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pears to be the same with that used by When my dear volumes touch the hanımer, the Chinese four thousand years ago.
May think books best as richest bound. Prior.
Chambers. 13. To bind to. To oblige to serve some TO BIND. v. a. pret. bound; part. pass.
one. bound, or bounden. [bından, Sax.]
If still thou dost retain
The same ill habits, the same follies too, 1. To confine with bonds; to enchain.
Still thou art bound to vice, and still a slave. Dryd. Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens? Job.
14. To bind to. To contract with any 2. To gird ; to inwrap; to involve.
body: Who hath bound the waters in a garment ?
Art thou bound to a wife ? scek not to be loosed. Proverbs.
1 Corintbians. 3. To fasten to any thing; to fix by cir- 15. To bind over. To oblige to make apcumvolution.
pearance. Thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in
Sir Roger was staggered with the reports conthe window, which thou didst let us down by.
cerning this woman, and would have bound her Joshua. over to the county sessions.
Addison, Keep my commandments, and live; and my
To BIND. v. N. law, as the apple of thine eye. Bind them upon 1. To contract its own parts together; to thy fingers, write them upon the table of thine
grow stiff and hard. heart.
If the land rise full of clots, and if it is a 4. To fasten together.
binding land, you must make it fine by harrowGather ye together first the tares, and bind ing of it.
Mortimer. them in bundles, to burn them. Matthew. 2. To make costive. 5. To cover a wound with dressings and
3. To be obligatory. bandages : with up.
Those canons, or imperial constitutions, which When he saw him, he had compassion on him, have not been received here, do not bind. Hale. and went to him, and bound up his wounds. Luke. The promises and bargains for truck, between
Having filled up the bared cranium with our a Swiss and an Indian, in the woods of America, dressings, we bound up the wound. Wiseman. are binding to them, though they are perfectly. 6. To oblige by stipulation, or oath.
in a state of nature, in reference to one another. If a man vow a vow, or swear an oath, to
Locke. bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his BIND. n. s. A species of hop. word.
Numbers. The two best sorts are the white and the grey Swear by the solemn oath that binds the gods. bind; the latter is a large square hop, and more Pope. hardy.
Mortimer. h. To oblige by duty or law; to compel; BI'NDER, N. s. [from To bind.] to constrain.
I. A man whose trade it is to bind books. Though I am bound to every act of duty, 2. A man that binds sheaves. I am not bound to that all slaves are free to.
Three binders stood, and took the handfuls Shakspeise.
reapt, Duties expressly required in the plain language From boys that gathered quickly up. Chapman, of Scripture, ought to bind our consciences more
A man, with a binder, may reap an acre of than those that are but dubiously inferred. Watts. wheat in a day, if it stand well. Mortimer. 8. To oblige by kindnces.
3. A fillet ; a shred cut to bind with. 9. To confine; to hinder : with in, if the
A double cloth, of such length and breadth as restraint be local; with up, if it relate might serve to encompass the fractured member, to thought or act.
I cut from each end to the middle, into three Now I'm cabin'd, cribb’d, confin'd, bound in
Wiscaian. To saucy doubts and fears. Shakspeare. BI'NDING. N. s. [from bind.) A bandage.
You will sooner, by imagination, bind a bird This beloved young woman began to take off from singing, than from eating or flying. Bacon. the binding of his eyes.
Tatler. Though passion be the most obvious and gene- BI'NDWEED. n. s. [convolvulus, Lat.) A ral, yet it is not the only cause that binds up
the understanding, and contines it, for the time, to
plant. one object, from which it will not be taken oft.
Bindweed is the larger and the smaller; the Locke.
first sort flowers in September, and the last in In such a dismal place,
June and July.
Mortimer. Where joy ne'er enters, which the sun ne’er Bi'NOCLE. n. s. [from binus and oculus.] cheers,
A kind of dioptrick telescope, fitted so Bound in with darkness, overspread with damps.
with two tubes joining together in one, Dryden.
as that a distant object may be seen with 10. To hinder the flux of the bowels; to
both eyes together.
Harris. make costive.
Rhubarb hath manifestly in it parts of contrary BINOCULAR. adj. [from binus and oculus.] operations; parts that purge, and parts that bind Having two eyes. the body:
Most animals are binocular, spiders for the The whey of milk doth loose, the milk doth most part octonocular, and some senocular. bind. Herbert.
