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well as of the forts Marlborough and Why did he seek a command for St. Charles, upon the hostages being which he could not help knowing he sent on both sides, for the faithful exe

was unfit? cution of the foregoing articles. It has been supposed by fome, there

The staccado that is the port shall was treachery in the cale ; but I am be removed, and the going in and com- convinced, it is to cowardice we are to ing out Thall be left open, at the dif- charge his ill conduct : No bribe, I position of the French, until the whole am certain, could have been powerful garrison has marched out: in the mean . enough to have made him fight : Had time, the commissaries on both sides he been brave, however treacherous, shall be employed; those on the part he.could not have been within light of of his excellency General Blakeney, in the fort, which held the godlike making an estimate of the effects in the Blakeney, without endeavouring to remilitary magazines, and others; and lieve him; indeed the circumstance of those on the part of his excellency leaving this heroic General a prey to Marshal Richelieu, in receiving them; the French, is such an aggravation of and to deliver to the English-luch part his guilt, that death, though the only thereof as has been agreed upon. Plans punishment cowards fear, and therethall also be delivered of the galleries, fore here the proper one, is, if he mines, and other subterraneous works. is guilty; infinitely too mild for his Done at St. Philip, the 29th of June, crime. 1756.

Nothing can, I think, be a stronger

proof of his cowardice, than the exFrom the Old Maid. Number XXXV. travagant and exaggerated praises he

bestows on Admiral Weft, for having Cowards die many Times before done his duty in the action ; praises, Their Death,

which I am sure, will be as offensive The Valiant never taste of Death to that really brave man, as they must but once.

SHAKESPEAR. be to every person who reads them.

· I am says he, to thank you a thousand, THE "HERE is nothing which appears and a thoutand times for your gallant

to me to extraordinary as that behaviour' this day; I wish you had any man should dare to behave like a been better supported,' in this wish coward: That even the bravett

may every Britain will join) your behavisometimes feel for a moment a kind of our was like an angel. conftitutional horror at the appearance

How unlike is this to the honest of danger, I can suppoie ; but that rough plainnels of a British failor! and the fear of death should be fo strong how evident a proof of the intinite as to get the better of the dread of in- obligation he thought himfelf under famy and universal contempt, of the to the gallant Mr. Welt, for fo anlove of our country, of our family, gelically itanding between him and and our friends, is one of the most danger! astonishing phænomena in nature. To me, who remember, though veWhat daggers has an unworthy Com- ry young at that time, the glorious mander of our fleet planted in the campaigns of the Duke of Marlbreafts of his relations! How has he borough, and whose first ideas of pubdishonoured a name, before so glori- lic affairs were those of conquest and ous ! How has he betrayed that con- victory, these occurrences appear in fidence, his King and his country re- deed extraordinary : I remember the posed in him, and which, untried as French humbled and suppliant to us, he was, could hardly bave been denied and can hardly believe that this people, to a son of the brave Lord Tormon! who owe almost their existence to che


mercy of Queen Anne, fould now be ply himself with an infinity of helps able to impress us with such terror, as and instruments necessary in his daily to drive us to the unconftitutional and occasions. After having built himmortifying ftep, of calling in foreign felf houses, sculpture and painting forces, to defend a populous nation, have done their utmost, in emulation who, if armed, and inspired with their of each other, to adorn his abode ; former courage, might" defy the uni- and, that nothing might be wanting ted force of Europe to conquer them: to his fatisfaction and delight, music Nor is it less strange to me to hear of has been introduced to fill up his moBritith Aeets flying before enemies inents of leisure with grateful conweaker than themselves, and bafely a- certs, which rest and refresh him afbandoning such a General as Blakeney, ter his labours, and make him forget with hiş brave garrison, to a force all his pains and cares. What more which, unaflifted, and weak as they can be delire? Happy, if he could were in number, was almost impossible not be disturbed in the poffeffion of for them to refift.

aávantages he has purchased at so

dear a rate! But, alas ! the rapacious To the Proprietors of the MAGAZINE appetites, the avarice and ambition of of MAGAZINES.

mankind, interrupt this general feli

city, and render man the enemy of GENTLEMEN,

man. Injustice arms herself with force The noble Defence made by the intrepid to inrich herself with the spoils of

Blakeney ni Fore St. Philip, on the her brethren. He, who, moderate
Island of Minorca, demands the grate-' in his desires, confines himself

within ful Acknowledgments of every Briton the bounds of what he poslesses, and inspired with the Love of Liberty. I should negled to oppose force by force, bave contributed my Mite to the gene- will soon become the prey of others. ral Applause, in the following Reflec- He would have cause tó fear, that tions, and hope they will be bonoured jealous neighbours, and neighbourevith a Place in your extenfioe Coling Monarchs, would soon disturb his lection,

tranquility, rayage his lands, carry Your's, &c. A. C-t. away his riches, and lead himself in

to captivity. He has, therefore, ocRefleflions on the Neceflity of cultivating casion for arms and troops to defend Ebe Art of War, and liberally re- him against violence, and ascertain warding those who diftinguish them- his fafety. At first, we behold him felves in the Service of their country. employed in the most exalted and fu

blime parts of the sciences; who, AN, after his creation, having, born and nurtured in repose, and

