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Many have been cured of dropsies by abstinence from drinks, eating dry biscuit, which creates no thirst, and strong frictions four or five times a-day. ' Arbuthnot on Diet. 2. A composition of fine flower, almonds, and sugar, made by the confectioners. To Bise/ct. w.a. [from binus, and seco to cut, Lat.] To divide into two parts. The rational horizon bisecteth the globe into two equal parts. Brown's Vulgar Errourr. Bus E^c Tio N. n. J. [from the verb.] A geometrical term, signifying the division of any quantity into two equal parts. BISHOP. m. s. [From episcopas, Lat. the Saxons formed bircop, which was af. terward softened into bishop.] One of the head order of the clergy. A bishop is an overseer, or superintendant, of religious matters in the christian church. Aylift. You shall find him well accompany'd With reverend fathers, and well learned bishops. bakspeire. Their zealous superstition thinks, or pretends, they cannot do God a greater service, than to destroy the primitive, apostolical, and anciently universal government of the church by bishops. R. Charles. In case a bishop should commit treason and felony, and forfeit his estate, with his life, the lands of his bishoprick remain still in the o: South. On the word bishop, in French evoqué, I would observe, that there is no natural connexion between the sacred office and the letters or sound; for evèque, and bishop, signify the same office, though there is not one letter alike in them. Watts' Logick. Bi's Ho P. m. s. A cant word for a mixture of wine, oranges, and sugar. Fine oranges, Well roasted, with sugar and wine in a cup, They'll make a sweet bishop, when gentlefolks sup. Swift. To Bi's hop. v. a. [from the noun..] To confirm ; to admit solemnly into the church. They are prophane, imperfect, oh! too bad, Except confirm'd and bishoped by thee. Donne. B1's Hop Rick. n.s.. [bircoppice, Saxon.] The diocese of a bishop; the district over which the jurisdiction of a bishop extends. It will be fit, that, by the king's supreme power in causes ecclesiastical, they be subordinate under some bishop, and liloprick, of this realm. Bacon’s Advice to J’illiers. A virtuous woman should reject marriage, as a good man does a bishoprick; but I would adwise neither to persist in refusing. ... Spectator. Those o: had episcopal ordination, possessed preferments in the church, and were sometimes promoted to bishopricks themselves. Swift. Bi's Hopsw EED. m. s. Lammi, Lat. A plant. Bisk. m. s. [bisque, Fr.] Soup; broth made by boiling several sorts of flesh. A prince, who in a forest rides astray, And, weary, to some cottage finds the way, Talks of no pyramids, or fowls, or links of fish, But hungry sups his cream serv'd up in earthen dish. Aing.

Br’s k E.T. See Bisc UIT.
B1's Mut H. m. s. The same as marcasite ;
a hard, white, brittle, mineral sub-

stance, of a metalline nature, found at Misnia; supposed to be a recrementitious matter thrown offin the formation of tin. Some esteem it a metal sui generis ; though it usually contains some silver. There is an artificial bismuth made, for the shops, of tin. £uincy. Biss E'. TIL E. m. s. [from bis and sextilis, Lat.] Leap-year; the year in which the day, arising from six odd hours in each year, is intercalated. The year of the sun consisteth of three hundred and sixty-five days and six hours, wanting eleven minutes; which six hours omitted, will, in time, deprave the compute: and this was the occasion of bisextile, or leap year. Brown. Towards the latter end of February is the biotextile or intercalar day; called litrextile, because the sixth of the calends of March is twice repeated. Holder on Time. Bi'ssos. adj. [derived by Skinner from by and sin.] Blind. But who, oh! who hath seen the mobled queen Run barefoot up and down, threat'ning the flames With his son rheum 2 Shakspeare's Hamlet. What harm can yourbison conspectuities glean out of this character: Shakspeare's Coriolanus. BISTRE. m. s. [French] A colour made of chimney soot boiled, and then diluted with water; used by painters in washing their designs. Trevoux. Bi's To RT. n. 4. [bistorta, Lat.] A plant, called also snakeweed ; which see. Bi's rou RY. m. s. [bistouri, Fr.] A surgeon's instrument, used in making incisions, of which there are three sorts; the blade of the first turns like that of a lancet; but the straight histoury has the blade fixed in the handle; the crooked histowry is shaped ike a half moon, having the edge on the inside. Chambers. Bisu’t covs. adi, [hisulcus, Lat.] Ciovenfooted. For the swine, although multiparous, yet being tirukous, and only clovenfooted, are farrowed with open eyes, as other biolow, animals. Brown's Pułtur Errours. Bit. u. s. [bitol, Saxon.) Sigifies the whole machine of all the iron appurtenances of a bridle, as the bit-mouth, the branches, the curb, the sevel holes, the tranchesil, and the cross chains; but sometimes it is used to signiy only the bit-mouth in particular. Farrier's Dict. They light from their horses, pulling off their lit, that they might something refresh their mouths upon the grass. Sidney. We have strict statutes, and most biting laws, The needful bit; and curbs of headstrong steeds.

