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Sir Fragcis and Mr. Beresford ; but of moral honefty far transcends Ds we feel it a duty incumbent on us to Wigor BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ; ; inform ourcountrymen, that Sir Frans and the majority of whom surpass; in cis' never prelided at an Orange the most rigid disinterestedoels, whatLodge, to countenance the diffemina. eyer biftory has told us of the celetionof principles, which inculcated(as brated Roman FABRICIUS ; and the i maiter of essential policy, the exter. entire of whom are duly, fairly, and! mioation of Catholics and Dissenters; faithfully, returned, by the English, he never dictaied proclamations, su- Scotch, and Irish people to Parliaperfeding the civil power, by estab- ment-not a Member for a close or Jilbing military tribunals of torture ; open borough, not one returned by he never affined in transporting, Enger the influence of Admioiftration, not Jish subje&s without conviction, who a placeman or penfioner in the House : bad in vain implored the beneft of of Commons: we say that any man the trial by jury; he never por:' 'who doubts that what the Members Juted the hands of an exalted free (of a House of Commons, so cooltiman, by discharging the office of a futed) say, is truth; must be either flave-executioner; nor did he ever ipfane or a rebel.. . op? befet the King's highway with a band, It is,, to be sure, a good proof of military monfters, whose shirit of to us Sir Francis is wrong, that he blood, collectively and individually, was obliged to submit to fuperior was more difficult to satiate than that', force, and be conducted to the Tower: 4 of Nero or Caligula. Now, if'Sir' for there is not a country under hea. Francis had lived in this country, and ver, where the principle of military promoted such' horrible excelles as force and ialticebeing fynonimous, is) we have, júlt' dcfcribéd, could we better understood than in Ireland. make ufe of any term, more trongly "Sir Francis" infinuated that our prezi expreslive of our hatred and horror, fent representation in the Imperial" than to say he' was sanguinary? But Parliament is corrupt and dishonest, our readers must not believe every and he is very properly incarcerated report chey liear of Sir Francis ! fox telling o'lić. However, as Sir Obe gentleman says he is fanguinary: Francis's criminality" arifes solely another, he is feditious; a third, 'he' from an opinion He has formed; the has bewitched him, for he' makes the question at present for us to examine! hair of bis head land of an end ; is, not so much whether that 'opinion ? a fourth, he has been guilty of á is ftri&ly contitutional, accordiog to breach of the high and mighty (ne- the Attorney Generals or any other ver yet, 'nor ever to be, defined) pri. Arorney's definition, but how such vilege of Parliament; a fifth, that it' opinions conie to be execrated as ** is very evident now'what Sir Francis odious, or fanctiled. as juft. We pucans, which this gentleman did beg to remind our readers, that Wm.' not difcorer before ; a jixth,; a coun.' Tell, of Switzerland, informed his uyman of ours, who perchance may countrymen at a certain period that get into office again) that indeed he , they were not dealt'fairly by: they is sure the Electors of Weftminster rebelled in consequence agaiost their : will never again return' Sir Francis Governors and overthrew them, and to Parliament. Now, when thefe William is now politically canonized opinions were delivered by Members in Switzerland as the rettorer of his of a House of Commons, composed country's liberty. The Und Pro. of nien, she least of whom in point vinces, by the intrepid exar ple of

Some few noble-minded men, 'emanci- weak co luçeced; and like his friends, pated themselves from the yoke of some deserted chem, because adverlicy Spain ; the Portuguese did the like ; is contagious, others because the lex and sure it is only the other day since fortioris was their criterion of right, Franklin, and Adams, and Walhand others who like the drunken ington, and Gates, and Montgomery, bully, can blufter and woiciferate coand a hoft of other great men, were pioully when danger is remote), de. all rebels ; but now such as survive Serted their friends in the hour of of them are free and independent distress on the fightest alarm, as the Citizens, not fubject to the controul barking village car Ateals off with of any government but their own. I fallen ears and mail at the noife of a had almost forgot the period of our horsewhip. .

glorious revolution : W L'DAM of The French Commiffioner at Tous · Orange was fecretly invited to Eng- lon' was haoged by Lord Hood as a land, by lefs than 100 perfons, and rebel, because he was not trong

