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So on the tuneful Margarita's tongue The list'ning nymphs and ravish'd heroes hung; But cits and fops the heav'n-born musick blame, And bawl, o hiss, and damn her into fame. - Smith. I have a race of orderly elderly people, who can bazul when I am deaf, and tread softly when I am only giddy and would sleep. Swift. 2. To cry as a froward child. A little child was bawling, and a woman chiding it. L’Estrange. If they were never suffered to have what they cried for, they would never, with bawling and Peevishness, contend for mastery. }. My husband took him in, a dirty boy; it was the business of the servants to attend i. the rogue did bawl and make such a noise. Arbuth. To Baw L. v. a. To proclaim as a crier. It grieved me when I saw labours, which had costso much, bawled about by common hawkers.
Bay, adj. [badius, Lit.] A bay horse is what is inclining to a chesnut; and this colour is various, either a light bay or a dark bay, according as it is less or more deep. There are also coloured horses, that are called dappled bays. All bay horses are commonly called brown by the common people. All bay horses have black manes, which distinguish them from the sorrel, that have red or white manes. There are light bays and gilded hays, which are somewhat of a yellowish colour. chesnut bay is that which comes nearest to the colour of the chesnut. . . . Farrier's Dict. My lord, you gave good words the other day of a lay coirser I rode on. T is yours because
you liked it. Shak peare, .
Poor Tom" proud of heart to ride on 2 bay trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges. Shaksp. - His colour grey, Forbeauty dappled, or the brightest bay. Dryd. BAY. . . [baye, Dutch...]. I. An opening into the land, where the water is shut in on all sides, except at the entrance. - A reverend Syracusan merchant, Who put unluckily into this bay. Shakspeare. We have also some works in the midst of the sea, and some bays upon the shore for some works, wherein is required the air and vapour of the sea. - Bacon. Hail, sacred solitude from this calm Bay lview the world's tempestuous sea. Roscommon. Here in a royal bed the waters sleep; entir'd at sea, within this bay they creep. Dryden. Some of you have bay. Dryden, 2. A pond head raised to keep in store of water for driving a mill. BAY. n: , [abboi, Fr. signifies the last extremity; as, Innocence est aux abbois. Boileau. Innocence is in the utmost distress. It is taken from abboi, the barking of a dog at hand, and thence signified the condition of a stag when the hounds were almost upon him.] . The state of any thing surrounded by enemies, and obliged to face them by an impossibility of essape. This ship, for fifteen hours, sate like a stag *mong hounds at the bay, and was sieged and tought with, in turn, by fifteen great ships. Bacon's War with Spain.
Fair liberty, pursued and meant a o To lawless power, here turn'd, and stood at Way. 1)enkam. Nor flight was left, nor hopes to force his way; Embolden'd by despair, he stood at bay; Resolv'd on death, he dissipates his fears, And bounds aloft against the pointed spears. Dryden. 2. Some writers, perhaps mistaking the meaning, have used bay as referred to the assailant, for distance beyond which no approach could be made. All, fir'd with noble emulation, strive, And with a storm of darts to distance drive The Troian chief; who, held at bay, from far On his Vulcanian orb sustain'd the war. Dryden. We have now, for ten years together, turned the whole force and expence of the war, where the enemy was best able to holdus at a bay. - Swift. BAY. m. s. In architecture, a term used to signify the magnitude of a building ; as, if a barn consists of a floor and two heads, where they lay corn, they call it a barn of two bays. These bays are from fourteen to twenty feet long, and floors from ten to twelve broad, and usually twenty feet long, which is the breadth of the barn. Builder's Dict. If this law hold in Vienna ten years, I'll rent the fairest house in it after threepence a bay. - Shakspeare. There may be kept one thousand bushels in each bay; there being sixteenbays; eacheighteen feet long, about seventeen wide, or three hundred square feet in each bay. Mortimer. BAY Tree. [/aurus, Lat.] The tree, as is generally thought, which is translated laurel, and of which honorary garlands were anciently made. I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. Psalms. BAY. m. s. A poetical name for an honorary crown or garland, bestowed as a prize for any kind of victory or excellence. Beneath his reign shall Eusden wear the bayr.
