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In Raleigh mark their ev'ry glory mix'd; To shoot, and spread, and burnish into man. Raleigb, the scourge of Spain, whose breast with
Mrs. Primley's great belly she may lace down The sage, the patriot, and the hero, burn'd. Tboms. . before, but it burnishes on her hips. Congreve, 4. To act with destructive violence: used BU'RNISHER. N. s. [from burnish.] of the passions,
1. The person that burnishes or polishes. Shall thy wrath burn like fire? Psalms. The tool with which bookbinders give s. To be in a state of destructive com- a gloss to the leaves of books: it is commotion.
monly a dog's tooth set in a stick. The nations bleed where'er her steps she turns, Burnt: The part. pass. of burn: applied The groan still deepens, and the combat burns.
to liquors, it means made hot.
I find it very difficult to know, 6. It is used particularly of love.
Who, to refresh th' attendants to a grave, She burns, she raves, she dies, 't is true; Burnt claret first, or Naples biscuit gave. King, But burns, and raves, and dies, for you. Addis. BURR. n. s. The lobe or lap of the ear. BURN. n. s. [from the verb.] A hurt
Dirt. caused by fire.
Burr Pump. (In a ship.] A pump by the We see the phlegm of vitriol is a very effectual remedy against burns.
side of a ship, into which a staff seven BU'RNEK. N.s. (from burn.] A person that or eight feet long is put, having a burt burns any thing.
or knob of wood at the end, which is BU'RNET.'n.s. ( pimpinella, Lat.) A plant.
drawn up by a rope fastened to the The even mead, that erst brought sweetly
middle of it ; called also a bilge pump. forth
Harris. The freckled cowslip, burnet, and green clover. BU'RRAS Pipe. (With surgeons.] An in
strument or vessel used to keep corrodBU'RNING. 9. s. [from burn.] Fire; flame; n
ing powders in, as vitriol, precipitate. state of inflammation.
Harris. The mind surely, of itself, can feel none of the burnings of a fever.
n. 5. A sort of pear, otherwise In liquid burnings, or on dry, to dwell,
called the red butter pear, from its Is all the sad variety of hell.
Dryden. smooth, delicious, and soft pulp. Pbill. BU'RNING. adj. [from the participle.] BU'RREL Fly. [from bourreler, Fr. to exeVehement; powerful.
cute, to torture.] An insect, called also These things sting him oxfly, gadbee, or breeze.
Dici. So venomously, that burning shame detains him BU'RREL Shot. [from bourreler, to exe. From his Cordelia.
Sbakspeare. I had a glimpse of him; but he shot by me
cute, and shot.] In gunnery, small bula Like a young hound upon a burning scent. Dryd.
lets, nails, stones, pieces of old iron, BU'RNING-GLASS.n.s. (from burning and
&c. put into cases, to be discharged glass.] A glass which collects the rays
out of the ordnance; a sort of case-shot. of the sun into a narrow compass, and
Harris. so increases their force.
BU'RROCK. n. S. A small wear or dam, The appetite of her eye did seem to scorch me where wheels are laid in a river for up like a burning-glass. Sbakspeare. catching of fish.
Pbillios. Love is of the nature of a burning-glass, which, BU'RROW, BERG, BURG, BURGH. n. s. kept still in one place, fireth; changed often, it doch nothing
(derived from the Saxon burg, byrz, a O diadem, thou centre of ambition,
city, tower, or castle. Gibson's Camden.] Where all its different lines are reconcil'd, I. A corporate town, that is not a city,
As if thou wert the burning-glass of glory! Dryd. but such as sends burgesses to the par. TO BU'RNISH. v. a. [burnir, Fr.] To
liament. All places that, in former days, polish; to give a gloss to.
were called boroughs, were such as were Mislike me not for my complexion,
fenced or fortified.
Cowell. The shadow'd livery of the burnisb'd sun,
King of England shalt thou be proclaim'd To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.
In ev'ry burrowv, as we pass along. Sbatsparz. Shakspeare.
Possession of land was the original right of Make a plate of them, and burnish it as they
election among the commons; endburrows were do iron.
entitled to sit, as they were possessed of certain The frame of burnisb'd steel, that cast a glare
Template From far, and seem'd to thaw the freezing air.
