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There died my father, no man's debtor ; To DECA'Y. v. a. To impair; to bring And there I 'll die, nor worse nor better. Pape.

to decay. The case of debtors in Rome, for the first four

Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever centuries, was, after the set time for payment,

make hetter the fool.

Sbakspeare. nu choice but either to pay, or be the creditor's

Cut off a stock of a tree; and lay that which slave.


you cut off to putrefy, to see whether it will de3. One side of an account-book.

cay the rest of the stock,

Bacon, When I look upon the debtor side, I find such He was of a very small and decayed fortune, innumerable articles, that I want arithmetick and of no good education,

Clarendon. to cast them up; but when I look upon the cre- Decay'd by time and wars, they only prove ditor side, I find little more than blauk paper, Their former beauty by your former love. Adison.

Dryden. DEBULLITION, n. s. [debullitio, Latin.] In Spain our springs, like old men's children, A bubbling or seething over. Dict.

be DECACU'MINATED. adj. [decacuminatus,

Decay'd and wither'd from their infancy. Dryd.

It so ordered, that almost every thing which Lat.] Having the top or point cut off.

corrupts the soul decoys the body. Addison. Dict.

DECA'Y. n. s. (from the verb.] DECA'DE. n. s. [dixou; decas, Latin.] The

1. Decline from the state of perfection; sum of ten; a number containing ten.

state of depravation or diminution. Men were not only out in the number of

What comfort to this great decay may come, some days, the latitude of few years, but

Shall be applied.

Sbakspeare. might be wide by whole olympiads, and divers

She has been a fine lady, and paints and hides decades of years. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. Her decays very well.

Ben Jonson. We make cycles and periods of years; as

And those decays. to speak the naked truth, decades, centuries, and chiliads; chiefly for the

Through the defects of age, were crimes of use of computations in history, chrouology, and


Denham. astronomy;

Holder on Time.

By reason of the tenacity of Auids, and are All rank'd by ten; whole decades, when they

trition of their parts, and the weakness of elasdine,

ticity in solids, motion is much more apt to be Must want a Trojan slave to pour the wine.

lost than got, and is always upon the decay.

DE'CADENCY. n. s. (decadence, French.] Each may feel increases and decays,
Decay; fall.

Dici. And see now clearer and now darker days. Pope. DE'CAGON. n. s. [from Einn, ten, and Taught, half by reason, half by mere decay, jorite, a corner.) A plain figure in geo

To welcome death, and calmly pass away.

Pepe. metry, having ten sides and angles.

2. The effects of diminution; the marks De'cALOGUE. n. s. [Arredoyou.] The

of decay. ten commandments given by God to

They think, that whatever is called old must Moses.

have the decay of time upon it, and truth too The commandments of God are clearly re

were liable to mould and rottenness. Locke. vealed both in the decalogue and other parts of

3. Declension from prosperity. sacred writ.


And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen To DECA'MP. v. n. (decamper, French.]

in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieve him. To shift the camp; to move off.

Leviticus. DECA'MPMENT. n. s. [from decamp.] The

I am the very man act of shifting the camp.

That, from your first of difference and decay,

Have follow'd your sad steps. TO DECA'NT. v. a. (decanto, Lat. de

Sbakspear. canter, Fr.] To pour off gently by in. '4. The cause of decline.

He that seeketh to be eminent amongst able clination.

men, hath a great task; but that is ever good for Take agua fortis, and dissolve in it ordinary

the publick: but he that plots to be the only coined silver, and pour the coloured solution

figure among cyphers, is the decay of a whole into twelve times as inuch fair water, and then decant or filtrate the mixture that it may be DECA’YER. n. s. [from decay.) That


Bacon. very clear.

Boyle. They attend him daily as their chief,

which causes decay. Decant his wine, and carve his beef. Swift. Your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson

dead body. DECANTATION, N. s. (decantation, Fr.]

Sbakspeare's Hamlet. The act of decanting or pouring off DECE'ASE. n. s. [decessus, Lat.] Death; clear.

departure from life. DECANTER. n. s. (from decant.) A glass Lands are by human law, in some places, afvessel made for pouring off liquor clear

ter the owner's decease, divided unto all his child

ren; in some, all descendeth to the eldest son. from the lees.

