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thematical pursuirs, he did not tes. great men, may be adduced, in ore. tify the same indifference in respect der to refuse those common places to philosophy. He was much ate about the antipathy of memory and tached to Cartesianison*, then a new judgment, on the part of such theory. A genius of this kind, har- men as flaiter themselves that da. dy, bold, and vigorous, was pre. iure has given them judgment, and venied by religion alone from en at the same time bereaved them of ering more fully into the contro- memory, versy; but the violent attacks which Desiined by his taste and hischa. these doctrines experienced from racter to eloquence and controverThe theologians, instead of affrighi sy, Bassuet exhibited, as it were, ing the subject of this eulogium. on his very front, the talents of the contributed rather to animate his theologian. On his appearance, zeal for persecured reason.
the tone of the pulpit was immediMeanwhile, Bossuet continued to acely changed; for he substituted, form his mind in piety, by fre. to those indecencies which degraquent journeys to the abbey of La ded, and to that bad taste which Trappe-a spot, the very sight of rendered is in some measure Cuba which pointed out how far a lively temptible, all the force and dignity and animated faith might render befitting christian morality. He the most rigorous privations dear to never wrote out his sermons, or ra. those who cherished it ; a spot ther he only transcribed the sum. which was at the same time well maries, or arguments; for, after calculated to point out to the philo. profoundly meditating his subjeci, sopher the nullity of ambition and he was content with committing of glory, as well as the consolation the principal points to paper; he oi retirement, and the happiness of was accustomed, however, to cull obscurity.
and set down different expressions The peculiar talents of Bossuet for for the same idea; and, in the the pulpit, became manifest from warmth of his action, he seized his earliest infancy. He was alrea. that which first occurred to the im. dy announced as a precocious ora. petuosity of his genius. His prinfor at the hotel'de Rambouillet, where ted sermons are only the remnants merit of all kinds was summoned of an immense number of composito appear, and to be estimated. Be- tions, for he never preached the fore a numerous and select assembly. · same one twice. They are to be almost without preparation, and considered, therefore, rather as the amidst conuinued bursis of applause. sketches of a great master, than as he preached a sermon from a text so many finished pictures. One of assigned io him, at a time when he those men who make a parade of was only sixteen years of age, and believing nothing, was desirous to
t eleven o'clock all night. This hear, or rather to brave him. made Voltaire, who was so fertile Toulorry to allow himself vanquishin puns, declare that he had never ed, but at the same time 100 just heard any one preach either so soon
not to render due homage to a great
not or so late, (sitot ni sirard.)
man, the stranger freely acknowIn addition to such rare talents ledged,“ that he was the first of for eloquence, nature had'erdowed preachers, in his opinion; and that Bossuet with a prodigious memory. it was by him alone that he could on this ocasion, he, as many oiher
ever be converted.
• The doctrines of Rene Des Cartes.
In the midst of his oratorical cri- the gods of the earth degraded by umphs, Bossuet made his first essay the hand of death, and plunged as a theologian, by the refutation into ecernity, like rivers deprived of the catechism of Paul Terry, a of their names, and of their glory, protestant divine, which was well and mingled in the ocean with unreceived. But, what was suill more known streams." This sublime surprising, these two friends ever and pathetic orator made the whole remained so, notwithstanding their court burst into tears, when, at the controversy.
funeral of Henrietta of England, The reputation of Bossuet at Duchess of Orleans, he himself, length reached the court, where amidst sighs, pronounced the folhis sermons were listened to with lowing emphatie words: rapture. Louis XIV., who was fa: “nuit desastreuse, nuit effroya better judge than any of those able, ou retentit tout a coup, comme who surrounded him, did not fail un éclat de tonnerre cette accablante to confer on him many marks of wouvelle : his esteem; and the new orator at " Madame se meurt ! Madame est Versailles was well deserving of his morte !" protection, for, like most men of It was with the funeral oration great talents, he was destitute alike of the great Conde chat Bossuet of intrigue and factery. An ade- terminated his career, and it has quate recompense, which he never always been allowed to be a mastersought after, found him in the so: piece. litude which he loved, even amidst Such was the general esteem for a coure, for the king now nomi- this prelaie, chac Louis XIV. sewared him bishop of Condom. Per lected him to educate the Dauphin ; ceiving in Bourdaloue, a suce and the French Academy deemed cessor worthy of himself, and one itself fortunate in obraining such formed after his own model, Boso an accession to its celebrated men. suet immediately resigned the scepa After his retirement, the Bishop tre of christian eloquence to the . of Meaux spent the greater part of hands of an illustrious rival, to his life in humane and charitable whom he had opened and traced actions, and at lengih terminated out that glorious career, and was it, April 12, 1704 ; honoured not neither surprised nor jealous at per. only with the regrets of the Galceiving the disciple rushing furiher lican church, but also of the French
han the master. Soon after this, philosophers, one of whom has he confined himself entirely 10 written his elog és another species of eloquence, in The editor of the volume now which he found neither a superior before us has divided his subject nor an equal --chat of funeral ora. into certain heads ; and out of 389 llons. All those which he pro. different articles composed by this nounced, exhibited the print of eloquent writer, he has selected that bold and animated mind which the flowers. He begins, 1. with produced them, and each of them God ; 2. Providence ; 3. Man ; 4. was filled with those terrible truths the Soul; s. the Conscience ; 0. that such as are in authoriry in Truch; 7. Religion ; 8. the Gose this world cannot hear too much pel, &c. The subject entitled De of, but which they are but too rea- la Liberte, is such as might have dy to forget. It was on those oc. been expected from a courrier in casions, to make use of his own lawn, during the despotism of expressions, " that one beholds all Louis XIV. The same may be APRIL, 1810.
