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of a prayer, we mean, so be it; at the end of a creed, so it is. One cried God blessus! and, Awent the other, As they had seen me with these hangman's hands. Listening their fear, I could not say amen When o; did say God bless us. , Shakspeare. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, from everlasting and to everlasting. Amen, and amen. Psal. AME'NABLE. adj. Lamegnable, Fr. amener quelqu'un, in the French courts, signifies to oblige one to appear to answer a charge exhibited against him.] Responsible; subject so as to be liable to inquiries or accounts. Again, because the inferiour sort were loose and poor, and not amenable to the law, he provided, by another act, that five of the best and eldest persons of every sept, should bring in all the idle persons of their surname, to be justified
by the law. Sir ‘hobn Davies on Ireland. AMEN AGE. M. n.s. (They seem to come A'MENANce. S from amener, Fr.] Con
duct; behaviour; mien : words disused. For he is fit to use in all essays, Whether for arms and warlike amenance, Or else for wise and civil governance. Spenter. Well kend him so far space, Th'enchanter, by his arms and amenance, When under him he saw his Lybian steed to prance. Fairy Queen. offs D. v. a. [amender, Fr. emendo, ..at. 1. To correct; to change any thing that is wrong to something better. 2. To reform the life, or leave wickedness. In these two cases we usually write mend. See MEN D. Awend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place. jerem. 3. To restore passages in writers, which the copiers are supposed to have depraved; to recover the true reading. o AME's D. v. n. To grow better. To amend differs from to improve; to improve supposes, or not denies, that the thing is well already, but to amend implies something wrong. As my fortune either amend or impairs, I may declare it unto you. Sidney. At his touch, Such sanctity hath heaven given his hand, They presently amend. Shakspeare's Macbeth. AME’NDE. m. s. [French.] This word, in French, signifies a fine, by which recompence issupposed to be made for the fault committed. We use, in a cognate signification, the word amends. AME'Nd ER. m. s. [from amend.] The person that amends any thing. AM E/N DMENT. n.s.. [amendement, Fr.] 1. A change from bad for the better. Before it was presented on the stage, some things in it have passed your approbation and amendment. Dryden. Man is always mending and altering his works; but nature observes #. same tenour, because her works are so perfect, that there is no place for amendments; nothing that can be rePrehended. Bay on the Creation,
There are many natural defects in the understanding, capable of amendment, which are overlooked and wholly neglected. Locke. 2 Reformation of life. Our Lord and Saviour was of opinion, that they which would not be drawn to amendment of life, by the testimony which Moses and the prophets have given, concerning the miseries that follow sinners after death, were not likely to be persuaded by other means, although God from the dead should have raised them up preachers. ooker. Behold famine and plague, tribulation and anguish, are sent as scourges for amendment. 2 Esdras. Though a serious purpose of amendment, and true acts of contrition, before the habit, may be accepted by God; yet there is no sure judgment whether this purpose be serious, or these acts true acts of contrition. Hammond. 3. Recovery of health. Your honour's players, hearing your amendment Are come to play a pleasant comedy. SBakr. AM E/N DMENT. n.s. [emendatio, Ilat..] It signifies, in law, the correction of an errour committed in a process, and espied before or after judgment; and sometimes after the party's seeking advantage by the errour. Blount. AM E/N D. s. n.s.. [amende, Fr. from which it seems to be accidently corrupted.T
Recompence; compensation; atone
Your compensation makes amendi. Shaip.
