Графични страници
PDF файл
[blocks in formation]

richly set with pearl. Sidney. Under a coronet his flowing hair, In curls, on either cheek play'd. Milton.

Co's Pok a l. n. ... [corrupted from caporal, Fr.] The lowest officer of the infantry, whose office is to place and remove the sentinels. The cruel corp'ral whisper'd in my ear, Five pounds, if rightly tipt, would set me clear. Gay. CoR poR All of a Ship. An officer is: hath the charge of setting the watches and sentries, and relieving them ; who sees that all the soldiers and sailors keep their arms meat and clean, and teaches them how to use them. He has a mate under him. Harris. CO'RPORAL. adj. [corporel, Fr. corpus, Latin.] 1. Relating to the body; belonging to the

oq W. of of lazars and weak age, Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil, A hundred alms-houses right well supplied. Shakspeare. Render to me some corporal sign about her, More evident than this. Soak-peare. That God hath been otherwise seen, with corporal eyes, exceedeth the small proportion of my understanding. Raleigh. TEeasts enjoy greater sensual pleasures, and feel fewer corporal pains; and are utter strangers to all those anxious and turmenting thoughts which perpetually haunt and disquiet mankind. Atterbury. 2. Material ; not spiritual. In the present language, when body is used philosophically in opposition to spirit, the word corporeal is used, as, a corporeal being ; but otherwise corporal. Corporeal is, having a body; corporal, relating to the body. This distinction seems not ancient. Whither are they vanish'd : Into the air; and what seem'd corpora! Melted, as breath, into the wind. Shakspeare. And from these corporal nutriments, perhaps, Your bodies may at last turn all to spirit. Milt. Corpo RA'lity. m. s. [from corporal.] The quality of being imbodied. If this light be not spiritual, yet it approacheth nearest unto spirituality; and if it o: any .#.” then, of all others, the most subtile and Pure. Raleigh's History. Cook for ALLY. adv. [from corporal.] Bodily. The sun is corporally conjoined with basiliscus. Brewn. CO'RPORATE. adj. [from corpus, Lat.] 1. United in a body or community; en

abled to act in legal processes as an individual. o forth like a sudden tempest, he over-run all Munster and Connaught, defacing and utterly subverting all corporate towns that were not strongly walled. Spenser on Ireland. The nobles of Athens being not at this time a corporate assembly, therefore the resentment of the commons was usually turned against particular persons. Swift. 2. General; united. They answer in a joint and corporate voice, That now they are at fall. Shakspeare. Co'R for Ateness. n.s. [from corporate.] The state of a body corporate ; a community. IDict. CoR poka’t 1o N. m.s.. [from corpus, Lat.] A body politick, authorized by the king’s charter to have a common seal, one head officer or more, and members, able, by their common consent, to grant or receive, in law, anything within the compass of their charter ; even as one man may do by law all things, that by law he is not forbidden ; and bindeth the successors, as a single man binds his executor or heir. Cowell. Of angels we are not to consider only what they are, and do, in regard of their own being; but that also which concerneth them, as they are linked into a kind of corporation amongst themselves, and of society with men. Hooker. Of this we find some foot-steps in our law, Which doth her root from God and mature take; Ten thousand men she doth together draw, And of them all one corporation make. Davies: Co’R for At U R E. n.f. [from corpus, Lat.] The state of being imbodied. Dict. Corpo'REAL. adj. corporeus, Latin.] 1. Having a body; material; not spiritual. See CoR Po R.A. L. The swiftness of those circles attribute, Though numberless, to his omnipotence, That to corporeal substances could add Speed almost spiritual. Milton's Par. Loss. Having surveyed the image ot God in the soul, we are not to omit those characters that God imprinted upon the body, as much as a spiritual substance could be pictured upon a corportal. - South's Sermony. God of: to be a pure spirit, cannot be the object of any corporeal sense. Tillotion. The course is finish’d which thy fates decreed, And thou from th †. prison freed. Dryd. Fix thy corporeal and internal eye On the young gnat, or new jira fly.Prior.