said of L'Egalire Naturelle. He talks war; for a spirit occupied with of war, however, with great bold. arms, is not a God, but rather a ness, in the presence of a prince fury ; and were a man, from some but too much attached to it ; and inaccessible portion of the earth, we cannot but give him credit for but to contemplare those frightful the de:estation “ of a thing so hor- machines, which are collecied for rible, that the very name is calcu- the purposes of human vengeance, lated to inspire disgust.” “ I am he would shudder at the idea, that indignant," adds the prelate, “at they were destined for the spilling The exirenie brurality of the an- of human blood !" cienis, who made a divinity of
ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS.
The following are the resolutions Europe ; and that said oath conentered into by the Roman Catho- tains such ample declaration of cilic Bishops, at their late meeting yil artachment, such total and ex. in the merropulis. They are pub- plicit abjuration of all foreign pre. lished in the form of a pamphler, tensions, whether spiritual or temwith suitable introductions and con- poral, to intermeddle in the civil cluding remarks :
establishments or laws of this part 1. Resolved-That it appertains of his Majesty's dominions, and to the order, charge, and spirirual such authentic protestation of our auchority of Bishops in the Carho- doctrines in the only matter then lic Church, and is inseparable from affording ground for slander or Their mission, in propose, enier- jealousy, as that said oath furnishes itain and judge, without any lay a security, such as we believe is iniervenzion, on points of Chrisijan noi demanded by any other state Faith and of general discipline; from native subjects, and beyond whereby the universal church is which no pledge can be effectual, connected into one mind and one short of the overihrow of our conbody, as the body of Christ. sciences, or such other perpetual
2. Resolved That are do here- degradarion of our communion as by confirm and declare our inal will tend to disquiet the governtered adherence to the resolutions menr, notwithstanding an ostensiunanimously entered into at our las: ble emancipation, by the sense of general meeting, on the 14th of indignity on the one hand, and by September, 1808.
the continuance of suspicion on the 3. Resolved–That the oath of other. allegiance, which under the provi: 4 Resolved-That said pallet sions of an Irish act of parliament, and she promises, declarations, abenacted in that behalf, is rendered jurations, and protestations, therein 10, and is taken by his Majesty's contained, are notoriously, to the Irish Roman Catholic subjects, was Roman Catholic Church at large, agreed to and appro.ed by all the become a part of the Roman CaRoman Catholic Bishops in Ireland, tholic Religion, as taught by us, afier long and conscientious discuss the Bishops, and received and sion, and consulration had with maintained by the Roman Catholie rije several Carholic universities and Churches in Ireland : and as such dividual authorities throughout are approved and sanctioned by the
or her Roman Catholic churches. be put down from this rank, unless So that it appears to us ucierly im- by voluntary resignation, or cano. possible that any way is left to any nical judgment; and the rank of foreign authority, whereby the the bishop of Roine being sole and allegiance of Irish Catholics can be single, imports in the term ics assailed, unless by that which Gud inherent authoriry, which is not averts, by open invasion; in which subject to any poriion of the Roman Extreme supposition, as we will Catholic Hierarchy, however res. persevere by God's grace to do our pectable, or to any lay Catholic duty, so we have certain hope, authority, however extensively or that every true son of the Roman even universally predominant. Catholic Church in Ireland, will 8. Resolved -That in his suid cagerly prove how well his religion holiness, bis capriviny nocwich. can stand with the most heroic al. ing, the right silil abides of giving legiance.
