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ermen on the seashore; or little lodges for soldiers in a camp. 2. It is generally taken among us for buildings to lodge soldiers. BA'RR AroR. n.s.. [from barat, old Fr. from which is still retained barateur, a cheat. A wrangler, and encourager of lawsuits. Will it not reflect as much on thy character, Nic, to turn barrator in thy old days, a stirrer-up of quarrels amongst thy neighbours? Arbuthnot. BA'RR ATRY. m. s. [from barrater.] The practice or crime of a barrator; foul practice in law. 'T is arrant barratry, that bears Pointblank an action, gainst our laws. Hudibras. BA'RRE L. a. s. [baril, Welsh.] I. A round wooden vessel to be stopped close. It hath been observed by one of the ancients, that an empty barrel, knocked upon with the tnger, giveth a diapason to the sound of the like Aarrel full. Bacon. Trembling to approach The little barrel which he fears to broach. Dryd. 2. A particular measure in liquids. A bar

rel of wine is thirty-one gallons and a

half; of ale, thirty-two gallons; of beer, thirty-six gallons; and of beer-vinegar, thirty-four gallons. 3. [In dry measure.] A barrel of Essex butter contains one hundred and six pounds; of Suffolk butter, two hundred and fifty-six. A barrel of herrings should contain thirty-two gallons wine measure, holding usually a thousand herrings. Several colleges, instead of limiting their rents to a certain sum, prevailed with their tenants to pay the price of so many barrel of corn, as the market went. Strift. 4. Any thing hollow ; as the barrel of a gun, that part which holds the shot. Take the barrel of a long gun perfectly bored, set it upright with the |. upon the ground,

and take a bullet exactly fit for it; then, if you

suck at the mouth of the barrel ever so gently, the bullet will come up so forcibly, that it will hazard the striking out your teeth. Digby 5. A cylinder; frequently that cylinder about which #.". is wound. Your string and to your j; if too weak, it will not carry about the barrel. Moxon. 6, Barrel of the Ear, is a cavity behind the tympanum, covered with a fine membrane. Dict. To BA’RRE L. v. a. [from the noun..] To put any thing in a barrel for preservation. I would have their beef before-hand barrelled, which may be used as is needed. Spenser. Barrel up earth, and sow some seed in it, and put it in the bottom of a pond. Bacon. BA'RRE L-BEL lie D. adj. [from barreland Belly..] Having a large belly. , Dauntless at empty noises; lofty neck'd, Sharp headed, ...}}. broadly *; den. BARREN. adj. [bane, Sax. naked; o: ; applied to trees or ground unfruit

w must be accommodated,

1. Without the quality of producing its kind; not prolifick: applied to animals. They hail'd him father to a line of kings. Upon my head they plac'd a fruitless crown, And put a barren sceptre in my gripe, No son of mine succeeding. Shakspeare. There shall not be male or female burr, namong you, or among your cattle. Deut-roadway. 2. Unfruitful; not fertile ; sterile, The situation of this city is pleasant, but the water is naught, and the ground barren. : King. Telemachus is far from exalting the nature of his country; he confesses it to be lurren. Pope.

3. Not copious ; scauty.

* * Some schemes will appear barren of hints and matter, but prove to be fruitful. Swift. 4. Unmeaning; uninventive ; dull. There be of them that will make themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barr: ators to laugh too. lakożeuver BA'RR EN I.Y. adv. [from barren.] Uny fruitfully. BA'RRENNess. m. s. [from barren.] J. Want of offspring; want of the power of procreation. I pray'd for children, and thought his reor:r In wedlock a reproach. Milton. No more be mentioned then of violence Against ourselves; and wilful barrenness, That cut us off from hope. Milton. 2. Unfruitfulness; sterility; infertility. Within the self-same hamlet, lands have divers degrees of value, through the diversity of their fertility or barrenness. us o3. Want of invention; want of the power of producing anything new. The adventures of Ulysses are imitated in the AFneis; though the accidents are not the sanne, which would i. argued him of a total barrennest of invention. Dryden. 4. Want of matter; scantiness. The importunity of our adversaries hath constrained us longer to dwell than the harrennest of so poor a cause could have seemed either to require or to admit. Hooker. 5. [In theology.] Aridity ; want of emotion or sensibility. The greatest saints sometimes are fervent, and sometimes feel a barrenness of devotion. Taylor. BA/R REN worr. m. s. [epimedium, Lat.] A plant. Ba/R R ful, adj. [from bar and ful/.] Full of obstructions. A o strife! Whoe'er I woo, myself would be his wife. Shah, BA R R1c A’s E. m. s. [barricade, Fr J 1. A fortification, made in hoste, of trees, earth, waggons, or any thing clse, to keep off an attack. 2. Any stop ; bar; obstruction. There must be such a barricade, as would greatly annoy, or absolutely stop, the currents of the atmosphere. erham. To BA1, R1c A/D E. v. a. [barricader, Fr.] 1. To stop up a passage. Now all the pavement sounds with trampling

