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to be received, or more performed, than the natural or just proportion. Your trade would suffer, if your being behind*and has made the natural use so high, tiat your tradesman cannot live upon his labour. Locus. 2. Not upon equal terms, with regard to forwardness. In this sense, it is followed by acio. Consider, whether it is not better to be half a year behindland with the fashionable part of the world, than to strain beyond his circumstances. Spectator. 3. Shakspeare uscs it as an adjective, but licentiously, for backward ; tardy. And these thy offices, So rarely kind, are as interpreters Of my behindland slackness. Shakteare. To BEHOLD. v. a. pret. I beheld, I have beheid, or beholden. [behealban, Saxon.] To view; to see ; to look upon : to behood is to see, in an emphatical or intensive sonse. Son of man, behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears. JEz-Ziel. When Thessalians on horseback were beheld afar off, while their horses watered, while their heads were depressed, they were conceived by the spectators to be one animal. Brown. Man looks aloft, and, with crected eyes, Beholds his own hereditary skies. Loyden. At this the former tale again he told, With thund'ring tone, and dreadiul to old. - - 19-yden. The Saviour comes, by ancient bards foretold, Hear him ye deaf, and all ye blind teloid " Pope. Be H o' LD. interfect. from the verb.] See; lo: a word by which attention is excited, or admiration noted. Bobold/ I am with thee, and will keep thee. ***.*.*. When out of hope, behold her! not far off, Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn'd With what all earth or heaven could bestow, To make her amiable. Milton. Behool D EN. particip. adi. [gzhouden, Dutch; that is, held in obligation. It is very corruptly written beholding.] Obliged; bound in gratitude : with the particle to. Horns, which such as you are fain to be ke£elden to your wives for. Shakspeare. Little are we behold n to your love, And little look'd for at your helping hands. Shakspeare. I found you next, in respect of bond both of near alliance, and particularly of communication in studies; wherein I must acknowledge myself belolden to you. Bacon. I think myself mightily lebolden to you for the reprehension you then gave us. Addison. We, who see men under the awe of justice, cannot conceive what savage creatures they would be without it; and how much beholden we are to that wise contrivance. Atterbury. BE Ho’ld E. R. n. 4. [from behold.] Spectator; he that looks upon any thing. Was this the fire, That, like the sun, did make beholders wink? Slakspeare. These beasts among, Beholders rude, and shallow to discern Half what in thee is fair, one man except. Who sees thee * Asilicm. Things of wonder give no less delight To the wise Maker's Whan orial-or', sisht. Deokwo.

The justling chiefs in rude encounters joix,

Each fir older trembling for her knight." - - Granville. The charitable foundations, in the church of Rome, exceed all the demands of charity; and raise envy, rather than compassion, in the breasts of bebolders. - Afterbury. Be Ho'LD IN G. adj. [corrupted from be

Holden.] Obliged. See BE Ho LD EN. BE Ho'LD IN G. m. s. Obligation. Love to virtue, and not any particular Baholdings, hath expressed this my testimony. - Carew. BE Ho'ld I.N.GN ess. m. s. [from beholding, mistake: for beholden.] The state of being obliged. The king invited us to his court, so as I must: acknowledge a longo unto him. Sidney. In this my debt I seem'd oth to confess, . In that I shunn'd beholdingness. 1}onne.

BE Ho'o F. n. 4. [from behoove.] That
which behooves; that which is advan-
tageous: profit; advantage.
Her majesty may alter anything of those laws,
for her own beloof, and for the good of the people.
Sponser.
No mean recompence it brings
To your behoof: if I that region lost,
All usurpation thence expell'd, reduce
To her original darkness, and your sway. Milo.
Wert o some star, which from the ruin'd
roo
Of shak'd Olympus by mischance did fall;
Which careful Jove, in nature's true beboof,
Tock up, and in fit place did reinstate. Miltona
Because it was for the b-boos of the animal, that
upon any sudden accident, it might be awakened,
there were no shuts or stopples made for the ears.