Hooker. T. DECAPITATE. v. a. (decapito, Lat.) To Dece'ase. v. n. (decedo, Latin.] To To behead.

die; to depart from life. To DECAY. 7. n. (deciseoir, Fr. from de

He tells us Arthur is deceas'd to-night. Sbak. and cadere, Latin.] To lose excellence ;

You shall die to decline from the state of perfection; Twice now, where others, that mortality to be gradually impaired.

In her fair arms holds, shall but once decease. The monarch oak,


His latest victories still thickest came, Three centuries he grows, and three he stays Supreme in state, and in three more decays. As, near the centre, motion doth increase;


Till he, press'd down by his own weighty name, The garlands fade, the vows are worn away ;

Did, like the vestal, under spoils decease. Dryden. So dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope, DECE'IT. no to [deceptio, Latin.]

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1. Fraud; a cheat; a fallacy ; any prac.

They rais'da fechle cry with trembling nett, tice by which falsehood is made to pass

But the weak voice derers'd their gasping threads for truth.

Dnk My lips shall not speak wickedness, nar my

5. To deprive by fraud or stealth.

Wine is to be forborne in consumptions; for

Job. tongue utter deceita

that the spirits of the wine prey of the ski 2. Stratagem; artifice. His demand

juice of the body, inierconimon with the

of the body, and so dezeive and rob them of the Springs not from Edward's well-incant honest

nourishment. love, But from dei vit bred by necessity. Srakspeare.

Plant fruit-trees in large borders; and see

therein fine flowers, but thin and sparingly les: 3. [In law.) A subtile wily shift or de

they deceive the trees. rice; all manner of craft, subtilty, guile, DECE'IVER. 7.s. (from dereive.] One that fraud, wiliness, sleightness, cunning,

leads another into errour ; a cheat. covin, collusion, practice, and offence, used to deceive another man by any

Sigh no more, ladies, sigh no more;

Men were deceivers ever: means, which hath no other proper or One foot in sea, and one on shora; particular nanie but offence. Cowell. To one thing constant never. Sbakoint

. DECE'ITFUL. adj. (decvit and full.] Frau

As for Perkin's disinission out of France, I. dulcnt ; full of deceit.

interpreted it not as if he were detected for i I grant him bloody,

counterfeit deociter. Luxurious, avaricious, false, de eitjuk. Shaksp.

Those voices, actions, or gestures, which a The lovely young Lavinia once had friends,

have not by any compact agreed to make their And fortune smil'd, dereitgirl, on her birth.

struments of conveying their thoughts 012 9 Thomson.

another, are not the proper instruments of the DECEʻITFULLY. adv. [from defeilful.]

ceiving, so as to denominate the person to

them a liar or deceiver. Fraudulently; with deceit.

It is to be admired how any deceiver cand Exercise of form may be deceitfully dispatched weak to forecel things near at hand, when ara of course.


few months must of necessity discover the in DECE'ITFULNESS. 2. s. [from deceitful.]


Setia The quality of being fraudulent ; ten

Adieu the heart-expanding bowl,

And all the kind deceivers of the soul ! dency to deceive.

The care of this world, and the deceitfulness of DECE'MBER, 1. s. [December, Lat.) The riches, choke the word, and he becometh un- last month of the year; but named fruitful.

Mettbew, december, or the tenth month, when the DECEʻIVABLE. adj. [from deceive.] year began in Mareh. 1. Subject to fraud; exposed to imposture.

Men are April when they woo, and Dres Man was not only deceivable in his integrity,

ber when they wed. Sbakspeare's as you like it.

What should we speak of but the angels of light in all their clarity. Brown. How would thou use me now, blind, and

When we are old as you when we sail hear thereby

The rain and wind beat dark December. Sayti Deceivable, in most things as a child

DECEMPEDAL. adj. (from decempeda, Helpless ? hence easily contemn'd and scorn'd,

Lat.) Ten feet in length. Diar. And last neglected.


DECE'MVIRATE. 11. s. (decemviratai, 2. Subject to produce errour ; deceitful. It is good to consider of deformity, not as a

Lat.] The dignity and office of the ten sign, which is more deceivable, but as a cause

governours of Rome, who were appointwhich seldom faileth of the effect. Bacon, ed to rule the commonwealth insitad of

He received nothing but fair promises, which consuls: their authority subsisted only proved deceivable.