2. The holes made in the ground by coDryden.
nies. TO BU'RNISH. v. n. To grow bright or When they shall see his crest up again, and the glossy.
man in blood, they will out of their burreas I've seen a snake in human form,
like conies after rain, and revel all with him. All stain'd with infamy and vice,
Sbaksgeara Leap from the dunghill in a trice,
To BU'RROW. v. n. (from the noun.j To Burnish, and make a gaudy show,
make holes in the ground; to mine, as Become a gen'ral, peer, and beau. Swift.
conies or rabbits. T. BU'RNISH. v. n. (of uncertain etymo- Some strew sand among their corn, which, they
logy.) To grow; to spread out. say, prevents mice and rats burrozving in it; beThis they could do, while Saturn fillid the cause of its falling into their ears. throne,
Little sinuses would form, and barrowunderEre Juno burrisb'd, or young love was grown.
Starp Drydır. BU'RSAR. n. s. (bursarius, Lat.)
of any kind.
1. The treasurer of a college.
Burst. n. s. [from the verb.) A sudden 2. Students sent as exhibitioners to the uni. disruption ; a sudden and violent action versities in Scotland by each presbytery,
Since I was man, from whom they have a small yearly allowance for four years.
Such sheets of fire, such burst of horrid thunder,
Such groans of roaring wind and rain, I never BURSE. n. s. [bourse, Fr. bursa, Lat. a
Remember to have heard.
Sbakspeare. purse ; or from byrsa, Lat. the ex
Down they came, and drew change of Carthage.] An exchange The whole roofafter them, with burst of thunder, where merchants meet, and shops are Upon the heads of all.
Imprison'd fires, in the close dungeons pent, kept ; so called, because the sign of the
Roar to get loose, and struggle for a vent; purse was anciently set over such a
Eating their way, and undermining all, place. The exchange in the Strand
Till with a mighty burst whole mountains fall. was termed Britain's Burse by James 1.
Addison. Phillips. BURST. particip. adj. (from burst.] TO BURST. v. n. I burst; I have burst, or BU'RSTEN. S Diseased with a hernia, or bursten. [(bustan, Saxon.]
rupture. 1. To break, or ny open; to suffer a vio- BU'RSTENNESS. n. s. [from burst.) A lent disruption.
rupture, or hernia. So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and BU'RSTWORT.n. s. [from burst and wort; thy presses shall burst out with new wine. Prov.
berniaria, Lat.) An herb good against It is ready to burst like new bottles. Job.
Dict. ruptures. Th' egg, that soon Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclos'd BURT.n.s. A fat fish of the turbot kind. The calow young.
Milton. To BU'RTHEN. v. a.
} See Burden.
BU'RTHEN. n. S. 2. To fiy asunder, Yet am I thankful; if my heart were great,
Sacred to ridicule his whole life long, Twould burst at this.
And the sad burtben of some merry song. Pope. 3. To break away ; to spring.
BU'kron.n. s. [In a ship.] A sinall tackle You burst, ah cruel! from my arms,
to be fastened any where at pleasure, And swiftly shoot along the Mall,
consisting of two single pullies, for hoist Orisoftly glide by the canal.
ing small things in or out. Phillips. 4. To come suddenly. A resolved villain,
Bu'r Y. n. s. [from burg, Sax.] AdwellingWhose bowels suddenly burst out; the king
place : a termination still added to the Yet speaks, and peradventure may recover.
names of several places; as, Alderman
Sbakspeare. bury, St. Edmond's Bury; sometimes If the worlds
Phillipse In worlds inclos'd should on his senses burst,
BU'RY. n. s. (corrupted from borough.j. He would abhorrent turn.
It is his nature to dig himself buries, as the 5. To come with violence.
coney doth; which he doth with very great celeWell didst thou, Richard, to suppress thy rity.
T. BU'RY. v. a. [byrızean, Saxon.]
1. To inter; to put into a grave.
When he lies along, More ranc'rous spite.
Shakspeare. Where is the notable passage over the river
After your way his tale pronounc'd, shall burn
His reasons with his body. Sbakspeare. Euphrates, bursting out by the vallies of the mountain Antitaurus; from whence the plains 2. To inter, with the rites and ceremonies of Mesopotamia, then part of the Persian king- of sepulture. dom, begin to open themselves. Knolles.