Ray. It would be of no broof, for the so government, unless there were a way taught, how to know the person to whom belonged this power and dominion. Locke. To BEli O'OVE. v. n. [behoran, Saxon, it is a duty..] To be fit ; to be meet : either with respect to duty, necessity, or convenience. It is used only impersonally with it. For better examination of their quality, it beboovoth the very foundation and root, the highest well-spring and fountain of them, to be discovered. * Hooker. He did so prudently temper his passions, asthas none of them made him wanting in the offices life, which it bebooved or became him to perform. Atterbury, But should youlure the monarch of the ... Belooves you then to ply your finest art.Thomson. Boiso'ove ful... adj. [from behoof.] Useful; profitable; advantageous. This word is somewhat antiquated. It is very behoovefol in this country of Ireland, where there are waste deserts full of grass, that the same should be eaten down. Shenger. Laws are many times full of imperfections; and that which is supposed cleaveful unto men, proveth oftentimes most perticious. Hooker. . . Madam, we have cull'd such necessaries As are broccofol for our state to-morrow. Skał. It may be most tehooveful for princes, in matters of grace, to transact the same publickly: so it is as requisite, in matters of judgment, punishment, and centure, that the same be transacted privately. Clarendon. BEgo'ov. E. Fu i ly, adv.[from behooveful.] Profitably; usefully,

Tell us of more weighty dislikes than these, and that may more ovovostly import the re'formation. Spenser. BE. Ho’r. [preterit, as it seems, of belight, to promise. o With sharp intended sting so rude him smote, That to the earth him drove as striken dead, Ne living wight would have him life foot. Fairy Queen. Be'1N G. particip. [from be.] Those, who have their hope in another life, look upon themselves as being on their passagé through this. Atterbury. BE' N G. n.s.. [from be.] 1. Existence : opposed to nonentity. Of him all things have both received their first king,and their continuance to be that which they arc. Hooker. Yet is not God the author of her ill, Though author of her being, and being there. Davies. There is none but he, Whose being I do fear; and under him * My genius is rebuked. Soakspeare', MacArth. Thee, Father, first they sung, omnipotent, Immutable, immortal, infinite, -Eternal king! Thee, Author of all being, • Fountain of light ! Milton's Paradise Lest. Merciful and gracious, thou gavest us being, raising us from nothing to be an excellent cre. tion. aylor's Guide to Devotion. Consider every thing as not yet in being; then examine, if it must needs have been it all, or what other ways it might have been. Beatley. 2. A particular state or condition. - ... Those happy spirits which, ordain'd by fate, For future &eing and new bodies wait. Drydon. Heav'n from all creatures hides the book of fate; From brutes what men, from men what spirits

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Pope. 3. The person existing. Ah fair, yet false! ah being form'd to cheat By seeming kindness, mixt with deep deceit! Dryden. It is folly to seek the approbation of any ting, besides the Supreme; because no other being can make a right judgment of us, and becau. we can Procure no considerable advantage from the approbation of any other écing. 4ádison. RE/ING. conjunct. [from be. Since. Dio. BE IT so. A phrase of anticipation, supPose it be so; or of permission, let it befo. My gracious duke, £e’t to she will not here, before your grace, Sonsent to marry with Demetritis, I beg the ancient privilege of Athens. Shakspeare. To BE LA'Bou R. v.a.[from be and Iabour.] To beat ; to thump : a word in low speech. What several madnesses in men appear ! Qrestes runs from fancy'd furies here; Ajax belabour, there an harmless ox, And thinks that Agamemnon feels the knocks. - Dryden. He sees virago Nell belabour, With his own staff, his peaceful neighbour. Szeft. To Be La'ce. ... a. [a sea term.] ‘īo fasten ; as, to belace a rope. Dict. BE'LAM! E. m. s. [bel amie, Fr.J.A friend; an intimate. Out of use.

Wise Socrates Pour'd out his life, and last philosophy, To the fair Critias, his dearðst belanić. Fairy Q. BH". A MoU R. n. . [bei amour, Fr.] Gai'lant; consort; paramour. Obsolete. Lo, lo, how brave she decks her bounteous bow'r With silken curtains, and gold coverlets, Therein to shroud her sumptuous belamour. Fairy Queen. BET A^T ED. adj. [from be and lat...] Benighted ; out of doors late at night. - Fairy elves, Whose midnight revels, by a forest side, Qr fountain, some belated peasant sees, Or dreams he sees. ... Paradise Lorf. Or near Fleetditch's oozy brinks, Soft.

