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nd a body such as that now admitted of submitting to you some ideas for · to the honour of addresfing you, may, regulating the first inltruction in the and perhaps ought, to consider the natural sciences and for diffusing : sciences.

more widely through the country, To lead the human mind o its no technological, and agricultural knowble destinacion-the knowledge of ledge. We have also proposed to : truth; to diffuse found ideas amongst you to order the arrangement of a new : the lowest Classes of the people, to system of the natural beings; the withdraw men from the empire of requires this labour ;, our country is prejudice and pallidos; to constitute that, in which it may be executed realon as the sovercign arbiter and with the greatelt facility; and its guide of public opinion; such is the.s would be grand to see the name of effential object; thus it is that they Napoleon, already placed at the head 1 concur most powerfully in the ad of so many great monuments, of fod ancement of civilization ; this is many wise laws, of fo maay useful what ought to secure to them the pro. institutions, decoracing likewise the tedion of governments, who with to frontispiece of a *undamental work. render theis power. jinmoveable, by Of all the eltablishments, of all the foundingi ton the common welfare. labours ordered by Alexander, the

Our wilh is to have worthily def- history of animals, by Aristotle, is cribed the great mals of the efforts the only one susilting, as an ecernal and succees of the of the learned teftimony of the love of this great nco of our age; to have represented prince for the natural sciences. A to the supreme authority, in their word from your Majesty, may create true ligbe, these respectable men, a work, which would surpals, in ex. cooltantly occupied in enlightening tent, that of Aristotle, as much as their fellow-men, and in multiplying your actions furpals, in fplendor, for them those general truths, which those of the Macedonian couqueror. from the patrimony of our species, But of all the excitements to emu. and from which so many useful appli., lation, the principal will always be, cations flow,

Sire, the honourable benevolence This hope alone has supported which you condescend to manifelt in es through the long and laborious farour of our exertions; and the career, in which we have been enga- hope, that some of our labours may ged by the orders of your Majeity, be quoted in the history of your reign, and the considence of the class which amongst the number o prodigies with has chosen us to be its organs. which your genius has surrounded

Yone Imperial Majelty has ordered you. uch is for the fu:ure the only this class to propose to you, the most wilh that can be formed by those who effe&tual means of keeping up, in have the happiness of being your conthose who culuivate the sciences, that temporaries The establishments emulation which ani nates them, of which you have either founded or conttaotly direding their laoours to restored, insure to thein an honour. the most uletul ends, and of affuring able subsistence ; your muniicence to thein succeisors worthy of thein "removes froin them every solicitude Ielves.

respecting their old age ; it offers to Without wishing to anticipate the them, on all sides, means for labour measures which the wildom of your and experiments, what inducement Mojcity is preparing for the public could be wanting to them under a education, we have taken the liberty prince, who deligns to intereft him - *


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self in the'r researches, to call them man mind to retrograde, seem to around hirr, and to recompence their have for their end the extinction of it, success with his personal approba. I wished to kaow whai remained tion?

i : for me to do, in order to encourage The Emperor's Answer. your labours, and to console myself, Gentlemen, presidents, secreta. for not having it in my power any ries, and deputies of the first class of longer to contribute otherwise to the institute. .

" their fucceso. he good of iny peo. I defired to hear your report on the ple, and the glory of my throne, are progress of the human mind during eventually interested in the prosperity thefe laft years, in order that what of the sciences. you might have to state, may be My minister of the home departe heard by all nations, and reduce to ment, will report to me on your filence the detractors of our age, demands; you may rely constantly who endeavouriag to cause the hu- on the effects of my protection.

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Account of ihe State of of the Napoleon Museum, in the

Louvre, at Paris, in July, 1809.

The Louvre was originally a roy Measures have recently been adop. al castle, surrouoded with wood, ted for coinpleting this fructure, and derived its name, according to which had been so long abandoned. Some, from ehe Saxon word, louvear, The present government intends to which signifies a castle; and accor- restore it to the obseet for which it ding to others from the Latia lupa. was designed, by devoting it to the ra. Philip Augustus made it a kind arts and sciences. The museum of of citadel, with broad ditches and paintings will remain in the gallery, towers. The keep was luuated in the that of itatues is to be enlarged, and midale of the court. Three counts lengthened to rez-de-chaussec, facing of Flanders, John de Montfort, and the river.' The imperial library, the Charles of Navarre, were here con- cabinet of medals and engravings, fined. · Francis I. ordered it to be will occupy the upper stories, The demolished ; and in in 1528, erected wardrobc will be in the apartmenrs the facade with the clock, after the of the great gallery, in Thort, this designs of Pierre “iscor. The sculp- edifice will be the fan&uary, as it tures are by Jean Goujon. Here the were, of the muses, and the most Einperor Charles V; was lodged. splendid monument of its kind, that The Louvre was hoished by Henry can poslibly be presented to the admi. 11, and the firit monarch who readed rarion of Europe, io it, was Charles IX. In this edi. THE NAPOLEON MUSEUM fice, the massacre of St. Bartho As far back as the year 1978, the lomew was planned and decreed. French' government projected the Louis XIll. constructed the angle on for.nation of a Museum, and made the left, parallel to that of Henry ll. various arrangements for that pur. as well as the great pavillion over the pose , but it was not till the time of principal entrance are de signs of Jac- the directory, that this measure was ques Lemercier, the Caryatides are carried into effect. The victories of by Sasrazia.

