigated the subject in namely, the Irish, Finlandish, the Ar- question. His iniltake proceeds merely DOLC or Welch, the Biscayan, the from a false consequence be draws from Hungarian, and Albanese. The frish, what he had read in Nennius, Colgan, continues be, besides Ireland, is till Ware, and others, with regard to St. Spoken in the North of Scotland. The Patrick. These authors mention, 'that Falandish is u!ed in Scandinavia, and this Saint had given the abjectoria, or comprehends Finland and Lapland.-- as Nennius calls it, the abjctoria, that The Bretpon, wbich is the language. is, the abecedarium, to the people, of Lower Brittany in France, is allo whom he had converted, The Roman called Welch, because it is the vernas, characters were unknown to the ancient Cular language of Wales, one of the Irish before the time of St. Patrick ;--, provinces of England. The Biscayan but this truly Apostolical man was de. comprehends the Lower Navarre, with firous to confirm in the faith, the new Labour in France, and Biscay in Spaiş. converts, by the perufal of the holy The Hungarian, is that of Hungary fcriptures, and render that infant and Transylvania, which are provinces Church conformable to the Universal of Turkey in Europe ; and the Alba- Church in the rites, ceremonies, and dese, lp called from Albany, a province the manner of celebrating the divine in the same Turkey in Europe. mysteries, and by the use of ciher


To refuse a nation the use of letters, Church books, took' the 'resolution to s to undermine the foundations of her give them the Roman characters, that history, to deprivé her of the means they might learn that language ; bethat are necessary to hand down her re- cause the translation of those books from cords to pofterity. It is possible to Latin into Irish, would have been diffipreterve by oral tradition, some rem cult to a man not perfeály versed in the nants of huitory, as they say, the works lecter. But thele authors, in menof Homer were preserved for many ages tioning the Ronan characters, do not by memory alone, without the help of exclude all kinds of characters from alphabetical characters ; but such a tra- ainong the Milelians :-on the condition must be very imperfect. trary, they pre suppose that they lead

Bolandus is the first who afferted, characters peculiar to their language.--thai the Milesians had not the use of For in the same chapter, where Colgan letters. He says that the Pagan Irith, afferts, that St. Patrick had given to as well as the Gerinans, before the time Siech, one of his disciples, the alphdof St. Patrick, had neither the use of bet written with his own hand, he says letters, nor any method to preserve on that the same Fiech was fent some time paper, or other materials, the recol- before into Conaught, by Dubhtlach, lection of facts; that of all the liberal to present some poems of his compoliarts, they were only acquainted with a tion, in the Irish language, to the species of poetry in rhymne, which was princes of that provioce. He speaks highly efteemed by them, and served as also of a hymn in Irish, that Fiech a substitute for memoirs and history: composed in honour of St. Patrick and that St. Patrick, who was versed Finally, he says, that Fiech had made in Roman literature, was the first that such a progrels in Roman literature, introduced the use of letters amongst that in less than three weeks he knew them.

the entire Plalter, what would have

riever been possible without the know- The folemnity of this difcuffion pats ledge of other characters. Ware says, us in a situation the more critical and that Benignus, a disciple of St. Patrick, dangerous, being inferior as to number, and his fucceffor in the See of Armagh, and attacked with anequal arms. Our had written a book, partly in Irish, adversaries attack us with philosophical partly in Latin, on the virtues and mi- principles, and they invite us to oppose, sacles of St. Patrick, and that from it them with the means that divinity furJocelyn collected materiais to write the nishes us. Alas, Gentlemen, this dilife of this Saint. If the Scoto-Mile- vine science thould and ought to be a sians were ignorant of letters before this stranger to this Tribunal : bat as she is period, as Bolandus pretends, how called upon this day, you will allow us says Harris, could Fiech and Benignus' to speak her language, as peceity have written fo elegantly in prose and obliges us in order to enlighten your verfe in that language, and make use justice. of characters unknown among them, Let us then go to the source and oriuntil then ?

gin of this Constitution, and we will (To be continued.)

find from a chain of facts that your de

liberations have gone beyond your power, FRENCH CLERGY. and signalized both your inability and

incompetence. At the moment we have The opinion of Abbe Maury, Deputy of been told for the first time in this Al.

