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ing. The next person we saw was Mare Half the farming business of the day Snail-he seemed to have forgotten all is now over: the prosperity of Ireland his war-nffice hunibugzing, or to have is promoted --and the cloth is crioveni, laid it alide for the more prudent and when the other object of the club is io: more important duiy of promoting the produced by Duclos Four Eyes. Mr. prosperity of Ireland.

Chairman, says this well looking mall, Halloo rabble, halloo, out of the way I rise-rise to propose the condeu.nafor Sir John Weathercock, from Wea- tion - the condemnation of those three thercock Hall, Esq ......... He is come Magazines in coto. I have never read to promote the prosperity of Ireland ;- the Irish Magazine, but all I was told of and as he is of too inuch consequence, it by bishop O'Beirne-I think then we to be thrust into such an article as this, should purge the town of such as you we must in some future number spare a called it before dinner, an infamous few colunos for bis individual self, production. The head of the club where we can put his riiles, bis whole bowed aflent, and was pleased to de. titles, and nothing but his titles at the clare himself perfectly convinced, and top.

Si persuaded, and larisfied, that whilft that Now comes Peter Veto from King. venerable prelate's influence extended street. Peter will we, or will we not to Kilkenny, and whilft such liberalitý, reserve you for a weathercock article ? as the gentleman jolt fat dowo had shewn, No, your's indeed is an old Carbolic fa prevailed aniongst them, the growing mily, and though you have grossly de. fiosperity of Ireland must be manifest. viated from the Catholicity of your ao. The increasing oppofiuion to the Iridh cestors, you may yet regain their re- Magazine kept pace with the consump: spectability, by turning off that road. tion of the ciartia-till at length roused: which your pride of the moinent tempte by that patriotism, by which that wty ed you to travel,

fes were ever known to be actuated, Redmond Clyfter, you are scarcely they paid for th: wine and the dinner, deserving our notice ; is peu are, how. and each teftified a wish that they could ever, one of the Farmers' Club, we find some perfon to PACK to our will.give you a palling word, by telling agent in Kilkenny, to top the fale of you, you are like a man on the top of a the barefaced Irish Magazine, Thus, very high stecpie, where the people use and thus ended all the farming beste derneath appear little, and where he cer- ness transacted either then, or trer, by tainly appears less in their eyes. . the old sparious farthing club,

And Kervan what brings you here? Is not one apotliecary enough for the farmers' club? Yes you are no farmer; A Critical Essay on the Scoto Milee you have more sense than to be apeing ii . sian Antiquities. " after such a club. You have only drop. ped in, well knowing where you could (Continued from page 518.) enjoy your Humour, with arched brow, and leering Joseph Scaliger enumerates eleven eye,

mother tongues ; the Hebrew, the LaShrewd, pleasant, solemn, subtle, now rin, the Greek, the Teutonic, the Sclaaod lly;

vonian, the Epirotic, the Hungarian, Serious yourself, yet laughter ftill pro. the Fiolandith, the Irish, the Britif, voking. '

and Biscayan. The number of mother By tealing, tickling, jeering, jibing, jok. tongues of less extender Europe, in

avs Sampson (Introd. à la Geog. 2.

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par. liv. 3, c. 5.) is better known to us It appears that Bolandus, a man of than that of the other three quarters of distinguished abilities in other respects, the Globe; they may be reduced to fix, has not duly inveltigated the subject in namely, the Irich, Finlandish, the Ar question. His iniltake proceeds merely monic: or Welch, the Biscayan, the from a false consequence he draws from Hungarian, and Albanese. The Irish, what he had read in Nennius, Colgan, continues be, besides Ireland, is till Ware, and others, with regard to St. Spoken in the North of Scotland. The Patrick. These authors mention, 'that Finlandish is uled in Scandinavia, and this Saint had given the abjectoria, or comprehends Finland and Lapland.-- as Neonius calls it, the abjctoria, that The Bretoon, wbich is the language is, the abecedarium, to the people, of Lower Brittany in France, is also whom he had converted, The Roman called Welch, because it is the vernas, characters were unknown to the ancient cular language of Wales, one of the Irish before the time of St. Patrick ;--, provinces of England. The Biscayan but this truly Apostolical man was de., comprehends the Lower Navarre, with firous to confirin in the faith, the new Labour in France, and Biscay in Spain. converts, by the perusal of the holy The Hungarian, is that of Huogary fcriptures, and render that infant and Transylvania, which are provinces Church conformable to the Universal of i'urkey in Europe ; and the Alba Church in the rites, ceremonies, and