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blished himself in the enjoyment of ror, and reduced to filence, unless all the conveniencies of life, it is na- the art of war takes them under its tural to think, that nothing farther protection, and places over them her was necessary for his happinels. The guards, which can alone fecure the earth, cultivated by his care and la- public tranquillity. Thus war bebour, supplied him, in return, with comes necessary to man, as the proa profusion of riches of every kind : tectoress of peace and repose, and Commerce brought him, from the folely employed to repel violence and most remote countries, whatever their defend justice But this art requires inhabitants could spare ; it has caried almost innumerable talents for luchim into the bowels of the earth, ceeding in it; calents rarely united and to the bottom of the sea, not in one person; and, consequently, only to inrich and adora, but so fupwbcrever that person is found, he Vol. XII,



cannot be too much caressed, honour. OCCASIONAL LETTER. ed, and esteemed by his King and country.

On Justice, and the Neceflity of pulting England, however, may boast of

it strictly in Execution. many, in whom every requisite for forming an Hero has centered ; and, The Man in conscious Virtue bold, among those who now support her Who dares his secret purpose bold, against her perfidious enemy, the

Unshaken bears the Crowd's 'tumultuous brave, the generous Blakeney: None And the stern 'Igrant's Brow, in Act to rage,

Cries, can be ignorant how gloriously he de

detes. fended Sterling Castle against the re-i Temse tuous Tyrants of the Seas, bels. With a handful of men he Let the rough Winds their Horrors raise ; preserved that important fortress,

Let Jove's dread Arm with Thunders read

the Splicres, though surrounded and attacked by Beneath the Cruth of Worlds, undaunted he multitudes. His behaviour in that


HORACE, Castle will be remembered with gratitude, whilst liberty continues to re

HERE is no virtue so truly great fide in the breasts of the inhabitants and godlike as justice. Most of of Britain, and this, with his late the other virtues are virtues of created defence of St. Philip's Castle; will beings, or accommodated to our naTender his name immortal. The for- ture, as we are men. Justice is that tifications of St. Philip's are so ex

which is practised by God himself, and tensive, that a very numerous garri- to be practiled in its perfection by fon is requfite to defend them; fo none but him. Omniscience and omthat Mr. Armstrong, who is well nipotence are requisite to the full exacquainted with the place, and an

ertion of it. The one to discover Engineer by profeflion, tells us, that, every degree of uprightness or iniguiunless the place should be fuddenly ty in thoughts, words, and actions : relieved by our fleet, a powerful ar

The other, to measure out and impart my, well provided for such an un- suitable rewards and punishments. dertaking, would foon make herself As to be perfectly just is an attribute master of the place. And, indeed, of the divine nature; to be so, to the it was the general opinion, that Ad- utmost of our abilities, is the glory miral Byng could not arrive therć, of a man. Such a one who has the before the place was taken. But the public adminiitration in his hands, acts hare Blakeney, with a small number like the reprefentative of his Maker, of men, detended these extensive in recompensing the virtuous, and works, agzinft a powerful and nu- punishing the offender. By the extirmerous army, provided with every

pating of a criminal, he averts the neceffary, from the i8th of April to judgments of Heaven, when ready to the 28th of June; and, had our Ad- fall upon an impious people ; as Mr. miral acted with the same resolution, Addison, in his tragedy of Cato, that important place, in all probabi- much better exprefles it, in a fentility, had ftill continued in our pöl- ment conformable to the character of feilion. Bur, being abandoned by the that eminent Roman: fleot, and in want of every necessary, When by just vengeance impious morthe brave, the intrepid General was

tals perish, forced to submit. He procured, hoiv- The gods behold their punishment with ever, very honourable conditions: A

pleasure, convincing proof, that the French And lay th' uplifted thunder-bolt afide. d-eaded his valour, and were willing to grant him the honours he demand

When a nation once loses its regard ed, rather than be any longer exposed to justice , when they do not look lulus terrible and destructive fors.


upon it as something venerable, ho- ordered. The Sultao went in person, ly, and inviolable; when any of them with his guards, to the poor man's care presume to leison, affront, or house, where he arrived about midterrity those who have the distribu- night. As the attendants carried each toa of it in their hands; when a of them a flambeau in their hands, the Judge is capable of being influenced Sultan, after ordering all the lights by any thing but law, or a cause may to be put out, gave the word to enter be recommended by any thing that is the house, find out the criminal, and foreign to its own merits, we may put him to death. This was immediaFeature to pronounce, that such a tely executed, and the corpse laid nation is hastening to its ruin. out upon the floor, by the Emperor's