Slave, thou hast slain me! Young spring protrudes the bursting gemis. If ever thou wilt thrive, bury my body. Shaksp.
Thomson. If you have kindness left, there see me laid; 6. To begin an action violently or sud- To bury decently the injur'd maid,
Is all the favour.
Waller. denly: She burst into tears, and wrung her hands. 3. To conceal; to hide.
Arbuthnot. This is the way to make the city flat, TO BURST. v.a. To break suddenly; to
And bury all, which yet distinctly ranges,
In heaps and piles of ruin. Sbakspear:. make a quick and violent disruption.
4. To place one thing within another. My breast I'll burst with straining of my A tearing groan did break courage,
The name of Antony; it was divided And from my shoulders crack my arms asunder,
Between her heart and lips; she render'd life, But I will chastise this high-minded strumpeta
Thy name so bury'd in her. Sbakspears.
Sbakspeare. BU'RYING-PLACE.n.s. A place appointed He fasten'd on my neck, and bellow'd out As if he would burst beav'n.
for the sepulture of dead bodies. I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and
The place was formerly, a church-yard, and Feremiab.
hás still several marks in it of graves and buryo will burst thy bonds. Moses saith also, the fountains of the great
Spectator. abyss were burst asunder, to make the deluge; BUSH. 1. s. [bois, French.] and what means this abyss, and the bursting of I. A thick shrub. it, if restrained to Judea ? what appearance is Eft thro' the thick they heardone rudely rush; there of this disruption there? Burnet's Tbeory.. With noise whereof, he from his lofty steed
If the juices of an animal body were, so as by Down fell to ground, and crept into a bush, the mixture of the opposites, to cause an ebul- To hide his coward head from dying dread. lizion, they would burst the vessels. Arbuthnot,
Fairy Question grow thick.
The poller, and exacter of fees, justifies the
1. With an air of importance; with an air resemblance of the courts of justice to the busó,
of hurry, wiiereunto while the sheep flies for defence from the weather, he is sure to lose part of the fleece.
2. Curiously; importunately,
Or if too busily they will enquire
Into a victory, which we disdain,
Then let them know, the Belgians did retire Religion did not consume, but inspire
Before the patron saint of injur'd Spain. Dryd Such piety, so chaste use of God's day,
BU'siness. n. s. (from busy.] That what we turn'd to feast, she turn'd to pray. 1. Employment ; multiplicity of affairs.
Donne. Must business thee from hence remove? With such a care,
Oh! that's the worst disease of love. Donne. As roses from their stalks we tear,
2. An affair. In this sense it has a plural. When we would still prefer them new,
Waller. Your needful counsel to our businesses,
Which crave the instant use. Sbakıpeare.
obiect that engages the care. 2. A bough of a tree fixed up at a door, to
You are so much the business of our souls, that show that liquors are sold there.
while you are in sight we can neither look nor If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 't is
think on any else; there are no eyes for other true that a good play needs no epilogue. Sbaksp. beauties.
Dryden. TO BUSH. v. n. [from the noun.] To The great business of the senses being o take
notice of what hurts or advantages the body. The roses bushing round
Loika, About her glow'd, half stooping to support 4. Serious engagement : in opposition to Each flower of tender stalk.
Milton. trivial transactions.
I never knew one, who made it his business to Around it; and above, for ever green,
lash the faults of other writers, that was not The busbing alders form'd a shady scene. Pope. guilty of greater himself.
Addison. BU'SHEL. n. S. [boisseau, Fr. bussellus, low He had business enough upon his hands, and Lat.)
was only a poet by accident.
When diversion is made the business and study 1. A measure containing eight gallons; a strike.
of life, though the actions chosen be in them
selves innocent, the excess will render them His reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in
Rogers. two busbels of chaff: you shall seek all day ere you find them; and when you have them, they s. Right of action.
What business has the tortoise among the are not worth the search. Shakspeare.