Shakspeare. He hath the bit between his teeth, and away . he runs. §

Unus’d to the restraint Of curbs and bits, and fleeter than the winds. Addison. BIT. n. s. [from bite.] 1. As much meat as is put into the mouth at once. How many prodigal bits have slaves and pea

sants This night englutted! Shai-Azare,

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Then clap four slices of pilaster on 't, That, lac'd with bits of rustick, makes a front. - Pope. He bought at thousands, what with better wit You purchase as you want, and bit by bit. *}. His majesty has power to grant a patent, for stamping round bits of copper, to every subject he hath. Swift. 3. A Spanish West Indian silver coin, valued at sevenpence halfpenny. 4. A bit the better or worse. In the smallest degree. There are few that know all the tricks of these lawyers; for aught I can see, your case is not a bit clearer than it was seven years ago. Arbuthnot.

To Bit v. a. [from the noun..] To put the bridle upon a horse. BIT ch. n. ... [bitze, Saxon.] 1. The female of the canine kind; as the wolf, the dog, the fox, the otter. And at his feet a hitch wolf suck did yield To two young babes. Sponser. I have been credibly informed, that a bitch will nurse, play with, and be fond of young foxes, as much as, and in place of, her puppies. Locke.

2. A name of reproach for a woman. Him you'll call a dog, and her a bitch. Pope. John had not run a madding, so long, had it not been for an extravagant bitch of a wife. Arbuthnot.

To BITE. v. a. pret. I hit : part. pass. I have bit, or bitten. [bitan so.;

1. To crush, or pierce with the teeth. My very enemy's dog, Though he o bit me, should have stood that night Against my fire. Shakspeare. Such smiling rogues as these, Ilike rats, oft hite the holy cords in twain, Too intricate t' unloose. Shakspeare. These are the youths that thunder at a playhouse, and fight for bitten apples. Shakspeare. He falls; his arms upon the body sound, And with his bloody teeth he bites the ground. Dryden. There was lately a young gentleman bit to the bone, who is now indeed recovered. Tatler. Their foul mouths have not opened their lips without a falsity; though they have showed their teeth as if they would lite off my nose. Arbuth. 2. To give pain by cold. Here feel we the icy phang, And churlish chiding, of the winter's wind; Which when it hite, and biows upon my body, Even till I shrink with cold, I smile. Shakop. Full fifty years, harness'd in rugged steel, I have endur'd the biting winter's blast, And the severer heats of parching summer. Rowe. 3. To hurt or pain w_i', rep, ach. Each poet with a diff'rent talent writes; One praises, one instructs, another bit. Rose. 4. To cut; to wound.

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6. To cheat; to trick; to defraud : a low phrase. | Asleep and naked as an Indian lay, An honest factor stole a gem away : He pledg'd to the knight; the knight had wit, So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. Pope. If you had allowed half the fine gentlemen to have conversed with you, they would have been strangely bit, while they thought only to fall in love with a fair lady. - Pope. Bit E. m. s. [from the verb.] 1. The seizure of anything by the teeth. Does he think he can endure the everlasting burnings, or arm himself against the bites of the never-dying worm 2 South.

