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The queen of night, whose large command Rules all the sea and half the land, And over moist and crazy brains, In high spring-tides, at midnight reigns. H. til. 3. Weak ; feeble; shattered. Physick can bot mend our crazy state; Patch an old building, not a new create. Dryd. Were it possible that the near approaches of eternity, whether by a mature age, a crazy constitution, or a violent sickness, should amaze so many, had they truly considered 2 Wake. CREA G H r. n. 4. An Irish word.] In these fast places, they kept their creozło,

or herds of cattle: living by the milk of the .

cow, without husbandry or tillage. Davies. To CR E A G HT. 7... n. It was made penal to the English to permit the Irish to creaght or graze upon their lands, or present them to ecclesiastical benefices. • Davies. To CREA K. v. n. [corrupted from crack.] 1. To make a harsh protracted noise. Let not the creating of shoes, nor the rustling ef silks, betray thy poor heart to women. Sšakspeare's King Lear. No door there was th' unguarded house to keep, On erraking hinges turn'd, tobreak his sleep. Dry. 2. It is sonmetimes used of animals. The creosing locusts with my voice conspire; - They fried with heat, and I with fierce desire.

- Dryden. CREAM. m. s. [cremor, Latin.] I. The unctuous or oily part of milk, which, when it is cold, floats on the top, and is changed by the agitation of the churn into butter; the flower of milk. "Tis not your inky brows, your black silk hair, Your bugle eye-balls, nor your cheek of cream, That can entame my spirits to your worship. Shakspeare. I am as vigilant, as a cat to steal cream. Shaks. Cream is matured and made to rise speedily, by putting in cold water; which, as it seemeth, getteth down the whey. Bacon's Nat. Hist. How the drudging goblin swet, To earn his cream-bowl duly set; When in one night, ere glimpse of morn, His shadowy flail hath thresh'd the corn. Milt. Let your various creams incircled be With swelling fruit, just ravish'd from theA. in Milk, standing some time, o ser: into an oily liquor called tream; and a thinner, blue, and more ponderous liquor, called skimmed milk. 2. It is used for the best part of any thing : as, the cream of a jest. To CREAM. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To skim off the cream. 2. To take the flower and quintessence of any thing: so used somewhere by Swift. To CREA M. v. n. To gather cream. There are a sort of men, whose visages Do cream and mantle like a standing pond; And do a wilful stiffness entertain, With purpose to be drest in an opinion. Of wisdom, gravity, profound conceit. Shaksp. CREA M-F ace d. adj. [cream and face.] Pale; coward-looking. Thou cream-fas'd lown, where got'st thou that goose-look? Shakspeare. CRE'A MY. adj. [from cream.] Full of cream ; having the nature of cream. CRE’ANCE. m. s. [French.] In falconry, a fine small line, fastened to a hawk's kash when she is first lured.

Arbuthnot on Aliments. .

CREASE. m. o. [from creta, Latin, chałł. Skinner.] A mark made by doubling any thing. Men of great parts are unfortunate in busires, because they go out of the common road: I conce doi: Bolingbroke to chierve, or the clerks used an ivory knife, with a blurt edge, to divide paper, which cut it even, only requiring a strong hand; whereas a sharp penknife would go out of the create, and disor: the paper. Strift. To CREA's E. v.a. [from the noun..] so mark anything by doubling it, so as to leave the impression. To CREATE. v. a. Izrro, Latin.] 1. To form out of nothing; to cause to exist. In the beginning God created the heaven ind the earth. - Gerai. We having but imperfect ideas of the opentions of our minds, and much imperfects of the operations of God, run into great difficulties about free created agents, which reason canno well extricate itself out of. Lorit. 2. To produce ; to cause; to be the cocasion of. so os time of help : your eye in Soa sh Would create soldiers, and make *::: f;ht.

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mach. Arłobra. 3. To beget. And the issue there creafe Ever shall be fortunate. Skoro.

4. To invest with any new character. Arise, my knights o' th' battle: 1 errste you Companions to our person, and will fit you With dignities becoming your estates. Soi5. To give any new qualities; to put any thing in a new state. The best British undertaker had but a protion of three thousand acres for himself, with power to create a manor, and hold a court-bato Davies as Iro CREA’t 1o N. m. s. [from create.] 1. The act of greating, or conferring to istence. Consider the immensity of the Divine Lo". expressed in ail the emanations of his providero in his creation, in his conservation of us royo. 2. The act of investing with new qual: ties or character : as, the creation to els. 3. The things created ; the universe. As subjects then the whole creation come, , And from their natures Adam them did niro. Iloko.

