Графични страници
PDF файл

him as soon as the day appeared. of Bourk, and other Irish officers, Hearing some cavalry, he started called on him, and presented in up hastily; and when he complain. him an officer of their own nation, ed to his landlord that he had not who was the same Macdonald who Waked him early enough, the man had taken M. de Villeroy; he came told him that it was the emperor's to speak to them, and ro offer them cuirassiers who had passed under good terms from prince Eugene. the windows, and that the allies had That officer told M. d'Arenes, chat surprized she town. The major M. Villeroy was taken, chac above immediately took his pistols, and five thousand of the garrison were observing every thing as diligently killed upon the spot, and that there as he could, in order to make choice was nothing berier for him to hope of a favourable opportunity to es- for ihan the quarters offered him, cape without being attacked, lie at because Prince Eugene only waited last found one, and was so happy his return to come and attack them. as to get safe to his regiment.

M. d'Arenes told him in answer, The count de Revel sent orders that he was very much our in his to M. d'Arenes to march along the reckoning, that in a short iime ramparış, on the side of the cha- prince Eugene and his troops would pel of Santa Maria Nuova, which be beaten out of the town, and that is between the Milan gaie and that if his highness waited for his return of All Saints. He saw at that to begin the alack, it would be time on his right, the baitalions of somewhat of the longest before he Dillon and Bourk, who marched, began it, because he thought it with major Mahony at their head, necessary to secure him. He sent po the side of the Po gate. Count him to i he castle with the other Merci had seized a battery of can- prisoners, whom the Irish had non, which was on the left of that taken. M. d'Arenes having thus gate. M. d'Arenes, instead of fol- put the Irish and the regiment lowing his first orders, put himself of Beaujolois into order, went to at the head of the two Irish regi. join the count de Revel, to inform menrs, with MI. Mahony. They him of what he had done, and to charged the Imperialists, who were reçeive his orders. He found him masters of the rampart on the left on the esplanade with the M. de of the Po gare, and of the battery, Praslin, who were gerring together and behaved with such gallantry, as many of the troops as they could, That, after a long and obstinate en- and in halt an hour's time he re-asBagement, they obliged the Impe. sembled a considerable part of the Tialists to abandon that post and the garrison. The count de Revel put battery about noon, and killed chem himself at the head of the infaniry, a great number of men, although and having made several detacha. the Irish were almost all of them ments, he assigned them their at. naked to their shirts. He posted a tacks. considerable body of infantry in The M. de Praslin on his side this place, and put the remainder drew together the cavalry, and as of the Irish into a convent of Fran- they came out of their caserns he ciscans, which was on the left of put them into order of battle on The rainpart. M. d'Arenes went i he esplanade, and then marched after this to the Po gale, in order to ariack the horse of the allies ; 10. post there the regiment of Beau- while the regiment of marines, Jools. M. Mahony and M.lacoup, and that of Medos, who had all Heutenant-colonel of he regiment along kepe their posis, fell upon Y2.


the Imperialists in the lesser square, diers had possessed themselves but they found i hem so numerous They immediately followed up this that they could not drive them advantage; and these troops, sustain

from thence. It was in this action ed by four companies of horse of rohat messieurs d'Entragues and de the regiment of the Dauphin, and Montandre were wounded and car- a squadron of the regiment of Nare ried off. M. de Praslin in the inre- bonne, marched to the gate of All rim charged the allies at the head Saints. They attacked the forces of the cavalry. He found all the posted there, defeated them, and streets so fall of the Imperial horse, made themselves masters of it; that it was not in his power to they advanced next to the square clear them; bilt, the Marquis de tower, which was defended by an Fimarcon, at the head of his regi. old church, and by several houses ment, taking them in flank through filled with foot soldiers ; this post a street which came directly upon was attacked and defended with exthem, attacked them six iimes suc- traordinary bravery. The count cessively, with such success that de Revel was obliged to send to the the Imperialists began to give way. castle for two several pieces of canWhile the horse were engaged, the non, in order to carry ir the better. count de Revel took all the mea. As there were no horses to be had, sures necessary for clearing the the officers and soldiers crew them ramparts and re-taking the posts in to the place themselves. As soon the possession of the allies. He was as they got chem chicher, they bara joined by Don Diego de Concha, go- tered the tower of the church, and vernor of the place, who run out at began a second attack ; but the M. the first noise. He fell unluckily de Fimarcon being by that time into the middle of a body of Impe- come up at the head of his tegirialists, and being abandoned by the ment, he ordered them to dismount small guard he had about his person, and attack the Imperialists sword in received two musquet shois, one in hand, and immediately carried the the belly and one in the arm; this place. " . however did not hinder his joining There remained now only St. the count de Revel, who was also Margaret's gate to be taken, and seconded by M. d'Arenes, Mes, then the Imperialists had been elsieures des Cailus, de la Chetardie, fectually shut into the town ; but de Courlandon, de Langais, and prince Eugene, who know of what several other officers.' The count consequence the preserving that pasde Revel, in order to attack the sage was, had taken care to post a Imperialists with greater regularity, great number of troops in its neighestablished a communication with bourhood, and to see them well inthe post possessed by the Irish, trenched ; and placed also a great and caused several streets to be bar- number of foot in the houses adricaded, in order to cover his forces joining in the gate, who made a from the cuirassiers. He then or continual fire. However M. d'Aredered the regiment of marines, and nes proposed to M. de Revel to at: what remained of the royal regi- rack that gate, in order to try if ment of Franche Comie, 10 march, they could carry it. M. de Revel and with these he attacked the readily consenied : M. d'Arenes church of Santa Maria Nuova, and caused then a battalion of the ma. the house of the provost, which rines to advance, and put himself at they carried, as also a bastion ad. the head of a battalion of the roy. joining to it, of which the grena. al regiment of Franche Comte. He