Pope. To BAY. v. n. [abboyer, Fr.] 1. To bark as a dog at a thief, or at the game which he pursues. And all the while she stood upon the ground, The wakeful dogs did never cease to Aay. Fairy Queen. The hounds at nearer distance hoarsely bay'd; The hunter close pursued the visionary maid; She rent the heav'n with loudlaments, imploring aid. Dryden's Fables. 2. [from bay, an enclosed place.] To encompass about; to shut in. We are at the stake, And bay'a about with many enemies. Shalo. T3B.A.Y. v. a. To follow with barking ; to bark at. I was with Hercules and Cadmus once, When in the wood of Crete they bay'd the boar With hounds of Sparta. Shakspeare. - If he should do so, He leaves his back unarm'd, the French and Welch Baying him at the heels. Shakspear. BAY Salt. Salt made of sea water, which receives its consistence from the heat of the sun, and is so called from its orown
colour. By letting the sea water into square pits or basons, its surface being struck and agitated by the rays of the sun, it thickens at first imperceptibly, and becomes covered over with a slight crust, which hardening by the continuance of the heat, is wholly converted into salt. The water in this condition is scalding hot, and the crystallization is perfected in eight, ten, or at most fifteen days. Chambers. All eruptions of air, though small and slight, give sound, which we call crackling, puffing, spitting, &c. as in bay salt and bay leaves cast into fire. Bacon. BAY Window. A window jutting outward, and therefore forming a kind of bay or hollow in the room.
It hathbay-windows transparent asbarricadoes. Shaffeare.
BAY (arm. A denomination sometimes used promiscuously with woollen yarn.
BA’v AR D. n.s.. [from bay.] A bay horse. Blind bayard moves the mill. Philips. BA'Yo NET. n. . [bayonette, Fr.] A short sword or dagger fixed at the end of a musket, by which the foot hold off the horse. One of the black spots is long and slender, and resembles a dagger or bayonet. Woodward. BAY Z.E. See BA Ize. BDE'LLIUM. n. . [??ow; Fional An aromatick gum brought from the Levant, used as a medicine, and a perfume. Baelixm is mentioned both by the ancient naturalists and in Scripture; , but it is doubtful whether any of these be the same with the modern kind. Chambers. This #3-lium is a tree of the bigness of an
olive, whereof Arabia hath great plenty, which .
yieldeth a certain gum, sweet to smell to, but bitter in taste, called also bdellium. The Hebrews take the loadstone for bacilium. Raleigh. To BE. v. n. [This word is so remarkably irregular, that it is necessary to set down many of its terminations. Present. I am, thou art, he is, we are, &c. - eom, eant, 1s, anon, Sax. Preter. I was, thou wast or wert, he was, paer, poene, par, ove quere, C. paenon, Sax. The conjunctive mood. I be, thou beest, he be, we be, &c. boo, birt, , boo, boon, Sax.] 1. To have some certain state, condition, quality, or accident; as, the man is wise." Seventy senators died By their prescriptions, Cicero being one. Shais. He hath to night been in unusual pleasure. - - Shal speare. Bo what thou hop'st to be, or what thou art, Resign to death, it is not worth enjoying. Shaft. Be but about To say she is a goodly lady, and The justice of your hearts will add thereto, "I' is pity she is not honest, honourabie. Shakt. Let them shew the former things what they #e, that we may consider them. Isaiah.