• cornmunion and confirmation ! 5. Resolved–That the Roman bishops of the Roman Catholic Catholic Church teaches, that of Church ; whereby bishops, 59 Cthe Christian policy, a most essen- firmed, are recognised by one 100tial part is the principle and rene ther, and by the Church ar large dency of an unceasing communis and that such condition is beCation in divine things amongst all come a landmark of the Citholic the faithful; of which the tempo. discipline and ecclesiastical peace, rary suspension is a misfortune to throughout all the churches. mankind, but the perpetual abro. 9. Resolved-That the spirit of gation by human law must be fellow-suffering with the afflicted considered by us as manifest op- Church of Christ, and of abhorpression of conscience.
rence of the misdeed, by which 6. Resolved-That the immove the salutary function of the Papal able doctrine neither contradiças See has been intercepred through the dury, nor impedes the zeal of open violence, against the meekest the most faithful and generous at. of men ; as well as the sentiments tachment to kings and to lawful au. of dury, fraternity and reverence, thorities; but, on the contrary, towards our guiltless brother and exalts this duty to a divine station; spiritual chief, forbid us to take up because our Religion, of which as spoils any part of the right of that communion is the bond, teach the Apostolic See, so invaded, vioes fidelity above temptation, unex- lared, and trodden down, for a lims, ampled obedience to laws, and by sacrilege. that, in all human duties, we must 10. Resolved–Thar by an acę surpass, for conscience sake, thę of the same day with thes: premeasure of them who serve mere- sents, and encyclical to the Roman • ly for reward, or through fear. Cacholic Churches, we have judger,
7. Resolved That the Prim.cy concluded, and declared, that dur. of the Roman Catholic Church is ing the public captivity of his said known, of fact, to have devolved holiness, and until his freedom on his holiness Pius VII. now, as shall have, unequivocally be maniwe have reason to believe, a se- fested by some act, not merely of cluded prisoner in the hands of the approbation or cession, we refuse, public enemy; but that such his send back, and reprobate--and, Imprisonment is not a deposition, moreover, for ourselves, we annul por does it amount to a deposition; and cancel as to any effect, all briefs Decalse ne bishop may rightfully or prerended briefs, bulls or preo
tended bulls, rescripts, even as of a distinction, which ultimately rehis proper morion, and certain dounded to the honor of the toleknowledge, bearing title as from rating spirit of his present Majesty's his said holiness, and purporting to goyernment. be declaratory of his free will, or 14. Resolved–That any change of any resignation of his papal at present, in our ecclesiastical apoffice ; and that, during the said pointments, expressly innovating ca privity of Pius VII. we will ac. upon our religious discipline, on count the years of his pontificate, the ground of its being perilous to and of no uther.
the state, because a Roman Catho11. Resolved-That, if it should lic, and this without a single inplease God,'t hat his said holiness stance of danger incurred, must at should die, as now, a prisoner, we once degrade our Church in the will continue to account the holy estimation of Europe, as dishonorsee vacant, until full information ing its most prevailing Christian and canonical proof shall be had belief, by our implied acquiescence by us of the free, canonical, and in a charge of iis inadequacy to due election of his successor. maintain the most perfect social
12. Resolved–That before the faith; and must prejudice at home date of an Irish act of parliament, the interests of the public cause, giving the last relief to his Majes- by disabling our authority, which ty's Roman Catholic subjects, and is, and has been, and will ever be from that to this present time, the exerted in that cause. recommendation of us, Bishops, 15. Resolved That, the idea of when concurring, had been pro- making the elections of bishops in gressively advancing in weight and entirely national, by confining said authority with the holy see ; and, election to chapters alone, or to as we believe, principally from the chapters and metropolitans, is sufollowing cause ; that we were perseded by the matters and conknown to be at once attached to siderations of the three last resothe Roman Catholic Faith ; neither lutions; is, moreover, not within sacrificing our religion to wordly competence ; and though it had hopes, nor making this freedom been free of the guilt of schism, of conscience a cloak for malice ; would, in the present circumstances but inculcaring religious and social of the Irish Catholics, subject our duries, in the name of one God, religion to the most serious and the founder of both.
unseemly disadvantages ; and in 13. Resolved That by the course our judgmeni, would most probably latterly adhered to, two benefits lapse into the sole and positive apwere obtained, and were in pro- pointment of the crown. gress to become a part of our eco 16. Resolved-- That as to the ar.. clesiastical system, the one, that rangements regarding our Church, the choice of persons to fill the and said to be intended for accom. office of bishops, effectively origi. panying a proposal for emancipanated from, and was circumscribed tion of Irish Roman Catholics, by us, so far at least as to make it prudence, and a regard for our inaccessible to any foreign tempo- duty forbid us io pronounce a Tal influence, or corrupt recom- judgment ; whereas those rumourmendation. The other advantage ed arrangements have not been aswas this, that it held uut our hie- certained by us through any chanrarchy to the world at large, as nel. However, we declare, that purely selected ; and thus obrained no spirit of conciliation has been