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Nor could the tender new creation bear
Th' excessive heats or coldness of the year.
Dryden's Pirgil.
In days of yore, no matter where or when,
Before the low creation swarm'd with men.
Parnal.
4. Anything produced, or caused.
Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but
.A dagger of the mind, a false creation
Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
Shakspeare's Macbeth.
CREA't Ive. adj. [from create.]
1. Having the power to create.
But come, ye generous minds, in whose wide

thought, Of all his works, creative beauty burns ' With warmest beam. Thomson's Spring.

2. Exerting the act of creation.
To trace the outgoings of the ancient of days
in the first instance, and of his creative power, is
a research too great for mortal enquiry, South.
CREA’To R. m. s. [creator, Latin.] The
being that bestows existence.
Open, ye heavens, your living doors: let in
The great Creator, from his work return'd
Magnificent; his six days work, a world. Milt.
When you lie down, close your eyes with a
short prayer, commit yourself into the hands of
your faithful Creator; and when you have done,
trust him with yourself, as you must do when
you are dying. Taylor's Guide to Devotion.

CRE’ATURE. m. s.[creatura, low Latin.] 1. A being not self-existent, but created by the supreme power. Were these persons idolaters for the worship they did not give to the Creator, or for the worship they did give to his creatures? Stillingfleet. 2. Any thing created. God's first creature was light. Bacon. Imperfect the world, and all the creatures in it, must be acknowledged in many respects to be. Tillotson. 3. An animal, not human. The queen pretended satisfaction of her knowledge only in killing creatures vile, as cats and Gogs. Sbakspeare's Cymbeline. 4. A general term for man. Yet crime in her could never creature find; But for his love, and for her own self sake, she wander'd had from one to other Ind. Spens. - Most cursed of all creatures under sky, Lo, Tantalus, I here tormented lie! ... Spenser. Tho' he might burst his lungs to call for help, No creature would assist or pity him. Rossom. 3. A word of contempt for a human being. Hence; home, you idle creatures, get you * home; Is this a holiday? Shalipeare's julius Caesar. He would into the stews, And from the common creatures pluck a glove, And wear it as a favour. Shaks. Richard 11. l’ve heard that guilty creaturer at a play, Have, by the very cunning of the scene, Been struck so to the soul, that presently "I hey have proclaim'd their malefactions. Shahpeare', Hanlet. Nor think to-night of thy ill nature, But of thy follis, idle creature. Prior. A good poet no sooner communicates his works, but it is imagined he is a vain young crea****, given up to the ambition of fame. Pope. 6. A word of petty tenderness. *†, sir, would he gripe aud wring my and ; °o, Ohsweet creature! and then kiss me hard. - Sbakoare,

Ah, cruel treature 'whom dost thou despise? The gods, to live in woods, have left the skics. Dryden's Pirgil. Some young creatures have learnt their letters and syllables by having them pasted upon little tablets. Waitr. 7. A person who owes his rise or his fortune to another. He sent to colonel Massey to send him men; which he, being a creature of Essex's, refused. Clarendex. The duke's creature he desired to be esteemed. Clarendon. Great princes thus, when favourites they raise, To justify their grace, their creatures praise. - Dryden. The design was discovered by a person whom every man knows to be the creature of a certain great man. Swift. CRE’ATURELY. adj. [from creature.] Having the qualities of a creatureThe several parts of relatives, or creaturely infinites, may have finite proportions to one another. Cheyne's Philosophical Principle. CRE/BRITUD E. m. s. [from creber, frequent, Latin.] Frequentness. JDict. CRE'Brous. adj. [from creber, Latin.] Frequent. Dirt. CRE/DEN ce. m. s. [from credo, Latin; credence, Norman French.] 1. Belief; credit. Ne let it seem that credence this excecds: For he that made the same was known right well To have done much more admirable deeds; It Merlin was. Spenwer. - Love and wisdom, Approv’d so to your majesty, may plead For ample credence. Soak-prore. They did not only underhand give out that this was the true earl; but the friar, finding some credence in the people, took boldness in the pulpit to declare as much. Bacon. 2. That which gives a claim to credit or belief. After they had delivered to the king their letters of credence, they were led to a chamber richly furnished. Hayward. CREDENDA. m. s. [Latin.]. Things to be believed ; articles of faith: distinguished in theology from agenda, or practical duties. These were the great articles and crederdi of christianity, that so much startled the world. South. CRE'DeNT, adj. [credens, Latin.] 1. Believing; easy of belief. Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain, If with too credent ear you list’ his songs. Shake.