Hayward. two years. Any body of ten men. O everfailing trust In mortal strength! and oh, what not in man

DE'CENCE. n. s. (decente, Fr. det, Deseivable and vain?

Milton. DE'CENCY. I Latin.] DECE'IVABLENESS. 1, s. (from deceiva

1. Propriety of form ; proper formality; ble.] Liableness to be deceived, or to

becoming ceremony: de.ence is scluoci deceive.

used. He that has a great patron, has the advantage

Those thousand decencies, that daily fos of his negligence and direivallness.

From all her words and actions.
Government of ibc Tongue.

In good works there may be goodness in

general; but decence and gracefulness can be els T. DECE'IVE. v.a. [decipio, Latin.] in the particulars in doing the good. 1. To cause to mistake; to bring into er- Were the offices of religion stripe of all use rour; to impose upon.

external decencies of worship, they w Some have been devoid into an opinion, that

make a due impression ou the minds these there was a divine right of primogeniture to both

who assist at them.

.dty estate and power.

Locke. She speaks, behaves, and acts, just as she out; 2. To delude by stratagem.

But never, never reach'd one gen'rous task.

Virtue she finds too painful an ende Bour, 3. To cut off from expectation, with of Content to dwell in detencies for ever. before the thing.

2. Suitableness to character ; propriciy. The Turkish general, deceived of his expecta- And must I own, she said, ne sert snit tion, withdrew his feet twelve miles oft. Anolles.

What with more decenes were in silene ke I now believ'd The happy day approach'd, nor are my hopes The consideration immediately sobsesliit deceio'da

Dryden. the being of a thing, is what agrees or dans 4. To mock; to fail.

with that thing; what is vitable or unsur de

3. Vapidness of liquors ; loss of spirit.

Deadness or flatness in cyder is often occasioned by the too free admission of air into the vessels.

Mortimer. DE'ADNETTLE, n. s. A weed; the same

with archangel. DEAD-REC KONING. n. s. (a sea term.]

That estimation or conjecture which the seamen make of the place where a ship is, by keeping an account. of her way by the log, by knowing the course they have steered by the compass, and by rectifying all with allowance for drift or lee-way; so that this reckoning is without any observation of the sun, moon, and stars, and is to be reciified as often as any good observation can be

DEAF. adj. [doof, Dutch.]
1. Wanting the sense of hearing.
Come on my right hand, for this ear is deaf.

Infected minds
To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets.

Sbakspeare. The chief design here intended is to instruct such as are deaf and dumb, and dumb only by consequence of their want of hearing. Holder.

If any sins afflict our life
With that prime ill, a talking wife,
Till death shall bring the kind relief
We must be patient, or be deaf.

Thus you may still be young to me,
While I can better hear than see:
Oh, ne'er may fortune shew her spite,
To make me deaf and mend my sight! Szvift.
It has to before the thing that ought to
be heard.

I will be deaf to pleading and excuses;
Nor tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses.

O that men's ears should be
To counsel deaf, but not to flattery! Sbakspeare,
Whilst virtue courts them; but, alas, in vain!
Fly from her kind embracing arms,
Deaf to her fondest call, blind to her

Not so: for, once indulg'd, they sweep the

Deaf to the call, or, hearing, hear in vain. Dry.
Hope, too long with vain delusion fed,
Deaf to the rumour of fallacious fame,
Givesto the roll of death his glorious name. Pope.
Deprived of the power of hearing.

Deaf with che noise, I took my hasty flight:
No mortal courage can support the fright. Dry.
Obscurely heard.

Nor silence is within, nor voice express,
But a deaf noise of sounds that never cease;
Confus'd and chiding like the hollow roar
Oftides receding from th' insulted shoar. Dryd.

The rest were seiz'd with sullen discontent,
Ind a deaf murmur through the squadrons went.

Dryden. DEAF.

v. a. [from denf.] To

deprive of the power of
Hearing hath deaf'd our sailors; and if they
Inow how to hear, there's none know what to

A swarm of their aerial shapes appears,
Ind, flutt'ring round his temples, deafs his ears.