Nor dogdays parching heat, that splits the

rocks, Is half so harmful as the greedy flocks; Their venom'd bite, and scars indented on the stocks. Dryden's Pirgil's Georgicks. 2. The act of a fish that takes the bait. I have known a very good fisher angle diligently four or six hours for a river carp, and not have a bite. Worlton. 3. A cheat; a trick; a fraud: in low and vulgar language, Let a man be ne'er so wise, He may be caught with sober lies; For, take it in its proper light, "T is just what coxcombs call a bite. Swift. 4. A sharper; one who commits frauds. Bi’r E. R. m. s. [from bite.] I. He that bites. Great barkers are no biters. 2. A fish apt to take the bait. He is so bold that he will invade one of his own kind; and you may therefore easily believe him to be a bold biter. Waltor. 3. A tricker; a deceiver. A biter is one who tells you a thing you have no reason to disbelieve in itself, and perhaps has given you, before he bit you, no reason to disbelieve it for his saying it; and, if you give him credit, laughs in your face, and triumphs that he has deceived you. He is one who thinks 3. a fool, because you do not think him a Ilave. Spectator. B1*TT Acle. n.s. A frame of timber in the steerage of a ship, where the compass is placed. Dict. Bi’r T EN. The part. pass. of T, bite. BITTER. adj. [brzeji, Saxon.] I Having a hot, acrid, biting taste, like wormwood. Bitter things are apt rather to kill than engender putrefaction. Bacon's Natural History. Though a man in a fever should, from sugar, have a bitter taste, which at another time produces a sweet one ; yet the idea of bitter, in that man's mind, would . as distinct from the idea of sweet, as if he had tasted only gall. Lock.

Camden.

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Shakspeare. Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them. Colorians. The word of God, instead of a bitter, teaches us a charitable zeal. Sprat. 3. Calamitous ; miserable. Noble friends and fellows, whom to leave ss only bitter to me, only dying; Go with me, like good angels, to my end. Shak. A dire induction am I witness to; And will to France, hoping the consis|uence Will prove as bitter, black, and tragical. Shaksp. And shun the bitter consequence: for know, The day thou eat'st thereof, my sole command Transgrest, inevitably thou shalt die. Par. Lost. Tell him, that if I bear my bitter fate, 'Tis to behold his vengeance for my son. Dryd. 4. Painful; inclement. The fowl the borders fly, And shun the bitter blast, and wheel about the sky-- Dryden, 5. Sharp; reproachful; satirical. Go with me, , And in the breath of bitter words let’s smother My damned son. Shakspeare. 6. Mournful; afflicted.

Wherefore is light given unto him that is in

misery, and life unto the bitter in soul ? job. 7. In any manner unpleasing or hurtful. Bitter is an equivocal word; there is bitter wormwood, there are bitter words, there are bitter enemies, and a bitter cold morning. Watts. Bl'rt ERGou Rd. n.s. [colocynthis, Lat.] A plant. Biott ERLY. adv. [from bitter.] I. With a bitter taste. 2. In a bitter manner; sorrowfully; calamitously. I so lively acted with my tears, That my poor mistress, moved therewithal, Wept bitterly. Shakpeare. Bitterly hast thou paid, and still art paying, That rigid score. ilton. 3- Sharply ; severely. is behaviour is not to censure bitterly the errours of their zeal. Sprat. Bi’r Te RN. m. s. [butour, Fr.] A bird with long legs, and a long bill, which feeds upon fish; remarkable for the noise which he makes, usually called bumping. See BIT Tou R. The poor fish have enemies enough, besides such unnatural fishermen as otters, the cormorant, and the bittern. Walton. So that scarce The bittern knows his time, with billingulpht, To shake the sounding marsh. Thomson. Bi'1 1 ERN. m. s. [from bitter.] A very bitter liquor, which drains off in making of common salt, and used in the preparation of Epsom salt. Quincy. Bi'TTERN ess. n.s.. [from bitter.] I. A bitter taste. The idea of whiteness, or bitterners, is in the mind, exactly answering that power which is in any body to produce it there. Lock. 2. Malice; grudge ; hatred; implacabilitv. o, bitternes, and animosity between the commanders was such, that a great part of the army was marched. Clarendon. 3. Sharpness; severity of temper. . His sorrows have so overwhelm'd his wits, Shall we be thus afflicted in his wreaks, His fits, his frenzy, and his bitterness * Shakup. Pierpoint and Crew appeared now to have