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Related, seems on watch to lie. To Be L.A'Y. v. a. [from be and May 5 as, to joy, to lie in wait, to lay wait for.] 1. To block up; to stop the passage. The speedy horse all passages belay, And spur their smoaking steeds to cross their way. Dryden. 2. To place in ambush. 'Gainst o strong castles needeth greater might, Than those small forces ye were wont clay. Sproser. To BELAY a rope.[a sea term.] To splice; to mend a rope, by laying one end over another. To BELCH. v. n. [bealcan, Saxon.] I. To eject the wind from the stomach; to eruct. The symptoms are, a sour smell in their feces, *cklings, and distensions of the bowels. Aroute. 2. To issue out, as by eructation. The waters boil, and, besching from below, Black sandsastromaforceful engine throw.D., ra. A triple pile of plumes his crest adorn'd, ". On which with 4...hing flames Chimaera burn'd. DrydenTo BE Lch. v. a. To throw out from the stomach ; to eject from any hollow place. It is a word implying coarseness, hatefulness, or horrour. They are all but stomachs, and we all but food; hey eat us hungerly, and, when they’re full, They belch us. ShakspeareThe bitterness of it I now belch from my heart. Soakspeare. - Immediate in a flame, But soon, obscur'd with smoke, all heav'n appear'd, From those dee

hroated engines belob'd. Mirhe gates that now §tood open wide, belling outrageous flame Far into chaos, since the fiend pass'd through. Alfilter. Rough as their savage lords who rang'd the

wood, And, fat with acorns, belch'd their windy foodIPryder. There belel'd the mingled streams of wind and

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BE'LD AM. n.s.. [belle dame, which in old French signified probably an old woman, as belle age, old age.] 1. An old woman: generally a term of contempt, marking the last degree of old age, with ail its faults and miseries. - Then sing of secret things, that came to pass When beldam Nature in her cradle was. Milton. 2. A hag. Why, how now, Hecat? you look angerly.— —Have I not reason, beldams as you are, Saucy and overbold Shakspeare's Macbeth. The resty sieve wagg'd ne'er the more; I weep for woe, the testy beldam swore. Dryden, To BELEAGUER. v. a. [beleggeren, Dutch..] To besiege ; to block up a place ; to lie before a town. Their business, which they carry on, is the o: concernment of the Trojan camp, then cleagured by Turnus and the Latins. Dryden. Against beleagur'd heav'n the giants move: Hills pil'd on hills, on mountains mountains lie, To make their mad approaches to the sky. Dryd. BELE'A Gu E RER. m. s. [from beleaguer.] One that besieges a place. To Be Lee’. v. a. [a term in navigation.] To place in a direction unsuitable to the wind. Be LEMN 1'TEs. m. s. [from 863, a dart or arrow, because of its resemblance to the point of an arrow.] Arrowhead, or finger-stone, of a whitish and sometimes a gold colour. Belf lo'w ER. m. s. [from bell and flower, because of the shape of its flower; in Latin campanula.]. A plant. There is a vast number of the species of this plant. 1. The tallest o leftower. 2. The blue peach-leaved belflower. 3. The white peach-leaved beflower. 4. Garden belflower, with oblong leaves and flowers; commonly called Canterbury bells. , 5. Canary belflower, with orrach leaves, and a tuberose root. 6. Blue belflower, with edible roots, commonl called rampions. 7. Venus looking glass belflower, ‘E’. AZiller. Elfo’u NDER. m. s. [from bell and found.] i. whose trade it is to found or cast ells. Those that make recorders know this, and likewise befounders in fitting the tune of their bells. Bacon. Be'lfR Y. m. s. [befroy, in French, is a tower; which was perhaps the true word, till those, who knew not its original, corrupted it to belfry, because bells were in it..] The place where the bells are rung. Fetch the leathern bucket that hangs in the belfry; that is curiously painted before, and will make a figure. - Gay. Belga'Rd. n. 4. [belle egard, Fr.] A soft glance; a kind regard : an old word, now wholly disused. Upon her eyelids many graces sat, Under the shadow of her even brows, Working begard, and amorous retreats. Fairy Queen. To Beli'e. v.a. [from be and lie.] -. 1. To counterfeit; to feign ; to mimick. Which durst, with horses hoofs that beat the ground,

WOL. I.