2. Having credit; not to be questioned.
Less proper.
My authority bears a credent bulk,
That no particular scandal once can touch
But it confounds the breather. Shakoare.
CRED E'N TIAL. m. s. [from credens, Lat.]
That which gives a title to credit; the
warrant upon which belief or authority
is claimed. -
A few persons of an odious and despised
country could not have filled the world with be-
lievers, had they not shown undoubted creden-
tial, from the Divine Person who sent them on
such a message. Addison on the Christian R is:
CREDIB 1'LITY... n. 4. [from credible.}
Claim to credit ; possibility of obtain-
ing belief; probability.

The first of those opinion, I shall hew to be - altogether incredible, and the latter to have all the credibility and evidence of which a thing of that nature is capable. ‘Tissofson. Calculate the several degrees of credibility and conviction, by which the one evidence surpasseth the other. Atterbury. CR to B I. E. adj. [credibilis, Lat.] Worthy of credit; deserving of belief; having a just claim to belief. The ground cf credit is the credibility of things credited; and things are made credible, either by the known condition and quality of the utterer, or by the manifest likelihood of truth in themselves. Hozier. None can demonstrate to me, that there is such an island as Jamaica; yet, upon the testimony of credible persons, I am free from doubt. 7 illution. Co E'.D in LEN Ess. n. 4. [from credible.] Credibility; worthiness of belief; just claim to belief. The creditleneur of a good part of these narratives has been confirmed to me by a practiser of Physick. Ioyle. Cr E L 13 LY. adv. [from credible.] In a manner that claims belief. o This, with the loss of so few of the Fnglish as is scarce credible; being, as hath been rather confidently than credibly reported, but of one man, though not a few hurt. Ba.on.

CRETIT. m. s. [credit, French.] 1. Belief; faith yielded to another. When the people heard these words, they gave no credit unto them, nor received them. 1 Maccabeer. I may give credit to reports; Addison's Spect. somé scret truths, from learned pride conceal’d “rom one and children are reveal’d. What though no credit doubting wits may give? The fair and innocent shall still believe. Pope. 2. Honour; reputation. I published, because I was told I might please such as it was a credit to please. Pope. 3. Esteem; good opinion. There is no decaying merchant, or inward beggar, hath so many tricks to uphold the credit of their wealth, as these empty persons have to maintain the credit of their sufficiency. Bacon. His learning, though a poet said it, Before a play, would lose no credit. Swift. Yes; while I live, no rich or noble knave Shall walk the world in credit to his grave. Pope. 4. Faith; testimony; that which procures belief. We are contented to take this upon your credit, and to think it may be. . Hooker. The things which we properly believe, be only such as are received upon the credit of divine testimony. Rooker. The author would have done well to have left so great a paradox only to the credit of a single assertion. - Locke. 3. Trust reposed, with regard to property: correlative to debt. credit is nothing but the expectation of money within some limited time. Locke. 6. Promise given. - - - - They have never thought of violating the publick erodit, or of alienating the revenues to other uses than to what they have been thus assigned. Addison. y. Influence; power not compulsive;-interest. - she employed his uttermost credit to relieve us, which was as great as a beloved son with a mother. Sidney,

They sent him likewise a copy of their surso to the king, and desired him to us is credit that a treaty might be entered into. Clarends. Having credit enough with his master to provide for his own interest, he troubled not him. self for that of other men. Clarinion. To CRE's ir. v. a. [credo, Latin.] 1. To believe. Now I change my mind, And partly credit things that do presage. Sizh. To credit the unintelligibility both of this union and motion, we need no more than to consider it. Garzio, 2. To procure credit or honour to any thing. May here her monument stand so, To credit this rude age; and show To future times, that even we Some patterns did of virtue see. Waier. It was not upon design to credit these papers, nor to compliment a society so much above frotery. Glirillo. At present you credit the church as much by i. government as you did the school former's y your wit. Sixth, 3. To trust; to confide in. 4. To admit as a debtor. CRE'DITA B LE. adj. [from credit.] 1. Reputable; above contempt. He settled him in a good creditille way fly. ing, having procured him by his interest one of the best places of the country. Aristinat. 2. Honourable; estimable. The contemplation of things that do not sent to promote our happiness, is but a more specious sort of idleness, a more pardonable and creditable kind of ignorance. Tillation. CRE'DITABLE Ness. n. . [from creditable.] Reputation ; estimation. Among all these snares, there is none more entangling than the creditationers and repute of customary vices. Decay of Pio. CRE’d it ABLY. adv. [from creditatio.] Ripo without disgrace. Many will chuse rather to neglect their duty safely and creditably; than to get a broken ot in the church's service, only to be rewarded with that which will break their hearts too. Soto. CRE'D1 Tok. n.s. screditor, Latin.] 1. He to whom a debt is owed; he that gives credit: correlative to debtor. There came divers of Antonio's crediterr in my company to Venice, that swear he cannot chuse but break. Skałowo. I am so used to consider myself as troor and debtor, that I often state my accounts ofter the same manner with regard to heaven and of own soul. Aisen's Soto. No man of honour, as that word is usually understood, did ever pretend that his honor obliged him to be chaste or temperate, to paymo creditors, to be useful to his country, to do so to mankind, to endeavour to be wise or leano, to regard his word, his promise, or kisouth: . Soft. . One who credits, one who believe”