Picardy, now Cardinal and Arch- sembly that the Conftitution of the Cler bishop of Paris, in the civil Confli- gy was to be the object of your labours, tution of the Clergy, delivered in the we foresaw that this pretended civil ora National Assembly, on Saturday, o ganization was intended as a spiritual vember 27, 1790.

code for the ministers of the Church,

And our apprehenfions have not beca Gentlemen,

but too much justified. The Lord-Bi. The calm, profound filence with shop of Clermont, whom we had cho. which we yelterday heard the discussion fen as our organ, renewed the homage of a causé, in which the Clergy of of our refpe&tful deference for your de France is denounced with such rigour crees, merely, purely and only temporal: and severity, gives us this day room to After having acquitted our debt as citiexpect that you will with the same ar- zens, we declared to you by him, that tention and impartiality hear and listen as the ecclefiaftical jurifdi&tion was abto the facts and principles we are to folutely strange to you, it would be imbring forward in our lawful defence. poslible for us to adhere or even enter Your neutrality and justice must be ma• into any deliberation whatfoever rela: mifet.' We hear from every quarter tive to the rights and discipline of the that our loc is retuled, our doom pro- Church. We have been faithful to our nounced by the decisions of your com- solemo engagement and have obferved mittees, that the decree bas been al- the most profound filence during the seady proclaimed, and that it is in rain course of thefe discullions that Sapped, for us to oppose a deterinination invas fubverted, and undermined our rights riably adopted; and that the majority and principles. of the National Affembly is inipatient The fame prelate, who has inade to pronounce the fatal sentence of fu• knowo to you loyally the motives of premacy, by which all the ecclesiastics Our non-adhesion faid, that if the nat, or of the kingdomí are to be profcribed demanded or required a falutary reform, and doomed to deltruction.

the clergy would with the greatest ala

crity and zeal. come forward, provided rules that have been for ages, most conthey were allowed to proceed according stantly and invariably oblerved and folshe canons of the Church. He even lowed by the Church of France. proposed, in our name, the convocation The answer of the Holy Father Pius of a National Council ; however, this the VIth whom France Tould have proposal, though conformable to rule chosen as an arbitrator or an umpire, and method, you would not even so had not Providence designed him as much as discuss

, was rejected. There judge, has not as yet come to the hands remained but one canonical road for us of his Majesty; this delay should cause to follow, which was, to have recourfe no surprize, his Holiness bad not reto the vifible head of the Church,--tbiş ceived his Majesty's letter only in Sepwe have done-We had recourse to one tember, the congregations of the Court of the greatest Póntiffs chát illed the of Rome never fit during the months chair for a long time to the illustrious of September and Oktober, consequently fucceffor of Benedict XIVth. who, for the ordinary courcils of the Holy See the greatness of his virtues, and the en- never tranfact businefs until after the lightened integrity of his principles, and feaft of All Saints. The important exthe great reputation of wisdom, prudence amination of a constitution, whose sole and forelight, for which he is renowned view is to destroy, and renovate all the all over Europe, render equally worthy organization of the Clergy of France, of your confidence and ours especially requires time, especially in a Court that in a case on the decision of which the dever precipitates its decisions, and Church alone is to be consulted. The whofe now and profound wisdom is alPope is the supreme head and organ of ways subject to delays, especially in the the universal Church, the ordinary de discuffion of a question of such'extenfender of the holy canons, and lawful live, weighty, and momentous import reformer of the abuses that may be in. ance as the prefent. At the request of troduced into the government of the his Majesty, his Holiness has formed a Church. You have said nothiag about congregation of Cardinals ? all those the legal form to which we had folemnly commiffaries apostolic are deeply versed appealed; and without informiog us in the study of ecclesiastical history and whether you intended to proceed in a canon law, besides, they have several definitive, positive, decisive manner, free divines, who form their private Council, from ambiguity, or merely preparatory who lay the result of their confercaces in order to bring forward the new con before the august sepate, presided by the Aitution of the Clergy. You went on fovereign Pontiff, who forms his fupreme precipitately, without being Itopped by decision of all the learned opinions for any opposition, or even by any repre. the elucidation of all the questions subfentation, that from our mouth would mitted to his judgment. have beca a dangerous avowal of your

