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that is, they were present with them by their Our plays, besides the main design, have user
Broome. der-plois, or by-concernments, or less considerable 25 In the same direction with.
persons and intrigues, which are carried on with They are also striated, or furrowed, by the
the motion of the main plot. Dryden. length, and the sides curiously punched or pricked. BY-DEPENDANCE, n. s. An appendage;
Grew. something accidentally depending on By. adv.
another. 1. Near; at a small distance.
And your three motives to the battle, with
I know not how much more, should be demanded;
And all the other by-dependencies,
Sbakspeare. 2 Beside ; passing.
BY-DESIGN, 11.s. An incidental purpose. I did hear
And if she miss the mouse-trap lines, The galloping of horse. Who was 't came Ly??
They 'll serve for other by-designs :
Sbakspeare. And make an artist understand 3. In presence.
To copy out her seal or hand; The same words in my lady Philoclca's mouth,
Or find void places in the paper, as from one woman to another, so as there was To steal in something to entrap her. Hudibras. no other body by, might have had a better grace.' BY-END, n. s. Private interest; secret
L'Estrange There while I sing, if gentle youth be by:
BY-GONE. adj. [a Scotch word.) Past. That tunes my lute, and winds the strings so high.
Tell him, you 're sure
All in Bohemia 's well: this satisfaction
The by-zone day proclaim'd. Sbakspear!. These have been taught to swear, and those to die. As we have a conceit of motion coming, as
Hell as by-gone; so have we of time, which deYou have put a principle into him, which will
Greer. influence his actions when you are not by. Locke.
BY-INTEREST, 1. s. Interest distinct BY AND BY. In a short time.
from that of the publick. He overtook Amphialus, who had been staid
Various factions and parties, all aiming at bye here, and by and by called him to fight with him.
interest, without any sincere regard to the public Sidney. good.
Atterbury 'The noble knight alighted by and by
BY-LAW. n. S. From lofty steed, and bad the lady stay,
Br-laws are orders made in court-leets, or To see what end of fight should him berall that day.
court-barons, by common assent, for the good
of those that make them, farther than the pube In the temple, by and by, with us,
lick law binds.
Corcell. These couples shall eternally be knit. Shaksp.
There was also a law, to restrain the by-laus O how the spring of love resembleth The uncertain glory of an April day;
and ordinances of corporations. Bacon.
In the beginning of this record is inserted the Which now shews all the beauty of the sun, And by and by a cloud takes all away. Shakse:
law or institution; to which are added two byNow a sensible man, by and by a fool, and
laws,as a comment upon the generallaw. Addisen. presently a beast. Sbakspeare's Oibello. BY-MATTER, n. s. Something incidental. By. n. s. (from the preposition.] Some
I knew one that, when he wrote a letter,
would put that which was most material into the thing not the direct and immediate ob
postscript, as if it had been a by-matter. Bacor. ject of regard.
BY-NAME. n. s. A nickname; name of In this instance, there is, upon the by, to be noted, the perculation of the verjuice through
reproach, or accidental appellation.
Robert, eldest son to the Conqueror, used the wood.
Bacon. This wolf was forced to make bold, ever and
short hose, and thereupon was by-named Court.
hose, and shewed first the use of them to the anon, with a sheep in private, by the by. L'Estr. Hence we may understand, to add that upon
Camder. the by, that it is not necessary:
BY-PAST. adj. Past: a term of the So, while my lov'd revenge is full and high,
Scotch dialect. I'll give you back your kingdom by the by.
Wars, pestilences, and diseases, have not been Dryden.
fewer for these three hundred years by-past, By, in composition, implies something than ever they had been since we have had reout of the direct way, and consequently BY-PATH. Ns. A private or obscure path.
Cbeyre. some obscurity, as a by road; something
Heav'n knows, my son, irregular, as a by.end; or something col.
By what by-paibs, and indirect crook'd ways, lateral, as a br.concernment ; or private, I got this crown.
Sbakspeare. as a by-law. This composition is used BY-RESPECT. n. s. Private end or view. at pleasure, and will be understood by It may be that some, upon by-respects, find the examples following.
somewhat friendly usage in usance, at some of By-COFFEEHOUSE n. s. A coffeehouse
Carese. in an obscure place.