dele, lo called from Albany, a province the manner of celebrating th: divine - in the same Turkey in Europe. . mysteries, and by the use of other

To refuse a nation the use of letters, Church books, took' the resolution to s to undermine the foundations of her give them the Roman characters, that history, to deprivé her of the means they might learn that language ; bethat are necessary to hand down her re- cause the translation of those books from cords to posterity. It is possible to Latin into Irish, would have been diffipreterve by oral tradition, some rem cult to a man not perfectly versed in the nants of history, as they say, the works lacter. But thele authors, in menof Homer were preserved for many ages tioning the Roman characters, do not by memory alone, without the help of exclude all kinds of characters from alphabetical characters; but such a tra. ainong the Milelians :-on the con. dition must be very imperfect. . trary, they pre suppose that they had

Bolandus is the first who asserted, characters peculiar to their language. that the Milelians had not the use of For in the same chapter, where Colga leuters. He says that the Pagan Irish, afferts, that St. Patrick had given to as well as the Gerinans, before the tine Siech, one of his disciples, the alphda of St. Patrick, had neither the use of bet written with his own hand, he says letters, nor any method to preserve on that the same Fiech was sent some time paper, or other materials, the recol. before into Conaught, by Dubhtliach, lection of facts; that of all the liberal to present some poems of his compoli arts, they were only acquainted with a tion, in the Irish language, to the species of poetry in rhyme, which was princes of that provioce. He speaks highly esteemed by them, and served as also of a hymn in Irish, that Fiech a substitute for memoirs and history :-- composed in honour of St. Patrick and that St. Patrick, who was versed Finally, he says, that Fiech had made io Roman literature, was the first that such a progress in Roman literature, introduced the use of letters amongst that in less than three weeks he knew them. ini

n the entire Plaller, what would have

never been posfible withouc the know. The folemnity of this discufion pats ledge of other characters. Ware says, us in a situation the more critical and that Benignus, a disciple of St. Patrick, dangerous, being inferior as to number, and his fucceffor in the See of Armagh, and attacked with unequal arms. Our had written a book, partly in Irish, adversaries attack us with philofophical partly'in Latin, on the virtues and mi- principles, and they invite us to oppose, sacles of St. Patrick, and that from it them with the means that divinity furJocelyn collected materials to write the pilhes us. Alas, Gentlemen, this die life of this Saint. If the Scoto-Mile- vine science should and ought to be a sians were ignorant of letters before this stranger to this Tribunal : bat as she is · period, as Bolandus pretends, how called upon this day, you will allow us says Harris, could Fiech and Benignus to speak her language, as neceffity' haave written fo elegantly in prose and obliges us in order to enlighten your verse in that language, and make use justice. . . ini of characters unknown among them , Let us then go to the source and ori.. until then ?