Of the amend recovered, little or nothing returns to those that had suffered the wrong, but commonly all runs into the prince's coffers. Raleigh's Essayr. There I, a pris'ner chain'd, scarce freely draw The air imprison'd also, close and damp, Unwholesome draught; but here I feel amendr, The breath of heav'n fresh blowing, pure and sweet, With day-springborn; here leave me to respire. Milton. Some little hopes I have yet remaining, that I may make the world some part of amend for many ill plays, by an heroick poem. . . Dryden. If our souls be immortal, this makes abundantamends and compensation for the frailties of life, and sufferings of this state. Tillotron. It is a strong argument for retribution hereafter, that virtuous persons are very often unfortunate, and vitious persons prosperous; which is repugnant to the nature of a Being, who appears infinitely wise and good in all his works; unless we may suppose that such a promiscuous distribution, which was necessary on the designs of providence in this life, will be rectified and made amends for in another. Spectator. AM E/NIT Y. m. s. [amenité, Fr. amanitas, Lat..] Pleasantness: agreeableness of situation. sf the situation of Babylon was such at first as in the days of Herodotus, it wasa seat of amenity and pleasure. - Brown. AMENT A/ceous. adj. [amentatus, Lat.] Hanging as by a thread. The Pine tree hath amentaceous flowers or katkins, 2Miller. To AME’RCE. v. a. [amercier, Fr. •roaX* * ***, seems to give the original.] . To punish with a pecuniary penalty; to exact a fine; to inflict a forfeiture. It is a word originally juridical, but adopted by other writers, and is used by Spenser of punishments in general. Where every one that misseth then her make, Shall be by him amerc'd with penance due. * Spenter. But I'll amerce you with so strong a fine, That you shall all repent the loss of mine. Shak. All the suitors were considerably amersed; yet this proved but an ineffectual remedy for those mischiefs. Hale. 2. Sometimes with the particle in before the fine. They shall amerce him in an hundred shekels of silver, and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel. cut. 3. Sometimes it is used, in imitation of the Greek construction, with the particle of. Millions of spirits, for his fault amere'd Of heav'n, and from eternal splendours flung or his revolt. Milton. AM E/Rce R. a. s. [from amerce..] He that sets a fine upon any misdemeanour; he that decrees or inflicts any pecuniary punishment or forfeiture. AM E/Rce M. ENT. ; n. . [from amerce.] AME’Rcia MENT. j. The pecuniary punishment of an offender, who stands at the mercy of the king, or other lord in his court. " Cowell. All amercement; and fines that shall be imposed upon them, shall come unto themselves. Spenser's State of Ireland. AMFS Acf. m. s. [a corruption of the word ambs aco, which appears, from very old authorities, to have been early softened by ornitting the b.] Two aces on two dice. But then my study was to cog the dice, And dext'rously to throw the lucky sice: To shun ame ace, that swept my stakes away; And watch the box, for fear they should convey False bones, and put upon me in the play. Dryd. A’M ess. n. 4. [corrupted from azalce.] "A priest’s vestment. Doct. AM ET Ho'Dica L. adj. [from a and method.] Out of method; without method; irregular. AMETHYST. n. s. saw Sv-2', contrary to wine, or contrary to drunkenness; so called, either because it is not quite of the colour of wine, or because it was imagined to preventinebriation.) A precious stone of a violet colour, bordering on purple. The oriental ametbyst is the hardest, scarcest, and most valuable; it is generally of a dove colour, though some are purple, and others white like the diamond. The German is of a violet colour, and the Spanish
are of three sorts; the best are the blackest or deepest violet: others are almost quite white, and some few tinctured with yellow. The ametby:t is not extremely hard, but easy to be engraved upon, and is next in value to the emerald. Chambers. Some stones approached the granate complexion; and several nearly resembled the art. flyst. Woodward. A/MET hyst, in heraldry, signifies the same colour in a nobleman’s coat, that purpure does in a gentleman’s. AM Ethy's riN e.daj. [from amethyst.] Resembling an amethyst in colour. A kind of amethyltine flint, not composed of crystals or grains, §: one entire massy stone.