they not the most considerable for enough to keep his Lordship oat. i landed possessions or popular influ: Colonel Haines, an American offience, As chance would have it, or cer, was hanged by Lord Moira, as our good fortunes, he fucceeded ; and a rebel ; for he was taken prisoner, all those English, Irish, and Scorch and in such cafes a prisoner is always men who fought for him, and who on the wrong side. The Earl of (if his expedition failed) would have Derwentwater, Lord Lovat, &c. been hanged as rebels have their were hanged in London ; for they al. names handed down to us as, noble' 'fifted the Pretender ;' and, being deafertors of their couotry's freedom; "feated, they were all in the wrong. and that usurpation is called the glo- The Duke D'Enghein attempted to rious revolution of 16 8. There is restore the Bourbons in France ; he also the case of Spain at present, a was taken and Not ; he, too, was cer. Atrong exemplification of this princi. tainly in the wrong. Lord Edward ple: the Spaniards are all rebels Fitzgerald, Messrs. O'Connor, Emagainst their Sovereign, for they are mett, &c. concerted a plan to repafighting for the 'establishment of an rate this country from England; and, equitable fyftem of government; and after a struggle in which thousands if" fome certain Juntas could lay hold lost their lives by the fword and the on them, they would first put them gibbet, the rebels were totally difio towers, and hang them afterwards comfited ; and wilk any man fay (afby way of diversification ; however, ter luch a result) that they were not we think it is not necessary to possess all in the wrong. . . the gift of prophecy in order that we Hence it is very evident, that all may be enabled to give it as an opi. those who ever yet entertained opinie nion, that these fame Spaniards will "ons inimical to established Governsoon become an enfranchised and medts, were wrong, even though happy people, by extinguishing the' such Governments imight chance to partizans of their abtient wholesome,' be imbecile, despotic, and piratical. despotic, and inquifitorial inftitutions which we all know our Government is

As we have mewn those that were not ; that is to say, when such opinions right because they succeeded; we were held by a party unable to make think it only impartial to give a short them manifefl by cogent arguments; and account of those who were wrong, we believe it is a conviction (the relike Sir Francis, because they were 106 fult of such seasoning) which has in


.. duced all Sir Francis's parliamentary consideration to the empire, than that • friends to say that he is very wrong.' of any other man whom we at pre... What though all the honelt men in seot know in it, except his Majesty :

the two provinces and one kingdom wherefore then should he unnecelia

fhould think with Sir Francis-bey. rily and unproti tably expose it? · must be all wrong : for they can do Does he expect that those who have • Rought else but scold, throw dirt, imprisoned him, by the aid of a mili. - paving Nones, and brick bats at Mr. tary force, in the Tower of London,

Perceval or his myrmidons, who, for an undefined offence, and in the would, very properly, shoot them very teeth of the 4 3d article of Magna for their folly. There is one part; Charta, will be convinced of their

of Sir Francis's conduct which we error by any legal decisiop which may - disapprove of much, as well for his take place favourable to the cause for

own as for the country's fake ; and, which he is suffering? If he does,

that is for having exposed his person we fear he is more credulous than · to the rudeness and insults of the philosophical. We are certain that Sir - Bow-ftreet runners and conftable Francis is in possession of the article

thief-takers, and his health to the in Magna Charla to which we allude ; .. risk of being impaired by imprison- ; but for the information of Irishmen, , ment-and all this without a feasible. we insert it in the original French,

prospect of rendering the smallest with the English translation : Service to his country : for if he only 430 Article of Magna Charla. will recollect the tenor of the dif. ferent speeches he has delivered in

Nuls Frans hom ne sera pris, ne the British House of Commons for



emprisonez, ne disfaisız, ne ullagiez, i ten years back, he must admit the

'ne eisfilliez, ne destrviz, ac aucune justness of this observation. Surely

i maniere, ne for liu n'irons de Sir Francis cannot quote one exam

D'envierons, fors par leal jugement ple from history, of a corrupt go.

de ses pers, o par la lei de la terre. vernment reforming itself. There

Translation. are two insuperable objections, always . No Freeman Mall be taken, nor

existing, against such reformation :- imprisoned, nor disseized, nor out• The first is the apprehension which lawed, nor exiled, nor destroyed in

juftly arises, in the minds of those any manner; nor will we pass upon who possess all the emoluments of him, nor,condemn him, but by the state, that they shall lose them; and Jawful judgment of his Peers, or by the second, the very rational fear they. THE LAW OF THE LAND. entertain of being puoithed for for. To Sir Francis we say in conclusion, mer delinquency.

let him not commit himself again with Webegleave, with all due deference Ministers; in the fulloess of time they to Sir Francis, to offer him as opi: will burft like the yolcano, for of : pion; and let him take it as a pledge such materials are they composed.

of our good will, and not as the. Tolrithmen we say, when they peruse common place adulation of hireliog,' this short article, let then remember or party scribes : We think his life, the year 1998, Mr. Joho Claudius just at this crifis, of greater individual Beresford, and Magna Charta.

From the Travels of F. A. Michaux, in the vear 1802, in America.