No . beacon, cast their blaze afar, The dreadful signal of invasive war. Gay. 2. Marks erected, or lights made in the night, to direct navigators in their courses, and warn them from rocks, shallows, and sandbanks. BEAD. n.s.. [beate, prayer, Saxon.] 1. Small globes or balls of glass or pearl, or other substance, strung upon a thread, and used by the Romanists to count their prayers; from which the phrase to tell beads, or to be at one's beads, is to be at prayer. That aged dame, the lady of the place, Who all this while was busy at her beads. Fairy Queen. Thy voice I seem in every hymn to hear, With ev'ry bead I drop too soft a tear. Pope. 2. Little balls worn about the neck for ornament. With scarfs and fans, and double charge o brav'ry, With amber bracelets, beads, and all such knav'ry. Shakspeare. 3. Any globular bodies. Thyspirit within thee hath been so at war, That beads of sweat have stood upon thy brow. Shakspeare. Several yellow lumps of amber, almost like Beads,with one side flat, had fastened themselves to the bottom. Boyle. Be Ad Tree. [azedarach.] A plant. BE’AD LE. n.s.. [bybel, Sax. a messenger; bedeau, Fr. bedel, Span. bedelle, Dutch.] 1. A messenger or servitor belonging to a Court. Cowell. 2. A petty officer in parishes, whose business it is to punish petty offenders. A dog's obey'd in office. Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand: Why dost thoulash that whore? Shaksp. They ought to be taken care of in thiscondition, either by the beadle or the magistrate. Spectator. Their common loves, a lewd abandon'd pack, Thebeadle'slash still flagranton their back. Prior. BE’AD Roll. n. 4. [from bead and roll.] A catalogue of those who are to be mentioned at prayers. The king, for the better credit of his espials abroad, did use to have them cursed by name amongst the beadroll of the king's enemies. Bacon. BE'A Ds M.A.N. m. s. [from bead and man.] A man employed in praying, generally in praying for another. An holy hospital, In which seven beadsmen, that had vowed all Their life to service of high heaven's king. - Fairy Qween. In thy danger, Commend thy grievance to my holy prayer; For I will be thy beadsman, Valentine. Shakup. Be'AG le. n. . . [bigle, Fr.] A small hound with which hares are hunted. The rest were various huntings. The graceful goddess was array'd in green; About her feet were little beagles scen, That watch'd with upward eyes the motions of their queen. Dryden's Foles. To plains with well-bred beagles we repair, And tracé the mazes of the circling hare. Pope. BEAK. n.s.. [bec, Fr. pig, Welsh.1 1. The bill or horny mouth of a bird. His royal bird Prunes his iro wing, and cloys his beak As when his god is Pleas'd, Skuko, Cymboline,
He saw the ravens with their horny beaks Food to Elijah bringing. Milton's Par. Reg. The magpye, lighting on the stock, Stood chatt'ring with incessant din, And with her beak gave many a knock. Swift. 2. A piece of brass like a beak; fixed at the end of the ancient gallies, with which they pierced their enemies. It can now be used only for the forepart of a ship. With boiling pitch another near at hand, From friendly Swedenbrought, the seams instops; Which, well said o'er, the salt sea waves withstand, And shake them from the rising beak in drops. Dryden. 3. A beak is a little shoe, at the toe about an inch long, turned up and fastened in upon the forepart of the hoof. . Farrier's Dirt, 4. Anything ending in a point like a beak; as, the spout of a cup ; a prominence of land. * Cuddenbeak, from a well advanced promontory, which entitled it beak, taketh a prospect of the river. Carew's Survey.
BEAM. m. s. [beam, Sax. a tree.]
1. The main piece of timber that supports
the house. - A beam is the largest piece of wood in a building, which always lies cross the building or the wi, serving to support the principal rafters of the roof, and into which the feet of the principal rafters are framed. . No building has less than two beams, one at each head. Into these, the irders of the garret floor are also framed; and if the building be of timber, the teazel-tenons of the posts are framed. The proportions of Beams in or near London, are fixed by act of parliament. A beam, fifteen feet long, must be seven inches on one side its square, and five on the other; if it be sixteen feet long, one side must be eight inches, the other six ; and so proportionable to their lengths. Builder's Dirt. The building of living creatures is like the building of a timber house; the walls and other parts have columns and beams, but the roof is
tile, or lead, or stone. Bacon. He heav'd, with more than human force, to move
springs to the walls, and leaves his foes behind, And snatches at the bean he first can find. - - Dryden's Aoncid. 3. That part of a balance, at the ends of which the scales are suspended. Poise the cause injustice' equal scales Whose team stands sure, whose rightful cause Prevols. Shop. If the length of the sides in the balance, and 2' the weights at the ends, be both equal, the bean will be in horizontal situation: but if either the weights alone be unequal, or the distances alone, the beam will accordingly decline. Wilkins. 4. The horn of a stoo.