The archbishops and bishops, next under the I afterwards entered a by-coffeelouse, that stood
king, have the government of the church: be at the upper end of a narrow lane, where I met
not yeu the mean to prefer any to those places, with a nonjuror.
for an y by-resmeets, but only for their learning,
Addison. BY-CONCERNMENT. n. s. An affair which
gravity, and worth.
Aukustus, kny was nog altogether so good as is not the main business.
he was wiowe kod sume by-respects in the enacte
Ing of this law; for to do any thing for nothing, BY-WAY.n. s. A private and obscure way. was not his maxim.
Dryden. Night stealths are commonly driven in byBY-ROAD. n. s. An obscure unfrequented ways, and by blind fords, unused of any buc path.
Spenser on Ireland, Through slipp'ry by-roads, dark and deep, Other by-ways he himself betook, They often climb, and often creep. Swift. Where never foot of living wight did tread. BY-ROOM. 1. s. A private room within
Wholly abstain, or wed: thy bounteous Lord
Allows thee choice of paths; take no by-ways, I pr’ythee, do thou stand in some by-room,
But gladly welcome what he doth afford; while I question my puny drawer to what end he
Not grudying that thy lust hath bounds and gave the sugar.
Herbert. BY-SPEECH. n. s. An incidental or casual
A servant, or a favourite, if he be in want, and speech, not directly re'ating to the point. no other apparent cause of esteem, is commonly
When they come to allege what word and thought but a by-way to close corruption. Bacon. what law they meant, their common ordinary This is wonderfully diverting to the underpractice is to quote by-speeches, in some historical standing, thus to receive a precept, as it were, narration or other, and to use them as if they through a by-zvay, and to apprehend an idea
were written in most exact form of law, Hooker. that draws a whole train after it. Addison. BY-STANDER. n. s. A looker on; one un- BY-WEST.adv. Westward; to the west of. concerned.
Whereupon grew that by-word, used by the She broke her feathers, and, falling to the Irish, that they dwelt by-west the law, which ground, was taken up by the by-standers. L'Estr. dwelt beyond the river of the Barrow, Davies. The by-standers asked him, why he ran away, BY-WOR D. n. 5. A saying ; a proverb.
; his bread being weight?
Bashful Henry be depos'd; whose cowardice BY.STREET. n. s. An obscure street. Hath made us by-words to our enemies. The broker here his spacious beaver wears,
Shakspeare. Upon his brow sit jealousies and cares ;
I knew a wise man, that had it for a by-word, Bent on some mortgage, to avoid reproach when he saw men hasten to a conclusion, Stay a He seeks by-streets, and saves the expensive little, that we may make an end the sooner. Bacon. coach,
Gay. We are become a by-word among the nations, BY-VIEW. n. s. Private self-interested pur- for our ridiculous feuds and animosities. Addison. pose.
It will be his lot often to look singular, in loose No by-views of his own shall mislead him.. and licentious times, and to become a by-word
Atterbury. and a reproach among the men of wit and pleaPY-WALK. n. s. A private walk; not the
Atterbury. main road.
By'ass. n. s.
See Bias. He moves afterwards in by-walks, or under- Every inordinate lust is a false byass upon plots, as diversions to the main design, lest it men's understandings, which naturally draws toshould grow tedious; though they are still na- wards atheism.
Tillotson. turally joined.
Dryden. Bye, or BEE, come immediately from the The chief avenue ought to be the most ample
Saxon bý, býıng, a dwelling. Gibson. and noble; but there should be by-walks, to retire into sometimes, for ease and refreshment.
BY'LANTINE. See BIZANTINE. Byzan. Broome. tine is the true orthography.
as few from many, call, clock, craft, coal, companion, cunei
She often interposed her royal authority, to
break the cabals which were forming against her form ; the other as s, as Cesar, cessation,
Addison. cinder. It sounds like k before a, o, u, or a consonant; and like s before e, i, 3. Intrigue; something less than con
When each, by curs'd cabals of women,strove CAB. n. s.
n. s. [ap] A Hebrew measure, con- To draw th' indulgent king to partial love. Dryd. taing about three pints English, or the To CABA'l. v. n. (cabaler, Fr.] To eighteenth part of the ephah,
form close intrigues; to intrigue; to CABAʼL. n. s. [cabalé, Fr. 7732p, tradi
unite in small parties. tion.)