Derbar. II. To restrain.
BINO'MIAL Root. [In algebra.] A root The more we are bound up to an exact narra- composed of only two parts, connected tion, we want more life, and fire, to animate and
Harris, inform the story.
with the signs plus or minus, Felton.
Bino'MINOUS. adj. (from binus and no52. To bind a book. To put it in a cover. Was ever book, containing such vile matter,
men, Lat.] Having two names. So fairly bound?
Sbakspeare. BIOGRAPHER. n. s. Ibig and y;repre] A Those who could never read the grammar, writer of lives; a relater not of the history of nations, but of the actions of Hence men and beasts the breath of life obtain, particular persons.
And birds of air, and monsters of the main. Our Grubstreet biographers watch for the
Dryden. death of a great man, like so many undertakers,
There are some birds that are inhabitants of on purpose to make a penny of him. Addison.
the water, whose blood is cold as fishes, and BIO'GRAPHY. n. s. (B. and youdu.]
their flesh is so like in taste, that the scrupulous
Locke, In writing the lives of men, which is called
are allowed them on fish days. biography, some authors place every thing in the
To Bird, v. 1. (from the noun.] Το precise order of time when it occurred. Watts.
I do invite you to-morrow morning to my Bi'ovac.? n. s. [Fr. from wey wach, house, to breakfast; after, we'll a birding togeBI'HOVAC. a double guard, German.] ther.
Sbakspeare. BI'VOUAC. A guard at night perform- BI'RD BOLT. n. s. [from bird and bolt, or
ed by the whole army; which either at rrow.] An arrow broad at the end,
BI'RDCAGE, n. s. Bi'PAROUS. adj. (from binus and pario,
(from bird and cage.]
An inclosure with interstitial spaces, Lat.) Bringing forth two at a birth. BI'PARTITE. adj. (from binus and pario,
made of wire or wicker, in which birds Lat.) Having two correspondent parts;
are kept. divided into two.
Birdcages taught him the pulley, and tops the BIPARTITION.n.s. [from bipartite.] The Bi'RDCATCHER. ni s. [from bird and
centrifugal force. Arbuthnot and Pope. act of dividing into two; or of making
catch.] One that makes it his emtwo correspondent parts.
ployment to take birds. Bi'ped. n. s. (bipes, Lat.] An animal with
A poor lark entered into a miserable expostutwo feet.
lation with a birdcatcber, that had taken her in No serpent, or fishes oviparous, have any his net.
L'Estrange stones at all; neither biped nor quadruped ovi- BI'RDER. n. s. [from bird.] A birdparous have any exteriourly,
catcher. Bi'PEDAL. adj. (bipedalis, Lat.] Two Bi'RDING-PIECE. 1. So [from bird and feet in length; or having two feet.
piece.] A fowling-piece; a gun to shoot BIPE'NNATED. adj. [from binus and penna, birds with. Lat.] Having two wings.
I'll creep up into the chimney. There All bipennated insects have poises joined to they always use to discharge their birding-pieces; the body.
Shakspeare. BiPE'T ALOUS. adj. [of bis, Lat. and BIRDLIME. 11. s. (trom bird and lime.]
τσιτηλο..] ] Consisting of two flower A glutinous substance, which is spread leaves.
Dict. upon twigs, by which the birds that Bi'QUADRATE. 11. s. [In algebra.] light upon them are entangled. BIQUADRATICK.) The fourth power,
Birdlime is made of the bark of holly: they arising from the multiplication of a square
pound it into a tough paste, that no tibres of the
wood be left; then it is washed in a running number or quantity by itself. Harris.
Etream, till no motes appear, and put up to ferBIRCH. n. s. (birc, Sax. betula, Lat.) A ment, and scummed, and then laid
at which time they incorporate with it a third The leaves are like those of the poplar; the part of nut oil, over the fire. But the bark of shoots are very slender and weak; the katkins our lantone, or wayfaring shrub, will make very are produced at remote distances from the fruits, good birdline.
Chambers, on the same tree; the fruit becomes a little squa
Holly is of so viscous a juice, as they inake mose cone; the seeds are winged, and the tree birdlime of the bark of it. Bacon's Nat. Hist,
casts its outer rind every year. Miller. With stores of gather'd glue contrive BI'RCHEN. adj. [from birch.] Made of To stop the vents and crannies of their hive; birch.