y And the mixt hurry barricade; the street; Entangled here, the waggon's lengthen'd team. Gay. 2. To hinder by stoppage. A new vulcano continually discharging that matter, which being till then barricated up and


imprisoned in the bowels of the earth, was the occasion of very great and frequent calamities. - M’oodward. BAR R1c A'Do. m. s. sharricada, Span.) A fortification; a bar; any thing fixed to hinder entrance. The access was by a neck of land, between the sea on one part, and the harbour water, or inner sea, on the other; fortified clean over with a strong rampier and barricado. Bacon. To BAR R ic A'Do. v. a. [from the noun.] To fortify; to bar; to stop up. Fast we found, fast shut The dismal gates, and barricado'd strong! Milt. He had not time to barricado the doors; so that the enemy entered. Clarondon. The truth of causes we find so obliterated, that it seems almost barricadoed from any intellectual approach. - Harvey. BA’RRI ER. m. s. sharriere, Fr. It is sometimes pronounced with the accent on the last syllable, but it is placed more properly on the first.] 1. A barricade; an entrenchment. Safe in the love of heav'n, an ocean flows Around our realm, a barrior from the foes. Pope. 2. A fortification, or strong place, as on the frontiers of a country. The queen is guarantee of the Dutch, having possession of the barrier, and therevenues thereof, before a peace. Swift. 2. A stop ; an obstruction. If you value yourself as a man of learning, you are building a most impassable barrier against improvement. Js/attr. 4. A bar to mark the limits of any place. For justs and tourneys, and Warriers, the glories of them are chiefly in the chariots, wherein the challengers make their entries. Bacon. Prisoners to the piliar betnd, At either barrier plac'd; nor captives made, Be freed, or arm'd anew. I}ryden. 5. A boundary ; a limit. But wave whate'er to Cadmus may belong, And fix, O muse, the barrier of thy song At Oedipus. - Pope's Statius. How instinct varies in the groveling swine, Compar'd, half reas'ming elephant! with thine: *Twixt that and reason what a nice barrier / For ever sep'rate, yet for ever near. Pope. BA'RR1st Fr. n. 4. [from bar.] A person qualified to plead causes, called an advocate or licentiate in other countries and courts. Outer barristers are pleadcrs without the bar, to distinguish them from inner barristers ; such are the benchers, or those who have been readers, the counsel of the king, quecn, and princes, who are admitted to plead within the bar. A counsellor at law. Blount. Chambers. BA'RRow. m. s. [benepe, Sax. supposed by Skinner to come from bear.]. Any kind of carriage moved by the hand; as, a hand-barrow, a frame of boards, with handles at cach end, carried between two men; a wheel-barrow, that which one man pushes forward by , raising it upon one wheel. , - Have I lived to be carried in a basket, like a barrow of butcher's offal, and thrown into the Thames? Shakspeare. No barrow's wheel -$hall mark thy stocking with a miry trace. Gay