His mournful friends, summond to take their
leaves, 1. The secret science of the Hebrew rab.
Are throng'd about his couch, and sit in council: bins.
What those caballing captains may design, 2. A body of men united in some close I must prevent, by being first in action Dryden,
CA'BALIST. N. s. [from cabal.] One skill. The chess-board, we say, is in the same place ed in the traditions of the Hebrews.
it was, if it remain in the same part of the cabin, Then Jove thus spake: With care and pain
though the ship sails all the while. Lockr. We torm'd this name, renown'd in rhime, *3. A cottage, or small house. Not thine, immortal Neufgermain !
Come froin marble bow'rs, many times the Cost studious cabalists more time. Stift.
gay harbour of anguish, CABALLISTICAL. adj. (from cubal.]
Unto a silly cabin, though weak, yet stronger CABALLI'STICK. ) Something that has
Neither should chat odious custom be allow't, an occult meaning.
of Aaying off the green surface of the ground, to The letters are caballistical, and carry more cover their cabins, and make up their ditches. in them than it is proper for the world to be ac
Serift, quainted with.
Addison. He taught him to repeat two caballistick words,
4. A tent, or temporary habitation. in pronouncing of which the whole secret con
Some of green boughs their slender cabins
Spectator. Some lodged were Tortosa's streets about. Fair. CASA'ILER. 1. s. (from cabal.]. He that
To CA'BIN. v. n. (from the noun.] To engages with others in close designs;
live in a cabin. an intriguer.
I'll make you feed on berries and on toots, Factious and rich, bold at the council board ; And feed on curds and whey, and suck the gort, But, cautious in the tield, he shunn'd the sword; And cabin in a cave.
Sbakspeari. A close cabalier, and tongue-valiant lord. Dryd. To CA'EIN. v. a. To confine in a cabin. CA'BALLINE. adj. [cavalinus, Lat.] Be- Fleance is 'scap'd; I had else been perfect,
longing to a horse ; as, caballine aloes, As broad and general as the casing air; or horse aloes.
But now I'm cubin'd, cribb'd, contin'd, bound in, CA'BARET. n. s. (French.) A tavern. To saucy doubts and fear. Sbakspears.
Suppose this servant, passing by some cabaret Ca'binEp. adj. [froin cabin.] Belonging ortennis-court where his comrades were drinking to a cabin. or playing, should stay with them, and drink or The nice morn, on the Indian steer, play away his money. Bramh. against Hobbes. From her cabin'd loophole peep.
Milter, CABBAGE. n. s. (cabus, Fr. brassica, CABINET.Nos. (cabinet, Fr.] Lat.]. A plant.
I. A closet ; a small room. The leaves are large, fleshy, and of a glaucous At both corners of the farther side, let there colour; the flowers consist of four leaves, which be two delicate or rich cabinets, daintily saved, are succeeded by long taper pods, containing se- richly hanged, glazed with crystalline glass, and veral round acrid secds.' The species are, cab- a rich cupola in the midst, and all other elegancy bage. Savoy cabbage. Broccoli. The cauliflower. that may be thought on.
Bacari, The musk cabbage. Branching tree cabbage, 2. A hut or small house. from the sea-coast. Colewort. Perennial Alpine Hearken awhile in thy green cabinet, selewert. Perfoliated wild cabbage, &c. Miller. The laurel song of careful Colinet. Spenser
Cole cabbage, and coleworts, are soft and demulcent, without any acidity ; the jelly or juice 3. A private room in which consultations
are held. of red cabboge, baked in an oven, and mixed with honey, is an excellent pectoral. Arbuthnot.
You began in the cabinet what you afterwards T. CABBAGE. v.n. To form a head;
practised in the camp.
4. A set of boxes or drawers for curioas, the plants begin to cabbage. TO CA'B BAGE. v. a. [a cant word among
sities; a private box,
Who sees a soul in such a body set, tailors.] To steal in cutting clothes. Might love the treasure for the cabinet. B. Yes,
Your caylor, instead of shreds, cabbaçes whole In vain the workman shew'd his wit, yards of cloth.