contracted more bitterners and sourness thanformerly, and were more reserved towards the king's commissioners. Clarendon. 4. Satire; Floy ; keenness of reproach. Some think their wits have been asseep, except they dart out somewhat piquant, and to the quick: men ought to find the difference between saltness and bitterness. acon. 5. Sorrow ; vexation ; affliction. There appears much joy in him; even so much, that joy could not show itself modest enough, without a badge of bitterness. Shakspeare. They shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son; and shall be in bitternet, for him, as one that is in bitterness for his first-born. - Zech. Most pursue the pleasures, as they call them, of their natures, which begin in sin, are carried on with danger, and end in bitterners. Wake. I oft, in bitterness of soul, deplor'd My absent daughter, and my dearer lord. Pope. B1*TTE Rsw E ET. n. 3. [from bitter and sweet.] An apple, which has a compound taste of sweet and bitter. it is but a bittersweet at best, and the fine colours of the serpent do by no means make amends for the smart and poison of his sting. South. When I express the taste of an apple, which we call the bittersweet, none can mistake what I mean. Wattr. Bi’t TER v ETch. n. s. servum, Lat.] A plant. BITTERwo RT. n.s. [gentiana, Lat.] An herb. BI'TT'ou R. m. s. [butour, Fr. ardea, stellaris, Lat.] A bird, commonly called the bittern (see BITTERN), but perhaps as properly bittour. Then to the water's brink she laid her head; And, as a bittour bumps within a reed, To thee alone, O lake, she said, I tell. Dryden. BITU/M E. m. s. [from bitumen.] Bitumen. Mix with these Idaean pitch, quick sulphur, silver's spume, . Sea onion, hellebore, and black litume. May. BITU'MEN. m. s. [Lat. J A fat unctuous matter dug out of the earth, or Scummed off lakes, as the Asphaltis in Judaea, of various kinds: some so hard as to be used for coal ; others so glutinous as to serve for mortar. Savary. It is reported, that bitumes mingled with lime, and put under water, will make as it were an artificial rock, the substance becometh so hard. Bacon. The fabrick seem'd a work of rising ground, With sulphur and Šitumen cast between. Dryden. Bitumen is a body that readily takes fire, yields an oil, and is soluble in water. , JWoodward. BITU'M IN ous. adj. [from bitumen.j Having the nature and qualities of bitumen; compounded of bitumen. Naphtha, which was the bituminov; mortar used in the walls of Babylon, grows to an entire and very hard matter, like a stone. Bacon. The fruitage fair to sight, like that which grew Near that bituminous lake where Sodom flain'd. Isistan. B1 v A/L v E. adj. [from binus and valve, Lat.] Having two valves or shutters: a term used of those fish that have two shells, as oysters; and of those plants whose seed pods open their whole

length, to discharge their seca, as peas.

In the cavity lies loose the shell of some sort of bivalve, larger than could be introduced in at

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Boxwoo T. n.s. An herb. Bi'z ANT IN E. m. s. [more pro o spelt Byzantine ; from A....” great piece of gold valued at fifteen pound, which the king offereth upon high festival days ; it is yet called a bizantine, which anciently was a piece of gold coined by the emperours of Constantinople. Camden. To BLAB. v.a. [b/abberen, Dutch..] 1. To tell what ought to be kept secret: it usually implies rather thoughtlessness than treachery; but may be used in either sense. The gaudy, blabbing, and remorseful day Is crept into the bosom of the sea. Shakspeare. Thy dues be done, and none left out, Fre the blabbing eastern scout, The nice morn, on the Indian steep, From her cabin'd loophole peep. Milton. Nature has made man's breast no windores, To publish what he does within doors, Nor what dark secrets there inhabit, Unless his own rash folly blak it. Hudibras. Sorrow nor joy can be disguis'd by art, Our foreheadshlab the secrets of our heart. Dryd. It is unlawful to give any kind of religious worship to a creature; but the very indices of the fathers cannot escape the index expurgatorius, for blaðing so great a truth. Stillingfiest. Nor whisper to the tattling reeds The blackest of all female deeds. Nor b/ab it on the lonely rocks, Where echo sits, and list’ning mocks. Swift.

