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natural manner. In fact, in all disorders or dis eases in which pain is a prominent symptom, such as cephalagia, gastro-intestinal complaints, la grippe, rheumatism, lumbago, malaria, neuralgia, neurasthenia and gout, phenalgin affords prompt and satisfactory relief, without locking up the secretions or causing constipation.

UTERO-OVARIAN NEUROSES. The nervous attacks and minor attacks of pain which arise from functional disturbance in the utero-ovarian tract, furnish a splendid field for Pasadyne (Daniel) and show in a gratifying fashion the marked usefulness of this product in nervous attacks and even as a mild anodyne. A particularly valuable point about Pasadyne (Daniel) is its freedom from danger. As is well known, Pasadyne (Daniel) is the distinctive name for a pure concentrated tincture of passiflora incarnata. A sample bottle may be had by addressing the laboratory of John B. Daniel, 34 Wall Street, Atlanta, Georgia.

particularly in treating children J. F. Conner (Eclectic Med. Journ.) says that most excellent results are obtainable from an inunction of quinine and lard or petrolatum. One dram of the powdered quinine rubbed up with two drams of the lard or vaseline, and freely applied to the axilla, groin and abdomen, will act well. In the treatment of hay fever an ointment consisting of quinine and vaseline in the proportion of 30 grains to the ounce, applied to the mucous membrane of the nares every four or six hours, together with the employment of a saturated solution of quinine in sterilized water as a nasal spray, will produce excellent results. An application at bedtime and at 2 o'clock will prevent all symptoms of coryza during the night.

Sulphate of quinine, in solution, has proved a valuable application to indolent ulcers, buboes, chancres, and chronic mucous inflammations. It is often of service in diphtheria, being applied locally to the membrane, and in gonorrhea it has done good service by injecting it into the urethra. Locally applied, in follicular conjunctivitis and trachoma, it will occasionally give relief to the patient. The solution may be made as follows:

Quinine sulphate, 3i; essence of orange (prepared by covering the outer layer of fresh orangepeel with dilute alcohol), 3i; hydrochloric acid, a few drops to effect solution; water, 3 viij. Mix. Dose, one teaspoonful in a wineglassful of cold water, as a tonic, when quinine is indicated.

. SEXUAL NEUROSES. Whilst it is true that in many instances a definitely existing lesion somewhere along the genitourinary tract is the underlying cause of that distressing condition popularly described as sexual neurasthenia, yet in certain cases it is impossible of detection, or if detected its effects are too firmly fixed to make an immediately favorable response to the local treatment instituted. Wherefore the need for a soothing agent such as Bromidia (Battle) becomes necessary. In cases of this character with marked nervous involvement Bromidia (Battle) is of the greatest service. It soothes the sexual irritability and enables the patient to rest and sleep well.

GLYCO-THYMOLINE FOR COLDS. At this season of the year the crop of "colds”

qay, becomes very numerous.

One of the first efforts of the physician aims at relieving the congestion of the nasal mucous membrane and bringing some degree of comfort to his patient.

Glyco-Thymoline in a 25 per cent solution used in connection with the K. & 0. Nasal Douche, not only cleanses the nasal passages of the mucous secretions but also reduces the congestion by its exosmotic action, thereby giving the patient a degree of comfort that will be thoroughly appreciated.

An uneducated Scotchman made a fortune. One day he and an acquaintance were talking when the latter said to old Duncan.

"Say, Duncan, you don't know enough to go in when it rains. Why, you can't even spell "bird.'"

“B-u-r-d,” said Duncan.

“I tell you you don't know anything. Why, if you had to spell to make a living you'd have been dead years ago. I'll bet you a hundred you can't spell 'bird.'''

“I'll tak’ ye,' quickly replied Duncan.

After the money was put up, Duncan said, “B-i-r-d.”

"That ain't the way you spelled it the first


"I wasna bettin' then.''

FOR SALE — 50 Shares American Druggists' Syndicate $ 1 3.00 a share

We buy and sell all kinds of stocks

Quinine Inunctions and Solutions.--When quinine is not well borne by the stomach, and

| c. S. MATHER & SONS, 17 N. La Salle St., CHICAGO I

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TYPHOID EPIDEMIC TRACED TO A the spaghetti stopped with its preparation for CARRIER.