Arbuthnot. With rings and hinges counterfeit, CA'BBAGE-TREE, N. s. A species of palm- To make it seem, in this disguise, tree.
A cabinet to vulgar eyes..
Szil. It is very common in the Caribbee islands, 5. Any place in which things of value are where it grows to a prodigious height. The leaves hidden. of this tree envelope each other, so that those
Thy breast hath ever been the cabinet, which are inclosed, being deprived of the air, are Where I have lock'd my secrets. Denbez. blanched; which is the part the inhabitants cut We cannot discourse of the secret, but by de. for plaits for hats, and the young shoots are scribing our duty; but so much duty must needs pickled: but whenever this part is cut out, the open a cabinet of mysteries.
Tagles trees are destroyed; nor do they rise again from CA'BINET.COUNCIL. n. S. the old roots; so that there are very few trees left remaining near plantations." Miller,
1. A council held in a private manner, CABBAGE-WORM. n. s. An insect.
with unusual privacy and confidence. CABIN. n. s. [cabane, Fr. chabin, Welsh,
The doctrine of Italy, and practice of France,
in some kings times, hath introduced cabineta cottage.]
Bacor I. A small room.
2. A select number of privy counsellors So long in secret cabin there he held
supposed to be particularly trusted. Her captive to his sensual desire ;
From the highest to the lowest it is universally Till that with timely fruit her belly swellid, And bore a boy unto a savage sire.
read; from the cabinet-council to the nursery. Spenser.
Gay to Stijl. 2. A small chamber in a ship.
Give thanks you have lived so long, and make Ca'BINET-MAKER. n. s. [from cabinet yourself ready, in your cuvin, for the mischance and make.] One that makes small nice of the hour, if it so happen. Sbakspeare: drawers or boxes.
Men may not expect the use of many cabins, The root of an old white thorn will make very and safuty at once, in the sca-service. Raleigh. fine boxes and combs; so that they would be a
great use for the cabinet-makers, as well as the It will prove very advantageous, if only tacom turners, and others.
Mortimer. chymick, to clarify his blood with a laxative. CA'BLE, n. s. (cabl, Welsh ; cabel, Dutch.]
Harvey on Crisimptions. The great rope of a ship, to which the
If the body be cacochymical, the tumours are anchor is fastened.
apt to degenerate into yery venomous and man What though the mast be now blown over
The ancient writers distinguished putrid fevers, The cable broke, the holding anchor lost,
by putrefaction of blood, choler, melancholy, and And half our sailors swallow'd in the food;
phlegm; and this is to be explained by an efero , Yet lives our pilot still.
vescence happening in a particular conchymical
Fover on the Humours. in all extremities; and the reason is, because it
A makes so many bendings and waves, as the ship,
dopravation of thehumoursfrom a sound riding at that length, is not able to stretch it; and state, to what the physicians call by a nothing breaks that is not stretched. Ruligh. general name of a cacock,uy. Spots, and 'The cables crack ; the sailors fearful cries
discolorations of the skin, are sigus Ascend; and sable night involves the skies.
of wcak fibres; for the lateral vessels,
Dryden. CA'BURNS, n. s. Small ropes used in ships.
which lie out of the road of circulation, Dict.
let gross humours pass, which could CACAO. See CHOCOLATE.
not, if the vessels had their due degree CACHE'CTICAL.? adj. [from cachexy ]
of stricture. Arhuthrot on Alimenis. CACHE'CTICE. S Having an ill habit
Strong beer, a liquor that attributes the bali: f
its ill qualities to the hors, consisting of an sciof body ; showing an ill habit.
monious fiery nature, sets the blood, upon the Young and florid blood, rather than vapid and least cacochymy, into an orgasmus. Harvey. cachectical.
Arbuthnoi on Air.
CaCO'PHONY. n. s. [xccxoe vir; c.] A bad The crude chyle swims in the blood, and ap
sound of words. pears as milk in the blood of some persons who are cacbectick.