2. It is used by Swift inaccurately for corporal. I am not in a condition to make a true step even on Aimsbury Downs; and I declare, that a corportal false step is worse than a political one. Swift. CoR poRE'ity. n.s.[from corporeus, Lat.] Materiality; the quality of being imbodied ; the state of having a body; bodiliness. Since philosophy affirmeth, that we are middle substances between the soul and the body, the must admit of some corporeity, which : weight or gravity. Brown. It is the saying of divine Plato, that man is na- 4 ture's horizon, dividing betwixt the upper hemisphere of immaterial intellects, and this lower of corportity. Glanville's Scopsis.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

He looks as man was made, with face erect, That scorns his brittle earps, and seems asham'd He ‘s not all spirit. Dryden. 3. A carcase ; a dead body ; a corse. Not a friend Greet my poor certs, where my bones shall be thrown. Shakspeare. There was the murder'd corps in covert laid, And violent death in thousand shapes display'd. Dryden's Fab/er. See, where the corps of thy dead son approaches Addison. The corpse was laid out upon the floor by the emperor's command: he then bid every one light his flambeau, and stand about the dead body. Addison's Guardian. 4. The body, in opposition to the soul. Cold numbness streight bereaves Her corps of schse, and the air her soul receives. Denham.

5. A body of forces.
a "p to - - -
to: n. . [corpulentia, Lat.]
1. Bulkiness of body; fleshiness; fulness
of flesh. -
To what a cumbersome unwieldiness,
And burdenous corpulence, my love had grown.
• --- - Donne.
It is but one species of corpulency; for there
may be bulk without fat, from the great quan-
tity of muscular flesh, the case of robust people.
...Arbuthnot on Alliments.
2. Spissitude; grossness of natter.
The musculous flesh serves for the vibration of
the tail; the heaviness and corpulency of the
water requiring a great force to divide it. Ray.
Co’R PUL ENT. adj. [corpulents, Latin.]
Fleshy ; bulky; having great bodily
bulk.
We say it is a fleshy stile, when there is
much periphrases, and circuit of words; and
when, with more than enough, it grows fat and
corpulent. Ben ; JOiscoverier.
#. of nourishment is hurtful; for it mak-
eth the child corpoint, and growing in breadth
rather than in height. Baron.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

4. To remark faults. CoR RE'ct. adj. [correctus, Latin.] Revised or finished with exactness; free from faults. What verse can do, he has perform'd in this, Which he presumes the most correct of his. Dryden. Always use the most correct editions: various readings will be only troublesome where the sense is complete. Felton. Coit RE"ct 1 o N. m. s. [from correct.] 1. Punishment; discipline; chastisement; penalty. Wilt thou, pupil like, Take thy correction mildly, kiss the rod? Shaks. - An offensive wife, That hath enrag'd him on to offer strokes, As he is striking, holds his infant up, And hangs resolv’d correction in the arm That was uprear'd to execution. Shakspeare. We are all but children here under the great master of the family; and he is pleased, by hopes and fears, by mercies and corrections, to instruct us in virtue. Watts. One fault was too great lenity to her servants, to whom she gave good counsel, but too gentle correction. Arbuthnot. 2. Alteration to a better state; the act of taking away faults ; amendment. . poet, in another age, may take the same liberty with my writings; if, at least, they live long enough to deserve correction. Dryden. 3. That which is substituted in the place of any thing wrong. . Corrections or improvements should be adjoined, by way of note or commentary, in their Proper places. attr. 4. Reprehension; animadversion. ” ey proceed with judgment and ingenuity, establishing their assertions not only with great solidity, but submitting them also unto the correction of future discovery. Brown. 5. Abatement of noxious qualities, by the addition of something contrary. o nake ambitious, wholesome, do not take dram of country', dillness; do not add Corrections,but as chymists purge the bad. Donne. Cook L'c rios. o. a. s." from correction.] One that has been in the house of correction ; a jailbird. This seems to be the meaning in Soakspeare. I will have you soundly swinged for this, you blue-bottle rogue, you filthy famished corrotioner! Sbal peare's Henry iv. CoR RE'cTiv F. ad;. {from correct.] Hav*g, the power to alter or obviate any bo .*. Tulberri - - --lkali. erries are pectoral, corrective of bilious

3. .irtutinet.

