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vulgar magistrate, the name of the laws bracing their children. They asked only is but a chimera, and their proteetion the permission to receive the last but a delusion. I may be told of the sighs.” private virtues of the Duke of Rich. “ Before the gate stood the goaler, mond—those virtues may be exemplarý the prætor's executioner, the terror and instructive, yet they are only valua- and death of the citizens, in a word, ble on his hearth-stone, or in his nurse-!{the fictor Sestius (Jemmy O'Brien), ry, they are confined to his household who drew' a tribute from all the tears gods and his children, they afford me nó they shed. To go in you must give so shield, for the laws are suspended when" much ; to carry food so much-noI seek their protection, and the man body refused--but what will you give who dares to abuse them in my person, me to kill your sou at one low ?possesses not only the confidence of the that he may not suffer long? that he house of Lenox, but is actually living in „may not receive many strokes, that ke Dublin Castle, the seat of the sove- may lose his life without feeling pair? reign's representative, and from iti al. The lictor (Jemmy O'Brien) was paid lowed to proscribe me, without any form en for this fatal service ! O'inconceir. of law but the direction of his disorder. able pain! O situation the most crue! ed head, or studied malignity.

and unheard of ! Fathers were compelSicily, like Ireland, had its Majors. led to give money, not to save the lives and like Ireland its inhabitants were tor of their sods, but to hásten their deaths,

tured and condemned. Major Verres, and the sons themselves negociated with like other Majors, had his riding-houses, Sestius (Jemmy O'Brien) the favour of Prevots, and his Jemmy O'Briens, and a single blow; as the last proof of their at the same time was distinguished as a tenderness, they entreated threir parents 3 virtuoso. He was passionately fond of torender their executioner more tractable paintings, gold lamps, gold cups, sta- by money, and to diminish their totues, vases, tapestry, &c. and his cha- ments. Here is without doubt much tiracter is so masterly drawn by Cicero, gpur exercised towards these unfortu. that I cannot forbear transcribing part natë fathers, but may the death of their of it to embellish this epistle; it is a sons at last, be the last...............No! real picture of a riding-house, and we it will not be the last......... Can cri. inay naturally suppose that your friendelty extend beyond this life ? -_Means Beresford and Com erected their estab- will still be found, for after their chil. lishment on the plan of that described dren shall be executed, their bodies will by the Rinnan orat ır, “ with the excep- be exposed to wild beasts. If this be tion of the boiling cauldron o pitch the completion of a father's grief, let which is undoubtediy a mode in machine' him purchase at least with money the in the History of Torture.” The un. liberty of bestowing sepulture upon his happy persons he (Major Verres) had child.” condemned, were shut up in a prison ; You must admit this document rek. preparations were made for their punish- ting to the procunsulate of Major Ver. ment, and their parents were tormented "res, is well given. I do not want your before hand, by depriving them of the gentle nature to revolt at the descrit. consolation of secing their children, of tion, because I know you will not, you supplying them with nourishment and cannot. You have undertaken to punis: other conforts they stood in need of.- any man who đáre to hand me meat or Fathers and mothers lay at the doors of drink, and in the temper I am in at such the prison," where they passed whole treatment, and from the knowledge ! nights. being refused the liberty of em. have of modern Majors, I will deras

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undertake to recall, absent sensations by If my existence gives, such pain to : such delineations, as Cicero has here de- authority, policy should direct my oppicted, for it appears that Major Verres pressors by a less dangerous experiment himself, before the Conscript Fathers, . than one that tends to inyolve their chadepended more on his gold than on his racters. A lingering death, like hunger, honesty or contrition, to prevent a con:: may rouse the public mind, and my con viction.

drion may reach the throne. The ndique I thought however offensive I might age of torture revived, may create a symappear by the crime of lese Major, that pathy or a shame even with the plunderI had some reasonable chance of escape, as of Hindustan, and I may be spatched ing punishment by the dissolution of the from the hands of a Verres, that the

