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LATE FELLOW OF ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; BARRISTER-AT-LAW; AND

OFFICIATING STANDING COUNSEL TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA,

CALCUTTA:
THACKER, SPINK AND CO.,

Publishers to the Calcutta University.
BOMBAY: THACKER, VINING & Co. Madkas: HIGGINBOTHAM & Co.

LONDON : W. THACKER & Co.

CALCUTTA: PRINTED BY THACKER, SPINK & co.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

THE HINDOO PERIOD.

Page

Scope of the present subject-Nature of sources of information-Express Hindoo

law as to land—Menu does not show extent of rights in land-Obligation of

cultivator to cultivate—The king's share—The village as referred to in

Menu-The village as inferred from observation and analogy-Lord Met-

calfe's description of the village communities–Such communities found in

all parts of India-The village lands and homesteads-A self-governing cor-

poration–The development from the joint family-The lands at first held

in common but divided at an early period—Immigrants—Servile dependants

-Three classes of cultivators with interests in the land-Khoodkashts-

Their rights regulated by custom-In Southern India—Their right to occupy

60 long as they cultivated and paid the customary revenue–The transfer-

ability of their rights-Rates paid by them--Paid a higher rate than other

cultivators formerly—Their privileges—The second class of cultivators-

Their rights in the land-What occupation sufficient-Less complete rights

than khoodkashts-Assessment upon them-The mere pyekashts-Rates paid

by them- Precarious nature of their rights—The village constitution—The

village officers-Mode of payment—The servile labourers of the village-The

headman-Partly elective and partly hereditary office—The State could dis-

miss-His functions-His emoluments-In Orissa villages-Dismissal - Mode

of assessment of revenue-Mode of payment-When headman refused to

agree to assessment-Headman not a farmer of the revenue-But he and the

village responsible-Headman long recognised–The putwarry and canoongoo

-The zemindar—The chowdhry-The amount of the king's share-Pro-

prietary rights

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