L'Estrange. 2. It is used, in common language, inde
6. A point; a matter of question; somefinitely for a large quantity. The worthies of antiquity, bought the rarest
thing to be examined or considered. pictures with busbels of gold, without counting
Fitness to govern, is a perplexed business; some the weight or the number of pieces. Dryden.
men, some nations, excel in the one ability, some in the other.
Bacon. 3. Bushels of a cart-wheel. Irons within the hole of the nave, to preserve it from
7. Something to be transacted.
They were far from the Zidonians, and had wearing. (from bouche, Fr. a mouth.]
no business with any one.
Judges. Dict. 8. Something required to be done. BU'SHINESS. n. s. (from bushy.] The qua- To those people that dwell under or near the lity of being bushy.
cquator, this spring would be most pestilent; as BU'SHMENT. 1. s. [from bush.] A thicket;
for those countries that are nearer the poles, in
which number are our own and the most cona cluster of bushes.
siderable nations of the world, a perpetual spring **' Princes thought how they might discharge the
will not do their business; they must have longer earth of woods, briars, bushments, and waters, to make it more habitable and fertile. Raleigh.
days, a nearer approach of the sun. Bentley B'usu Y. adj. [from busb.]
9. To do one's business. To kill, destroy, or 3. Thick; full of small branches, not high.
ruin him. The gentle shepherd sat beside a spring, BUSK. n. so [busque, Fr.] A piece of steel All in the shadow of a busby brier. Spenser.
or whalebone, worn by women to Generally the cutting away of boughs and suckers, at the root and body, doch make trees
strengthen their stays. grow high; and, contrariwise, the polling and
Off with that happy busk which I envy,
That still can be and still can stand so nigh. Desing. cutting of the top, make them spread and grow busky,
Bacon. BU'SKIN. 1. s. [broseken, Dutch,} 2. Thick like a bush.
1. A kind of half boot; a shoe which comes Statues of this god, with a thick busby beard,
to the midleg. are still many of them extant in Rome. Addison.
The foot was dressed in a short pair of velvet 3. Full of bushes.
buskins; in some places open, to shew the fairThe kids with pleasure browse the busby plain;
ness of the skin. The show'rs are grateful to the swelling grain.
Sidecy. Sometimes Diana he her takes to be,
Dryden. But misseth bow, and shafts, and buskins to her BU'S I LESS. adj. (from busy.] At leisure ;
Spenser. without business ; unemployed.
There is a kind of rusticity in all those pompous The sweet thoughts do even refresh my labour, verses; somewhat of a holiday shepherd, strutting Most busiless when I do it. Shakspeare. in his country buskins.
Dry&x. BU'sil 8. adv. [from busy.]
2. A kind of high oe worn by the
ancient actors of tragedy, to raise their
Oft seeks to sweet retired solitude : stature. Great Fletcher never treads in buskins here,
She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings,
That in the various bustíc of resort Nor greater Jonson dares in socks appear. Dryd.
Were all too ruffled.
This is the creature that pretends to know-
ledge, and that makes such a noise and bustle for opinions.
Glanville. BU'SKINED. adj. [from buskin.] Dressed
Such a doctrine made a strange bustle and disin buskins.
turbance in the world, which then sate warm and Or what, though rare, of later age,
easy in a free enjoyinent of their luşts. South. Ennobled hath the buskin'd stage. Milton.
If the count had given them a pot of ale after Here, arm'd with silver bows, in early dawn, it, all would have been well, without any of this Her buskind virgins trac'd the dewy lawn. Pope. bustk.
Spectator. BU'sk Y. adj. [written more properly by
BU'STLER. n. s. [from bustle.] An active Milton, bosky. See Bosky.] Woody;
stirring man. shaded with woods ; overgrown with
BU'SY. adj. [býrzian, Sax. It is protrees. How bloodily the sun begins to peer
nounced as bissy, or bizzy.] Above yon busky hill !
Shakspeare. 1. Employed with earnestness. BUSS. n. s. [bus, the mouth, Irish; bouche, My mistress sends you word that she is busy, French.)
and cannot come.
Sbakspeare. I. A kiss ; a salute with the lips. 2. Bustling; active ; meddling.
The next thing which she waking looks upon, Thou dost give me flattering busses.---By my troth, I kiss thee with a most constant heart.
