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14. Vultures. Ev'idently; plainly, obviously. Ordain'ed; appointed. Perform' ; fulfil, execute. Exam'ining; observ. ing closely. Per'fectly; completely. Forma'tion; structure. Allot'ted; assigned. Pu'trid ; rotten. Putres'cent; growing putrid. Taint ; defile, pollute. Infectious ; contagious. Ena’bles ; fits. Sustain'; support, endure. Dividing; separating. Carrion ; corrupted flesh. Obliges; forces, compels.

VULTURES have evidently been ordained to perform very necessary and useful duties on the globe. To those who have had an opportunity of examining these birds, it need not be remarked how perfectly the formation of a vulture is adapted to that share in the daily business of the globe, which has evidently been allotted to it, that of clearing away putrid or putrescent animal matter, which might otherwise taint the air, and produce infectious diseases.

Many of the vultures are among the largest of the feathered tribe, and all, even the smaller species, have great bodily strength in proportion to their size. Their legs are strong, but as they are not, like eagles and owls, intended for seizing and preying on live animals, they have not been furnished with claws so sharp, or with nails so much curved as theirs. The head and neck of vultures could not have been, like those of other birds, covered with feathers, because these being in the reach of their beak, could not have been easily kept clean, and would soon have become clotted by the blood of the carcasses on which they feed. These parts are therefore, either quite þare, or clothed

only with a short woolly or downy covering. Their wings are long and large, and their bones, though thick, are remarkably light, a con

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formation which enables them to sustain their bodies for a great length of time in the higher regions of the atmosphere. Their beak is strong and hooked, and remarkably well formed for tearing out entrails and dividing putrid flesh.

Their own flesh smells strongly like carrion, and no other animal, however pressed by hunger, will eat it, a quality of importance to their preservation, for were it eatable, they would be exposed to destruction while in the exercise of their duty, which often obliges them to feed in company with hyenas, and other beasts of prey, that occasionally satisfy their hunger by a dead carcass.

But so nicely is the mutual relation of all things balanced, that none of these animals, nor domestic dogs, shew the least inclination to take away the life of these birds. For this reason they are, in every country, it would seem, tolerated by man, and sometimes treated even with respect.

Burchell's Travels in Africa.

The Wandering Boy.
When the winter wind whistles along the wild muor,
And the cottager shuts on the beggar his door ;
When the chilling tear stands in my comfortless eye,
Oh, how hard is the lot of the Wandering Boy !

The winter is cold, and I have no vest,
And my heart it is cold as it beats in my breast ;
No father, no mother, no kindred have I,
For I am a parentless Wandering Boy.
Yet I once had a home, and I once had a sire,
A mother who granted each infant desire ;

cottage it stood in a wood-embowered vale Where the ring-dove would warble its sorrowful tale.


father and mother were summon'd

And they left me to hard-hearted strangers a prey ;
I fled from their rigour with many a sigh;
And now I'm a poor little Wandering Boy.
The wind it is keen and the snow loads the gale,
And no one will list to my sorrowful tale;

go to the grave where my parents both lie, And death shall befriend the poor Wandering Boy.

H. K. Whyte.

15. Against Lying. Crim'inal; faulty, guilty. Ridic'ulous ; absurd, worthy of laughter. Production ; result, effect. Mal'ice ; ill will. Cowardice; want of courage.

Van'ity; emptiness, arrogance. Detected ; discovered. Advance'; put forth. In'famous; shameful. Cal'umny; slander. Avoid'; shun, escape. Des'picable ; mean, low. Betrays'; discovers, exhibits. Chastised'; pun. ished. Reck'on; esteem, account. In'nocent; harmless, guiltless.

NOTHING is more criminal, mean, or ridiculous, than lying. It is the production either of malice, cowardice, or vanity; but it generally misses of its aim in every one of these views ; for lies are always detected sooner or later. If we advance a malicious lie, in order to affect any man's fortune or character, we may, indeed, injure him for some time; but we shall certainly be the greatest sufferers in the end ; for, as soon as we are detected, we are blasted for the infamous attempt; and whatever is said afterward to the disadvantage of that person, however true, passes for calumny. By lying, or equivocating, which is the same thing, to excuse ourselves for what we have said or done, and to avoid the danger or shame that we apprehend from it, we

discover our fear as well as our 'falsehood; and only increase, instead of avoiding the danger and the shame: we shew ourselves to be the lowest and meanest of mankind, and are sure to be al-ways

treated as such. If we have the misfortune to be in the wrong, there is something noble in frankly owning it: it is the only way of atoning for it, and the only way to be forgiven. To remove a present danger by equivocating, evading, or shuffling, is something so despicable, and betrays so much fear, that whoever practises them deserves to be chastised.

There are people who indulge themselves in another sort of lying, which they reckon innocent, and which, in one sense, is so; for it hurts nobody but themselves. This sort of lying is the spurious offspring of vanity begotten upon folly. These people deal in the marvellous.

They have seen some things that never existed; they have seen other things which they never really saw, though they did exist, only because they were thought worth seeing. Has any thing remarkable been said or done in any place, or in any company, they immediately represent and declare themselves eye or ear witnesses of it.

They have done feats themselves, unattempted, or at least unperformed, by others. They are always the heroes of their own fables ; and think that they gain consideration, or at least present attention by it. Whereas, in truth, all that they get is ridicule and contempt, not without a good degree of distrust : for one must naturally conclude, that be who will tell any lie from idle vanity, will not scruple telling a greater for interest. Had I really seen any thing so very extraordinary as to be almost incredible, I would keep it to myself,

rather than by telling it, give any body room to doubt for one minute of my veracity.

Nothing but truth can carry us through the world with either our conscience or our honour unwounded. It is not only our duty, but our interest: as a proof of which it may be observed, that the greatest fools are the greatest liars. We may safely judge by a man's truth of the degree of his understanding.-Chesterfield.

The Mirror in the Deserted Hall.

O, dim, forsaken mirror !

How many a stately throng
Hath o'er thee gleamed in vanished hours

Of the wine-cup and the song !

The song hath left no echo;

The bright wine hath been quaffed ; And hushed is every silvery voice

That lightly there hath laughed.

Oh mirror, lonely mirror,

Thou of the silent hall,
Thou hast been flushed with beauty's bloom

Is this, too, vanished all ?

It is, with the scattered garlands

Of triumphs long ago;
With the melodies of buried lyres;

With the faded rainbow's glow.

And for all the gorgeous pageants,

For the glance of gem and plume ;For lamp, and harp, and rosy wreath,

And vase of rich perfume,

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