the oven. The question which immediately was One of the most interesting illustrations of the raised was as to the possibility of the typhoid danger of typhoid fever being transmitted by bacteria resisting the high temperature employed carriers has recently been presented in the Jour- in baking. A similar but smaller quantity of nal of the American Medical Association. A spaghetti was prepared in the state laboratory church dinner was held in a small California town, in exactly the same manner and according to the meals being served at noon and again in the even- same recipe employed by the lady who prepared ing. About 150 people took part in these two the dish to serve at the dinner. It was baked in repasts. Within three days a case of typhoid the same way. Cultures taken from this dish fever developed in town and others .appeared in showed that the browned surface was bacteriarapid succession. In all, 93 people suffered from free, but a few cultures were found within an inch the disease; of these, 85 were at one or other of of the top of the dish, while two inches from the the meals served by the church, and the remain- top the micro-organisms were present in abunThe mense se otechese, ha were fat one the only ing 8 had partaken of the same food, which had dance. been brought them by friends in attendance. This case again shows that typhoid fever is an

A careful investigation of this epidemic was ever-present danger. We have not yet forgotten made by a representative of the state board of an epidemic of the disease here in Chicago, which health, in connection with the state hygienic labor- was traced to a cook in a down-town restaurant, atory. It was suspected that some person who nor the epidemic occurring among persons who had something to do with the preparation or serv- made an excursion trip on a Lake Erie steaming of the meal was a carrier, and a careful study ship, which was also traced to a worker in the was made of the local situation in order to find kitchen. The more we learn about typhoid fever, out who that person was. The responsibility the more we become convinced that the human was finally fixed upon a woman of 62. She was factor is the most important one and the most not sick, nor had she been sick recently. The difficult one with which we have to deal. The evidence showed that she had probably suffered mere fact that the people who handle the food we from typhoid fever more than twenty-five years eat in restaurants, on railroads and steamships, before; also, that there had been four cases of in grocery stores, in meat shops, and on milk the disease among boarders in her family within wagons are apparently in good health gives us the last eight years, two of these within the pre- no assurance whatever that they may not conceding two years. While this lady had helped vey this or some other plague. serve the dinner, and had worked some in the Nor does cooking protect us. If bacteria can kitchen, she had really been much less active than linger in the midst of baked macaroni paste, then the majority of the ladies of the congregation they may be present in our steamed oysters, our similarly engaged.

puddings, our gravies, possibly even in our bread. The medium by which the infectious material We hold our tenure of health and even life by a was conveyed was finally shown to be a large dish slender thread, which the growingly complex tools of spaghetti which this woman had prepared. of civilization are spinning out to an ever increasThis was made up the day before the dinner at ing tenuity. Yet—as we learn the perils of life, we her home, but with the cooking of the dish she are also learning better methods of overcoming had nothing whatever to do. Her connection with them.

HOOF AND MOUTH DISEASE. reach around the world. The newspapers give There have been so many articles, so many edi- us vivid pictures of what people are doing in torials, regarding hoof and mouth disease that it every corner of the earth; our hearts are tuned is not necessary to tell the readers of the STAND- to others' suffering and are thrilled by others' ARD what it is, nor describe its dangers to man heroism. In our own homes we can hear Caruso and beast. It is known to be an intensely con- sing or Paderewski play. At vacation time we are tagious disease, and the readiness with which it whirled across the continent, perhaps carried beis transmitted makes it vitally important that every yond the ocean, in half the time it took our piocase should be immediately recognized so that neer ancestor to drive his ox-team through the every focus may be immediately destroyed. A passes of the Alleghanies to the rich valleys besingle focus remaining means that sooner or later yond. Every day we eat food that comes from the there will be another general epidemic, with the wheat fields of Manitoba, the orange-groves of danger of the disease eventually becoming en Florida, the rice-paddies of China, the steaming demic in America as it is in Europe.

hillsides of Ceylon, the beet fields of Germany, That this is a very real danger has been shown and the fat pastures of Holland. Our own surplus, by the discovery that foot and mouth disease has loaded into a thousand ships, feeds, and clothes, been transmitted by the serum used for the pre- and transports, and otherwise works for people vention of hog cholera. A Chicago firm making speaking a hundred tongues. this serum used in its preparation hogs obtained And the result of it all-one result of it-is that from the stockyards which were subsequently whatever benefits any of these far-away men and found to be infected with the foot and mouth con- women benefits us also; and any evil that imtagion. Innocently enough this firm sent supplies perils them, tomorrow may be knocking at our of serum to their customers at a number of points door. remote from Chicago. As a result, cases of the In Indiana an observant veterinarian finds a disease were soon reported as occurring among cow with strange looking vesicles above the hoof various groups of hogs in the central west who and around the mouth. It is the "new" disease. had been injected against hog cholera. The man- The farmer bought that cow in Chicago, and the ufacture of hog-cholera serum by the Chicago firm packer purchased it from a man in Michigan. was, of course, prohibited at once by the Govern- In a fortnight an inconsequential local ailment, ment, and its stock of the remedy was destroyed. of a cow, too slight to attract attention, has be