On meddling monkey, or on busy ape,
She shall pursue it with the soul of love. Shaks.
Thus busy pow'r is working day and night; rack,
For when the outward senses rest do take, Who visits with a gun, presents with birds,
A thousand dreams, fantastical and light,
Davies. 2. A boat for fishing. [busse, German.]
The coming spring would first appear,
And all this place with roses strow, a number of boats and busses, as each company
If busy feet would let them grow.
Waller, could easily manage, it would be an encourage
All written since that time, seem to have little ment both of honour and advantage. Temple.
more than events we are glad to know, or the To Buss. v. a. [from the noun.] To kiss;
controversy of opinions, wherein the busy world to salute with the lips.
has been so much employed. Temple. Yonder walls, that partly front your town, Religious motives a instincts are so busy in Yond towers, whose wanton tops do buss the the heart of every reasonable creature, that no clouds,
man would hope to govern a society, without reMust kiss their feet.
Addison. Go to them, with this bonnet in thy hand, 3. Troublesome; vexatiously importunate Thy knee bussing the stones; for in such business,
or intensive. Action is eloquence.
The christians, sometimes valiantly receiving Bust. n. s. [busto, Ital.] A statue repre
the enemy, and sometimes charging them again, senting a man to his breast.
repulsed the proud enemy, still busy with them. Agrippa, or Caligula, is a common coin, but
Knolles's History of the Turks. a very extraordinary bust; and a Tiberius a rare
To Bu'sy, vx a. (from the noun.] To
Addison on Italy. coin, but a common bust.
Ambition sigh'd : she found it vain to trust employ; to engage; to make or keep The faithless column, and the crumbling bust.
Pope. He in great passion all this while did dwell; BU'STARD. n. so [bistarde, Fr.] A wild More busying his quick eyes her face to view,
Than his dull ears to hear what she did tell. turkey.
Fairy Queen. His sacrifices were phenicopters, peacocks,
The pleasure which I took at my friend's bustards, turkeys, pheasants; and all these were
-pleasure herein, idly busied me thus to express
Hakewill. daily offered.
Curere's Surveys T. BU'STLE. v. n. (of uncertain etymo
Be it thy course to busy giddy minds logy; perhaps from busy.) To be busy; With foreign quarrels.
Shulspeare. to stir ; to be active.
While they were busied to lay the foundations, Come, bustle, bustle-caparison my horse. their buildings were overthrown by an earth
quake, and many thousands of the Jews were God take king Edward to his mercy,
Raleigh. And leave the world for me to bustie in. Sbaksp. The points which busied the devotion of the
Sir Henry Vane was a busy and bustling man, first ages, and the curiosity of the latter. who had credit enough to do his business in all
Detay of Piety: . places.
Clarendon. Tlie ideas it is busied about should be natural A poor abject worm,
and congenial ones, which it had in itself. Loke. That crawld awhile upon a bustling world,
The learning and disputes of the schools have • And now am trampled to my dust again.
been much busied about genus and species. Loke.
Soutberne. For the rest, it must be owned, he does not Ye sov’reign lords, who sit like gods in state, busy himself by entering deep into any party, Awing the world, and bustling to be great! but rather spends his time in acts of hospitaisy.
Granville. BU'STIE. N. s. (from the verb.] A tumult; BU'sy BODY. 1. s. (from busy and body. a hurry ; a coinbustion.
A vain, meddling, and fantastical persun.
Going from house to house, tatlors and busgo 7. But that;' without this consequence bedies are the canker and rust of idleness, as
that. idleness is the rust of time.
Taylor. Frosts that constrain the ground
Do seldom their usurping power withdrar, sort of people to have to do withal. L'Estrange.
But raging floods pursue their hasty hand. Dryd. She is well acquainted with all the favourite servants, busybodies, dependants, and poor rela- 8. Otherwise than that.
It cannot be but nature has some director, of tions, of all persons of condition in the whole
Hocker. BUT. conjunct. [bute, butan, Saxon.]
Who shall believe, I. Except.
But you misuse the reverence of your place? An emission of immateriate virtues we are a
Sbakspeart. little doubtful to propound, it is so prodigious: 9. Not more than; even. but that it is so constantly avouched by inany. A genius so elevated and unconfined as Mr.