Triumvirate, and the re-establishment of character of an entire natjon may not be the Statute Law, but, I find by your se stigmatized by the destruction of only. vere interdiction; though the Triumvira one individual, have been appointed to different provin. If I am to perish, as it appears to be ces one staryes in Lucan, another bul

, decreed by the Statute of TANKARDlies at the Custom-house, and the third is, let me die in the usual and more legislates at the Castle, the authority of summary forms, let the Gospels he once the three is given to one. While Lepi- more steeped in innocent blood, and let dus and Anthony are insulting and plun. the antiquated foppery of Form send dering the provinces, Octavius'is wast me solemnly to the gibbet. Until this ing Rome,

last merciful operation takes place, borMy condition, and that of the coun, rowing the termination of an unpublishtry, are anticipated by the following ed letter to another great man, words of the Marquis de Mirabeau:

I remain, “ If there should one day be established With sentiments of equal terrorang overseers of justice, of the police, and

and admiration, Yours, «: 5 of the finances, these men, like the missi

WALTER Cox. dominici of the Emperors, who destroy- November, 1810. ed all order in the Roman empire, and prepared its downfall, by driving the PROCLAMATION people in the provinces into despair, will

FOR become every thing in the state, and

GENERAL THANKSGIVING: thirty-two men only will be sufficient to govern the kingdom.”

Your fțiend and patron, Lord Castle- This is dated from Windsor, on the reagh, with a degree of effrontery cha- 17th of October; it directs that a Form racteristic of the man who betrayed bis of Prayer and Thanksgiving be prepared country, tells the British people, that to the Almighty, for the superabundant torture never was used under his autho. 'harvest. Eyery person who shares what rity in Ireland ;—you or your present heaven intends for our solace and compatron may assert the same, that it never 'fort, would feel a duty which he owes was applied in the administration of the to Divine Majesty for his bounty and Wellesleys, or you will say, that putting mercy. The authors of this proclamame out of the pale of eating and drink. tion must be ignorant of the condition of ing is less than torture, that punishing the people of this unfortunate country, a family by the extinction of their pro- when they invite us to offer up our perty, for selling me a necessary of life, thanks for what we never partake of is notan aggravation of all the tortures It is a melancholy fact, that three milunder which we so profusely agonized, lions of the people of this island, whose


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labour contributes Comich to this generation. It is a duej you owe to hu.“ boaffed abundance," never rafte of the manity itself Abuse no longer that fine bread or the beef, norcan they even re. affection of the soul. Shall we allow? pöfe on the traw without committing a posterity to call us their political partifelony, for eating aud fleeping are made cides Any crime againit posteritySo expensive by allowing the exportation inoffending posterity is enormous, and of our provifions, that a man must literal. if not repaired in time, inexpicable : lý run his life against the gallows if his but a crime agaioft their Liberty, that taste should overcome his prudence, "If faireft form among the natural or social aby body of men feel themselves relieve privileges, laughs to scorn the whole ed by this great' abundance, and have nervth of oratory. A crime like this piety enough to follow the instructions mocks all the description of the peo. of the authorized devotion, it mult be Shalla crime like this pall the native elthe manufacturing bruses of Britain, andamel of the Irish name? What! thalt her well tedarmies, who are called on, Irithmen in die the deep wound of Nanot the houseless peasaötry of Ireland, very on their latest pofterity? Millions nor the Itarving artiñcers of Cork and yet unborn thall call themselves your de Dublin

scendants. They fall reproach you for

your criminal indolence-nay (if you IT CAMOENS

do not prevent it) to live in this age TO THE

shall be a réproach. Irifhinen! you wage 61,0 IRISH PEOPLE.

war even with your brothers !!! Fa

vourites of Fortune! stoop-to behold « A tyrant is a monster with a sin. starving mechanic ! even they are your

your brothers ! The ragged peasant the gle head; a tyrannic nation is a hy brothers. The babe born in the very dra."