These things shall lie by, till you come to
Floyer. CACHE’XY. n. s. [xcx etia.] A general
carp at them, and alter rhimes, grammar, tripe
lets, and cacophonies of all kinds. Pope to Szrift. word to express a great variety of symp- To CACU'MINATE. V. Q. [cacumino, Lat.) toms : most commonly it denotes such
To make sharp or pyramidal. Dict. a distemperature of the humours, as
CADA'VEROUS. adj. [cadaver, Lat.] Hiavhinders nutrition, and weakens the
ing the appearance of a dead carcass ; vital and animal functions; proceeding
having the qualities of a dead carcass. from weakness of the fibres, and an In vain do they scruple to approach the dead, abuse of the non-naturals, and often who livingly are cadaverous, for fear of any out
from severe acute distempers. Arbutimot. ward pollution, whose temper pollutes themCACHINN A'TION. n. s. [cachinnatio, Lat.]
Brozen's Vulgar Errours. A loud laughter.
The urine, long detained in the bladder, as
well as glass, will grow red, foetid, cadaveruus, CA'CKEREL. n. s. A fish, said to make
and alkaline. The case is the same with the those who eat it laxative.
stagrant waters of hydropical persons. Artuti. TO CA'CKLE. v. n. [kaeckelen, Dutch.] CA'DDIS. n. s. [This word is used in Erse 1. To make a noise as a goose.
for the variegated clothes of the HighThe nightingale, if she should sing by day, landers. ] When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren. Sbaks.
1. A kind of tape or riband.
He hath ribbons of all the colours of the rainOr rob the Roman geese of all their glories, bow; inkles, caidises, cambricks, laues; why, And save the state, by cackling to the tories. Pope. he sings them over as if they were gods and 2. Sometimes it is used for the noise of
Shukspeare. a hen.
2. A kind of worm or grub found in a case The trembling widow, and her daughters of straw. twain,
He loves the mavfly, which is bred of the This woeful cackling cry with horrour heard
codworm, or gadiis, and these make the trout Of those distracted damsels in the yard. Dryden. boid and lusty,
11atio:i's Argler. 3. To laugh ; to gigưle.
CADE, adj. [It is deduced, by Skinvier, Nic grinned, cuckled, and larghed, till he was
from cadéler, Fr. an old word, which like to kill himself, and fell a frisking and dancing about the roon.
signifies to breed up tenderly.] Tame;
soft ; delicate; as, a cade lamb, a lamb 4. To talk idly; to prattle.
bred at home. CA'CKLE. n. s. [from the verb.)
To CADE. 9. 2. (from the adj.] To breed 1. The voice of a goose or fowl.
up in softness.
CADF.n. s. [radus, Lat.) A barrel.
We John Cade, so ternicd of our strosed 2. Idle talk; prattle.
father. Or rather of stealing cad of berrings.
Shad pcare. CA'CKLER. n. s. [from cackle.]
Soon as thy liquor from the narrow cells 1. A fowl that cackles.
Of close press'd hu: ks is ficed, thou must refrain 2. A telltale ; a tatler.
Thy thirsty soul; let none persuade to broach
P'lilipa. humours corrupted.
CADE-WORM. 11. s. The same with cantidis. VOL. I.
CADENCE; } n. s. (cadence, Fr.]
CAGE. n. s. [cage, Fr. from cavea, Lat.)
I. An enclosure of twigs or wire, in which 1. Fall ; state of sinking ; decline.
birds are kept. Now was the sun in western cadence low
See whether a cage can please a bird? or From noon; and gentle airs, due at their hours, whether a dog grow not fiercer with tying? To fan the earth, now wak'd. Milton.
Siedzıy. 2. The fall of the voice; sometimes the He taught me how to know a man in love; in general modulation of the voice.
which cage of rushes, I am sure, you are not a The sliding, in the close or cadente, hath an
Sbaisposte. agreement with the figure in rhetorick, which Though slaves, like birds that sing not in a they call præter expectatum; for there is a plea
cage; sure even in being deceived.
They lost their genius, and poetick rage; There be words not made with lungs,
Homers again and Pindars may be found, Sententious show'rs! O let them fall!
And his greatactions with their numberscrown'd. Their cadence is rhetorical. Crasbaw.