2. To tell: in a good sense. Not used.

. ...That delightful engine of her thoughts, That blubb'd them with such pleasing eloquence, ls torn from forth that pretty hollow cage. Slak.

To BLA B. v. m. To tattle; to tell tales. Your mute I'll be: When my tongue blals, then let mine eyes not see. Shakspeare. Bla B. m. s. [from the verb.] A telltale ; a thoughtless babbler; a treacherous betraver of secrets. - he secret man heareth many confessions; for who will open himself to a blob, or babbler? - Bacon. - To have reveal’d Secrets of man, the secrets of a friend, Contempt and scorn of all, to be excluded All friendship, and avoided as a blab. Milton. Whoever shews me a very inquisitive body, I'll shew him a blob, and one that . make privacy as publick as a proclamation, L'Estrange. I should have gone about shewing my letters, under the charge of secrecy, to every blub of my acquaintance. - Savift. B1, A'B). E. R. m. s. [from blab.] A tatler ; a telltale. To BLA’B B ER. v. m. To whistle to a horse. Skinner. BLA/B BER LIP Ped. Skinner. See Blo BB E R L 1 PP H. D. BLACK. adj. [blac, Saxon.] 1. Of the colour of night. In the twilight in the evening, in the black and dark night. - Proverbs. Aristotle has problems which enquire why the

sun makes man black, and not the fire; why it

whitens wax, yet blacks the skin Brown. 2. 1)ark.

The heaven was black with clouds and wind,

and there was a great rain. 1 Kings.

3. Cloudy of countenance; sullen. She hath abated me of half my train; Look'd black upon me. Shakspeare. 4. Horrible; wicked ; atrocious. Either my country never must be freed, Or I consenting to so black a decd. Dryden. 5. Dismal; mournful. A dire induction am I witness to; And will to France, hoping the consequence Will prove as bitter, black, and tragical. Shahr. 6. Black and blue. The colour of a bruise; a stripe. Mistress Ford, good heart, is beaten black and Blue, that you cannot see a white spot about her. Merry Wives of Windicr. And, wing'd with speed and fury, Hew To rescue knight from black and blue. Hudibrar, BLACK-rrowe D. ads. [from black and brow.] Having black eyebrows; gloomy; dismal; threatening. Come, gentle night; come, loving blackbrow'd night, Give me my Romeo. Shakspeare. Thus, when a black-brow'd gust begins to rise, White foam at first on the curl’d ocean fries, Then roars the main, the billows mount the skies. Dry-sco. BLACK-BRY on Y. n. J. [tamnus, Lat. A plant. BLACK-C ATTLE. m. s. Oxen, bulls, and Cow's. The other part of the grazier's business is what we call black-cattle, produces hides, tallow, and beef, for exportation. Swift. BLA C K-EARTH. n.s. It is every where obvious on the surface of the ground, and what we call mould. Woodward. BLACK-GUARD. adj. [from black and guard.] A cant word among the vulgar, by which is implied a dirty fellow, of the meanest kind. Let a black-guard boy be always about the house, to send on your errands, and go to market for you on rainy days. Strifi. BLA C K-L E A D. m. s. [from black and lead.] A mineral found in the lead-mines, much used for pencils; it is not fusible, or not without a very great heat. You must first get your black-load sharpened finely, and put fast into quills, for your rude and first draught. Peachers. BLAck-MAIL. n.s. A certain rate of money, corn, cattle, or other consideration, paid to men allied with robbers, to be by them protected from the danger of such as usually rob or steal. - Coswell. BLACK-PUD DIN G. m. s. [from black and pudding..] A kind of food made of blood and grain. Through they were lin'd with many a piece Of ammunition bread and cheese ; And fat black-puddings, proper food For warriours that delight in blood. Hudibror. BLACK-Ro D. m. s. [from black and rod.] The usher belonging to the order of the garter; so-called from the black-red he carries in his hand. He is of the