Not birdlime, or Idean pitch, produce His beaver'd brow a bircben garland bears.
A more tenacious mass of clammyjuice. Dryden.
Heav'n's bir.llime wraps me round, and glues BIRD.n n. s. [bird, or brid, a chick, Sax.]
Dryden, A general term for the feathered kind;
The woodpecker, and other birds of this kind, a fowl. In common talk, fowl is used because they prey upon Hies which they catch for the larger, and bird for the smaller with their tongue, have a couple of bags filled kind of feathered animals.
with a viscous humour, as if it were a natural
Grew, The poor wren,
birdlime, or liquid glue. The most diminutive of birds, will fight, BI'R DMAN. 1. s. [from bird and man.) A Her young ones in her nest, against the owl.
birdcatcher; a fowler.
Sbakspeare. As a fowler was bending his net, a blackbird Sh' had all the regal makings of a queen; asked him what he was doing : why, says he, As holy oil, Edward Confessor's crown,
I am laying the foundations of a city; and so the The rod and bird of peace, and all such emblems, birdman drew out of sight.
L'Estrange. Laid nobly on her. Sbakspeare's Henry viii.
Bi'r DS-CHERRY.n.s. (padus Theophrasti.]
BI'RDSFOOT. n. s. [ornithopodium, Lat.) 2. The day of the year in which any one A plant.
was born, annually observed. BI'RDSNEST. 1. S. An herb.
Dict This is my birthday; as this very day
Was Cassius born. Bi'RDST ARES. n. s. Caracuse? A plant.
They tell me 't is my birthday, and I'll keep it BI'RDSTONGUE. n. s. An herb. Dict.
With double pomp of sadness : BI'R GANDER. n. s. [chenalopex.] A fowl 'T is what the day deserves, which gave me of the goose kind.
Dryden. Birt. n. s. A fish, the same with the tur
Your country dames, bot; which see.
Whose cloaths returning biribday claims. Prior, BIRTH. n. s. [beond, Sas.]
Bi'RTHDOM. . s. (This is erroneously, I 1. The act of coming into life.
think, printed in Shakspeare, birthdcom. But thou art fair; and at thy birth, dear boy, It is derived from birth and dom (see Nature and fortune join'd to make thee great. DOM), as kingdom, dukedom.] Privilege
Sbakspeare's King yohn. - of birth. In Spain, our springs like old men's children be,
Let us rather Decay'd and wither'd from their infancy;.
Hold fast the mortal sword; and, like good men No kindly showers fall on our barren earth, Bestride our downfaln birthdom. To hatch the seasons in a timely birth. Dryden. Bi'RTANIGHT.n.s. (from birth and night.]
Sbalspeare; 2. Extraction ; lineage.
1. The night on which any one is born. Most virtuous virgin, born of heavenly birth.
Th' angelick song in Bethlehem field,
Spenser. All truth I shall relate: nor first can 1
On thy birthnight, that sung the Saviour born.
Paradise Regained. Myself to be of Grecian birth deny. Donbain.
2. The night annually kept in memory of 3. Rank which is inherited by descent. He doth object, I am too great of birth. Shaks.
any one's birth. Be just in all you say, and all you do;
A youth more glitt'ring than a birtbnight beau.
Poga. Whatever be your birth, you 're sure to be
A peer of the first magnitude to me. Dryden. BIRTHPLACE.1.s. (from birth and place.] 4. The condition or circumstances in which Place where any one is born. any man is born.
My birtbplace hate 1, and my love's upon
This enemy's town. High in his chariot then Halesus came,
Shekspiar!. A foe by birth to Troy's unhappy name. Droids
A degrce ct' stupidity beyond even what we
have been charged with, upon the score of our s. Thing born; production : used of ve
birthplace and climate.
Swifi. getables, as well as animals.
BI'RTURIGHT, 17. s. [from birth and Tie people fear me; for they do observe Unfather'd heirs, and loathiy births of nature.
right.) The rights and privileges to Sbakspeare.
which a man is born; the right of the That poets are far rather birihs than kings, first-born. Your noblest father prov'd. Ben Jonsone
Thy blood and virtue
Contend for empire in thee, and thy goodness Abhor to join; and, by imprudence mix'd, Shares with thy birthright. Sbaksgesre. Produce prodigious birls of body or mind. Milt.