Grew, A/MIABLE. adj. [aimable, Fr.] 1. Lovely; pleasing. That %io, is ". in the actions of men, doth not only delight as profitable, but as amiable also. Hooker. She told her, while she kept it Twould make her amiable, subdue my father Entirely to her love; but if she lost it, Or made a gift of it, my father's eye Should hold her loathed. Shakspeare's Othelle. 2. Pretending love; showing love. Lay amiable siege to the honesty of this Ford's wife; use your art of wooing. Shakpcart. A/MIA B L E N Ess. n. . [from amiable.] The quality of being amiable; loveliness; power of raising love. As soon as the natural gaiety and amiablonor of the young man wears off, they have nothing left to commend them, but lie by among the lumber and refuse of the species. Addison. A/Mia B LY. adv. [from amiable.] In an amiable manner; in such a manner as to excite love. A'MICABLE. adj. [amicabilis, Lat.] Friendly; kind. It is commonly used of more than one; as, they live in an amicable manner; but we seldom say, an amicable action, or an amicable man, though it be so used in this passage. O grace serene! oh virtue heav'nly fair, Divine oblivion of low-thoughted care! Fresh blooming hope, gay daughter of the sky! And faith, our early immortality Enter each mild, each amicable guest; Receive and wrap me in eternal rest. . A'Mic A BLE Ness. n. ... [from amicabirl The quality of being amicable; friend. liness; good-will. A'Mic ABLY. adv. [from amicable.] In an amicable manner; in a friendly way; with good-will and concord. They see Through the dun mist, in blooming beautyfresh, Two o youths, that amicably walkt O'er versant meads, and pleas'd, perhaps, re
I found my subjects amicably join To lessen their défects, by citing mine. in Holland itself, where it is pretended to
the variety of sects live so amicably together, it is notorious how a turbulent party, joining with the Arminians, did attempt to destroy i. republick. Swift's Courth of England Man. A'Mick, n. . [amictus, Lat, amict, Fr. Primumex sex indumentis episcopo & pre:byterii communibus sunt amictus, alba, singulum, stola, manipulus, $5 planeta. Du Cange. Amictus quo collum stringitur, & pertus tegitur, castitatem interioris *omini designat: tegit enim cor, ne vamitate, cogitet ; stringit autem collum, ne inde ad linguam transeat mendacium. Bruno.] The first or undermost part of a o habit, over which he wears the alb. Thus pass'd the night so foul, till morning fair Came forth with pilgrim steps in anize o
* In the midst; equally distant from either extremity. Of the fruit Qfeach tree in the garden we may eat; But of the fruit of this fair tree amidst The garden, God hath said, yeshall not eat. Milton. The two ports, the bagnio, and Donatelli's *atue of the great duke, amidst the four slaves chained to his pedestal, are very noble sights. - Addinan. * Mingled with ; surrounded by ; in the ambit of another thing. Amid my flock with woe my voice I tear, And, but bewitch'd, who to his flock would moan 2 Sidney. So hills amid the air encounter'd hills, Hull'd to and fro with jaculation dire. Milton. What have I done, to name that wealthy swain, * boar amidst my chrystal streams. I bring, And southern o: to blast my flow'ry spring. Dryden. Amata's breast the fury thus invades, And fires with rage amid the sylvan shades. Dryden. 3. Among; conjoined with. t tho’ no real voice nor sound Amid their radiant orbs be found? A reason's ear they all rejoice, ândutter forth a glorious voice, of ever singing, as they shine, “The hand that made is is divine.” Addiron. *I'ss. adv. [from a, which, in this form of composition, often signifies according to, and miss, the English particle, which shows anything, like the Greek ****, to be wrong; as, to miscount, to counterroneously; to misdo, to commit a crime: armiss therefore signifies not right, or out of order.] 1. *:::: criminal. For that, which thou hast sworn to do amirs, yet emits, when it is truly done. Shais. 1. Faultily; criminally. We hope therefore to reform ourselves, if at any time we have done anius, is not to sever