This is the method adopted by the right or authority. The voice of the visible head of the Church in all his de. public was, that the King had fan&tion- liberations, when they concern the inte: ed your decrees, but that he had fent reft of Christi sity. He will undoubtthem to the sovereigo Pontiff for his edly take all the neceffary precautivos approbation, as otherwise they could that his wisdom can luggeft, with regard not be legal without the intergention of io lo important and complic.t da natter the pontifical authority. We hare wait- present; let not then th natural ed with the most religious submission and impatience, with which our na ion is re. Telignation for the decision of the vicar proached, refuse or deny the Holy See Jelus Chrilt, strictly adhering to the the time accessary to malis.ly, com.


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pletely, and with deliberation investigate with persecution. Should not fuch tis. This great question ; when a man is ne. lent and extreme remedies, such tyran yer to return, he should not acceleraie nical convulsions, that are the greated nor halten, his fteps; but in order to of misfortunes in the opinion of all parallure and persuade restless minds, who, ties, be even according to our adversaas they have never reflected, they never ries, the last of all resourca and expepardon, and perhaps they dont even dients? What just and eternal reproaches conceive what reflection is, i fall ob. would you not make to yourselves, if, serve, that the Popes, whom the Divine from any miserable olleetation of authoAuthor of the Christian religion has in- rity, you would prefer hailh measures vefted with a pre-eminence of honour to mild, that would put an end to all and jurisdiction in the universal Church, contests by reconciling all parties. Ab. can take but three different paris in the Gentlemen, that a man, whose power present circumstances; either his Holi is precarious, uncertain and ttantitery, ne's will give no answer, or he will only should fubllitute his own will for his reaputty and simply accept the king's p!o- fon-1 comprehend--but that a nation, position, or he will not consider himself whose power is perpetual, constant, eter: bound to consecrate your decrees with nal, should fear to wait for time to exethe seal of his authority.

cute iis plans and designs to acconi. It is impollible to suppose that he will plish them without opposition, denotes a give no aniwer. The respect he owes pufillanimous precipitation, a thameful 10 such a great nation, so precious a por. diffidence, disonourable and unbecomtion of the Catholic Church, of which ing the representatives of a mighty, great he is the head, is a sure pledge to us of people, that doing even good should act the great interest with which he is this with great prudence, caution, forelight 11 oment examining all the means of con. and circumipection-because patience is ciliating as far as is in his power, the the courage of legislators, and genius wish of the majority of this Assembly, wisdom. with his conscience, his honour and Finally, Mould the Pope refuse to acprinciples.

. His Holiness will much code to your projects, weigh and exaless avoid an explanation, by reducing mine his motives in your jullice, then it his eninent dignity to a ministry purely will be tine to decide definitively, but pallive and unrefilling, that would leave according to the common rules of pruus exposed to the greatest dangers, that dence, it thould not be a provisional his filence would be considered by all expedient. Lucpe as an approbation. It should seem As for our part, Gentlemen, who fis very extraordinary, and even indecent, months ago solemnly declared to you thi the King, after having consulted the by the organ of the Lord Bishop of Holy See, should not expect an answer, Clermont, not only that our principles that according to the ordinary course would not permit is in fpiritual affairs and form, could not as yet arrive. to adhere to your new decrees relative

if the head of the Church should only to the clergy, that we would take no Harely and fimply receive the petition part nor even discuss your plans. You anchoreiled to him, relative to the clergy should not be then furprised, that we of France, would not this legal, meek, could not without the interposition of patitic, religious measure be preferable the Church, execut ethem. Our resolato the rigorous, severe, cruel measures tions have been notified to you in this chieste are proposed to you? what an un- Tribunal, andyou have not disapprovkron, unconimon, and strange mannered them. You might well foresee our of singing a refornt, by coromcacing answer, as you have known our legal


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