king's chamber, and likewise usher of the parliament. Cowell. Buack. n. . [from the adjective.] 1. A black colour. Black is the badge of hell, The hue of dungeons, and the scowl of night. - Shakspeare. For the production of black, the corpuscles must be less than any of those which exhibit colours, covton. 2. Mourning. Rise, wretched widow, rise; nor, undeplor’d, Permit my ghost to pass the Stygian ford: But rise, prepar'd in black to mournthyperish'd lord. Dryden. 3. A blackamoor. 4. That part of the eye which is black. It suffices that it be in every part of the air, which is as big as the black or sight of the eye. Ligby. To BLAck. v. a. [from the noun..] To make black; to blacken. Blacking over the paper with ink, not only the ink would be quickly dried up, but the po Per, that I could not burn before, we quickly set on fire. #. Then in his fury black'd the raven o'er, And bid him prate in his white plumes no more. Addison. BEA’ck AMoo R. n.s.[from black and moor.] A man by nature of a black complex: 10n ; a negro. . They are no more afraid of a blackamoor, or a lion, than of a nurse or a cat. Locke. BLA'ckbek R1 Ed Heath. [empetrum, Lat.] A plant. Bla'ck her Rx Bush, n.s. [rubus, Lat..] A species of bramble. LA'ckBERRY. m. s. The fruit of the bramble. The policy of these crafty sneering rascals, t stale old mouse-eaten ... Nestor, and at same dog-fox Ulysses, is not proved worth a blackberry. Shakspeare. Then sad he sung the Children in the Wood; How blackberrie, the pluck'd in desarts wild, And fearless at the #4. faulchion smil'd.

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- The hollow sound - Sung in the leaves, the forest shook around, Air blacken'd, roll'd the thunder, groan'd the ground. Dryden, BLA’ck is H. adj. [from black.] Somewhat black. - Part of it all the year continues in the form of a blackish oil. le. BLA'ck MooR. n.s.[from black and moor.] . A negro. The land of Chus makes no part of Africa; nor is it the habitation of blackmoors ; but the country of Arabia, especially the Happy and Stony. Brown's Pulgar Brrours. More to west The realm of Bacchus to the blackmoor sea. Milton.

BLA'ck N Ess. n. 4. [from black.] I. Black colour. Blackness is only a disposition to absorb, or stifle, without reflection, most of the rays o every sort that fall on the bodies. orke. There would emerge one or more very black spots, and, within those, other spots of an intenser blackness. Newton. His tongue, his prating tongue, had chang'd him quite To sooty blackness from the purest white. Addis. 2. Darkness. His faults in him seem as the spots of heav'n, More fiery by night's blackness. Shakspeare. 3. Atrociousness ; horribleness; wickedncSS. BLA'cks Mit H. n.s.. [from black and smith.] A smith that works in iron; so called from being very smutty. The blacksmith may forge what he pleases, Howel. Shut up thy doors with bars and bolts; it will be impossible for the blacksmith to make them so fast, but a cat and a whoremaster will find a way through them. Spectator.

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1. That vessel in the body which contains the urine The bladder should be made of a membranous substance, and extremely dilatable for receiving and containing the urine till an opportunity of emptying it. Ray. 2. It is often filled with wind, to which allusions are frequently made. That huge great body which the giant bore Was vanquish'd quite, and of that monstrous nnass Was nothing left, but like an empty bladder was. Spenter: A bloodler but moderately filled with air, and strongly tied, being held near the fire-gre exceeding turgid and hard: but being brooght nearer to the fire, it suddenly broke, with so loud a noise as 'tade us for a while after almost deaf. Boyle. 3. It is usual for those, that learn to swim, to support themselves with blown bladders. I have ventur'd, Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, These many summers#" a sea of glory,

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