His dreadiul challenge, and his clashing bean. - Dcabar. 5. The pole of a chariot; that piece of wood which rurs between the horses. Juturma heard, and, sciz'd with mortal fear, Forc d from the bean her brother's charioteer. Dryden. 6. Among weavers, a cylindrical piece of wood belonging to the loom, on which the web is gradually rolled as it is wove. The staff of his spear was like a weaver's 1/2. 1 Chron. 7. BEAM of an Anchor. The straight part or shank of an anchor, to which the hooks are fastened. 8. Be A M Compasses. A wooden or brass instrument, with slidingsockets, to carry sev-rai shifting points, in order to draw circles with very long radii; and useful in large projections, for drawing the furniture on wall dials. Harris. 9. [runnebeam, Sax. a ray of the sun.] * The ray of light emitted from some lumonous body, or received by the eye. , Pile ten hills on the Tarpeian rock, -That the precipitation might downstretch * Below the heart of sight. Shakop. Coriolaritor. Pleasing, yet cold, like Cynthia's silver beam.
- - Dryden. - As heav'n's blest beam turns vinegar more - sour. ope.
To Be A M. v. n. [from the noun.]. To emit rays or beams. - Each emanation of his fires That beams on earth, each virtue he inspires. - Pope. Be A M Tree. A species of wild service. Bo 'A My. adj. [from beam.] 1. Radiant; shining ; emitting beams. All-seeing sun' Hide, hide in shameful night thy beamy head. Smith.
His allowance of onts and beans for his horse was greater than his journey required. Swift, BEAN Caper. [..fabago.] A plant. BEAN Tressel. An herb, To BEAR. v. a. pret. I bore, or bare; part, pass. bore, or born. [beonan, benan, Sax.] bairan, Gothick. It is soundeti as bare, as the are in care and dare.] 1. This is a word used with such latitude, that it is not easily explained. We say to hear a burden, to bear sorrow or reproach, to bear a name, to bear a grudge, to Bear fruit, or to bear children. The word bear is used in very different senses. Watts. 2. To carry as a burden. They bear him upon the shoulder; they carry him and set him in his place. raiah. And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens. 1 King. As an eagle stirreth up her nest, flutterêth over her young, of abroad her wings, taketh them, bearet, them on her wings. Deuteronary. We see some, who we think have born less of the burden, rewarded above ourselves.
Decay of Piety. 3. To convey, or carry. § message to the ghost of Priam &ear; Tell him a new Achilles sent thee there. Dryden. A guest like him, a Trojan guest before, In shew of friendship, sought the Spartan shore, And ravish'd Helen from her husband bare. Garth. 4. To carry as a mark of authority. I do commit into your hand The unstain'd sword that you have us’d to #ear, Shaopera 5. To carry as a mark of distinction. He may not bear so fair and so noble an image of the divide glory, as the universe in its full system. Jiak. His pious brother, sure the best Who ever bore that name. Pryos. The sad spectators stiffen'd with their fears She sces, and sudden every limb she smears; Then each of savage beasts the figure bears. . - Garf His supreme spirit of mind will Bear its best resemblance, when it represents the supreme infinite. Cheyne. So we say, to bear arms in a coat. 6. To carry, as in show. Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent
flower, But be the serpent under 't. Shalopart. 7. To carry, as in trust. He was a thief, and had the bag, and kare what was put therein. shr. 8. To support; to keep from falling: frequently with up. Under colour of rooting out popery, the most effectual means to bear up the state of religion may be removed, and so a way be made either for paganism, or for barbarism, to enter. Hazier. And Samson took hold of the two middle pillars upon which the house stood, and on which it was borne up. wo. A religious hope does not only bear of the mind under her sufferings, but makes her rejcice in them. Addios. Some power invisible supports his soul, And bears it up in all its wonted greatness. Addisor. 9. To keep afloat; to keep from sinking: sometimes with up.
The waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lifted up above the earth. Genesis.
a.o. To support with proportionate strength:
...15. To be capable of; to admit.