caused all the streets !o be lined seizing the bridle of his horse, prothat were in the neighbourhood of posed to him his rendering himself the gate ; but in the very instant as prisoner ; but the baron replied he was bringing up the foor to fall fiercely, that this was not the day of upon the allies in their posts, he clemency, and that he should do received a musquet shot in the mid- his dury, endeavouring as he spoke dle of his stomach, which striking ihese words to spur his horse to the a large silver button, was thereby charge ; he was killed in an instant. hindred from entering. This con: The Curiassiers, as soon as they lusion, though it was not' dange. saw the death of their commander, Tous, disabled him for ihe time, began to be in great confusion.by hindering his respiring freely. The Irish pursued their advantage, The count de Revel caused the post by making frequent discharges of however to be attacked by M. de their sınall arms, whereby num. Beaulieu, lieutenant colonel of the bers of the cuirassiers were laid ar regiment of Medoc, but the impe. their horses' feet, so that at last they rialists repulsed them with all the were obliged to retire. The regivigour imaginable, and forced chem ment of Bourk, in this attack, had ac length to retire.' M. de Revel seven officers, and forty-two soldimade yet another effort, but in ers killed, and nine officers and fifty vain; it was impossible to force the soldiers wounded; the regiment of . allies. . .

: Dillon had one officer and forty. · But to return to what passed duro nine soldiers killed, and ewelve ofing this time on the side of the Po ficers, and seventy-nine soldiers gale: after M. Mahony had driven wounded. the allies from the ramparis on that M. Mahony did not chink it proside, and had rerakèn eight pieces per to pursue the Imperialists farof cannon with his two irish regi- ther, or to march on as he had been ments, he received orders from the directed to the gate of Mantua, count de Revel, ar ten o'clock in foreseeing that he should meet with the morning, to leave a hundred new obstacles, and that the battery men in the bartery, and to do, his would be infallibly taken. The e utmost to force his passage to the apprehensions of his were well gule of Mantua, where he should founded, forche allies returned with receive fresh orders. He marched fresh troops to attack che Irish, and with the Irish immediately, and fired very briskly upon thein in with them drove about two hun- their retreat. They made therdred grenadiers to a corps de garde, selves masters of houses from where the Imperialisis had'a consiwhence they fired upon the Iristi derable body of troops, who made with advantage ; but M. Mahony, from thence a terrible fire. in the who was posted near the ballery, mean time several troops of the Im: caused the cannon to be pla ved upo perial cuirassiers hearing a noise, on that house, which immediarely advanced as fast as they could, and obliged them to abandon it. He with several other bodies of horse directed also the firing upon the and foot, charged the Irish in Imperialisis, who were coming on their flank and rear. The baron with cartridge shot, which mblio de Freiberg, lieutenant colonel of ged them instantly to retire. They Taar's regiment, who commanded ceased not however firing from The cuirassiers, having put: he first erinences, from the angles of bustiranks in ro disorder, broke into the ons, and from all other places where barallion of Dillon. M. Mahony they were under cover.