Thou hast been found She, for this many thousand years,
By merit, more than birtbright, Son of God. Seems to have practis'd with much care
Miltaa. To frame the race of woman fair ;
I lov'd her first; I cannot quit the claim, Yet never could a perfect birth
But will preserve the birthright of my passion. Produce before, to grace the earth. Waller.
Oiwaz. His eldest birth
While no baseness in this breast I find, Flies, mark'd by heav'n, a fugitive o'er earth. I have not lost the birthright of my mind. Drita
Prior. To say that liberty and property are the birtbo The vallies smile, and with their flow’ry face, right of the English nation, but that, if a prince And wealthy births, confess the flood's embrace. invades them by illegal methods, we must upon
Blackmore. no pretence resist, is to confound governments. Others hatch their eggs, and tend the birth,
Addison till it is able to shift for itself.
BIRTHSTRA'NGLED. adj. [from birth and 6. The act of bringing forth. That fair Syrian shepherdess
strangle.] Strangled or suffocated in Who, after years of barrenness,
being born. The highly favour'd Joseph bore
Finger of birthstrangled babe, To him that serv'd for her before;
Ditch deliver'd by a drab. Sbakspeare. And at her next birth, niuch like thee,
Bi'RTHWORT.n. s. [from birth and wort; Through pangs fied to felicity. Milton.
I suppose, from a quality of hastening g. The seamen call a due or proper di- delivery: aristolochia, Lat.] A plant.
stance between ships lying at an anchor, BISCOTÍN. n. s. [French.) A confecor under sail, a birth. Also the proper tion made of flower, sugar, marr
armalade, place on board for the mess to put their chests, &c. is called the birth of that Bi'sCUIT, n. s. [from bis, twice, Lat. and
Also a convenient place to moor cuit, baked, Fr.] a ship in, is called a birth. Harris. 1. A kind of hard dry bread, made to be Bi'RTHDAY. n. s. [from birth and day.] carried to sea: it is baked for long 1. The day on which any one is born. voyages four times. Orient light,
The biscuit also in the ships, especially in the Exhaling first from darkness, they beheld, Spanish gallies, was grown hoary and unwhole. Birtbday of heaven and earth. Milton.
Many have been cured of dropsies by absti- stance, of a metalline nature, found at nence from drinks, eating dry biscuit, which
Misnia ; supposed to be a recrementicreates no thirst, and strong frictions four or five times a day.
Arbutbrot on Diet.
tious matter thrown off in the formation 2. A composition of fine flower, almonds,
of tin. Some esteem it a metal sui geand sugar, made by the confectioners. neris ; though it usually contains some To Bise'cr. v. a. [from binus, and seco to
silver. There is an artificial bismuth cut, Lat.) To divide into two parts.
made, for the shops, of tin, Quincy. The rational horizon bisecteth the globe into BISSE'XTILE, n. s. [from bis and sextilis, two equal parts. Brown's Vulgar Errours. Lat.] Leap-year; the year in which BISE'CTION, n. s. (from the verb.) A the day, arising from six odd hours in
geometrical term, signifying the divi. each year, is intercalated. sion of any quantity into two equal The year of the sun consisteth of three hunparts.
dred and sixty-five days and six hours, wanting
eleven minutes; which six hours omitted, will, BI'SHOP. n. so [From episcopas, Lat. the
in time, deprave the compute: and this was the Saxons formed biscop, which was af- occasion of bissextile, or leap year. Brown. terward softened into bishop.] One of Towards the latter end of February is the the head order of the clergy.
bissextile or intercalar day; called bissextile, beA bisbep is an overseer, or superintendant, of cause the sixth of the calends of March is twice religious matters in the christian church. Ayliffi. repeated.
Holder on Time. You shall find him well accompany'd Bi'sson. adj. (derived by Skinner from by With reverend fathers, and well searned bisbops. and sin.] Blind.