Waller, 3. The flow of verses, or periods.
And parrots, imitating human tongue, The words, the versification, and all the other
And singing birds in silver cages hung ; elegancies of sound, as cadences, and turns of
And ev'ry fragrant flow'r, and od'rous green,
Were sorted well, with lumps of amber laid words upon the thought, perform exactly the
between. same office both in dramatic and epic poetry.
A man recurs to our fancy, by remembering The cadency of one line must be a rule to that
his garment; a beast, bird, or fish, by the cage;
or court-yard, or cistern, wherein it was kept. of the next; as the sound of the former must
Watts on the Alied. slide gently into that which follows. Dryden.
The reason why so few marriages are happy, 4. The tone or sound.
is, because young ladies spend their time in Hollow rocks retain
making nets, not in making cages. Swifi. The sound of blust'ring winds, which all night long
2. A place for wild beasts, enclosed with Had rous'd the sea, now with hoarse cadence lull
pallisadoes. Sea-faring men, o'erwatch'd. Milton. 3: prison for petty malefactors.
He hath a confused remembrance of words To CAGE, v. a. (from the noun.] TO since he left the university; he hath lost half enclose in a cage. their meaning, and puts them together with no He, swoln and paniper'd with high fare,
regard, except to their cadence. Swift. Sits down, and snorts, cag’d in his basket-chair. 5. [In horsemanship.] An equal measure
Dense. or proportion which a horse observes in CAIMAN. n. s. The American name of all his motions, when he is thoroughly a crocodile. managed.
Farrier's Dict. TO CAJOʻLE. v. a. (cageoller, Fr.] To CA'DENT, adj. [cadens, Lat.] Falling flatter; to sooth; to coax: a low word. down.
Thought he, 't is no mean part of civil CADEʼT.n.s. (cadet, Fr. pronounced cadè.]
State prudence, to cajole the devil. Hudibras,
The one affronts him, while the other cajoles 1. The younger brother.
and pities him: takes up his quarrel, shakes his 2. The youngest brother.
head at it, claps his hand upon his breast, and Joseph was the youngest of the twelve, and
then protests and protests. L'Estranga. David the eleventh son, and the cadet of Jesse.
My tongue that wanted to cajole
I try'd, but not a word would troll. Ryee. 3. A voluntier in the army, who serves in CAJO'LER, n. s. [from cajole.] A flatexpectation of a commission.
terer; a wheedler. CA'DEw. n. s. A straw worm. See CAD- CAJO'LERY. n. so [cajolerie, Fr.] Flattery,
Dict. CAISSON. n. s. [French.] CA'DGER, n. s. [from cadge, or cage, a 1. A chest of bombs or powder, laid in
panier.] A huckster; one who brings the enemy's way, to be fired at their butter, eggs, and poultry, from the
approach. country to inarket.
2. A wooden case in which the piers of GADI. n. So A magistrate among the bridges are built within the water.
Turks, whose office seems nearly to CAI'TIFF. n. s. [cattivo, Ital. a slave;
answer to that of a justice of peace. whence it came to signify a bad many CADI'LLACK. n. s. A sort of pear.
with some implication of meanness; as CÆ'CIAS. .. so [Lat.] A wind from the
knave in English, and fur in Latin ; se northeast.
certainly does slavery destroy virtue. Now, from the north,
Ημισυ της αρετής αποάινυλαι δύλoιον μας Boreas and Cacias, and Argestes loud,
Homer. And Thracias, rend the woods, and seas upturn.
A slave and a scoundrel are signified by CÆSA'REAN. See CESARIAN.
the same words in many languages.) A CÆSU'RA. n. s. (Lat.] A figure in mean villain ; a despicable knave: it
poetry, by which a short syllable after often implies a mixture of wickedness a complete foot is made long.
Vile caitiff! vassal of dread and despair, CAFT AN. n. s. [Persick.] A Persian or
Unworthy of the common breathed air! Turkish vest or garment.
Why livest thou, dead dog, a longer day, CAG, n. s. A barrel, or wooden vessel, And dost not unto death thyself prepare? Spets, containing four or five gallons. Somc.
'T is not impossible times keg.
But one, the wicked'st caitis on the ground,