And martial brass, belie the thunder's scund. Dryden.

The shape of man and imitated beast, The walk, the words, the gesture, could supply The habit mimick, and the mien belie. Dryden. 2. To give the lie to ; to charge with falsehood. Sure there is none but fears a future state; Ahd when the most obdurate swear they do not, fo. I}ryden. Paint, patches, jowels, laid aside, yde At night astronomers agree, The evening has the day bely'd, And Phillis is some forty-three. rior. 3. To calumniate; to raise false reports of any man. Thou dost belie him, Piercy, thou beliest him ; He never did encounter with Glendower, Shak. 4. To give a false representation of any thing. Uncle,for heav'n's sake, comfortable words.- . -Should I do so, I should belie my thoughts. - hai peare. Tuscan Valerius by force o'ercame, And not bely'd his mighty father's name, Dryd. In the dispute whate'er I said, My heart was by my tongue bely'd, And in o looks you might have read . How much s argued on your side. Prior. 5. To fill with lies. This seems to be its meaning here. 'T is slander; whose breath Rides on o winds, and doth belie All corners of the world. Slakfare. BELIE’F. m. s. [from believe.] 1. Credit given to something, which we know not of ourselves, on account of the authority by which it is delivered. Those comforts that shall never cease, Future in hope, but present in belief. Wetton. Faith is a firm belis of the whole word cf. God, of his gospel, commands, threats, and promises. Wałe. 2. The theological virtue of faith, or firm confidence of the truths of religion. No man can attain belief by the bare contemplation of heaven and earth: for that they neither are sufficient to give us as much as the least spark of light concerning the very principal mysteries of our faith. Å. . Religion; the body of tenets held by the professors of faith. In the heat of general persecution, whereunto christian belis was subject upon the first promulgation, it much confirmed the weaker minds, when relation was made how God had been glorified through the sufferings of "; rS. doerr.

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4. Persuasion; opinion. He can, I know, but doubt to think he will; Yet hope would sain subscribe, and tempts ber ief. Milton. All treaties are grounded upon the belief that states will be found in their honour, and observance of treaties. Temple. 5. The thing believed; the object of belief. Superstitious prophecies are not only the belief of fools, but the talk sometimes of wise men. - - 4-on6. Creed; a form containing the articles of faith. Bell'Ev ABLE. adj. [from believe..] Credible; that may *i;credited or believed

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persuaded, but do not know, to be true, is not seeing, but believing. Locke. Ten thousand things there are, which we believe merely upon the authority or creditofthose who have spoken or written of them. Watts. 2. To put confidence in the veracity of any one. The people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. Exodus. To Bell'Ev E. v. n. 1. To have a firm persuasion of o thing. They may believe that the Lord God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee. Genesis. 2. To exercise the theological virtue of faith. Now God be prais'd, that to believing souls Gives light in darkness, comfort in despair. " Shakspeare. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. - Aomans. 3. With the particle in, to hold as an object of faith. Believe in the Lord your God, so shall you be established. 2 Chron. 4. With the particle on, to trust; to place full confidence in; to rest upon with faith. To them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. r oft5. I believe, is sometimes used as a way of slightly noting somewhat of certainty or exactness. Though they are, I believe, as high as most steeples in England, yet a person, in his drink, fell down, without any other hurt than the x breaking of an arm. .dddison. Be Li'ev ER. m. s. [from believe.] 1. He that believes, or gives credit. Discipline began to enter into conflict with churches, which in extremity had been believers of it. IIvoker. 2. A professor of christianity. Infidels themselves did discern, in matters of life, when believers did well, when otherwise. Hocker. If he which writeth do that which is forcible, how should he which readeth be thought to do that, which, in itself, is of no force to work belief, and to save believers * Hooker. Mysteries held by us have no power, pomp, or wealth, but have been maintained by the universal body of true believers, from the days of the apostles, and will be to the resurrection; neither will the gates of hell prevail against them. Swift. BEL1’Ev 1 N G LY. adv. [from To believe.] After a believing manner. BE LI’k E. adv. [from like, as by likelihood.] 1. Probably; likely; perhaps. There came out of the same woods a horrible foul bear; which fearing, belike, while the lion was present, came furiously towards the ... place where I was: Sidney. Lord Angelo, belife, thinking me remiss in my office, awakens me with this unwonted put*.ii.5 ou. . - Slukpeare.