the French ibee enabled them to



bring together the richest collection tations of that goddess. Many are that now exifts. It was throwa cilts are of opi won, that it is by the open to the public in 1793. It is s me hand as the Apollo, c is of. impofible to lee the whole of it, even Parian marble, aad was repaired at leveral visits; but after having with great till by Lange. We are admired the principal obje&s, and alike incrant, whence it came, aod. Satisfied his curiosity, the Itranger, when and how it found its way to furnished with his passport, is at li. France. So much, however, is certerty to repair thither every day, cain, that it has been in that country (Enday excepied,) from çen o'clock ever Gince the reiga of Henry IV., till four.

.. and that it was in the gallery of Viro. The Museum is composed of 1. sailles. It is intended to be placed in the Gallery of intiquities : 2. that the hall of Diana. i . of Paintings : 3. that of Drawings Hall of the Emperors — The ceil. 1. the Cabinet of Engravings., ing is by Memier, as well as the two

GALLERY OF ANTIQUITIES. baffu relievo, in imitation of brooza .

This part of the Louvre, foriner: The four rivers are the liridanus, by ly served for the apartmen:s of Mary Gois ; tbe, Tiber, by Blaises the de Medicis : it was embellished by Nile, by Bridąn ; and the Rhine, by Louis XIV, The paintings are by Le Sueur. Above the arcade, is a Romaselli, and the flucco,, by Gir. basso relievo, by Roland In this ball ardon. It received its preser.c we remark Julian the Apoftace, (20); arraogemeat, after the designs of and Melpomene, .. ... Huber, the architect, who was suc- Hall of the Seasons-lo the mid. ceeded by M. Rayınond. This idle, is a representation of Apollo . gallery was opened, for the first time, and Diana, by Romanelli; and in TAUL. As the enumeration of all around are four pictures. relative to the statues which it contains, wonld those deities. Facing is Parnaffus lead me into coo great lengths, I wish the Muses and Apollo; on' th: Ihall merely notice some of the princi. Opposite side, Diana and A&tæon : 00 pal objeas to which the Atranger's the left, the punishment of Marsyas ; curiolicy is first directed. At the on the right, Diana and Endymion; Museum,' may be procured a detailed in the angles, the four Seasons This catalogue of its contents.

ball is coinpletely painted : the subVellbule. Over the door is a jefts are handled with much grace baffo relievo, represeatiug Minerva, and exprelhon. Here are seen Venus by Moite. The dome, painted by coning out of the Bath, (52); Gide' Banheleny, exhibits man, formed pid, 54); and Ariadae distinguishby Prometheus, aud animated by ed by the addition of Cleopatra. Minerva. Four medallions repre. Hall of Illuftrious Men. - On the sent the four schools of sculpture : vaulted ceiling are Mars, Mercury, thc Egyptian aod Greek, by Lange; and Minerva, with the Olive-branch; the Italian and French, by Lorta. in front, Peace ; and a figure writing The Genius of the Arts, and the the words : De bello par; and at Voion of the Tbréc Arts of design, the farther end, Ceres and Nep:une, are by. Chaudet. He here diltin- Here we find Demofthenes, (12); guith the Hermaphrodice, (No 281); Phocion, (75); and Alcibiade's, the Pallas of Velleiri, (lö); and (79).; a Diona, (2 ;- which i considered Hall of the Romans - In the cen. ibe fiacs of all the exisțing represea. tre is the triumph of. Millerud, fire


rounded by Apollo, and several other by Hennequin: The rest are by
deities. On the lide next to the Lan. Romanelli, viz, the three theologi-
coon, Aands Iurius Scrvola ; on cal Virtues, with Immortality ; and
the opposite side, Cincinna:us, with the four Cardinal Virtues, Justice,
messengers bringing the insigna of Fortitude Prudence, and Temper-
the dictatorship. Ou the third fide ance, with appropriate Genii.
is the Continence of Scipio; and on Pliny informs us, that the Lao-
the fourth, the Rape of the Sabines. coon is the work of three ftatuaries

