Графични страници
PDF файл
ePub
[blocks in formation]

LATE FELLOW OF ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; BARRISTER-AT-LAW; AND

OFFICIATING STANDING COUNSEL TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA.

CALCUTTA:
THACKER, SPINK AND CO.,

Publishers to the Calcutta University.
BOMBAY: THACKER, VINING & Co. Madras: HIGGINBOTHAM & Co.

LONDON : W. THACKER & Co.

CALCUTTA:

PRINTED BY THACKER, SPINK & co.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page

Scope of the present subject—Nature of sources of information-Express Hindoo

law as to land-Menu does not show extent of rights in land-Obligation of

cultivator to cultivate The king's share–The village as referred to in

Menu-The village as inferred from observation and analogy-Lord Met-

calfe's description of the village communities-Such communities found in

all parts of India—The village lands and homesteads—A self-governing cor-

poration—The development from the joint family—The lands at first held

in common but divided at an early period—Immigrants—Servile dependants

-Three classes of cultivators with interests in the land-Khoodkashts-

Their rights regulated by custom-In Southern India—Their right to occupy

60 long as they cultivated and paid the customary revenue–The transfer.

ability of their rights-Rates paid by them--Paid a higher rate than other

cultivators formerly—Their privileges—The second class of cultivators-

Their rights in the land—What occupation sufficient-Less complete rights

than khoodkashts-Assessment upon them—The mere pyekashts-Rates paid

by them—Precarious nature of their rights—The village constitution—The

village officers-Mode of payment—The servile labourers of the village-The

headman-Partly elective and partly hereditary office—The State could dis-

miss-His functions—His emoluments—In Orissa villages-Dismissal—Mode

of assessment of revenue-Mode of payment-When headman refused to

agree to assessment-Headman not a farmer of the revenue-But he and the

village responsible-Headman long recognised — The putwarry and canoongoe

-The zemindar—The chowdhry-The amount of the king's share-Pro-

prietary rights

1

LECTURE IV.

THE ZEMINDAR.

Hindoo times Growth of the zemindar-The office hereditary-Conflict of

authorities-Struggle between opposing principles—The zemindar an here.
ditary revenue contractor-The sunnud-Contents of the sunnud—The arzee
--The furd-sewal-The furd-huckeekut-The muchalka—The perwanneh-

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« ПредишнаНапред »