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The prejudice of credulity may, in some measure, be cured, by learning to set a high value on truth. Watts's Logico; CREDULOUS. adj. [credulus, Latin.] Apt to believe ; unsuspecting ; easily deceived. A credulous father, and a brother noble, hose nature is so far from doing harm, That he suspects none. Shakspeare's or. Who now enjoys thee credillous all gold, Who always vacant, always amiable Hopes thee, of flattering gales Unmindful ? Hapless they, T' whom thou untry'd seem'st fair! Milton. CRE"Du Louss Ess. n.s. (from credulous.] Aptness to believe ; credulity. CREE D. m. s. [from credo, the first word of the apostles creed.] ... x. A form of words in which the articles of faith are comprehended. The larger and fuller view of this foundation is set down in the cro's of the church. Hammond on Fundamentast. Will they, who decry cred, and creedmakers, say that one who writes a treatise of morality ought not to make in it any collection of moral precepts : £iduo'. Sermons. 2. Any solemn profession of principles or opinion. For me, my lords, I love him not, nor fear him; there's my creed. Staffears. 7. CR E E K. v.a. [See To CREAk.] To make a harsh noise. Shall I stay here, Creeking my shoes on the plain masonry? Soats. CREEK. m. s. [c]"ecca, Saxon ; kroše, Dutch..] - - - 1. A prominence or jut in a winding Coast. As streams, which with their winding banks do play Stopp'd by their rol, run softly through the plain. avies. They on the bank of Jordan, by a creek Where winds with reeds and osiers whisp'ring

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2. To grow along the ground, or on other supports. The grottos cool, with shady poplars crown'd, And creeping vines on harbours weav'd around. Dryden3. To move forward without bounds or leaps, as insects. 4. To move slowly and feebly. To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last *. of recorded time. Shakp. Why should a man Sleep when he wakes, and crop into the jaundice By being peevish : *::::.. *:Werch. of Joenice. e who creep, after plain, dull, common sense, is safe from committing absurdities, but can never reach the excellence of wit. Dryden. 5. To move secretly and clandestinely. I'll creep up into the chimney.— —There they always use to discharge their birding-pieces: o into the kiln-hole. Shak p. Whate'er you are, That in this desart inaccessible, + Under the shade of melancholy boughs Lose and neglect the “reping hours of time. Shakspeare. Of this sort are they which crop into houses and lead captive silly women. 2 Timothy. Thou makest darkness,and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth. Psalms. Now and then a work or two has crept in, to keep his first design in countenance. Atterbury. 6. To move timorously without soaring, or venturing into dangers. Paradise Lost is admirable ; but am I therefore bound to maintain, that there are no flats amongst his elevations, when it is evident he creep, along sometimes for above an hundred lines together? Dryden. We here took a little boat, to creep along the sea-shore as far as Genoa. Addison on Italy. 7. To come unexpected; to stcal forward unheard and unseen. By those gifts of nature and fortune he creep, may he flies, into the favour of poor silly women. Sidn It seems, the marriage of his brother's wife Has cropt too near his conscience.— No, his conscience Has crept too near another lady. , Shafazars Necessity enforced them, after they grew full of people, to spread themselves, and orog out of Shinar, or Babylonia. Raleigh'. History. None pretends to know from how remote corners of those frozen mountains some of those fierce nations first crept out. ople: It is not to be expected that every one should ard his understanding from being imposed on y the sophistry which creeps into most of the books of argument. Locke. 8. To behave with servility; to fawn; to bend.

