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no person about him ; and if he accordingly the first opportunity,

could obtain admiffion to him, he did inform him of the reputa• he should never be able to persuade tion and honesty of the man,

and “ him, that he was sent in such a and then what he desired, and of • manner ; but he should, at belt, all he knew of the matter Thc • be thought to be mad, or to be set duke, according to his usual open

on and employed by his own, or nels and condescension, told him, « the malice of other men, to « That he was the next day early • abuse the duke, and so he to hunt with the king; that his « Nould be sure to be undone.' " horses fould attend him on Lam. The person replied, as he had done beth bridge, where he would land before, " That he hould never find by five of the clock in the morning • rest till he should perform what he' and if the man attended him there • required; and therefore he were at that hour, he would walk and • better to dispatch it: that the access speak with him as long as thould « to his son was known to be very

• be necessary.' • easy, and that few men waited Sir Ralph carried the man with him • long for him ; and for the gain- the next morning, and presented him • ing him credit, he would tell him to the duke at his landing, who re* two or three particulars, which he ceived him courteously, and walked • charged him never to mention to aside in conference near an hour,

any person living but to the duke none but his own servants being at • himself, and should no sooner hear that hour in that place, and they • them, but he would believe all and Sir Ralph at such a distance, • the rest he should say;' and so rc- that they conld not hear a word, peating his threats he left him. though the duke sometimes spoke,

In the morning the poor man, with great commotion; which Sir more confirmed by the last appear- Ralph the more easily observed, and ance, made his journey to London, perceived, because he kept his eyes where the court then was. He was always fixed upon the duke, hayvery well known to Sir Ralph Free- ing procured the conference, upon man, one of the masters of request, somewhat he knew there was of exwho had married a lady that was traordinary. And the man told him nearly allied to the duke, and was in his return over the water, 'That hinself well received by him. To · when he mentioned those particuhim this man went, and tho' he did • lars which were to gain him crenot acquaint him with all particu- ' dit, the subftance whereof he said lars, he said enough to let him fee • he durst not impart to him, the there was something extraordinary in • duke's colour changed, and he swore it; and the knowledge he had of the he could come to that knowledge sobriety and discretion of the man, only by the devil; for that thote made the more impression on him. particulars were known only to He desired that by his means he himself and to one person more, might be brought to the duke, to who, he was sure, would never such a place, and in such a manner

speak of it. as should be thought fit; affirming, The duke pursued his purpose of • That he had much to say to him hunting ; but was observed to ride • and of such nature, as would re- all the morning with great pensive.

quire great privacy, and some ness, and in deep thoughts, without • time and patience in the hearing'any delight in the exercile he was upSir Ralph promiled, he would speak on, and before the morning was spent, first with the duke of him, and then left the field, and alighted at his mohe should understand his plealure :


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ther's lodgings at Whitehall; with ed; he was also known to the dutwhom he was shut up for the space chess, and she might the rather of two or three hours; the noise of trust him with her purpose, as he their discourse frequently reaching received obligations from the family the ears of those who attended in which he was always ready to acknowthe next rooms; and when the ledge. This conjecture seems to duke left her, his countenance ap- receive some degreeof probability trom peared full of trouble, with a mix- the conference between the duke ture of anger ; a countenance that and his mother at his hasty return was never before observed in him, from hunting to Whitehall; for if in any conversation with her, to the duke believed the man had wards whom he had a profound re- really seen an apparition, and from verence. And the countess herself that learned the secret particulars (for tho' she was married to a private that were to obtain him credit, gentleman, Sir Thomas Compton, what should induce him to repair The had been created countess of in such hafte to his mother, to exBuckingham, shortly after the title postulate with her, whom he had alof Earl of Buckingham had been ways treated with profound reveconferred on her son) was, at the rence, so loudly as to be heard to the duke's leaving her, found over- next appartment ; to leave her not whelm'd in tears, and in the highest only with a troubled but an angry agony imaginable. Whatever there countenance, overwhelmed with tears was of all this, it is a notorious and in the highest agony. Particutruth, that when the news of the lars which will be easily accounted duke's murther (which happened for, if it be supposed, that he sufwithin a few months after) was pected her to have employed this brought to his mother, the seemed monitor, and, to gain him credit, not in the least degree surprized, trusted him with secrets which but received it as if she had fore- should not have been related. This seen it ; nor did afterwards express will also account for the turbulence such a degree of forrow as was of his conversation with Towse. expected from such a mother for A message from the dead would rathe loss of such a fon”

ther have been received with astoUpon the whole of this story, nishment, reverence, and awe, and perhaps there may be some reason the particulars, which he declared to suspect, that the officer of the known only to himself and one wardrobe, whose name appears to more, could have produced no exhave been Towse, was employed poftulation with the relator, except by the duke's mother, finding her they gave him reason to suspect a own remonftrances of no effect, and collusion. her son's danger increase with the popular discontent, to pretend a Translation of the French King's Ordmessage to him from his father's fpi- nance concerning the English Veffels rit, as the last effort to influence detained in the Ports of France. his conduct, and preserve his life. The man was by no means a low By the King or obscure person; he was once follicited to fill a feat in parliament Lis Majesty being informed that knighthood, both which he declin- seized or carried into the ports of his

kingdom, in consequence of the orders • See Hearne's edition of Historia et Vitæ he had given fince the refusal made by ei Regai, Ricardi II. p. 405. Oxford, 1729. the king of England to restore the