BA'RRow. m. s. [benzo, Sax.] . A hog: whence barrow grease, or hog's lard. BARRow, whether in the beginning or end of names of places, signifies a grove; from beanpe, which the Saxons used in the same sense. Gibson. BA R Row is likewise used in Cornwall for a hillock, under which, in old times, bodies have been buried. ' w To BA'RTER. v. n. [barater, Fr. to trick in traffick ; from barat, craft, fraud.) To traffick by exchanging one commodity for another, in opposition to purchasing with money. . . As if they scorn'd to trade and barter, By giving or by taking quarter. Hisdibrar. A man has not everything growing upon his soil, and therefore is willing to barter with ris neighbour. Collier. To BA/R 1 E. R. v. a. 1. To give any thing in exchange for something else. For him was I exchang'd and ransomed; But with a baser man of arms by far . Once, in contempt, they would have 'arter'd me. Shakspeart. Then as thou wilt dispose the rest, To those who, at the market rate, Can barter honour for estate. Prior. I see nothing left us, but to truck and arter our goods, like the wild Indians, with each other. 2. Sometimes it is used with the particle agway before the thing given. If they will barter away their time, methink: they should at least have some ease in exchange. - Decay of Piety. He also barter'd away plums, that would have rotted in a week, for nuts that would last good for his eating a whole year. Lock. BA’s 1 E. s. n. 4. [from the verb.] The act or practice of trasficking by exchange of commodities; sometimes the thing given in exchange. From England they may be furnished with such things as they may want, and, in exchange of barter, send other things with which they may abound. oreHe who corrupteth English with foreign words, is as wise as ladies that change plate for china; for which the laudable ick of old clothes is much the fairest barter. Folfar. BA'R r E R F. R. n. 4. [from barter.] He that trafficks by exchange of commodities. BA'RT ER Y. m. s. [from barter] Exchange of commodities. - It is a received opinion, that, in most ancient ages, there was only bartery or exchange of comimodities amongst most nations. Camden's Renaist. BA'R to N. m. s. The demesne lands of a manour ; the manour-house itself; and sometimes the out-houses. Blctint. BA'RT RAM. n.s. A plant; the same with pellitory. BASE. adj. [bas, Fr. basso, Ital. laxo, Span. bassus, low Latin ; £&z.:..] . I. Mean ; vile ; worthless : of things. The harvest white plumb is a base plumb, and the white date plumb are no very good Fo - orro. Pyreicus was only famous for counterfeiting all base things, as earthen pitchers, a scullery; whereupon he was surnamed *r-so

2. Of mean spirit; disingenuous; illiberal; ungenerous; low ; without dignity of sentiment: of persons. Since the perfections are such in the party I love, as the feeling of them cannot come unto any unnoble heart; shall that heart, lified up to such a height, be counted base? Sidney. It is base in his adversaries thus to dwell upon the excesses of a passion. Atterbury. 3. Of low station ; of mean account ; without dignity of rank; without hoIlour. If the lords and chief men degenerate, what shall be hoped of the peasants and baser people? Spenser on Ireland. If that rebellion Qame, like itself, in base and abject routs, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, Had not been here. of: It could not else be, I should prove so base To sue and be denied such common grace. Shak. And I will yet be more vile than this, and will be bare in mine own sight. Insurrections of base people are commonly more furious in their beginnings. Pacon. He, whose mind is virtuous, is alone of noble kind; ough poor in fortune, of celestial race; And he commits the crime who calls him base. Dryden. 4. Base-born; born out of wedlock, and by consequence of no honourable birth; illegitimate. - Why bastard? wherefore base? When my dimensions are as well compact As honest madam's issue. S #. This young lord lost his life with his father in ... the field, and with them a base son. Camden. 5. Applied to metals, without value. It is used in this sense of all metal except gold and silver. Aguinea is pure gold, if it has nothing but gold in it, without any alloy or baser metal. Watts.

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2 Samuel. .

used for the lower part of a building, or column.

wo itempt thee tow'rd the flood, my


Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff,
That beetles o'er his base into the sea? Shakup.

Firm Dorick pillars found your solid base; The fair č. crowns the higher %.

ryden. And all below is strength, and all above is

grace; Columns of polish'd marble, firmly set On golden bases, are his legs and feet. 2. The pedestal of a statue. Men of weak abilities in great place, are like little statues set on great bases, made the less by - their advancement. Bacon. Mercury was patron of flocks, and the ancients placed a ram at the base of his images. A roome. 3. That part of any ornament which hangs down, as housings. Phalastus was all in white, having his bases and caparison embroidered. Sidney. 4. The broad part of any body; as, the bottom of a cone. s: Stockings, or perhaps the armour for the legs. [from bas, Fr.] , Nor shall it e'er be said that wight, With gauntlet blue and bases white, And round blunt truncheon by his side, So great a man at arms . Hudibrar.