. 1.1.5. gin of this Conftitution, and we will . .- (To be continued.). find from a chain of facts that your des

i

liberations have gone beyond your power, - FRENCH CLERGY. . and signalized both your inability and

incompetence. At the moment we have The opinion of Abbe Maury, Deputy of been told for the first time in this are · Picardy, now Cardinal and Arch- senibly that the Constitution of the Clerud

bishop of Paris, on the civil Confli- gy was to be the object of your labours; tution of the Clergy, delivered in the we foresaw that this pretended civil ore' National Alsembly, on Saturday, no ganization was intended as a spiritual vember 27, 1790..

code for the ministers of the Church.'

had our apprehensions have not been Gentlemen,

but too much juftified. The Lord-Bi. The calin, profound silence with shop of Clermont, whom we had cho. which we yellerday heard the discussion sen as our organ, renewed the homage of a cause, in which the Clergy of of our respe&ful deference for your des France is denounced with such rigour crees, merely, purely and only temporal: and severity, gives us this day room to After having acquitted our debt as citi-expect that you will with the same at. Zeos, we declared to you by him, that tention and impartiality hear and listen as the eccleGaftical jurisdiction was ab:' to the facts and principles we are to folutely frange to you, it would be imbring forward in our lawful defence. pollible for us to adhere or even enter

Your neutrality and justice must be ma• into any deliberation whatsoever rela. nifeft. · We hear from every quarter tive to the rights and discipline of the that our lot is setiled, our doom pro- Church. We have been faithful to our nounced by the decisions of your com- folema engagement and have obferved mittees, that the decree bas been al- the most profound filence during the ready proclaimed, and that it is in rain course of thefe discussions that Sapped, for us to oppose a determination invas subverted, and undermined our rights riably adopted; and that the majority and principles. . . of the National Affembly is inipatient The same prelate, who has made to pronounce the fatal sentence of suknown to you loyally the motives of premacy, by which all the ecclesiastics our non-adhesion faid, that if the nat.og of the kingdom are to be profcribed demanded or required a salutary reform, and doomed to destruction.

the clergy would with the greatest ala.

crity

crity and Zeal. come forward, provided rules that have been for ages, most con. they were allowed to proceed according stantly and invariably obferved and foithe canons of the Church. He even lowed by the Church of France. proposed, in our name, the convocation. The answer of the Holy Father Plus of a National Council; howeper, this the VIth whom France should have propolal, though conformable to rule chosen as an arbitrator or an umpire, and method, you would not even so had not Providence designed him as much as discuss, was rejected. There judge, has not as yet come to the hands remained but one canonical road for us of his Majesty ; this delay should cause to follow, which was, co have recourse no surprize, his Holiness bad not refo the vihble head of the Church,-ibis ceived his Majesty's letter only in Sep • we have done—we had recourse to one ćember, the congregations of the Court of the greatest Ponriffs that lied the of Rome never fit during the months chair for a long time-10 the illustrious of September and O&ober, consequently successor of Benedict XIVih. who, for the ordinary councils of the Holy See the greatness of his virtues, and the en- never tranfact businefs until after the Jiebiened integrity of his principles, and feast of All Saines. The important ex. the great reputation of wisdom, prudence amination of a constitution, whose sole and forefight, for which he is renowned view is to destroy, and renovate all the all over Europe, 'render equally worthy organization of the Clergy of France, of your confidence and ours ,éspecially requires time, especially in a Court that in a case on the decision of which the Dever precipitates its decisions, and Church alope is to'be consulted. The whofe now and profound wisdom is alPope is the supreme head and organ of ways subject to delays, especially in the che voiversal Church, the ordinary de discuflion of a question of such'extenfender of the holy canons, and lawful live, weighty, and momentous importo reformer of the abuses that may be in. ance as the prefent. At the request of troduced into the government of the his Majesty, his Holiness has formed a Church. You have said nothiog about congregation of Cardinals ? all those the legal form to which we bad folemnly commissaries apoftolic are deeply versed appealed ; and without joformiog us in the study of ecclesiastical history and whether you intended to proceed in a canon law, besides, they have several definitive, positive, decisive mainer, free divines, who form their private Council, from ambiguity, or merely preparatory who lay the result of their confercaces in order to bring forward the new con before the august fenate, presided by the Milution of the Clergy. You went on sovereign Pontiff, who forms his fupreme precipitately, without being stopped by decision of all the learned opinions for any opposition, or even by any repre. the elucidation of all the questions subfentation, that from our mouth would mitted to his judgment. have been a dangerous avowal of your. This is the method adopted by the right or authority. The voice of the visible head of the Church in all his depublic was, that the King had fanction- liberations, when they concern the inte. ed your decrees, but that he had sent reft of Christi: Aity: He will undoubtthem to the sovereign Ponriff for his edly take all the necessary precautivos approbation, as otherwise they could that his wisdom can luggest, with regard not be legal without the intervention of to so important and complic.t da matter the pontifical authority. We have wait- as the present ; let nor then th natural ed with the moft religious submission and impatience, with which our na ion is re. selignatiou for the decision of the vicar proached, refuse or deny the Holy See Jelus Christ, ftriatly adhering to the che time gecessary to malis.ly, com.