Hall of Laocoon. - Above the of Rhodes, named Agefander, Po-
groupe is Efther, and on the opposite Jydorus, and Athenodes. This
Side, Judith, by Romanelli; on the groupe was found at Rome, in the
left, a Pi&ture by Perron, reprefen ruins of Ticus's palace, in 1533.
ting the Study of Glory ; above, What a sublime expression of grief!
awo Genji, by Prud'hon; on the It is displayed even in the smallest,
right, the Aris, consecraving them, fibres, the writing of which depicts
felses to the glory of the armies by the moral and physical agony of this
Leriers; above, two Genii, by uofortunate father
Guerin ; in the middle, a picture (To be continued.).
representing the French Hercules,

000000 A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Paul O'Rrian, Professor

of the Irish Language at Maynooth. .. To the Editor of the rish Magazine. Ireland, (to this our adversaries must

unquestionably give their assent,) has SIR,

been always productive of eminent There seems to be an odd fata- and distinguiihed characters, numbers tality attending upon some of the of whom the opprefive blat of infirst characters in the republic of let- tolerance has long lince driven into ters, that the very celebrity they had unmerited oblivion. Any efforts howdefervedly acquired among their co ever, which may be made for trans. . temporaries, had preveored an accu. mitting to polterity an account of sate knowledge of their lives from any truly eminent and worthy Irish descending to pofterity. A writer man, mult, iu the eyes of the undiftinguished by uncoainion abilities, prejudiced be deemed truly merito more especially if that writer has act- rjous. Some memoirs, therefore, of ed a busy part on the fage of life, is the Rev. Paul O'Brian, Professor of fo frequently the subject of conversa. the Irish language at Maynooth, &c. tion, that for some years after his re mult, Sir, I presume, be highly ac. moval, the memories of those who ceptable có an Irish reader. knew hiin are thought to be suffici

Biographical Sbatch, c. ently secure repositories of his fame, THIS learned eccleßaltic was vill by degrees the fading materials born in the year 1973, in Breaky, on which his actions are written a town of inconfiderablc nore in the ..

moulder away, and curiosity begins county of Meath, bordering on the ! precifely at the point of time when county of Cavan; his paren's were of the means of gratifying it are lolt. , the illustrious family of Brian Catha....d


of the county of Clare ; his grand- own country was now unable to afford futher married Carolan. the Irish them. bard's filter, Catharine Carolan, hortly after Mr. O'Brian's arrihence he is grand no phew to this ce mal oo the Continent, the seeds of relebrated bard. In his youth he emni. dirion and intolerance which for some Den:ly displayed some of those sparks tune before had taken deep root in of poetical genius, which had after. France, had unhappily vegetated in. wards entitled him to a place among to open rebellion. The authors of men of the first class for learning and this revolution had unhappily refolv. abi ities. He bad at an early period ed to subvert, not only political, but of life, deeply inbibed those moral even ecclesiastical administration ; and political principles, which length che students therefore, of the differ. of time badrupened into a till richer ent colleges being the subsequent supe ftate of reinement ; and even then port of the latter, muit consequentbad experienced the strongelt impulse ly suffe: no inconsiderable perii in of for the ecclesialtical llace. After ac• the general calamalies of the imes. quiring a complete knowledge of the The blaft of perfecution not cealing, calles and other useful literary ac- the colleges were obliged to be oro. Quilicions, his genuine thirst for the ken up, and the students to disperse, Trih language had induced bim to many were taken and put to death, roam beyond the limits of his native numbers were obliged to take refuge Country, accordingly he visited, in, in France, and a lill greater portion company with a Mr. Plunket, Scot had escaped and retired ro their na. land and the adjacent illes, and af. tive country. Mr. O'Brian was terwards took a tour.co the Ine of among the number of those who had Man, in order to get acquainted with happily effected their escape and re. the Maor language, of which he has turned to Ireland, afier å short but many copies tranlated into Irish and perilous absence, without completing Latin. He applied himself al bis his delign, or adding to his literary eighteenth year to the study of the stock, save that of a more perfect acIrish language, his natural and genu. quaintance with mankind, and an ine favourite, got acquainted with experimental knowledge of the evils the different dialects of the kingdom, attendant on human life and translated into Irish verle the After his return to Ireland, he mot approved and difficula classical could not suffer himself to be lullet works. The gorth of Ireland, once ioco a Itate of torpid ioactivity, the famed for its numerous and learned completion of his studies, and the seminaries, and frequented by Eng. exalied state of his vocation, muit lih and Contioencal (tudents, was ac neceffvily preponderate and take place this period totally bereft of all of every inferior consideration. No these literary advantages without the time was therefore lost in putting lole consolation of a single college those designs into execution - May. to keep up its credit, or revive its - nooth, at that period, inay be said co decayed literature. Such are the vain, be in its meridian fplendour ; the efforts of persecution, 10tolerace. celebrated Flood was its president, 20d oppression! in consequence of Clinch graced the chair of rhetoric, this national disadvantage, the Irish and the great, the learned Ferris was ftudeots were generally obliged to re- its dean * Under such able conducttire to the Continent, in queit of that ors, Maynooth, ii may reasonably be information and learning, which their . supposed, must rival in point of ex


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