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BA's ELY. adv. [from base.] I. In a base manner ; meanly; dishonourably. The king is not himself, but barely led By flatterers. Shakspeare. A lieutenant basely gave it up, as soon as Essex in his passage demanded it. Clarendon. With broken vows his fame he will not stain, With conquest basely bought, and with inglorious gain. Dryden. 2. In bastardy. These two Moi brethren, basely born, crept out of a small galliot unto the majesty great kings. noiler. BA’s E N Ess. n. . [from base.] 1. Meanness; vileness; badness. Such is the power of that sweet passion, That it all sordid baseness doth expel. Spanzer. - S

Your soul's above the baronets of distrast: Nothing but love could make you so unjust. - Dryden. when a man's folly must be spread open hefore the angels, and all his baseness ript up before those pure spirits, this will be a double hell. - South. 2. Vileness of metal. We alleged the fraudulent obtaininghispatcht, the bareness of his metal, and the prodigious sum to be coined. - Swift. 3. Bastardy; illegitimacy of birth. - Why brand they us With base ? with barones, 2 bastardy ? Słakop. 4. Deepness of sound. The just and measured proportion of the air percussed towards the bareness or trebleness of tones, is one of the greatest secrets in the contemplation of sounds. Bacon. To BASH. v. n. [probably from base.] To be ashamed; to be confounded with shame. His countenance was bold, and basked not For Guyon's looks, but scornful eye-glance at him shot, Spenzer. BAs HA’w. n.s.. [sometimes written bassa.] A title of honour and command among the Turks; the viceroy of a province ; the general of an army. The Turks made an expedition into Persia; and, because of the straits of the mountains, the Bashaw consulted which way they should get in. souro/l. BA'shru 1... adj. [This word, with all those of the same race, are of uncertain etymology. Skinner imagines them derived from base, or mean ; Minshev, from overhaesen, Dut. to strike with astonishment; junius, from 3: ..., which he finds in Hesychius to signify shame. The conjecture of Minshew seems most probable.] 1. Modest; shamefaced. I never tempted her with word too large; But, as a brother to his sister, shew’d Bashful sincerity, and comely love. Shakopcare. 2. Sheepish ; vitiously modest. He looked with an almost hoofid kind of modesty, as if he feared the eyes of man. Sidney. Hence, bashful cunning! And prompt me, plain and holy innocence. Shaksbeare. Our author, anxious for his fame to-night, And bashful in his first attempt to write, Lies cautiously obscure. Addison. BA's H FULLY. adv. [from bashful.] Timorously; modestly. BA's H FULN Ess. n.s.. [from hashsil.] 1. Modesty, as shown in outward appearance. Philoclen a little mused how to cut the thread even, with eyes, checks, and lips, whereof each 3. their part, to make up the harmony of bass/ulness. Sidney. Such looks, such bathfulness, might well adorn The cheeks of youths that are more nobly born. - - yden. 2. Vitious or rustick shame. For fear had bequeathed his room to his kinsman basisuiness, to teach him good manners. - Sidney. There are others who have not altogether so much of this foolish has fulner, and who ask every one's opinion. Dryden. $3A sil. n. J. Lorymum, Lat.] A plant.