pletely

pletely, and with deliberation investigate with perfecution. Should not fuch ris. this great question ; when a man is ne. lent and extreme reniedies, fuch tyran yer to return, he should not accelerate pical convulsions, that are the greatett nor haiten his steps ; but in order to of misfortunes in the opioion of all pare allure and persuade restless minds, who, ties, be even according to our adveríaas they have never reflected, they never ries, the last of all resourca and expepardon, and perhaps they dont even dients: What just and eternal Teproaches conceive what reflection is, I shall ob- would you not make to yourselves, if, fcrve, that the Popes, whom the Divine from any miserable ollentation of authoAuthor of the Christian religion has in. rity, you would prefer harsh meafures vefted with a pre-eminence of honour to mild, that would put an end to all and jurisdiction in the universal Church, contests by reconciling all parties. Ab, can take but three different paris in the Gentlemen, that a man, whose power present circumstances ; either his Holi. is precarious, uncertain and tranhtory, ne's will give no answer, or he will only Mould subllitute his own will for his reapurthy and fimply accept the king's pro. fon-I comprehend--but that a nation, polition, or he will not consider himself whose power is perpetual, constant, eter bound to consecrate your decrees with nal, should fear to wait for time to exe. the seal of his authority.

cute its plans and deligns-to acconi. It is impollible to suppose that he will plish them without opposition, denotes a give no aniwer. The respect he owes pufillanimous precipitation, a shameful to such a great nation, so precious a por. diffidence, dishonourable and unbecomtion of the Catholic Church, of which ing the representatives of a mighty, great he is the head, is a sure pledge to us of people, that doing even good should ac the great interest with which he is this with great prudence, caution, forelight al oment examining all the means of con. and circumspection-because patience is ciliating as far as is in his power, the the courage of legislators, and genius wish of the majority of this Affembly, wisdom. with his conscience, his honour and Finally, Mould the Pope refuse to acprinciples. His Holiness will much cede to your projects, weigh and exaless avoid an explanation, by reducing mine his motives in your juilice, thee it his eninent dignity to a ministry purely will be tine to decide definitively, but pallive and unreliling, that would leave according to the common rules of prous exposed to the greatest dangers, that dence, it should not be a provisional his filence would be considered by all expedient.. Lucpe as an approbation. It should seem As for our part, Gentlemen, who lis very extraordinary, and even indecent, months ago solemnly declared to you Idi 2 the King, after having consulted the by the organ of the Lord Bishop of Holy See, should not expect an answer, Clermont, not only that our principles ilme according to the ordinary course would not permit is in fpiritual affairs and form, could not as yet arrive. to adhere to your new decrees relative

tihe head of the Church should only in the clergy, that we would take no purely and fimply receive the petition part nor even discuss your plans. You B rilled to him, relative to the clergy Thould not be then surprised, that we of France, would not this legal, meek, could not without the interposition of pacific, religious measure be preferable the Church, execue ethem. Our resolutoit.e rigorous, revere, cruel measures tions have been notified to you in this these are proposed to you? what an un- Tribunal, andyou have no disapprovkroun, uncommon, and strange mannered them. You might well foresee our of singing a refornt, by commencing answer, as you have known our legal

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