ourselves from the church we were of before. Hooker. O ye powers that search The heart of man, and weigh his inmost thoughts, If I have done amits, impute it not. Additon. 3. In an ill sense. She sigh’d withal, they construed all amirr, And thought she wish'd to kill who long'd to kiss. Fairfax. 4. Wrong; improper; unfit. Examples have not generally the force of laws, which all men ought to keep, but of counsels only and persuasions, not amirs to be followed by them, whose case is the like. Hooker. Methinks, though a man had all science and all principles, yet it might not be amits to have some conscience. Tillotron. 5. Wrong; not according to the perfection of the thing, whatever it be. Your kindred is not much armits, 'tis true; Yet I am somewhat better born than you. Drya. I built a wall, and when the masons plaid the knaves, nothing delighted me so much as to stand by while my servants threw down what was amiss. Swift. 6. Reproachfull ; irreverent: Every people, nation, and language, which speak any thing amirs against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, shall be cut in ieces, and their houses shall É. made a dungill; because there is no other God that can deliver after this sort. Daniel. 7. Impaired in health ; as, I was somewhat amiss yesterday, but am well today. 8. Amiss is marked as an adverb, though it cannot always be adverbially rendered; because it always follows the substantive to which it relates, contrary to the nature of adjectives in English; and though we say the action was amiss, we never say an amiss action. 9. Amiss is used by Shakspeare as a noun substantive. To my sick soul, as sin's true nature is, Each toy seems prologue to some great amirt. Fiamlet. AM1'ssion. n.s.. [amissio, Lat.] Loss. To AM1't. v. a. [amitto, Lat.] To lose : a word little in use. Ice is water congealed by the frigidity of the air, whereby it acquireth no new form, but rather a consistence or determination of its diffluency, and amitteth not its essence, but condition of fluidity. Brown's Vulgar Errouru. A/MIT Y. m. s. [amitié, Fr. amicilia, Lat.] Friendship, whether publick between nations, opposed to war; or among the people, opposed to discord; or between private persons. . . . . . . The prophet David did think, that the very meeting of men together, and their accompanying one another to the house of God, should make the bond of their love insoluble, and tie them in a league of inviolable amity. , Hocker. The monarchy of Great Britain was in league and amity with all the world. Sir #. Davies, You have a noble and a true conceit Of godlike amity; which appears most ... In bearing thus the abseqce of your lord, Shah.
And ye, oh Tyrians, with immortal hate Pursue this race, this service dedicate To my deplored ashes; let there be "Twixt us and them no league nor amity.
enham. AMMO'NIAC. m. s. A drug. Guo AM Moni Acisbrought from the East-Indies, and is supposed to ooze from an umbelliferous plant. , Dioscorides says, it is the juice of a kind of ferula growing in Barbary, and the plant is called agaiyllis. Pliny calls the tree metopion, which, he says, grows near the temple of Juiter Ammon, whence the gum takes its name. tought to be in dry drops, white within, yellowish without, easily fusible, resinous, somewhat bitter, and of a very sharp taste and smell, somewhat like garlick. This gum is said to have served the ancients for incense, in their sacrifices. Savary. Trevoux. SAI. AMM on 1Ac is a volatile salt of two kinds, ancient and modern. The ancient sort, described by Pliny and Dioscorides, was a native salt, generated in those large inns where the crowds of pilgrims, coming from the temple of Jupiter Ammon, used to lodge ; who travelling upon camels, and those creatures in Cyrene, %. that celebrated temple stood, urining in the stables, or in the parched sands, out of this urine, which is ... strong, arose a kind of salt, denominated sometimes from the temple, Ammoniac, and sometimes from the country, Cyreniac. No more of this salt is produced there; and from this deficiency some suspect there never was any such thing; but this suspicion is removed, by the large quantities of a salt, nearly of the same nature, thrown out by mount AEtna. The modern sal ammoniac is made in Egypt; where long-necked glass bottles, filled with soot a little sea salt, and the urine of cattle, and having their mouths luted with a piece of wet cotton, are placed over an oven or furnace, in a thick bed of ashes, nothing but the necks appearing, and kept there two days and a night, with a continual strong fire. The steam swells up the cotton, and forms a paste at the venthole, hindering the