[ocr errors]

I. That which has the power of altering °, obviating anything amiss. all a * bair, wool, feathers, and scales, which an nimals of prey do swallow, are a seasonable ... corrective, to prevent their greedifood *9m filling themselves with too succulent a Hu l - Ray an the Creation. thod o y speaking, and according to the ineplied b the world, and the little correctives supan ill % ** and discipline, it seldom fails but goo .. has its course, and nature makes 2. Limi ow. - South's Sermons. *-*tation ; restriction. it..." to be such an instance in the ref. t *ch the human soul exerciseth in re• the body, that, with certain correctives

and exceptions, may give some kind of explication or adumbration thereof. ale. CoR RE'cTLY. adv. LFrom correct.] Ac

curately ; exactly ; without faults. There are ladies, without knowing what tenses and participles, adverbs and prepositions, are, speak as properly and as correctly as most gentlemen who have been bred up in the ordinary

methods of grammar schools. Locke. Such lays as neither ebb nor flow, Correctly cold, and regularly low. Pope.

CoR R E^c T N Eso. n. ... [from correct.] Accuracy; exactness; freedom from faults. Too much labour often takes away the spirit, by adding to the polishing; so that there remains nothing but a dull correctness, a piece without any considerable faults, but with few beauties. Dryden's Dufresnoy. The 'softness of the flesh, the delicacy of the shape, air, and posture, and the correctness of design, in this statue, are inexpressible. Addison. Late, very late, correctness grew our care, When the tir'd nation breath'd from civil war. Pope, Those pieces have never before been printed from the true copies, or with any tolerable degree of correctness. Swift. CoR RE'cro R. m. s. [from correct.] 1. He that amends or alters, by punishment or animadversion. How many does zeal urge rather to do justice on some sins, than to forbear all sin! How many rather to be correctors than practisers of religion! - Spratt', Sermont. With all his faults, he sets up to be an universal reformer and corrector of abuses, and a remover of grievances. Storf. 2. He that revises any thing to free it from faults : as the corrector of the press, that amends the errours committed in printing. I remember a person, who, by his style and literature, seems to have been the corrector of a hedge press in Little Britain, proceeding gradually to an author. Sws?. 3. In medicine. Such an ingredient in a composition, as guards against or abates the force of another: as the lixivial salts prevent the grievous vellications of resinous purges, by dividing their particles, and preventing their adhesion to the intestinal membranes; and as spices and carminative seeds assist the operation of some catharticks, by dissipating wind. In making a medicine, such a thing is called a corrector, which destroys or diminishes a quality that could not otherwise be dispensed with ; thus turpentines are correctors of quicksilver, by destroying its fluxility, and making it capable of mixture. Quincy. To CO'RRELATE. v. n. [from con and relatus, Latiu.] To have a reciprocal relation, as father and son.

Co'RRE LATE. n. ... One that stands in the opposite relation. It is one thing for a father to cease to be a father, by casting off his son; and another for him to cease to be so, by the death of his son: in this the relation is at an end, for want of a correlate. - South.

CoR RE’LATIVE. adj. [con and relativus, Lat.], Having a reciprocal relation, so that the existence of one in a particular state depends upon the existence of another. Father and son, husband and wife, and such ether correlative terms, seem nearly to belong one to another. South. Giving is a relative action, and so requires a torrelative to answer it : giving, on one part, transfers no property, unless there be an accepting on the other. South. CoR RE’LAT 1 v EN Ess. m. f. [from rorre1ative.] The state of being correlative. CoRRE/PTI on. n.s.. [corripio, correptum, Latin.] Objurgation; chiding; reprehension; reproof. If we must be talking of other people's faults, let it not be to defame, but to amend them, by converting our detraction into admonition and fraternal correption. Governm, of the Tongue. To CORRESPO'ND. v. n. [con and respondeo, Latin.] 1. To suit; to answer; to be proportionate; to be adequate to ; to be adapted to ; to fit. The days, if one be compared with another ...} throughout the year, are found not to be equal, and will not justly correspond with any artificial or mechanical equal measures of time. - Helder on Time. Words being but empty sounds, any farther than they are signs of our ideas, we cannot but assent to them, as they correspond to those ideas we have, but no farther than that. Locke. 2. To keep up commerce with another by alternate letters.