Josephus affirmeth, that one of them remained in his time; meaning, belike, some ruin or foundation thereof. Raleigh. 2. It is sometimes used in a sense of irony, as it may be supposed. We think, beliko, that he will accept what the meanest of them would disdain. HookerGod appointed the sea to one of them, and the land to the other, because they were so great, that the sea could not hold them both; or else, belike, if the sea had been large enough, we might have gone a fishing for elephants. Brereztood on Languager. BE LI've. adv. [bilive, Sax. probably from bi and lire, in the sense of vivacity, speed, quickness.] Speedily; quickly. Out of use. By that same way the direful dames do drive Their mournful chariot, fill'd with rusty blood, And down to Pluto's house are come belive. Fairy Queen. BELL. n. 4. [bel, Saxon; supposed, by Skinner, to come from pelvis, Lat. abasin. See BALL.] 1. A vessel, or hollow body, of cast metal, formed to make a noise by the act of a clapper, hammer, or some other instrument, striking against it. Bells are in the towers of churches, to call the congregation together. our flock, assembled by the bell, Encircled you to hear with reverence. Slak. Get thee gone, and dig my grave thyself, And bid the merry bell, ring to thy ear, That thou art crowned, not that I am dead. Shakspeare. Four bell, admit twenty-four changes in ringing, and five bells one hundred and twenty. Holder's Elements of Speeck. He has no one necessary attention to any thing but the bell which calls to prayers twice a-day. Addison's Spectator. 2. It is used for any thing in the form of a bell, as the cups of flowers. Where the bee sucks, there suck I, In a cowslip's hell I lie. Shałfrare. The humming bees, that hunt the golden dew, In summer's heat on tops of lilies feed, And creep within their bell, to suck the balmy seed. Dryden. 3. A small hollow globe of metal perforated, and containing in it a solid ball; which, when it is shaken, by bounding against the sides, gives a sound. As the ox hath his yoke, the horse his curb, and the faulcon his bells, so hathman his desires. - Shakspeare's As you like it. 4. To bear the bell. To be the first : from the wether that carries a bell among the sheep, or the first horse of a drove that has bells on his collar. The Italians have carried away the sell from all other nations, as may appear both by their books and works. Haketrio. 5. To shake the bells. A phrase in Shakspeare, taken from the bells of a hawk. Neither the king, nor he that loves him best, The proudest he that holds up Lancaster, Dares stir a wing, if Warwick.baie, his bellr. - Shaksper re. To Belt. w.n.[from the noun..] To grow i. old. or flowers, in the form of a yell. Hops, in the beginning of August, oil, and are sometimes ripe. Asortioner,