For this reason I always rejoice command. He then bid every one to when I see à tribunal filled with a light his flambeau, and stand about man of an upright and inflexible tem- the dead body. The Sultan, apper, who, in the execution of his coun- proaching it, looked upon the face, try's laws, can overcome all private and immediately fell upon his knees fear, refentment, sollicitation, and even in prayer. Upon his rising up, he pity itself. Whatever pallion enters ordered the pealant to set before him into a sentence, or decision, fo far whatever food he had in the house. will there be in it a tincture of injustice. The peasant brought out a good deal In short, justice discards party, friend- of coarse fare, on which the Empertaip, kindred, and is therefore always or fed very heartily. The peasant, represented as blind, that we may sup- seeing him in fo good a humour, pole her thoughts are wholly intent presumed to ask him, why he had or on the equity of a caule, without be: dered the flambeaux to be put out, ing diverted or prejudiced by objects before he commanded the adulterer to toreign to it.

be Main? Why, upon their being The following instance of impartial lighted again, he looked upon the justice, executed by one of the Sul- face of the dead body, and fell down ians of Persia, is worthy imitation, by it in prayer? And why, after and cannot fạil of being agreeable to this, he had ordered meat to be fet the reader.

before him, of which he now eat lo As one of the Sultans lay encamp- heartly? The Sultan, willing to graed on the plains of Avola, a certain tify the curiosity of his hoft, answerSreat man of she army entered by ed him in this manner : . Upon force into a peasant's house, and find- hearing the greatness of the offence, ing his wife very beautiful, turned the which had been committed by one of good man out of his habitation, and the army, I had realon to think it went to bed to her. The pealanț might have been one of my own complained the next morning to the fons, for who elle would have been Sultan, and desired redress; but was so audacious and presuming? I gave noe able to point out the criminal. orders therefore for the lights to be The Emperor, who was very much extinguished, that I might not be led incensed at the injury done to the astray, by partiality or compasion, poor man, told him, that probably from doing justice on the criminal. ihe offender might give his wife a- Upon the lighting of the flambeaux a nother visit, and; if he did, com- Second time, I looked upon the face manded him immediately to repair to of the dead perfon, and, to my unhis tent, and acquaint' him with it. speakable joy, found that it was not Accordingly within two or three days my ton. It was for this reason that the Onicer again entered the peasant's I immediately fell upon my knees, house, and furned out of doors the and gave thanks to God. Ás to ny owner; who thereupon applied him- eating heartily of the food you have Self to che imperial sent, as he was


fet before me, you will cease to and their papers restored to them." To wonder at it, when you know that which Mr. Hop made anfwer, “ That the great anxiety of mind I have he would readily do them all the ferbeen in, upon this occasion, fince vice on this occasion that lay in his the first complaints you brought me, power ; that the moment he was aphas hindered my eating any thing prized of the affair, he sent an acfrom that time to this very moment. count of it to the States General, and

Such was the juftice executed on that he expected to receive forthwith the offender by the eaftern Monarch, their high mightinefles orders on this and fuch the motives for his taking head : That in the mean time he had 1o extraordinary a method. And applied to the king's ministers, and desurely every one, who reflects that manded the release of those vetfels ; his actions are observed by an omni- but they told him, that all the docupotent being, who will certainly pH- ments had been put into the hands of nish iniquity, ought to be very careful the king's council learned in the law, in the execution of this duty; for, in order to be examined ; that this exas he is of too pure eyes to behold ainen would take up some time, and iniquity, and will by no means suffer that they would endeavour to dispatch the guilty to escape, so, on the other the bufiness as foon as poffible." Uphand, he will feverely punith those on which those captains and masters of who oppress the weak," and make veffels represented to Mr. Hop. the rod of justice a terror to the in- " That the road of the Downs was not nocent.

Cafe enough for ships fo considerably Ja

den as theirs were; and therefore they Translation of a Letter from London, fub- 'prayed he would at least get them conlibed in the Utrecht Gaz. June 29. ducted into fome other place, where

they might be fafer.” Mr. Hop pro"HE precautions necessary to be mited to endeavour to obtain this for

taken in such a war as that them ; but at the same time being wilwhich has broke out between England ling to take all the precautions which and France, have occafioned the carry- the nature of the affair might require, inginto the Downs a certain number of - he asked the masters of those ships vesels navigating under the colours or “whether they could in truth declare, Hag of the State General, which the that they had no contraband goods on king's ships of war met with off the board ;" and they assured him, that .ports and coaf.s of France. The cap- their fhips contained no fort of prohirains and masters of those veflets who bited merchandize. He then enquired defired to come up to the metropolis, whether they or their crews had.re. having had leave to do so, a good ceived any harsh usage; and they annumber of them came the 13th in- [wered, that they had no room to Hant to the house of Lieut. Gen. Hop, complain on that head, for that they envoy extraordinary of their high had been treated with all the civility mightinesses, and made the following possible. Several of these captains complaints to him: "That though and masters have folemnly prorefted athey had exhibited their bills of lading, gainst the prejudices which the freighizvoices, and other documents, to the ters suffer trom the detension of the captains of the king's ships that stop- fhips and papers. At the pressing folped them, they were nevertheless car- licitations of Lieut. Gen. Hop, the sied into the Downs: That such a ministers of state affembled the 16th procedure appeared to them contrary to deliberate on this affair; and as the to the tenor of treaties ; and there- particulars thereof have been referred fore they begged his excellency would to the king's counsel, it was agreed to endeavour to get their vessels released, wait for their report, which they are



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