[graphic]

Cor Respo’N DEN CE. : n. 3. [from corCoR. R. Es Po’ND ENCY. respond.] 1. Relation; reciprocal adaptation of one thing to another. Between the law of their heavenly operations, and the actions of men in this our state of mortality, such correspondence there is, as maketh it expedient to know in some sort the one, for the other's more perfect direction. Hocker. Whatever we fancy, things keep their course; and their habitudes, correspondencies, and relations, keep the same to one another. Locke. 2. Intercourse ; reciprocal intelligence. I had discovered those unlawful worrespondenties they had used, and engagements they had made to embroil my kingdoms. King Charler. Sure the villains ão a correspondence With the enemy, and thus they would betray us. anaao. It happens very oddly, that the pope and I should have the same thought much about the same time : my enemies will be apt to say, that we hold a correspondence together, and act by concert in this matter. . Addison. 3. Friendship ; interchange of offices or civilities. Let such military persons be assured, and well reputed of, rather than factious and J.; holding also good correspondence with the other great men in the state. Bacon. CoR REs po'N DENT. adj. [from correspond..] Suitable; adapted; agreeable ; answerable. What good or evil is there under the sun, what action correspondent or repugnant unto the law which God hath imposed upon his creatures, but in or upon it God doth work, according to the law which himself hath eternally proposed to keep 2 Hocker. And as five zones th' etherial regions bind, Five correspondent are to earth assign'd. Dryd. CoRR Espó'N DEN T. n.s. One with whom intelligence or commerce is kept up by mutual messages or letters. He was pleased to command me to send to

him, and receive from him, all his letters from and to all his correspendent at home and abroad. Denian's Deficitor, CoR Respo’Nsive. adj. (from correspond.] Answerable; adapted to anything. Priam's six gates i' th' city, with massy staples, A. ::::::::: o†: *uperre up he sons o roy, CO’RRIDOR. m.s. (French.] 1. [In fortification.] The covert way lying round the whole compass of the ortifications of a place. 2. [In architecture.] A gallery or long isle round about a building, leading to several chambers at a distance from each other. Harris. There is something very noble in the amotheatre, though the high wall and carriorith: went round it are almost intirely ruined. A.iian as Italy. Co'RRI Gible. adj. [from corriso, Lat. 1. That may be altered or amended. 2. That is a proper object of punishment; punishable. He was taken up very short, 2nd adjudgeda". rigible for such presumptuous language. Howe. 3. Corrective ; having the power to cor. rect. Not proper, nor used. Our bodies are our gardens, to the which of wills are gardeners; so that, if we will either have it steril with idleness, or manured win industry, the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our will. Słopeare's Otto. Cor RI'v a 1... n.s.. [con and rival.] Rival; competitor. They had governours commonly out of the two families of the Geraldines and Butlers, both adversaries and corrival; one against the other: Spezier ** Irelied. He that doth redeem her thence, might wear Without corrival all her dignities. Shaioso CoR R1'v A LR Y. m. s. From corrival. Competition ; opposition. CoR ko’s or ANT. adj. [from corroborato. Having the power to give strength. There be divers sorts of bracelets fit to com’ fort the spirits; and they be of three intenticoi refrigerant, corror orant, and aperient. Bo

To CORRO'BORATE. v. a. [con and roboro, Latin.]

1. To confirm ; to establish. Machiavel well noteth, though in an of voured instance, there is no trusting to the sa: of nature, nor to the bravery of words, tort" be corroborate by custom. Eao.

2. To strengthen ; to make strong. ... To fortify imagination there be three wo the authority whence the belief is derived, to to quicken and corroborate the imagination, means to repeat it and refresh it. Boar. It was said that the prince himselfhad, by to sight of foreign of and observations on to different natures of people, and rules of sovo ment, much excited and awaked his *:::::