This experience illustrates the difficulty of the come a great national plague, throwing thousands problem which the Bureau of Animal Industry out of work, crippling a dozen industries, and and the various state officials are being called upon threatening the health of human beings in all to deal with. They need the earnest co-operation parts of the country. In the old days the disease of every physician, for aside from the possibility would have attracted no attention. Perhaps it of human infection, there is the economic disaster would have died out in time on the very farm on to be reckoned with. Every one who produces which it first made its appearance; perhaps it meat, or consumes it, is affected by this disease, would have swept over a state or county. which has within itself the possibilities of a great Nothing that we do or can do is longer inconsenational disaster.

quential. The machine has become too complex,

and even the breaking of a single cog may put OUR COMPLEX CIVILIZATION. the whole mechanism out of gear with disastrous Our grandfathers got along quite comfortably consequences to millions. Civilization, as we call without many of the advantages of our modern it, is able to more than overcome the perils lying civilization, and never knew what they missed. all around because of the perfection of the maThe truth is that with the "advantages” they also chine—but one little flaw in one of its millions missed many perils. In the old days men touched of parts may bring disaster much more for-reachhands only with their fellows-the people in the ing than was possible under the old regime. For samne town or the same county, only rarely with instance, war, we thought, was impossible. Yet those living at more remote distances. As a re- we have found that the peace which we thought sult, their vision was much narrower than ours so secure as to seem perpetual rested on the whims is supposed to be at the present time, yet if they and fancies of a few feeble men, who were called could not look quite so far afield the thoughtful diplomats. A sluggish liver and a word spoken men still bad enough to think about, and possibly in passion and in pride—and the peace-machine more time to do their thinking in, than we have went to pieces. now.

The moral of it all is, that if human “progress" In these modern days our outstretched fingers is to bring happiness or betterment to mankind, every one of us must be on his guard against the “One state will pass a law that a package shall flaws of character and the mistakes in action that be labeled in a certain manner. In order to semay entail trouble to others as well as to himself. cure uniformity the manufacturer adopts this style Somewhere in America there is a farmer who must for all states. Then he discovers that his style have seen those first tell-tale blisters on the feet is illegal in another state, and is hailed into court. of his cow, or calf. Had he used his eyes, millions No wonder that the high cost of living becomes of dollars would have been saved, thousands of more burdensome because every manufacturer valuable animals preserved from destruction must pass on the cost of producing special packThoroughness is the price which must be paid for ages for each state and the hundred and one other the preservation of this complex civilization of expenses—to the ultimate consumer. ours. Carelessness means destruction. Irrespon “True it is, that food and drug legislation was sibility or immorality lends to the evitable needed, but not such drastic laws and rulings as debacle.

we now have. But even these could be borne

if only every state had laws which would be uniLEGISLATIVE MEDDLING.

form with the other states. No one questions the necessity for proper laws

“Druggists of America—whither are we driftto govern the manufacture and sale of medicinal

ing? In a few weeks the state legislatures will preparations. The National Pure Food and Drugs

be meeting, and unless quick action is taken there Act was unquestionably a step in the right direc

will be a flood of pure food and drug laws that tion. U'nfortunately, the very success of this

will play havoc with the trade. Shall we conmeasure has encouraged numerous self-appointed

tinue to drift, or shall we try to stem the current ?” reformers to frame all kinds of freak laws af

With this statement we believe that physicians fecting the manufacture of medicines and foods.

as well as druggists are generally in accord. What Some of these laws have been passed; more of

we need in America is not more laws, but simpler them have been killed as a result of the strenu

laws-laws which go direct to the point and are not ous efforts of the considerable number of sensible

so elaborate in preparation and so difficult in enpeople who still remain on earth. However, the

forcement as to injure legitimate and proper enconstant threat of more legislation, especially state

terprises. What the business men of this country legislation, is disturbing to the business interests

need at the present time more than anything else of this country, not so much because the laws

perhaps, is the sympathy and co-operation of the themselves are capable of doing harm as through

Government. Germany's interest in her countheir lack of uniformity. The manufacturer who

try's industries is worthy of some emulation in is making a product which he expects to be sold

America. Business men are now struggling under in every state in the union, cannot view with

great difficulties. It is no time to load upon them equanimity the prospect of having to have a

still heavier burdens. Our advice to law-makers dozen different labels for his product, or being

at the present time, is—“Go slow !" compelled to conform to forty-seven different varieties of rules in putting it on the market.