Rar. Am. Rev. womb of poverty - born to the inherit

ance of poverty and bondage-even he Fellow Countrijnien,

is your brother. The orphaps that creep We'naturally detelt a tyrant. There along our ftreets-orphans whofe only is a fomething even in the name 'revoltbed is the earth you irample on, whole ing to human nature. The soul posle sed only covering because they have no of true sensibility startles at the four.d, home is the concave of heaven, are all and wbat nation,, what realm, what eme of the fame Belh and blood as yourselves pire, what quarter of the habitable wall. Marving because of the Union. world can boaft so much fenfibility, so Can Irishmen now be filent? lrihmen much genuine

philofophic feeling as this cf the nineteenth century, it was in your Jittle island? Yes-- Irishmen must ever time the Union was effected. Remembet hold a tyrant in peculiar abhorrence; it was the Union that invited Starvation For, indeed, Irishmen are men of feet to the land. Remember you have it in ing rehned and exquisite, and it is then your power to repeal it. Think it not only that the foul recoils not at the name enough to feel no, you must ato act. of tyrant, when the is steeled again't all You have honour- you have humanity the fine philofophy of the feelings You Meet then, and repeal the death-watall feel for your country's diftrefsr Some rant of your country. Talk not of Eof you even weep: but, my Country- mancipation at a period like this. Is it men, it is not unusual to pay the tribu - because you are not emaocipated, that tarý tear to the memory of your depar. 'you hear through the land the heavy ted nation. No--you must wipe the murder of unpiried ia fiction? Is it be tedr from the eye of the most distant cause you aso norcmancipated that your cars ring with the deep thrlek of phren. Ihackles on Religion give you more zied anguith? Is it because forsooth) a trouble than the Mackles on Social Catholic brother is not failed to judicial Freedom. Therefore (according to you), dignity, nor made a general of the army Emancipation must be fought for before that the eye of our country swim's in the Repeal of Union. Therefore (to téars? No furely. How many Prorest argue still from your notion) the Cathoants, who, before the Union were inde. lic is to seek for more unhappiness. pendant and happy, are now (because But surely the Catholic religion was neof the Union) craving the crumb of yer unhappy because it was despised, charity thruagh the land ? Every ho. Nay more, did it not then glow with a nest patrioric Procertant pours his male. nobler Bame when tried in the very crua diction on that day which marks the recible of persecution A whole nation nortion of Irish misery. Yet Surely Pro caónot but know this. Therefore a testants want not emancipation. Surely whole nation cannot be lo aggrieved as Sir James Riddal is not denied accessi freland at this period feels herself bebility to all the communicable blesings cause their emancipation is not comple: of the the culionyet he has publicly ted' decried the fatal measure, and thereby cramped in her religious sentiment, or shall his name live while there is an her religious exercises. Be not so en Trilhan.

amoured with this word Emancipation, Countrymen, beloved Countrymen 1 maiotain it to be rath prefumption for you are ill advised: You are not distrefa a limited undertanding like ours to proled, you are not despised, because you nounce Ireland happier if at present are not einancipated. Remember the emancipated. Say not that emancipation days of your parliament - were you then shall fave the realm. Believe not. That is despised as a nation ? No. Do you (Ca- is the key-stone of the arch of Hiber, tholics) complain, because your reli- nia's glory.” Before the Union Irish gion is despised and cramped? Yes. Commerce was in his vigour, yet before For you now complain that you are not that since the Cacaolics were less coun. admitted to the free participation of all tenanced by goverament than at present. the blessings of the English constitution, Since, that athletic son of Hibernia has in shorts that you are not emancipared, drooped to nerveless impotence Yes, What is Emancipation but a freedom fince the Union Erin's genius has from the shackles with which a Protelt.