THE state of Kentucky is situated The Kentucky and Green rivers 36 deg: 30 min. and 39 deg. 30 empry themselves into the Ohio, min, north latilude, and 28 deg. after a course of three hundred and 89 deg. west longitude; irs miles; they fall so low in summer boundaries to the north-vest are the time, that they are forded a hunOhio, for an extent of about seven dred and fifty miles from their hundred and sixty miles, to the embouchure ; but in the winter and ease of Virginia, and to the souch spring they experience such sudden of Tennessea ; it is separated from and strong increases, that the waters Virginia by the river Sandy and of the Kentucky rise about forty feet the Laurel Mountains, one of the in four-and.ewenty hours. This vaprincipal links of the Alleghanies. riation is still more remarkable in The greatest length of this state is the secondary rivers which run about four hundred miles, and its into it: the latrer, though fre. greatest breadth about two hun- quently from ren to fifteen fathoms dred. This vast exrent appears to broad, preserve such little water in lie upon a bank of chalky stone, summer, that there is scarcely one identic in its nature, and covered of them which cannot be crossed with a stratum of vegetable earth, without wetting the feet ; and which varies in its composition, the stream of water that serpenand is from ten to fifteen feet cines upon the bed of chalky rock is thick. The boundaries of this at that time'reduced to a few inches immense bank are not yet prescribed in depth; in consequence of which in any correct manner, but its we may look upon the Kentucky thickness mus: be very considera- as an immense bason, which, ble, to judge of it by the rivers independent of the natural illapse in the country, the borders, of of its waters tbrough the chandel which, and particularly those of of the rivers, loses a great part of the Kentucky and Dick rivers, them by interior openings. which is one branch of it, rise, in The Atlantic part of the United some parts, three hundred feer States in that respect affords a perpendicular, where the chalky perfect contrast with Kentucky, stone is seen quite bare.

as on the other side of the Alle. The soil in Kencucky, although ghanies not the least vestige of irregular, is not mountainous, if chalky stone is seen. The rivers, we except some parts contigious to great and small, however di càng the Ohio and on this side Virginia. from their source, are subject to The chalky stone, and abundant no other change in the volume of coal mines which lie useless, are their waters but what results from the only mineral substances wora a more or less rainy season ; and thy of notice. Tron mines are their springs, which are very nusery scarce there, and, to the best merous, always supply water in of my remembrance, biit one was abundance ; this applies more worked, which is far from being particularly to the southern states, sufficient for the wants of the with which I am perfectly ac

quainted . May, 1810



According According to the succinct idea route; and, on the other hand, that we have just given of Ken- they were deserted by the English tucky, it is easy to judge that the in Canada, who had aberted and inhabitants are exposed to a very supported them in the war. serious inconvenience, that of In 1782 they began to open waaring water in the summer ; roads for carriages in the interior srill we must except those in the of the country; prior to this there vicinity of great rivers and their were only paths praciicable for perprincipal channels, that always sons on foot and horseback. Till preserie water enough to supply 1588 those who err.igrated from theit diomesic wants ; thence it re. the eastern stares, travelled by way sels that nuany estares, even among of Virginia. In the first place, rise most fertile, are not cleared, they went lo Block House, situated and that ile owners cannot get in Holston, westward of the moun. rid of them without the greatest tains; and as the government of difficulty ; as the emigrants, beiter The United States did not furnish informed now-a-days, make no them with an escort, they waited purchases before they have a cor- at this place till they were sufficirect statement of localities. esily numerous to pass in safery

Kentucky is that of the three Through the Wilderness, an unin. states situared west of the Alleghan habired space of a hundred and nies which was first popied. thirty miles, which they had to This country was discovered in travel over before they arrived at 1770, by some Virginia sportsmen, Crab Orchard, the first post occuwhen the tavourable accouns they pied by the Whites. The énthia gave of it induced others to go siasm for emigrating to Kentucky There. No fixed establishment, was at that time carried to such however, was formed there before a degree in the United States, that 1783. At that time this immense some years upwards of twenty coanıry was not occupied by any ihousand have been known to pass, Indian nation; they went chere iu and many of them had even dehunt; but ail uw one cummon serred their estares, not having been assent made a war of extermina. able to dispose of them quick tion against those who wished to enough.' This overflow of new setile chere. Thence this couniry Culonists very soon raised the price derives the name of Kentucky, of land in Kentucky: from two. which ignifies, in the language of pence and two-pence-halfpenny per the natives, the Land of 8!008. acre, it suddenly rose to seven ot When the Whites made their ap- eight shillings. The stock-jobbers Farance ibere, the natives showed profired by this infatuation ; and, sil! more opposition to their, es not content with a moderate share

blishment: they carried for a of grin, practised the most illegal Hogy lear'ind desolacion, a:id measures to dispose of the land 10 Topa: 75,0?; after their usual mode, great aivaniage. They went 50 tier pision is in the most cruel 1r as in fabricate false plans, in torments. This state of things thich they traced rivers faroralists!!!! 93, ar which iine the ble for mills and other uses ; il

nic apulation 'vavin, becine this man er many ideal lots, from t ror furtherntipenetrate!) the five hundred to a thousand acres, care sit ric curabihinesi, ilvey were sil in Europe, and even in teie rolned to the necession of several great towns of the United *:.king the einigranis on thei: S:3:.:.

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