But who, oh! who hath seen the mobled queen Their zealous superstition thinks, or pretends, Run barefoot up and down, threat'ning the they cannot do God a greater service, than to
flames destroy the primitive, apostolical, and anciently With bisson rheum? Shakspeare's Hamlet. universal government of the church by bishops. What harm can yourbisson conspectuities glean
out of this character? Sbakspeare's Coriolanus. In case a bisbop should commit treason and BISTRE. n. s. (French) A colour felony, and forfeit his estate, with his life, the lands of his bishoprick remain still in the church.
made of chimney soot boiled, and then
South. diluted with water; used by painters in On the word bisbop, in French evêque, I would washing their designs. Trevoux. observe, that there is no natural connexion be- Bi'sTORT. n. s. [bistorta, Lat.] A plant, tween the sacred office and the letters or sound;
called also snakeweed ; which see. for evique, and bishop, signify the same office, Bilstoury. n. s. [bistouri, Fr.] A surthough there is not one letter alike in them.
geon's instrument, used in making inBI'SHOP. n. So
A cant word for a mix- cisions, of which there are three sorts ; ture of wine, oranges, and sugar.
the blade of the first turns like that of
a lancet ; but the straight bistoury has Well roasted, with sugar and wine in a cup, the blade fixed in the handle; the They 'll make a sweet bishop, when gentlefolks crooked bistoury is shaped like a half sup.
Swift. To Bi'shop, v. a. [from the noun.] ro
moon, having the edge on the inside.
Cbanıbers, confirm; to admit solemnly into the BISU'Lcous. adj. (bisulcus, Lat.] Ciochurch.
venfooted. They are prophane, imperfect, oh! too bad,
For the swine, although multiparous, yet beExcept contirm’d and visloped by thee. Donne.
ing bisulcous, and only clovenfooted, are farrowed BI'SHOPRICK. n. s. (biscoprice, Saxon.]
with open eyes, as other bisulcows animals. The diocese of a bishop; the district
Brown's Vulgar Errourse over which the jurisdiction of a bishop Bit. u. s. (bitol, Saxon.) Signifies the extends.
whole machine of all the iron appurteIt will be fit, that, by the king's supreme nances of a bridle, as the bit-mouth, the power in causes ecclesiastical, they be subordi
branches, the curb, the sevel holes, the nate under some bishop, and bisloprick, of this
tranchefil, and the cross chains; but realm.
Baron's Advice to Villiers.
sometimes it is used to signiiy only the a good man does a bishoprick; but I would ad- bit-mouth in particular. Farrier's Dict. vise neither to persist in refusing. Spectator. They light from their horses, pulling off their
Those pastors had episcopal ordination, pos- bit, that they might something refresh their sessed preferments in the church, and were some- mouths upon the grass.
Sidney. times promoted to bisbopricks themselves. Sevift. We have strict statutes, and most biting laws, Bi'SHOPSWEED. n. s. [ammi, Lat.] A The necdful bits and curbs of headstrong steeds.
He hath the bit between his teeth, and away Bisk. n. s. [bisque, Fr.] Soup; broth
Still, made by boiling several sorts of flesh.
Unus'd to the restraint
Of curbs and bits, and fleeter than the winds.
Bit. n. s. [from bite.]
1. As much meat as is put into the mouth BY'SKET. See BiscuIT.
How many prodigal bits have slaves and peaBI'SMUTH. 1. s. The same as marcasite;
Follow your function, go and batten on cold I have seen the day, with my good biting faulbits.
chion The mice found it troublesome to be still I would have made them skip. Sbakspeare. climbing the oak for every bit they put in their 5. To make the mouth smart with an bellies.
L'Estrarge. acrid taste. John was the darling; he had all the good bits,
It may be the first water will have more of was crammed with good pullet, chicken, and
the scent, as more fragrant; and the second capon.
more of the taste, as more bitter, or biting. 2. A small piece of any thing.
Bacon. By this the boiling kettle had prepar'd 6. To cheat ; to trick; to defraud : a low And to the table sent the smoaking lard; phrase. A sav'ry bit, that serv'd to relish wine. Dryden.. Asleep and naked as an Indian lay, Then clap four slices of pilaster on’t,
An honest factor stole a gem away : That, lac'd with bits of rustick, makes a front.
He pledg'd to the knight; the knight had wit,
Pope. So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. He bought at thousands, what with better wit
Pope. You purchase as you want, and bit by bit. Pope. If you had allowed half the fine gentlemen to
His majesty has power to grant a patent, for have conversed with you, they would have been stamping round bits of copper, to every subject strangely bit, while they thought only to fall in he hath. Swift. love with a fair lady.