Animals that use a great deal of labour and exercise, have their solid parts more elastick and strong; they can bear, and ; to have, stronger food rbuthnot on Aliments. II. To carry in the mind, as love, hate. How did the open multitude reveal The wond’rous love they bear him underhand! Daniel. They bear great faith and obedience to the kings. Bacon. Darah, the eldest, bears a generous mind, 35ut to implacable revenge inclin'd. Dryden. The coward bore the man immortal spite. - Dryden. As for this gentleman, who is fond of her, she Beareth him an invincible hatred. Swift. That inviolable love I bear to the land of my nativity, prevailed upon me to engage in so bold an attempt. Swift. 12. To endure, as pain, without sinking. It was not an enemy that reproached me,then I ceuld have borne it. . Paint. 33. To suffer; to undergo, as punishment or misfortune. I have borne chastisements, I will not offend any more. job. %. which was torn of beasts I brought not unto thee, I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it. Genesis. 14. To permit ; to suffer without resentment. To reject all orders of the church which men have established, is to think worse of the laws of
men, in this respect, than either o: of wise men alloweth, or the law of God itself will bear. Hooker.
Not the gods, nor angry Jove, will bear
Being the son of one earl of Pem younger brother to another, who liberally suplied his expence, beyond what his annuity from #. father could bear. Clarendon. Give his thought either the same turn, if our
tongue will bear it; or, if not, vary but the
dress. Dryden. Do not charge your coins with more uses than they can bear. It is the method of such as love any science, to discover all others in it. Addison. ad he not been eager to find mistakes, he would not have strained my works to such a sense as they will not bear. Atterbury. In all criminal cases, the most favourable interpretation should be put upon words that th possibly can bear. 16. To produce, as fruit. ere be some plants that bear no flower, and yet bear fruit: there be some that bear flowers, and no fruit: there be some that bear neither flowers nor fruit. Bacon. They wing'd their flight aloft; thenstooping
18. To give birth to ; to be the native place of. Here dwelt the mandivine whom Samos bore, But now self-banish'd from his native shore. Dryden, 19. To possess, as power or honour. When vice prevails, and impious men bearsway, The post of honour is a private station. Addison. 20. To gain ; to win : commonly with away. As it more concertis the Turk than Rhodes, So may he with more facile question bear it; For that it stands not in such warlike brace. - Soakroears. Because the Greek and Latin have ever borna away the prerogative from all other tongues, they shall serve as touchstones to make our trials by. Carnow. Some think to bear it by speaking a great word, and being peremptory; and go on, and take by admittance that which they cannot make good. - Buzon. 21. To maintain ; to keep up. He finds the pleasure and credit of bearing a part in the conversation, and of hearing his reasons approved. ocks. 22. To support any thing, good or bad. I was carried on to observe, how they did Bear their fortunes, and how they did employ their times. - *** whe 23. To exhibit. Ye Trojan flames, your testimony bear, What I perform'd, and what I suffer'd there. - Dryden. 24. To be answerable for. If I bring him not unto thee, let me bear the blame. Genesis. O more than madmen! you yourselves shall
bear The guilt of blood and sacrilegious war ! Dryd.
25. To supply. broke, and
What have you under your arm Somewhat that will bear your chargés in your pilgrimage 2 Drydew. 26. To be the object of. This is unusual. I'll be your father and your brother too: Let me but bear your love, I'll bear your cares. - - 'hakspears. 27. To behave ; to act in any character. Some good instruction give, How I may bear me here. Shakob-are. Hathhebornehimself penitent in prison; SBai.’
28. To hold; to restrain: with off.
Do you suppose the state of this réâlm to be now so feeble, that it cannot bear off a greater blow than this? Hayward.
29. To impel; to urge ; to push: with some particle noting the direction of the impulse; as, down, on, back, forward. The residue were so disordered as they could not, conveniently fight or fly, and not only justled and lore down one another; but in their , confused ouins back, brake a part of the avant guar Sir jobn Hayward. Contention, like a horse § yward. Full of high feeding, madly hath broke loose, And bears down it. him. Shakspeare. Their * oars, and floating planks, withstan Their passage, while they labour to the land, And o: tides bear back upon th' uncertain Sand. Now with a noiseless gentle course It keeps within the middle bed; Anon it lifts aloft the head,