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the posts

French vessels which his ships have particulars that have been mentioned taken, in contempt of all laws and before. public faith ; and his majetty being It was known very early in the willing to prevent the lots or decay spring that the armaments at Touof the said English fhips detained in lon and Marseilles were intended 2

of the kingdom, and of gainst Mahon, and therefore on their cargoes, and likewise prevent March goth Commodore Keppel their being confounded with the failed from Portsmouth for the Meprizes that may be made during the diterranean with 4 ships of the line, war, which the king of England has but returned again to Plymouth very recently declared; to this end his fickly. majesty has ordered, and does order, April 5. The Admirals Byng and that the officers of the admiralties Welt failed with 10 thips of the line, fhall proceed, according to the forms but no transports. prescribed by the ordnances, to the April 8. The French transports, sale of the said English veilels that elcorted by their feet, failed for the are detained in the ports of the islands of Hicres, where they formkingdom, as alio of the effects on ed, and on the 12th proceeded to board. His majesty wills and in- Minorca. tends that the produce of the said April 18. The French transports sales shall be and remain deposited, and feet arrived at Mahon. till he shall have otherwise ordered May 2. Byng arrived at Gibraltar, it. His majesty enjoins the faid of- and joined Edgecombe, where he itaid ficers of the admiralty to draw up 6 days. verbal processes of the faid" fales, May 8. Byng failed from Gibraltar and of the places where deposited, for Mahon with 13 fhips of the line and to send copies thereof to the and 3 frigates, but stopped at Malaga secretary of face that has the de- to take in his wines. partment of the marine ; and the May 19. Eyng first appeared off said oficers fall be likewife' bound Mahon; so that tho' he failed from to call to the said sales, and to the England 3 days before Galilloniere depositum of the sums that shall pro- failed fron. Toulon, he did not reach ceed therefrom, as alio to the ver- Minorca till a month aftețwards. bal processes thereof which they are May 20. The two feets met, afe. to draw up, the captains, with ano- ter which nothing was heard of Byng ther man of each of the said thips. till His majesty commands Monsieur le June 19, When he put into GiDuc de Penthievre, admiral of France, braltar a second time, and joined Broto look to the execution of the pre- derick with 5 ships more, sent ordnance, which shall be read, Upon receipt of the first letter from published, and registered wherefoe- Byng, giving an account of his not ver it fall be needful. Done at arriving at Gibraltar before May 2, Versailles the first day of June, 1756, and of his ftaying 6 days there, it

Signed LOUIS was determined to take the command And underneath MACHAULT. of the feet from him, and on June

16 Admiral Hawke failed for that An Account of the Siege and Capture of purpose.

Port MANON from Magazine for On receipt of his second letter, May luft, p. 467.

with an account of his mock fight,

orders were given to put him unHAT the whole of this tranf- der arrest, and he has been fince

action may appear in one view, fent home in the Antelope, and is it is necessary to - recapitulate fome now in cultody of a mellenger.. It


is hoped we shall be able to resume, quets under the command of count and carry on this journal in a pro- de Briqueville, with 500 labourers to per manner.

erect batteries against Anttruther's In the mean time we shall continue battery;, the Queen': redoubt t; and the account of the fiege :

Kane's lunette 1 The French having landed and May 10, 11, 12. The besiegers made themselves masters of all the were employed in building thefe bardefenceless parts of the island, were teries to the right, left, and center prevented from breaking ground, and of the Ravale. erecting batteries fo foon as they in- May 12 at night. The detachment tended by many accidents, particu- of the Ravale was encreated to :3 Jarly the loss of a tastane laden with companies, of volunteers ; 7 compamules to draw the artillery.

nies of grenadiers; and 7 piquets ; May 5. they erected a battery * of and about midnight the bomb bat5 24 pounders, and 5 mortars near teries began to hire, and continued an old fortification called Philipet firing till the 17th. Fort t, in which they found 6 pie- May 17. The battery of cannon to ces of cannon; and this battery be- the right began to tire, and was well ing on the right of the entrance in- terved. to the harbour, as Fort St. Philip May 18. The Sieur de Pinay, who was on the left, enabled the French commanded the left was killed, and to share the command of the har- Prince Lewis of Wirtembourgh, bour with us; for as no French ship Marthal de Camp, was wounded. could enter without being exposed May 19. Byng having appeared off to the fire of the fort, no English the illand, the Duke de Richelieu fip could enter without being ex- sent 13 picquets (See p. 31 article x, poled to the French battery. and note) to the Count de Galislo

May 6, 7. This battery continu- niere, and made the neceffary diled masked, and the necessary dispo- pofitions for cutting off all communi. fitions to serve it were made. cation between the English admirals

May 8. It began to play. and the besieged.