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3. *. pond. n one side of the walk you see this hollow durin, with its several little plantations lying conveniently under the eye .."the beholder. Spect. 3. A part of the sea enclosed in rocks, with a narrow entrance. The jutting land two ample bays divides; he spicious basins arching rocks inclose, Asuredefence from ev’rysform that blows. Pope. 4. Any hollow place capacious of liquids. If this rotation does the seas affect, he rapid motion rather would eject The stores, the low capacious caves contain, And from its atmple basin cast the main. Blackmore. 5. A dock for repairing and building ships. 6. In anatomy, a round cavity situate between the anterior ventricles of the brain. 7. A concave piece of metal, by which glass-grinders form their convex glasses. 8. A round shell or case of iron placed over a furnace, in which hatters mould the matter of a hat into form. 9. Basins of a Balance, the same with the scales; one to hold the weight, the other the thing to be weighed. BA'sis. n.s.. [basis, Lat.] 1. The foundation of any thing, as of a column or a building. It must follow, that Paradise, being raised to this height, must have the compass of the whole earth for a basis and foundation. Raleigh. Ascend my chariot, guide the rapid wheels That shake heav'n's basis. Milton. In altar wise a stately pile they rear; The basis broad below, and top advanc'd in air. Dryden. 2. The lowest of the three principal parts of a column, which are the basis, shaft, and capital. Observing an English inscription upon the is, we read it over several times. Addison. 3. That on which any thing is raised. Such seems thy gentle height, made onlyproud To be the basis of that pompous load, Than which a nobler weight no mountain bears. Denham. 4. The pedestal. How many times shall Caesar bleed in sport, That now on Pompey's basis lies *; No worthier than the dust Shakspeare. 5. The groundwork or first principle of anything. uild me thy fortune upon the basis of valour. Shakspeare. The friendships of the world are oft Confederacies in vice, or leagues of pleasure; Ours has severest virtue for its basis. Addison. T. Bask. v. a. [backeren, Dut. Skinner.] To warm by laying out in the heat: used almost always of animals. And stretch'd out all the chimney's length, Bao at the fire his hairy strength. Milton. He was basking himself in the gleam of the sun. L'Estrange. 'Tis all thy business, business how to shun, To kaik thy naked body in the sun. Dryden. To Bask.a. n. To lie in the warmth. About him, and above, and round the wood, The birds that haunt the borders of his flood, That bath'd within, or bank'd upon his side, To tuneful songs their narrow throats o: - ryden.

Unlock'd in covers, let her freely ruń To range thy courts, and bark before the sur. Tickell, Some in the fields of purest aether play, And bark and whiten in the blaze of day. Pope. BA's KET. n.s.. [basged, Welsh ; bascauda, Lat. Barbara depictis venit bascauda Britannis. Martial.] A vessel made of twigs, rushes, or splinters, or some other slender bodies interwoven. Here is a basket; he may creep in, and throw foul linen upon him, as if going to bucking. Shakspeare. Thus while I sung, my sorrows I deceiv'd, And bending osiers into baskets weav'd. Dryd. Poor Peg was forced to go hawking and o: dling; now and then carrying a basket of fish to the market. Arbuthnot. BA's ket-Hi LT. n.s.[from basket and hilt.] A hilt of a weapon so made as to contain the whole hand, and defend it from being wounded. His puissant sword unto his side, Near his undaunted heart, was ty'd : With bask-t-bilt, that would hold broth, And serve for fight and dinner both. Hudibrar, Their beef they often in their murrions stew’d, And in their basket-hilts their bev'rage brew'd. Åing. BA's Ket-wom AN. m... [from basket and woman.] A woman that plies at markets with a basket, ready to carry home anything that is bought. Bass. n. 4. [supposed by junius to be derived, like basket, from some British word signifying a rush ; but perhaps more properly written boss, from the French bosse.] A mat used in churches. Having woollen yarn, bass mat, or such like, to bind them ... Mortimer. To BAss. v. n. To sound in a deep tone. The thunder, That deep and dreadful organ-pipe, pronounc'd The name of Prosper: it did bass ". trespass.


Bass. adj. [See BAse.] In musick, grave;

deep. BAss-R E LIE F. m. s. [from bas, and relief, raised work, Fr.] Sculpture, the figures of which do not stand out from the ground in their full proportion. Felibien distinguishes three kinds of bassrelief; in the first, the front figures a pear almost with the full relief; in the second, they stand out no more than one half; and in the third much less, as in coins. Bass-viol. See BAs f Viol. On the sweep of the arch lics one of the Muses, playing on a basi-viol. Dryden. BA'ss A. See BAs Haw. BA’ss E.T. n. . [barset, Fr.] A game at cards, invented at Venice. Gamesters would no more blaspheme; and lady Dabcheek's basset bank would be broke. - Dennis. BASSO RELIEVO. [Ital.] See BAssReli e F. BA'ssock. n.s. The same with bass. BAsso'N. } n. 3. [has son, Fr.] A musical BAsso'on. 5 instrument of the wind kind, blown with a resood furnished with

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