They were us’d to bend, To send their smiles before them, to Achillest To come as humbly as they us’d to creep To holy altars. Shakspeare's Troilus and Crcisida. CRE/E PER. n.s.. [from creep.] 1. A plant that supports itself by means of some stronger body. Plants that put forth their sap hastily have , bodies not proportionable to their length; therez fore they are winders or crespers, as ivy, briony, and woodbine. Bacon. 2. An iron used to slide along the grate in kitchens. 3. A kind of patten or clog worn by wou...

CREE'Phot f. m. s. screep and hole.] 1. A hole into which any animal may creep to escape danger. 2. A subterfuge; an excuse. Cree'PING LY. adv. [from creeping.] Slowly; after the manner of a reptile. The joy, which wrought into Pygmalion's mind, was even such as, by each degree of Zelmana's words, crepingly entered into Philoclea's. Sidney. CREE'PLE. m. s. [from creep.] A lame person ; a cripple. She to whom this world must itself refer As suburbs or the microcosm of her, She, she is dead, she's dead; when thou know'st

this, Thou know'st how lame a creple this world is. Donne. CR EMA’rio N. m. s. [crematio, Latin.] A burning. CRE'MOR. m. s. [Latin.] A milky substance; a soft liquor resembling cream. The food is swallowed into the stomach; where, mingled with dissolvent juices, it is reduced into a chyle or cremor. ay. CRE'N AT = D. adj. [from crena, Latin.] Notched; indented. The cells are prettily crenated, or notched, quite round the edges; but not straited down to any depth. ward. CRE/PAN E. m. s. [With farriers.) An ulcer seated in the midst of the forepart of the foot. Farrier’s Dict. To CRETITATE. v. n. [crepito, Lat.] To make a small crackling noise. CR + put A’t Ion. m. s. [from crepitate.] A small crackling noise. CRE/PT. The participle of creep. There are certain men crept in unawares. judo. This fair vine, but that her arms surround Her married elm, had cropt along the ground. - ope. CREPU'SCULE, n.s. [crepusculum, Lat.] Twilight. Dict. CR EPU's cu Lous. adj.screpusculum, Lat.] Glimmering ; in a state between light and darkness. A close apprehension of the one might perhaps afford a glimmering light and cropusculous glauce of the other. Brown. The beginnings of philosophy were in a crepurculous obscurity, and it is yet scarce past the dawn. Glanville's Scopsis. CRESCENT. adj. [from cresco, Latin.] Increasing ; growing ; in a state of increase. I have seen him in Britain: he was then of a greatent note. Shakpeare's Cymbeline. - With these in troop Came Astoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns. AMilton. CR e's CENT. n. s. [crescens, Lat.] The moon in her state of increase; any similitude of the moon increasing. My pow'r's a crercent, and my auguring hope Says it will come to th' full, bakpeare. Or Bactrian sophy, from the horns Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond The realm of Aladule, in his retreat. Milton. Jove in dusky clouds involves the skies, And the faint crescent shoots by fits before their eyes. Dryden,

And two fair crescents of translucent horn The brows of all their young increase adom. Pope's 04.1% CRE'scrve. adj. [from cresco, Latin.ji. creasing ; growing. So the prince obscur'd his contemplation Under the veil of wildness: which, no doubt, Grew, like the summer grass, fastest by night; Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty. Station C# ess. n. *... [perhaps from cresco, it bo. ing a quick grower; masturtium, Lat] An herb. Its flower consists of four leaves, placed it form of a cross; the pointal arises from the cer. tre of the flower-cup, and becomes a rounio smooth fruit, divided into two cells, andfur. nished with seeds generally smooth. Milo. His court with nettles and with traits stori; With soups unbought, and sallads, blest ho board. Po. CRE'ss E.T. n. 4. [croissette, Fr. becads: beacons had crosses anciently on their tops.] A great light set upon a beacon, lighthouse, or watchtower. Hanmer. They still raise armies in Scotland by carrying about the fire-cross. At my nativity The front of heav'n was full of firy sparks, Of burning cressets. Shai peare's Henry it. From the arched roof, Pendent by subtle magick, many a row Qf starry lamps, and blazing crossets, fed With naphtha and asphaltus, yielded light As from a sky. Milton's Paradise Lut. CREST. n. 3. [crista, Latin.] I. The plume of feathers on the top of the ancient helmet; the helmet. His valour, shewn upon our crests to-day, Has taught us how to cherish such high deeds, Ev’n in the bosom of our adversaries. Skiff, 2. The comb of a cock: whence Milos calls him crested.

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