Fallen, fallen, fallen, fallen, ant gov rom-ne loaded the Catholic « Fallen from his high estate." fubjecis of Grea: Britain. Therefore you are un'ppy because your religion is

Believe me, my countrymea, it thackled. The nation is a Catholic na- the Union alone that fettered the arms tion, though Protestantism be the reli- of our nation. It is Repeal alone that gion of its government. The nation's can save the land. Yet still are you rehappiness is lessened since the Union treating from your country-tilí do you therefore the Catholic body is less hap- deny a "helping hand to falling compy since that accursed measure. But the merce. If we are ever to obtain Catholic body is less shackled Gnce the cipation, it will be by degrees. An ab. Union. Therefore the Catholic body rupt admission of the Irish Catholics in(to argue from your notion is the less to all the privileges of the constitution, happy the less it is shackled. The cry is by Government thought dangerous. of "Emancipation” should, according You may petition for years without ob'to your idea, drown the cry of " Legi- taining a direct or satisfactory answer. flative Independence," thesefore ine The question of Repeal is decided in an




is an instant the Union is broken or, tions suffering the intrusive hand of corfealed. If broken, then have you proruption to plunder the sanctuary of their ved in behalf of humanity your political social rights, enter into a barbarous and consequence; if the Union be not then ucnatural league against the whole ed

eco repealed', you have at least relieved nomy of moral virtues. Irish people! if your country from the reprobation of you have not conferred to the Union, inhumanity; if yon do not fucceed why who has dared to deprive you of your then hope for better days.

Parliament? The wretches that could - ? he Parliament that was stolen from without your conseot unhinge the system you was your birthrigit or it was not, of f your policy, deserve not surely to live If not would Pitt bave beftated at dif. under Erin's heaven. Say then, ing solving peremptorily the Irish Parliament, Countrymen, that you have not consen had he not known that Legislative In- ied, say it in the true tone of constitué dependence was engrafted in the very tional firmness and the Union is brovitals of the nation? Would that avow. ken. It is then indeed you e:nancipate ed enemy of Ireland have helitated, who the unbired mechanic ;-yes; Repeal sparning the check of conscience, that is his only Emancipation. Who are the God-like administrator of the moral distressed in the land? Is it the Catho. world, could have hired from his native lic who might ambition a poft of envied hellthe monster, whose ruthless arm was dignity? Are they the Grandees of the to burst the bonds of national confften realm? No, my Countrymen ; it is the cy, and waste the verdant foil of Irish PEOPLE that are aggrieved nay, the Independence ? Neyer--never. Why very hamie is disrespected. But was it did he ftoợp to that mean adulation - hot with the People that' Enspire itself that foul treachery—that base hypocri originated? Yes. Who jovited mao to fy that characterizes the whole proces the throne and sceptre? The People. dure of the 'Union AQ? Because he Therefore the people should be honor. knew wellit was your birthright. I then ed. He that disrespects them is a rebe! call upon you, in the name of your coun- to sovereignty. Yet what a degraded try, to affert it. Are you itill filent? body is the Irish People. The day is Then shall I speak the very conviction gone by when mérit was looked for of my soul, I feel it my bounden duty, amongst the People. Merit is not now as an Irishman, to speak. Yes; I Mall looked for amongit the low conditions declare aloud my sentinients, and theré- of mortalicy-yet hillory informs us, by shall I redeem the 'vame of Camoens that empires owe their deliverance from from the catalogue of Irith infamy.--the jaws of deltruction, to the caleous “ Hear me then ; for I will speak."'-- that were found in the humble spheres Your negle& of this inportant obliga- of life. So true is 'the maxim of the tion is a direct outrage on natural jul. Chinese philosopher—" The Grandees tiee. It is not with nations as it is with of a kingdom are not always the great individuals. The latter can and some- men of the llate.” Who knows, at this times ought to cede to their rights and moment, but the means of Ireland's, of privileges. Nations NEVER can, with. Grešt Britain's falvation, are centered out spurning the higher principles of the within the brealt of the uphired mechaDaturallaw. Individuals yielding up their oic or unheeded artist !!! Yet they alone rights may not injure a single fellow- are truly aggrieved. Yes. Let any thing * creature or outrage a single virtue. Na be devised, but the restoration of Para * A thing impossible, if Repeal were liament, and Ireland asks no more:

constitutional.; demanded by a whole Without that, Ireland is a Dave. Yes, people.

the Protestants themselves are slate.



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