ORAL AMEBIASIS AND SYSTEMIC A well-known pharmaceutical manufacturer has

DISEASE. recently sent out the following timely statement, Last month we called attention editorially to under the title "Whither Are We Drifting.” This some of the revolutionary work which is now beis so much to the point that we reproduce it here- ing done in determining the etiology of and findwith:

ing satisfactory treatment for pyorrhea alveo"Amidst a maze of laws and rulings, with laris. Inasmuch as this disease is said to be the snares and traps set by too sensation loving offi- most common affecting man, with the single excials, wander the reputable manufacturers of to- ception of dental caries, it is evident that a very day, whose products are susceptible to pure food great step has been made in banishing human ills and drug legislation.

if Barrett has really found a remedy which will “Though they may employ a corps of experts cure it. At present writing it looks as though to show them the lawful path, and proceed with he had found the key to the cure. the most honest of intentions to follow that path, Another step has been made in a similar direcin this chaos they cannot avoid coming afoul tion by Smith, Middleton, and Barrett, who in of some statute somewhere. Then on goes a fine, a late number of the Journal of the American and good will and reputation, priceless assets, go Medical Association announce the discovery of reeling through the columns of the sensational the same organism, the Entamoeba buccalis, in press.

the crypts of enlarged tonsils. While the ameba was found in only five out of seventeen cases out entering into a discussion of the ethics of the examined, the subsequent demonstration that pa- matter we simply tell what we believe to be the tients suffering from chronic or subacute arthritis truth. frequently suffer also from amebic tonsilitis (if Now—why? It is foolish to make sweeping we may coin that term), and are sometimes relieved denunciations of the whole class of household or cured of the joint affection by treatment with medicines. It is equally absurd to try to legisemetine, after the salicylates and other classic late them all out of existence, en masse. Here remedies have failed, certainly opens up a fas they are and the people buy them. There must cinating field for laboratory and clinical investi- be some reason, possibly a good one. Isn't it gation.

better to go beneath the surface and determine, We have long known that both pyorrhea and if we can, just whose the fault may be-if fault tonsilitis are connected in some mysterious way there be. The honest truth is that we can use with the etiology of arthritis and other systemic the $2,000 that is supposed to be our share, and diseases—the anemias, degenerative visceral dis- want to know how to get it! eases, and the digestive disturbances among them. In our humble opinion, the principal reason If the "thing" that causes the pyorrhea or ton- why proprietary medicines sell so readily is besilitis is an ameba, then it is a fair inference cause the medical profession has made no adethat destruction of that ameba not only will cure quate provision for the treatment of the slight the local disease, but also prevent and (in early ailments which make up an overwhelming prostages) cure the more remote ailment.

portion of human ill-health. The fees charged Inasmuch as emetine is so slightly toxic that it by the doctor are prohibitive to tens and hundreds can be used with perfect safety and without dis- of thousands of people. The household remedy tress to the patient, there is no reason why the that promises them relief at small expense apgeneral practitioner, in country as well as city, peals to the purse—and judicious advertising and should not actively enter this promising field. the repeat habit does the rest. That's all there


When the powers that be—on Dearborn AveSome months ago the lightnings of Dearborn nue or elsewhere--devise some simple method of Avenue were aimed at our bald and inoffensive giving people universal medical attention at prices cranium because we presumed to make the state

that appeal to depleted purses, the millions now ment that the sale and use of “patent” or propri

spent for patents will flow, in part at least, into etary medicines was holding its own in this coun

the coffers of the medical profession. For a try. We even had the temerity to quote statis

further exposition of this argument we respecttics—think of it!

fully refer you to any soap-box socialist orator. At the risk of suffering a fate even more terrible than that meted out to us in days gone by

A TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY. we shall presume to quote from the address of How many of you know that it was just twenMr. Carl J. Balliett, before a meeting of adver- ty years ago this month that the first dose tising clubs recently held in Detroit, the state of diphtheria antitoxin was brought to Chicago? ment that during the last twelve years “the Thus the first substantial beginning in biologic amount of prepared medicines produced in the therapy was made in 1894. True, Koch had alUnited States increased from $100,000,000 to ready placed his tuberculin on the market (in $160,000,000.” Mr. Balliett also made the signifi- 1891), and this had been vaunted as a "cure" cant statement that "these $160,000,000, if divided for tuberculosis. Unfortunately, it fell far short among the physicians of the United States would of the claims made for it, and for a time the outnet each doctor $2,000 annually." While Mr. look for remedies of this general class seemed Balliett's arithmetic does not give us confidence anything but satisfactory. But the brilliant rein the infallibility of his statements, he certainly sults obtained with antitoxin converted the whole

i th comfort for thought has provided us with some food for thought. medical world—for a time, at least—to thera

The undoubted truth is that the character of peutic optimism. the proprietary medicine business in this coun. Since 1894 serum therapy and vaccine therapy try is changing. The rank nostrums—the frauds have made tremendous strides, not, however, as and fakes of other days—are going out and a great as many anticipated twenty years ago. At better class of household remedies is taking their that time our biologists dreamed of the speedy place. These are being sold over the counter by conquest of all the infectious diseases. Alas! druggists in simply enormous quantities. With- most of them are still unconquered. We seem

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