saltsfrom evaporating; which stick to the top of the bottle, and are taken out in those large cakes, which they send to England. Only soot exhaled from dung is the proper ingredient in this preparation; and the dung of camels affords the strongest. Our chymists imitate the Egyptian sal ammoniac, by adding one part of common salt to five of urine, with which some mix that quantity of soot; and putting the whole in a vessel, they raise from it, by sublimation, a white, friable, farinaceous substance, which they callial ammoniac. Chambert. AM Mon’IACA L. adj. [from ammoniac.] Having the properties of ammoniac. Human blood calcined yields no fixed salt; nor is it a sal ammoniack, for that remains immutable after repeated distillations; and distillation destroys the ammoniacal quality of animal salts, and turns them alkaline; so that it is a salt neither quite fixed, nor quite volatile, nor quite acid, nor quite alkaline, nor quite ammoniacal; but soft and benign, approaching nearest to the nature of salammoniac. Arbuthnot. AMMUN1"r Ion. n. s. [supposed by some to come from amonitio, which, in-the barbarous ages, seems to have signific d
supply of provision; but it surely may be more reasonably derived from munitio, fortification; choses à munitions, things for the fortresses.] Military stores. They must make themselves defensible against strangers; and must have the assistance of some able . man, and convenient arms and ammunition for their defence. Bacon. The colonel staid to put in the ammunition he brought with him; which was only twelve barrels of powder, and twelve hundred weight of match. * Clarendon. All the rich mines of learning ransackt are, To furnish ammunition for this war. Denbam. But now, his stores of ammunition spent, His naked valour is his only guard: Rare thunders are from his dumb cannonsent, And solitary guns are scarcely heard. Dryden, AMMUNI"rio N BREAD. m. s. Bread for - the supply of the armies or garrisons. A/MIN Esty. m. s. [4<nría.] An act of oblivion; an act by which crimes against the government, to a certain time, are so obliterated, that they can never be brought into charge. I never read of a law enacted to take away the force of all laws, by which a man may safely commit, upon the last of June, what he would infallibly be hanged for if he committed it on the first of July; by which the greatest criminals may escape, provided they continue long enough in power to antiquate their crimes, and by stifling them a while, deceive the legislature into an amnesty. Swift, AM NI'co List. adj. [amnicola, Lat.] Inhabiting near a river. Dict, AMN1'GENous. adj. [amnigenus, Lat.] Born of a river. Dict. "MNION, R m. s. [Latin ; perhaps from A'MNIOS, y Joy?" JThe innermost membrane with which the foetus in the womb is most immediately covered, and with which the rest of the secundines, the chorion, and alantois, are ejected after birth. It is whiter and thinner than the chorion. It also contains a nutritious humour, separated by glands for that purpose, with which the foetus is preserved. It is outwardly cloathed with the urinary membrane and the chorion, which sometimes stick so close to one another, that they can scarce be separated. It has also its vessels from the same origin as the chorion. Quincy. AMO'MUM. n. 4. [Lat...] A sort of fruit. The commentators on Pliny and Dioscorides suppose it to be a fruit different from ours. The modern amomum appears to be the risen of the ancients, or bastard stone-partley. . It resemble: the muscat grape. This fruit is brought from the East Indies, and makes part of treacle. It is of a hot spicy taste and smell. Trevcux. Chamitri. AMo'N G. } prep. samanzo, 25eman& AMo'N Gst. § Saxon.] 1. Mingled with; placed with other persons or things on every side. Amongst strawberries sow here and there sort borage-secd; and you shall find the strawberris, tunder those leaves far more large than their fellows. atoms The voice of God they heard, Now walking in the garden, by soft winds Brought to their ears, while day declin'd: they heard, And from his presence hid themselves amon The thickest trees, both man and wife. Milton. 