From shouting men, and horns, and dogs, he

fies, Deafen'd and stunn'd with their promiscuous cries.

Addisoni. DE'AFLY. adv. (from deaf.] I. Without sense of sounds. 2. Obscurely to the ear. DE'AFNESS. n. s. [from dear:) 1. Want of the power of hearing; want of sense of sounds.

Those who are deaf and dumb, are dumb by consequence from their deafnes's. Holder.

The Dunciad had never been writ, but at his request, and for his deafness; for, had he been able to converse with me, do you think I had amused my time so ill?

Pope. . 2. Unwillingness to hear.

I found such a deafness, that no declaration
from the bishops could take place, K. Charles,
DEAL. n. s. [deel, Dutch.]
I. Part.

A great deal of that which had been, was now to be removed out of the church. Hooker. 2. Quantity ; degree of more or less. It

was formerly joined with different words, to limit its meaning; as, some deal, in some degree, to some amount: we now either say, a great deal, or a deal without an adjective ; but this is commonly, if not always, ludicrous or contemptuous.

When men's affections do frame their opinions, they are in defence of errour more earnest, a great deal, than, for the most part, sound believers in the maintenance of truth, apprehending, according to the nature of that evidence which scripture yieldeth.

Hooker. There is, indeed, store of matters, fitter and better a great deal for teachers to spend time and labour in.

Hooker, To weep with them that weep doth ease some But sorrow flouted at is double death. Sbaksp.

What a deal of cold business doth a man misspend the better part of life iu! In scattering compliments, and tendering visits. . Ben Jonson.

The charge some deal thee haply honour may, That noble Dudone had while here he liv'd.

Fairfax, Possibly some never so much as doubted of the safety of their spiritual estate; and, if so, they have so much the more reason, a great deal, to doubt of it.

Souib. The author, who knew that such a design as this could not be carried on without a great deal of artifice and sophistry, has puzzled and perplexed his cause.

Addison. 3. (from the verb To deal.]

The art or practice of dealing cards.

How can the muse her aid impart,
Unskill'd in all the terms of art?
Or in harmonious numbers put

The deal, the shuffle, and the cut? Swift. 4. [deyl, Dutch.] Fir-wood, or the wood of pines.

I have also found, that a piece of deal, far thicker than one would easily imagine, being purposely interposed betwixt my eye placed in a room, and the clearer daylight, was not only somewhattransparent, but appeared quite through a lovely red.

Boyle on Colours. To DEAL. v. a. (oleelen, Dutch.] 1. To distribute; to dispose to different

Dryden. But Salius enters; and, exclaiming loud or justice, deüfens and disturbs the crowd. Dry.




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Deal thy bread to the hungry, and bring the True logick is not that noisy thing that ene's
poor that are cast out to thy house. Isaiah.
One with a broken truncheon deals his blows.

all in dispute, to which the former ages had dito

based it.
His lifted arms around his head he throws,

Dryden. 7. To Deal with. To treat in any man.
And deals in whistling air his empty blows. Dry.

ner; to use well or ill.
The business of mankind, in this life, being

Neither can the Irish, nor yet the English rather to act than to know, their portion of

lords, think themselves wronged, nor hard knowledge is dealt them accordingly. Addison.

dealt with, to have that which is none of thes How Spain prepares her banners to unfold,

own given to them.
And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold.

Who then shall guide

His people? who defend? Will they na dia?
Had the great men of antiquity been possessed

Worse with his followers, than witb him the?
of the art of printing, they would have made an

dealt? advantage of it, in dealing out their lectures to

If a man would have his conscience & the publick.


clearly with him, he must deal severely the If you deal out great quantities of strong li.


Seatb's STES quor to the mob, there will be

God did not only exercise this providence on


wards his own people, but he dealt thus to
2. To scatter; to throw about.

with other nations.
Keep me from the vengeance of thy darts,

But I will deal the more civilly with his tra
Which Niobe's devoted issue felt,

poems, because nothing ill is to be spoken of the

When hissing through the skies the feather'd
deaths were dealt.

You wrote to me with the freedom of a friend

3. To give gradually, or one after an-

dealing, plainly with me in the matter of
own trifles.

