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SELECT ORATIONS

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEW YORK. BOSTON • CHICAGO

ATLANTA • SAN FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN & CO., LIMITED
LONDON • BOMBAY • CALCUTTA

MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD.

TORONTO

ILLUSTRATING
AMERICAN POLITICAL

HISTORY

SELECTED AND EDITED BY

SAMUEL BANNISTER HARDING, PH.D.

PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN INDIANA UNIVERSITY
AUTHOR OF THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION IN MASSACHUSETTS; GREEK GODS, HEROES
AND MEN (COLLABORATED); THE CITY OF THE SEVEN HILLS (COLLABORATED);
THE STORY OF THE MIDDLE AGES; ESSENTIALS IN MEDIÆVAL AND

MODERN HISTORY, ETC.

WITH AN INTRODUCTION ON ORATORICAL STYLE

AND STRUCTURE, AND NOTES, BY
TOHN MANTEL CLAPP, A.M.
Professor of English in Lake Forest

University

Dew York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

COPYRIGHT, 1908, 1909

BY SAMUEL BANNISTER HARDING

Droga 10e,s.

PREFACE

A GREAT part of a people's history, where self-government prevails, may be found in the speeches of its public men. Such utterances are at once an index to the mental caliber of its electors and representatives, a measure of prevalent prejudices and predilections, and a synopsis of its political history. Pericles's oration over the first dead of the Peloponnesian war, and Demosthenes's orations against Philip of Macedon, have long been recognized as important documents in the study of Greek history. Cicero's orations against Verres and on the Catilinian conspiracy aid much to an understanding of the last period of the Roman republic. And it is a commonplace to say that the framework at least of a knowledge of modern English history must be sought in the speeches delivered in Parliament and in public meetings. In our own country, where government proceeds so largely in the open, this is especially true. Government here is the concern of the people themselves, and on all questions of public policy they must be consulted and informed. Public speeches with us, while not the sole means, are an important means to the formation and expression of what Sir Robert Peel once somewhat cynically called "that great compound of folly, weakness, prejudice, wrong feeling, right feeling, obstinacy, and newspaper paragraphs, which is called public opinion.” And the record of a people's varying public opinion in political matters, it may be asserted, gives the essence of its political history. "He who moulds public sentiment,” said Lincoln in his first debate

201616

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