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]

rate.] Having the power of increasing strength. In the cure of an ulcer, with a moist intemperies, as the heart is weakened by too much humidity, you are to mix corroboratives of an astringent faculty; and the ulcer also requireth to be dried. Wiseman's Surgery. To CORRO'DE. v. a. [corrodo, Latin.] To eat away by degrees, as a menstruum ; to prey upon ; to consume ; to wear away gradually. Statesmen purge vice with vice, and may corrode The bad with bad, a spider with a toad; For so ill thralls not them, but they tame ill, And make her do much good against her will. Donne. We know that aqua-fortis corroding copper, which is it that gives the colour to verdigrease, is wont to reduce it to a green-blue solution. oyle on Colour. The nature of mankind, left to itself, would soon have fallen into dissolution, without the incessant and corroding invasions of so long a time. #. Origin of Mankind. Hannibal the Pyrenéans past, And steepy Alps, the mounds that nature cast; And with corroding juices, as he went, A passage through the living rock he rent. Dryden's juvenal. Fishes, which neither chew their meat, nor rind it in their stomachs, do, by a dissolvent iquor there provided, corrode and reduce it into a chylus. Ray on the Creation. The blood turning acrimonious, corrodes the vessels, producing almost all the diseases of the inflammatory kind. Arbuthnot. Should jealousy its venom once diffuse, Corroding every thought, and blasting all Love's paradise. Thomson's Spring. Cor Ro’D ENT. adj. [from corrode.] Having the power of corroding or wasting any thing away. CoRRod 151'Lity. n.s.. [from corrodible.] The quality of being corrodible; possibility to be consumed by a menstruum. CoR Rosdi B L E. adj. [from corrode.] Possible to be consumed or corroded. Metals, although corrodible by waters, yet will not suffer a liquation from the powerfullest heat communicable unto that element. Brown. Co'R Rod Y. m. s. [from corrodo, Latin.] A defalcation from an allowance or salary, for some other than the original purpose. Besides these floating burgesses of the ocean, there are certain flying citizens of the air, which Prescribe for a corrody therein. Carew. In those days even noble persons, and other meaner men, ordered corrodies and pensions to their chaplains and servants out of churches. Ayliffe's Parergon. CoR Ro's 1BLE. adj. [from corrode.) Possible to be consumed by a menstruum. This ought to be corrodible. CoR ro's 1 E L E N Ess. n.f. [from corrosible.] Susceptibility of corrosion: rather corrodibility. Dict. Cor Ro'sios. n. 4. [corrodo, Latin.] The power of eating or wearing away by degrees. errosion is a particular species of dissolution of bodies, either by an acid or a saline menstruum. It is almost wholly designed for the resolution of bodies most strongly compacted, as bones and metals; so that the menstruums here employed

have a considerable moment or force. These liquors, whether acid or urinous, are nothing but salts dissolved in a little phlegm ; therefore these being solid, and consequently containing a considerable quantity of matter, do both attract one another more, and are also more attracted by the particles of the body to be dissolved: so when the more solid bodies are put intosaline menstruums, the attraction is stronger than in other solutions; and the motion, which is always proportional to the attraction, is more violent: so that we may easily conceive, when the motion is in such a manner increased, it should drive the salts into the pores of the bodies, and open and loosen their cohesion, though ever so firm. Quincy. A kind of poison worketh either by corrosion, or by a secret malignity and enmity to nature. Bacon's Natural History. That corrosion and dissolution of bodies, even the most solid and durable, which is vulgarly ascribed to the air, is caused merely by the action of water upon them ; the air being so far from injuring and preying upon the bodies it environs, that it contributes to their security and preservation. Wood-card. CoR ko's i v E. adj. [from corrodo, Latin. It was anciently pronounced with the accent on the first syllable, now indifferently.] 1. Having the power of consuming or wearing away. Gold, after it has been divided by corrosive liquors into invisible parts, yet may presently be precipitated, so as to appear again in its own form. Grew's CoumologiaThe sacred sons of vengeance, on whose course Corrosive famine waits, and kills the year. Thomson's Spring. 2. Having the quality to fret or vex. If the maintenance of ceremonies be a corrorive to such as oppugn them, undoubtedly to such as maintain them it can be no great pleasure when they behold that which they reverence is oppugned. #. CoR Ro's 1 v E. n.s. 1. That which has the quality of wasting any thing away, as the flesh of an ulcer. He meant his corrosives to apply, And with strict diet tame his stubborn malady. Fairy Queen. 2. That which has the power of fretting, or of giving pain. Such speeches savour not of God in him that useth them, and unto virtuously disposed minds

they are grievous corrosives. Hooker. way ! though parting be a fretful corrosive, It is applied to a deathful wound. Shalop.

Care is no cure, but rather corrosive, For things that are not to be remedied. Shakop.

[merged small][ocr errors]
« ПредишнаНапред »