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literature. It has no singular. The exactness of the other, is to admit of something like discourse, especially in what regards the belles lettres. Tutler. Bo 'i. Li Bo N E. m. . [from bellus, beautiful, and bonus, good, Lat. belle & bonne, Fr.] A woman excelling both in beauty and goodness. Out of use. Pan may be proud that ever he begot Such a bellibone, And Syrinx rejoice that ever was her lot To bear such a one. Spenwer. BEL LI’GERENT. adj. [belliger, Lat.] Bel L1'GE Rous. Waging war. Dict. BE'L LIN G. m. s. A hunting term, spoke of a roe, when she makes a noise in rutting time. Dict. Beli. 1'pore NT. adj. [bellipotens, Lat.] Puissant ; mighty in war. Dict. To Be'llow. v. n. [bellan, Saxon.] 3. To make a noise as a bull. Jupiter became a bull, and bellowed; the green Neptune a ram, and bleated. Shakspeare. What bull dares bellow, or what sheep dares bleat, Within the lion's den Dryden. But now the husband of a herd must be Thy mate, and Bellowing sons thy progeny. . . Dryden. 2. To make any violent outcry. He fasten’d on my neck, and bellow'd out, As he 'd burst heav'n. Shakspeare. 3. To vociferate ; to clamour. In this sense it is a word of contempt. The dull fat captain, with a hound's deep throat, Would bellow out a laughin a base note. Dryden. This gentleman is accustomed to roar and bellow so terribly loud that he frightens us. Tutler. 4. To roar as the sea in a storm, or as the wind ; to make any continued noise, that may cause terrour. Till, at the last, he heard a dread sound, Which thro' the woodloud bellowing did rebound. Spenser. The rising rivers float the nether ground, And rocks the bellowing voice of boiling seastebound. - Dryden. BE’llows. n. J. so Sax. perhaps it is corrupted from bellies, the wind being contained in the hollow, or belly. It has no singular; for we usually say, a pair of bellows; but Dryden has used bellows is a singular.] 1. The instrument used to blow the fire. Since sighs, into my inward furnace turn'd, For bellows serve to kindle more the fire. Sidney. One, with great Bellows, gather'd filling air, And with forc'd wind the fucl did entume. Fairy Queen.

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The smith prepareshishammer for the stroke, While the lung'd bellows hissing fire provoke: Dryden. The lungs, as bellows, supply a force of breath; and the ape'a arteria is as the nose of bellows, to collect and convey the breath. Holder. 2. In the o passage it is singular. Thou neither, like a bellows, swell'st thy face, As if thou wert to blow the burning mass Of melting ore. den. BE'LLuis E. adj. [belluinus, Lat.] Beastly; belonging to a beast; savage; brutal. If human actions were not to be judged, men would have no advantage over beasts. At this rate, the animal and b.lluine life would be the est. Atterbury. BET.L.Y. m. 1. [basg, Dutch ; bol, bola, Welsh.] 1. That part of the human body which reaches from the breast to the thighs, containing the bowels. The body's members Rebell'd against the belly; thus accus'd it;-That . a gulph it did remain, Still cupboarding the viand, never bearing Like labour with the rest. Shakspeare. 2. In beasts it is used, in general, for that part of the ho next the ground. And the lord said unto the serpent, Upon th belly shalt thou go, and dust shall thou eat : the days of thy life. Genesis. 3. The womb : in this sense, it is commonly used ludicrously or familiarly. I shall answer that better, than you cin the getting up of the negroe's belly: the Moor is with child by you. Shakspeare. The secret is grown too big for the pretence, like Mrs. Primly's big belly. Congrewe. 4. That part of man which requires food, in opposition to the back, or that which demands clothes. They were content with a licentious life, wherein they might fill their bellies by spoil, rather than by labour. Whose god is their belly. , He that sows his grain upon marble, will have many a hungry belly before harvest. Arbuthnot. 5. The part of anything that swells out into a larger capacity. Fortune sometimes turneth the handle of the bottle, which is easy to be taken hold of; and after the belly, which is hard to grasp., Bacon. An Irish harp hath the concave, or belly, not. along the strings, but at the end of the strings. Bacon. 6. Any place in which something is enclosed. Out of the kely of hell cried I, and thou heardst my voice. - jonal. To BE'.L.Y. v. n. [from the noun...] To swell into a larger capacity ; to hang out; to bulge out. Thus by degreesday wastes, signs cease to rise; For belong earth, i rising up, denies Their light a passage, and confines our eyes. Creech's Maniliwr. - The o appeas'd, with winds suffic'd the Solil, The belying canvas strutted with the gale. Dryd. Loud o shakes the mountains and the plain, Heav'n bellies downwards, and descends in rain. * Dryden. "Midst these disports,forget they not todrench Themselves with *: goblets. Pkilor. 4.

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