May 9. The suburbs of St. Philip, May 20. Byng's mock fight preventcalled the Ravale, wete occupied by ed farther precautions of the fame a detachment of 100 volunteers, 4 kind, as his fquadron appeared no companies of grenadiers, and 6 pi- more off the island. At two in the

afternoon a bomb from the fort fet • A battery of guns is a bank of earth fire, to one of the be hegers battethrown up to cover the men that are to serve ries, which the besieged perceiving the guns; this bank is cut into holes for the redoubled their fire, and made i caonon to fire through, about 12 feet distant from each other. The holes are called em- sally from the queen's redoubt, but brafures, and the masses of earth between were foon repulled by the enemy :: them are called merlons; the height of the grenadiers. About midnight the two hoe on the inside is about 3 feet, but they go battalions of the royal regiment, unRoping lower towards the outside; within this bank is laid a forr of planks, on which der the command of the Count de the cannon are placed and which prevents Maillebois, lieutenant General, rethe wheels of the guns from ploughing the paired to their post in the trenches, ground. A battery of mortars is sunk into the

* A picquet is a decachment of men from ground, and therefore neither has nor needs each regiment, embrasures.

+ A redoubt is a small fort surrounded by a † Afort is a castle or work encompassed ditch. with a ditch called a moat, with an elevation A lunette is an elevacian of the earth of of earth of various figures capable of resisting (wo faces, udinally made in the middle of a the cannon of the enemy.

dicch. VOL. XII.



whence they sent 5 companies of house of 3 pieces of cannon and grenadiers to relieve the posts in the mortars. And the 12th of 3 can Ravale.

non and 3 mortars at the camp c May 26. The firing continued, and Monf. Roquepine. So that from Jun the belieged were 'busy in repairing 6 the besiegers had 84, : 24, pounce the old batteries and building new. ders, and 22 mortars, in battery

May 22. The French squadron re- which were incessantly served, an turned off the port, and at night the in a short time demolished the em army made rejoicings for the depar- brasures, and many other parts a ture of Byng.

the behegers works. The befreger May 23, 24. The batteries conti- however on this day finifhed a mine nued to play from the Ravale, and and laboured during the night the besieged to repair the damage tepair the damage they luftained in they sustained, and maintain a brisk the day, but their fire began R fire.

flacken. May 25 The Ravale being now June 7, The besiegers threw 300 totally destroyed by the artillery of bombs this day, which the French the besieged, and the houses which affirmed killed them no more than afforded' Thelter to the enemy level- 3 men, and wounded but 8. The led with the ground; they found it French fleet which continued neceffary in fome measure to change cruize unmolested in light of the their ftation, and the place of their harbour, Teized a xebeck with pri. batteries, which employed them se- Toners,' and, a packet boat with lett veral days, during which the mi- 'ters for the garrison. ners pushed on their works, and the June 8. The miners of the beach other batteries were ply'd inceffant. fiegers had got within thirty yards ly.

of the falliant angle * of the con June 2.' A bomb from a battery vered way t of the queen's redoubt. of the besiegers fell into a magazine June 9. Two considerable breaches of oil which it fired, and a neigh- were made in the body of the place, bouring magazine of powder was in and every possible effort to attack and when great danger.

defend was made by the besiegers and the June 5. Several of the new batte- besieged, without any confiderable alries began to play with great fuc- teration of circumstances till. cels.

June 14. A breach was made at June 6. All the new batteries 'which 6.men might enter abreaft; played, which with the rest were upon which the belieged made a fally, iwelve in numbet. The first con- destroyed some batteries, and killed lifted of fix 24 pounders, and play- many men ; but having advanced 100 ed cross-wise. The second of five. far chey were furrounded, and not a The third of ten, and batter'd the fingle man got back to the fort. The body of the place in breach: The 'lots of this party was probably the fourth of fix ruined the general de crisis of the fiege, as there was not a les fences: The fifth confifted of five fufficient number of men to man the mortars. The sixth of five pieces works before. On this day too an of cannon which batter'd the west and south welt Lunettes. The 7th

The salliant angle is an angle of work confilled of eleven mortars, The made by the meeting of two sides of it that run 8th to the left of Mount Dupine out from the place towards the country, consisted of eight pieces of cannon.

+ The covere way is a space of ground level the gth of five. The roch on the with the couvtry, running on the outside the

wall defended by a parapet ; it is usually pali Peninsula over against Philipet Fort faded in the middle, and undermined on all of 33: The nith near the signal sidsso


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