4. Conjoined with others, so as to make part of the number. I have then, as you see, observed the failings Sf many great wits amongst the moderns, who have attempted to write an epic poem. Dryden. There were, among the old Roman statues, several of Venus in different postures and habits; as there are many particular figures of her made after the same design. Addison. A'Morist. n.s. (from amour.] An inamorato; a gallant; a man professing love. Female beauties are as fickle in their faces as their minds: though casualties should spare them, age brings in a necessity of decay; leaving doters upon red and white perplexed by incerfainty both of the continuance of their mistress's kindness, and her beauty, both which are necessary to the amorist's joys and quiet. Boyle. 4MORO'SO. m. s. [ital.] A man emamoured. - Dict. A'Morous. adj. [amoroso, Ital.] 1. In love; enamoured: with the particle of before the thing loved; in Shakspeare, on. Sure my brother is amorous on Hero; and hath withdrawn her father to break with him about it. Shakspeare. The am’rous master own'd her potent eyes, *igh’d when he look'd,and trembled as he drew; ach flowing line confirm'd his first surprize, as the piece advanc'd, the passion grew. Prior. 2. Naturally inclined to love; disposed to fondness; fond. Apes, as soon as they have brought forth their young, keep their eyes fastened on them, and are never weary of admiring their beauty; so *orous is nature of whatsoever she produces. - Dryden, 3. Relating, or belonging to love. that am not shap'd for sportive tricks, Sor made to court anam’rous looking-glass, l, that am rudely stampt. Shakspeare. And into all things from her air inspir'd - The spirit of love, and amorous delight. Milton. -. In the amorous net - First caught, they lik'd; and each his liking chose. ilton. O! how I long my careless limbs to lay Under the plantane's shade, and all the day With am’rous airs my fancy entertain, invoke the muses, and improve my vein! Waller. Morously. adv. [from amorous.] Fondly; lovingly. . . When wilt swim in that live-bath, Each fish, which every channel hath, Will amerously to the swim, todder to catch thee, than thou him. Donne. A'Moroussess. n. . [from amorous.] The quality of being amorous; fondness; lovingness; love. All Gynecia's actions were interpreted by *asilius, is proceeding from jealousy of his amorofazz.f. Sidney.
Lindamor has wit and amorousness enough to make him find it more easy to defend fair ladies, than to defend himself against them. Boyle. AMO'RT. adv. [ä la mort, Fr.] In the state of the dead; dejected; depressed; spiritless. ow fares my Kate f what, sweeting, all amort " Shakspeare. AMoRT1z A^T Io N. } n. 3. [amortissement, AMo'RT1z EMENT. S. amortissable, Fr.] The right or act of transferring lands to mortmain ; that is, to some community that never is to cease. Every one of the religious orders was confirmed by one pope or other; and they made an especial provision for them, after the laws of amortization were devised and put in use by princes. Ayliff's Parergon }. Canonici. To AMO'RTIZE. v. a. [amortir, Fr.] To alien lands or tenements to any corporation, guild, or fraternity, and their successors; which cannot be done without licence of the king, and the lord of the manour. Blount. This did concern the kingdom, to have farms sufficient to maintain an able body out of penury, and to amortize part of the lands unto the yeomanry, or middle part of the people. Bacon. To AMo’ve. v.a. [amoveo, Lat.] 1. To remove from a post or station: a juridical sense. 2. To remove; to move; to alter: a sense now out of use. Therewith, amoved from his sober mood, And lives he yet, said he, that wrought this act: And do the heavens afford him vital food Fairy Queen. At her so piteous cry was much anov'd Her champion stout. Fairy Queen. To AMo'u Nt. v. n. [monter, Fr.] 1. To rise to in the accumulative quantity; to compose in the whole : with the particle to. It is used of several sums in quantities added together. Let us compute a little more particularly how much this . amount to, or how many oceans of water would be necessary to compose this great ocean rowling in the air, without bounds or banks. Burnet'. Theory. 2. It is used, figuratively, of the consequence rising from any thing taken altogether. The errours of young men are the ruin of business; but the errours of aged men amount but to this, that more might have been done, or sooner. Bacon. Judgments that are made on the wrong side of the danger, amount to no more than an affectation of skill, without either creditor effect. L'Estrange.