Prince Eugene heard, with re- gene on that side, the Frer.ch were grer, the news of the baron de obliged to withdraw the delach. Freiberg's death, and the retreat of ment they had in the redoubt, and rhe curiassiers ; he was likewise to break, or rather burn choic perfectly sensible of the disadvan- bridge of boats. This rendered the tages his iroops were under on all six thousand men commanded by sides; he resolved therefore 10 prince Vaudemont absolurely use. bring the inhabitants of the town less, and put an end to the efforts into his interest, if possible, and to which prince Eugene had hitherto engage them to assist him against made to maintain himself in the the French. Prince Commerci, to possession of the place. As soon as whom he communicated this de- he understood the bridge was design, gave into his sentiments. As scroyed, he began to think it ne. he had chosen the town-house for cessary to provide for his recreat, his post, he immediately caused the which he performed with such oralarm bell to be rung, in order to der and resolution, that the enemy, assemble the magistrates ; but in though they assembled from all spire of all he could say to them, parts, durst not pursue him, though either in harsh terms, by threaten- he halced about a mile from tonn, ing them that their houses should and was encumbered with a great be plundered, or in smoother lan- number of prisoners, among whom guage, by assuring them of the were a hundred officers, at whose fullest protection from the empe- head was a marshal of France, the yor, he could draw from them no Duke of Villeroy, and a lieutenant other answer than this, that in the general, the Marquis de Crenant, state things were in, they were able who died of his wounds, whose so do nothing ; but that they would fare the marshal envied, so much receive the linperialists, when they ashamed was he of being taken in should be absolute masters of the the manner he was. As to prince place, as they had received the Eugene, it may be justly said that French.

he acquired as much glory as it the Notwithstanding all these disap- affair had succeeded, since nothing pointments, the enterprise had yet could have been better concerned. succeeded, if the prince of Vaude- and since his project was rendered mont could have passed the bridge abortive by mere accidents, which over the Po; but the dust which his it was impossible for him to pretroops raised in their march giv. vent. ing the enemy to understand hat succours were coming to prince Eu.


Jacques Benigne Bossuet, born at every thing. The Jesuiis, who Dijon, on the 27th day of Septem- were his first instructors, did not ber, 1627, was descended from a fail to perceive in such a disciple family distinguished in the parlia- the seeds of future greatness. Acment of Burgundy. From his ear- cordingly, they made use of the ly infancy, he addicted himself to most adroit insinuations to attrac: study, wiih the avidity of a rising him, in order that he might begenius, that seizes on and devours come a member of their society,


practising on this occasion those arts only appeared calculated either to by which they have obtained so seduce, or to alarm his virtue. He many able men. The fathers already carried the austerity of his princiflattered themselves with the hope ples still further. li is well known, of including young Bossuet in the chat certain rigid casuists have concircle of their conquests; but his un- sidered as a species of apostacy, that cle, who watched over his interests, liberty, which most of the christian and was well acquainted with the poets have allowed theinselves, of plans of those who superintended employing the imagery of the pahis studies, dissipated all their in- gan divinities in their productions. trigues, by carrying away his ne. Bossuet did these valuable doctors phew to Paris.

the honour of being of the same As he was destined to become an way of thinking, alihough Des ecclesiastic, he cultivated all the Preaux, in his Art Poetique, has branches of education either useful made them the first answer that a or necessary to the state for which great poer can oppose to such scruhe was destined, from the bible to ples : in short, he has refuted them profane authors, and from the fa in harmonious verses, and che poethers of the church, to the scholas- try of Boileau will be recollected, fic theologians, and the mystic wri when the judgment of the rigoters. The lively interest, or rather riscs will be forgotten. The agreefassion, with which he addicted able and philosophical fictions of himself to the sacred records, al- che ancient mythology, which con'ready announced the future prelare, fer life and soul on every thing, will who was destined to preach up re. continue, notwithstanding the ar. ligion with all the zeal of the ret of Bossuet, to furnish our great apostles, and to celebrate it with poets with new and interesting all the eloquence of the prophets. images, in consequence of those Hmong the doctors of the church, charms, and that interest with St. Augustine was most admired by which they abound. But as to the bim. He knew every passage of croud of versifiers, whom you can. that writer by heart, quored him not bereave of Flora, and Zephyr, ificeasingly, discovered in him an or Love and his wings, without re* answer to all bis difficulties, (in reponse ducing their barren muses to exá rout) and always carried his creme distress, I shall say nothing al. works along with him, whenever though even these, to a man of his he travelled.

calenis, ought to have appeared In respect to profane authors, in rather fastidious than criminal. which his eloquence searched at of and the profane studies, that once for masters and for morals, he of the mathematics was the only gave the preference to Homer, one which our young ecclesiastic whose elevaied but unconstrained thought himself enuiled to ne. genius had most affinity to his glect, not from scorn) for we will own. He was also greatly pleased not hesitate to say such a sentiment with reading Virgil and Cicero ; would have been a stain on the mebut he cared little for Horace, mory of Bossuer), but merely bewhom he judged of rather as a cause geomerrical knowledge did serere critic than as a man of not appear to him to be of any utitaste : the morals of the epicureaa lity in respect to the interests of reeffaced, in his eyes, all the merits ligion. of the poet, and rendered him in. Yet, although this great man exsensible to all chose graces y hich hibited but little attachment to ma


« ПредишнаНапред »