Pen 。

Reflect on the merits of the cause, as tels
The nightly mallet deals resounding blows.

of the men, who have been thus dealt with a
their country.

4. To distribute the cards.

8. To Deal with. To contend with. TO DEAL. V. n.

If she hated me, I should know what assist


to deal witb.
1. To traffick ; to transact business; to

Gentlemen were commanded to remain in the
It is generally better to deal by speech than by

country, to govern the people, easy to be du


with whilst they stand in fear.
letter; and by a man himself, than by the medi-
ation of a third.

Then you upbraid me; I am pleas'd to see

This is to drive a wholesale trade, when all

You 're not so perfect, but can fail like me :

I have no God to deal witb. other petty merchants deal but for parcels.

Decay of Piety.

To DEALBATE. v. a. [dealbe, Lat.)
They buy and sell, they deal and traffick.

To whiten; to bleach.

Soutb. DE A IBA'TION. R. So [deaibatio, Latin.)
With the fond maids in palmistry he deals,

The act of bleaching or whitening ;
They tell the secret which he first reveals. Prior.
2. To act between two persons; to inter-

rendering things white which were sot

so before : a word in little use. vene.

All seed is white in viviparous animals

, ed
Sometimes he that deals between man and
man raiseth his own credit with both, by pre-

such as have preparing vessels, wherein ik te

ceives a manifold dealbation. tending greater interest than he hath in either.


DE'ALER. 13. s. (from To deal.] 3. To behave well or ill in any transac

1. One that has to do with any thing. tion.

I doubt not, if he will deal clearly and impartially, but that he will acknowledge all this to

their first adventure.

2. A trader or trafficker.
4. To act in any manner.
Two deep enemies,

honest dealer is always undone, and the kant
Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleep's disturbers,

gets the advantage. Are they that I would have thee deal upon.


DE'ALING. n. s. [from To deal.] 5. To Deál by. To treat well or ill.

1. Practice; action.
This seems a vitious use.

Concerning the dealings of men who se
Such an one deals not fairly by his own mind,
nor conducts his own understanding aright.


who sitteth in heaven.
6. To Deal in. To have to do with ;
to be engaged in ; to practise.

Whose own hard dealings teach them to repeat
Suiters are so distasted with delays and abuses,

The thoughts of others.
that plain-dealing, in denying to deal in suits at

But this was neither one pope's fault, Atax
first, is grown not only honourable, but also


in this kind.
The Scripture forbids even the countenancing
a poor man in his cause; which is a popular

2. Intercourse.
way of preventing justice, that some men have

It were to be wished, that men workp dealt in, though without that success which they

mote the happiness of one another, in all proposed to themselves.

privare dealings among those who lie vita

3. Measure of treatment; mode in slici Addison.



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Guleer': Trond 3. A person who deals the cards.

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their influence. Among authors, none draw upon themselves more displeasure than hose who deal in political


one treats another.

God's gracious dealings with men are the aids Whom thou in terms so bloody, and so dear, and auxiliaries necessary to us in the pursuit of

Hast made thine enemies? Twelfth Night. piety. , Hammond.

Let us return, 4. Traffick ; business.

And strain what other means is left unto tis The doctor must needs die rich; he had great

In our dear-peril.

Timon. dealings in his way for many years. Swift.

Some dear cause DEAMBULA'TION. n. s. [deambulatio,

Will in concealment wrap me up


When I am known aright, you shall not grieve Latin.] The act of walking abroad.

Lending me this acquaintance.

King Lear. DeA'MBULATORY. adj. [deambulo, Lat ] Would I had met my dearest foe in heav'n, Relating to the practice of walking Or ever I had seen that day!

Hamlet. abroad.

Thy other banish'd son, with his dear sight DEAN. n. s. [decanus, Latin ; doyen, Fr. Struck pale and bloodless. Titus Andron.

From the Greek word dixer; in English, DEAR. n. s. A word of endearment ; ten; because he was anciently set over


That kiss ten canons or prebendaries at least in

I carried from thee, dear; and my true lip some cathedral church. Ayliffe.] The

Hath virgin'd it e'er since.

Shakspeare. second dignitary of a diocese.