Bacon. Cowley's, was but necessary to make Pindar Who can it be, ye gods! but perjur'd Lycon? speak English.
Dryder. Who can inspire such storms of rage, but Lycon 10. By any other means than.. Where has my swordleft one so black, but Lycon? Béroe but now I left; whom, pin'd with pain,
Her age and anguish from these rites detain. Your poem hath been printed, and we have no
Dryden. objection but the obscurity of several passages, It is evident, in the instance I gave but now, by our ignorance in facts and persons. Swift. the consciousness went along.
Locke. 2. Except that ; unless ; had it not bee Out of that will I cause those of Cyprus to
that : in this sense we now write but mutiny; whose qualification shall come into no that. Sec sense II.
true taste again, but by transplanting of Cassio. And but infirmity,
Sbakspear. Which waits upon worn times, hath, something 11. If it were not for this, that; if it seiz'd
were not that. Obsolete. His wish'd ability, he had himself
Believe me, I had rather have lost my purse The lands and waters measur'd. Sbakspeare. Full of cruzades. And, but my noble Moor 3. Yet; nevertheless. It sometimes only
Is true of mind, and made of no such baseness enforces yet.
As jealous creatures are, it were enough Then let him speak, and'any that shall stand
To put him to ill-thinking. Shakspeare. without shall hear his voice plainly; but get made
I here do give thee that with all my heart, extreme sharp and exile, like the voice of
Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart
puppets: and yet the articulate sounds of the words
I would keep from thee.
Sbakspears will not be confounded.
12. However; howbeit : a word of indeOur wants are many and grievous to be born, terminate connection. but quite of another kind.
Swift. I do not doubt but I have been to blame; 4. The particle which introduces the mi- But, to pursue the end for which I came, nor of a syllogism ; now.
Unite your subjects first, then let us go
And pour their common rage upon the foe. Dryd. to kill himself to-day, then it is not absolutely 13. It is used after no doubt, no question, necessary that he shall live till to-morrow; but and such words, and signifies the same there is such a liberty, therefore no such neces. with that. It sometimes is joined with sity. Bramball against Hobbes.
that. God will one time or another make a differ- They made no account, but tbat the navy ence between the good and the evil. But there
should be absolutely master of the seas. Bacon. is little or no difference made in this world;
I fancied to myself a kind of ease in the change therefore there must be another world, wherein this difference shall be made.
of the paroxysm; never suspecting but tbet the
humour would have wasted itself. Dryden, s. Only ; nothing more than.
There is no question but the king of Spait If my offence be of mortal kind,
will reform most of the abuses. Addissa. That not my service, past or present sorrows, Can ransom me into his love again ;
14. That. This seems no proper sense in But to know so, must be my benefit. Shaksp.
this place, What nymph soe'er his voice but hears,
It is not therefore impossible but I may alter Will be my rival, though she have but ears. the complexion of my play, to restore myself
into the good graces of my fair criticks. Dryden. No, Aurengzebe, you merit all my heart, 15. Otherwise than. Obsolete. And I'm too noble but to give a part. Iryden.
I should sin Did but men consider the true notion of God, To think but nobly of my grandmother. Siekis: he would appear to be full of goodness. Tillotson. 16. A particle by which the meaning of
If we do but put virtue and vice in equal cir- the foregoing sentence is bounded or cumstances, the advantages of ease and pleasure will be found to be on the side of religion. Tillots.
restrained; only. The mischiefs or harmrs that come by play,
Tlius fights Ulysses, thus his fame extends; inadvertency, or ignorance, are not at all, or but
A formidable man, but to his friends. Drydes. very gently, to be taken notice of. Locke. 17. A particle of objection; yet it may If a reader examines Horace's Art of Poetry, be objected; it has sometimes yet
with he will find but very few precepts in it, which it. he may not meet with in Aristotle. Addison,
But yet, madam-
The good precedence; fie upon but yet! 6. Than.
yet is as a jailour, to bring forth The full moon was no sooner up, and shining Some monstrous malefactor. Sbakspeare in all its brightness, but he opened the gate of Must the heartthen have been formed and conParadise
Guardian, stituced, before the blood was in being? But here