Pope. 3. A Spanish West Indian silver coin, va- BITE. n. s. [from the verb.] lued at sevenpence halfpenny.
1. The seizure of any thing by the teeth. the better or worse. In the smallest Does he think he can endure the everlasting degree.
burnings, or arm himself against the bites of the There are few that know all the tricks of these
South. lawyers; for aught I can see, your case is not a
Nor dogdays parching heat, that splits the
rocks, bit clearer than it was seven years ago. Arbuthnot.
Is half so harmful as the greedy flocks; To Bit v. a. [from the noun.] To put Their venom'd bite, and scars indented on the the bridle upon a horse.
stocks. Dryden's Virgil's Georgicks. Bitch. n. s. (bitze, Saxon.]
2. The act of a fish that takes the bait. 1. The female of the canine kind; as the I have known a very good fisher angle diliwolf, the dog, the fox, the otter.
gently four or six hours for a river carp, and not have a bite.
Walton. And at his feet a bitch wolf suck did yield To two young babes.
Spenser. 3. A cheat; a trick; a fraud : in low and I have been credibly informed, that a bitch vulgar language: will nurse, play with, and be fond of young Let a man be ne'er so wise, foxes, as much as, and in place of, her puppies. He may be caught with sober lies;
Locke. For, take it in its proper light,
'Tis just what coxcombs call a bite. 2. A name of reproach for a woman.
Suift. Him you 'll call a dog, and her a bitch. Pope.
4. A sharper; one who commits frauds. John had not run a madding so long, had it Bi’TER. n. s. [from bite.] not been for an extravagant bitch of a wife. I. He that bites.
Arbuthnot. Great barkers are no biters. Camden. T. BITE. v.a. pret. I bit ; part. pass. I
2. A fish apt to take the bait.
He is so bold that he will invade one of his have bit, or bitten. [bitan Saxon.]
oun kind; and you may therefore easily believe 1. To crush, or pierce with the teeth. hiin to be a bold biter.
Waltes. My very enemy's dog,
3. A tricker ; a deceiver. Though he had bit me, should have stood that A biter is one who tells you a thing you have night
no reason to disbelieve in itself, and perhaps has Against my fire.
Sbakspeare. given you, before he bit you, no reason to disSuch smiling rogues as these,
believe it for his saying it'; and, if you give him Like rats, oft bite the holy cords in twain, credit, laughs in your face, and triumphs that Too intricate t' unloose.
Slakspeare. he has deceived you. He is one who thinks These are the youths that thunder at a play- you a fool, because you do not think him a house, and fight for bitten apples. Sbakspeare. knave.
Spectater. He falls; his arms upon the body sound, BITTACLE, n. s. A frame of timber in And with his bloody teeth he bites the ground.
the steerage of a ship, where the com
Dryder. There was lately a young gentleman bit to the
pass is placed.
Dict. bone, who is now indeed recovered. Tatler.
BI'TTEN. The part. pass. of To bite. Their foul mouths have not opened their lips BI'TTER. adj. (bite, Saxon.] 1 without a falsity; though they have showed their 1. Having a bot, acrid, biting taste, like
teeth as if they would lite of my nose. Arbuth. wormwood. 2. To give pain by coid.
Bitter things are apt rather to kill than enHere feel we the icy phang,
gender putrefaction. Bacon's Natural Histery. And churlish chiding, of the winier's wind;
Though a man in a fever should, from sugar, Which when it bites and blows upon my body,
have a bitter taste, which at another time proEven till I shrink with cold, I smile. Shaksp. duces a sweet one; yet the idea of bitter, in that Full fifty years, harness'd in rugged steel,
man's mind, would be as distinct from the idea I have endur'd the biting winter's blast,
of sweet, as if he had tasted only gall. Locke, And the severer heats oi parching summer.Rowe. 3. To burt or pain wil repreh.
2. Sharp; cruel ; severe
Friends now fast sworn, Each poet wich a diff'rent talent writes; Unseparable, shall within this hour, One praises, one instructs, another bitcs. Rose. On a dissension of a doit, break out 4. To cut; to wound.
To bitterest enmity.