Go, dear, each minute does new danger bring. As there are two foundations of cathedral

Dryden. churches in England, the old and the new (the

See, my dear, new are those which Henry viu. upon sup- How lavish nature has adorn'd the year. Dry; pression of abbeys transformed from abbot or DE'ARBOUGHT. adj. [dear and bought.] prior and convent, to dean and chapter), so there

Purchased at a high price. are two means of creating these deans; for those of the old foundation are brought to their dig

O fleeting joys

Of Paradise ! dearbought with lasting woe. Milt. nity much like bishops, the king first sending

Such dearbought blessings happen ev'ry day, out his congé d'elire to the chapter, the chapter

Because we know not for what things to pray. then chusing, and the bishop confirming them,

Dryden. and giving his mandate to instal them. Those

Forget not what my ransom cost, of the new foundation are, by a shorter course, installed by virtue of the king's letters -patent, DE'ARLING. n. s. (now written darling.]

Nor let my dearbought soul be lost. Roscommon. without either election or confirmation. This word is also applied to divers, that are

Favourite. chief of certain peculiar churches or chapels; as

They do feed on nectar, heavenly-wise, the dear of the king's chapel, the dean of the With Hercules and Hebe, and the rest Arches, the dean of St. George's chapel at Wind- Of Venus' dearlings, through her bounty blest. sor, and the dean of Bocking in Essex. Cowell.

Spenser. The dear and canons, or prebends, of cathe- DE'ARLY. adv. (from dear.] dral churches, were of great use in the church; 1. With great fondness. they were not only to be of counsel with the

For the unquestionable virtues of her person bishop for his revenue, but chiefly for govern- and mind, he loved her dearly.

Wolton. ment in causes ecclesiastical. Use your best

2. At a high price. means to prefer such to those places who are fit

It is rarely bought, and then also bought for that purpose.

dearly enough with such a fine.

Bacon. DE'ANERY. n. s. [from dean.]

Turnus shall dearly pay for faith forsworn; 1. The office of a dean.

And corps, and swords, and shields, on Tyber He could no longer keep the deanery of the


Dryden. chapel-royal.

Clarendon. My father dotes: and let him still dote on; 2. The revenue of a dean.

He buys his mistress dearly with his throne. Put both deans in one; or, if that's too much

Dryden. trouble,

To DEARN. v. a. [Dyrnán, Sax. to hide.] Instead of the deans make the deanery double. To mend clothes. See DARN.

Swift. DE'ARNESS. n. s. [from dear.] 3. The house of a dean.

1. Fondness; kindness; love. Take her by the hand, away with her to the

My brother holds you well, and in dearness of deanery, and dispatch it quickly. Sbakspeare.

heart' hath hoped to effect your ensuing marDE'ANSHIP. n. s. [from dean.] The of. riage.

Sbakspeare. fice and rank of a dean.

The whole senate dedicated an altar to FriendDEAR. adj. [deor, Saxon.]

ship, as to a goddess, in respect of the great 1. Beloved ; favourite; darling.

dearness of friendship between them two. Bacon. Your brother Glo'ster hates you.

He who hates his neighbour mortaily, and Oh! no: he loves me, and he holds me dear.

wisely too, must profess all the dearness of Shakspeare.

friendship, with readiness to serve him. South. The dear, dear name she bathes in flowing

2. Scarcity; high price. tears;

Landlords prohibit tenants from plowing, Hangs o'er the tomb.


which is seen in the dearness of corn. Swift And the last joy was dearer than the rest. DE'ARNLY, advi [deorn, Sax.] Se


cretly ; privately; unseen. Obsolete. 2. Valuable; of a high price; costly. At last, as chanc'd them by a forest sive What made directors cheat, the South-sea

To pass, for succour from the scorching ray, year?

They heard a rueful voice, that dearnly cried To feed on ven’son when it sold so dear. Pope. With piercing shrieks.

Spenser. 3. Scarce; not plentiful: as, a dear gear. DEARTH, 1. s. (from dear.] 4. It seems to be sometimes used in Shak

1. Scarcity which makes food dear. speare for deer; sad ; hateful ; grievous. In times of dearth, it drained much coin out What foolish boldness brought thee to their of the kingdom, to furnish us with corn from mercies, foreign parts.


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