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Gives a fresh coolness to the royal cup; There ice, like crystal, firm and never lost, Tempers hot July with December's frost. Waller. The sheep enjoy the cooiness of the shade. * Dryden's Virgil. 2. Want of affection ; disinclination. They parted with such coolness towards each other, as if they scarce hoped to meet again. Clarendon. 3. Freedom from passion. Coom. m. s. [ccume, French.] 1. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth. Phillips. 2. That matter that works out of the wheels of carriages. Bailey. 3. It is used in Scotland for the useless dust which falls from large coals. . Coom B, or CoMB. n.s.. [comble, Fr. cumuduo, Latin, a heap, Skinner.] A measure of corn containing four bushels.

Baily. COOP. r. s. [Kuype, Dutch..] 1. A barrel; a vessel for the preservation of liquids. 2. A cage ; a penn for animals, as poultry or sheep. Gracchus was slain the day the chickens refused to eat out of the coop; and Claudius Pulcher underwent the like success, when he contemned the tripudiary augurations. Brown. There were a great many crammed capons together in a coop. L'Estrange. To Coop. v. a. [from the noun..] To shut up in a narrow compass; to confine; to cage; to imprison: when it is used absolutely, it has often, perhaps always, the intensive particle up. That pale, that white-fac'd shore, Whose foot spèrnsback the ocean's roaring tides, And s from other lands her islanders. Shak. #. s. lishmen did coop up the lord Ravenstein, that he stirred not; and likewise held in strait siege the town. Bocan. In the taking of a town the poor escape better than the rich; for the one islet go, and the other is o: and cooped up. L'Estrange. Twice conquer'd cowards, now your shame is shown, Ceop'd up a second time within your town! Who dare not issue forth in open field. Dryden. One world suffic’d not Aloxander's mind; Coop'd up he seem’d, in earth and seas confin'd. 10 yden's juvenal. Coop'd in a narrow isle, observing dreams With flattering wizards. Dryden. The Trojans, coop'd within their walls so long, Lnbar their gates, and issue in a throng. Dryd. The contempt of all other knowledge, as if it were nothing in comparison of law or physick, •f astrology or chymistry, coops the understanding up within narrow *ś, and hinders it from looking abroad into other provinces of the intellectual world, Locke. They are cooped in close by the laws of their countries, and the strict guards of these whose interest it is to keep them ignorant. Locke. Wint! coop whole armies in our walls *}; - ope. Coore'E. n.s.. [coupé, French.] A motion in dancing. Coop ER. a. s. [from coop.] One that makes coops or barrels. Societies of artificers and tradesmen, belonging to some towns corporate, such as weavens and cooper, by virtue of their charters, pretend to privilege and jurisdictiou. . Child.

Co'o PER A G F. n. 3. [from cooper.] The price paid for cooper's work. To COOPERATE. v. n. [con and opera, Latin.] 1. To labour jointly with another to the same end : it has with before the agent, and to before the end. It puzzleth and perplexeth the conceits of many, that perhaps would otherwise cooperate with him, and makes a man walk almost alone to his own ends. Bacon. By giving man a free will, he allows man that highest satisfaction and privilege of cooperating to his own felicity. Boyle. 2. To concur in producing the same eff ct. * • His mercy will not forgive offenders, or his benignity cooperate to their conversions. Brown's Pulgar Errourr. All these causes cooperating, must, at last, weaken their motion. Cheyne. The special acts and impressions by which the Divine Spirit introduces this charge, and how far human liberty cooperates with it, are subjects beyond our comprehension. Rogers. Coop ERA’r to N. n. . [from cooperate.] The act of contributing, or concurring to the same end. We might work any effect without and against matter; and this not lo by the cooperation of angels or spirits, but only by the unity and harmony of nature. acon's Natural History. Coo'PER AT 1 v E. adj. Efrom cooperate.] Promoting the same end jointly. Coo PER A^To R. m. f. [from cooperate.] He that, by joint endeavours, promotes the same end with others. Coop T A^T Io N. m. s. [coopto, Lat.] Adoption; assumption. COOTRDINATE, adj. [con and ordinatus, Lat.] Holding the same rank; not being subordinate. Thus shellfish may be divided into two coordinate kinds. crustaceous and testaceous; each of which is again divided into many species, subordinate to the kind, but coordinate to each other. The word Analysis signifies the general and particular heads o a discourse; with their mutual connexions, both coordinate and subordinate, drawn out into one or more tables. Watts. Coo'RD1NATELY.adv. [from coordinate.] In the same rank; in the same relation; without subordination. Coo’RD IN Are N Ess. m. s. [from coordinate.] The state of being coordinate. Coo Rd 1 NA’t 1 o N. m. s. s from coordinate The state of holding the same rank; of standing in the same relation to something higher ; collateralness. In this high court of parliament there is a rare coordination of power; a wholesome mixture betwixt monarchy, optimacy, and democracy. Howe!'; Pre-eminence of Parliament. When these petty intrigues of a play are so ill ordered that ... no coherence with the other, I must grant that Lysidius has reason to tax that want of due connexion; for coordination in a play is as daugerous and unnatural as in a tate. Dryden on Dramatick Poesy.

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A lake, the haunt Of seats, and of the fishing cormorant. Dryde". COP. m. s. [kop, Dut. cop, Sax.] The head; the top of anything ; any thing rising to a head : as, a cop, vulgarly cock, of hay ; a coh-castle, properly copcastle, a small castle or house on a hill ; a cab of cherry-stones, for cop, a pile of stones one laid upon another; a tuft on the head of birds. Co'PAL. m. s. The Mexican term for a gun. coorce NARY. m.s.. [from coparcener.] Joint succession to any inheritance. In descent to all the daughters in coparcenary, for want of sons, the chief house is allotted to

the eldest daughter. Bale. COPA'RCENER. m. s. [from con and particeps, Lat.]

coparzeners are otherwise called parceners; and, in common law, are such as have equal Fortion in the inheritance of Joe ancesto; Cowell. This great lordship was broken and divided, and partition made between the five daughters; in every of these portions, the oparcene, severally exercised the same jurisdiction ro: al, which the earl marshal and his sons had used in the whole province. Davie. on Jreland. Co PA’Ro EN.Y. m. s. An equal share of coparceners. Philips’ World of Isords. cóPARTNER. m. . [con and partner.] One that has a share in some common stock or affair ; one equally concerned ; a sharer; a partaker; a partner. Milton has used it both with of and in. Our faithful friends, Th" associates and copartners of our loss. Milt. Shall I to him make known As vet my change, and give him to partake Full happiness with me? Or rather not; But keep the odds of knowledge in my Power, without copartner Milton's Paradise Lost. Rather by them tgain'd what I have gain'd, and with them dwell Copartner in these regions of the world. Milt; cos A'RT NER ship. n.s.. [from copartner.] The state of bearing an equal part, or possessing an equal share. in case the father left only daughters, the daughters equally succeeded to their fathero in

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Oh, fine villain! a silken doublet, a velvet hose, a scarlet cloke, and a “patain hat. Soo. Cop A'y v A. n.s.. [It is sometimes written capivi, copivi, capayva, cohayoo.co. va, cupayba.]. A gun which distils from a tree in Brasil. It is much used in disorders of the urinary passages. Cop F. n.s. (See o 1. Anything with which the head is covered. a. A sacerdotal cloak, or vestment worn in sacred ministration. 3. Any thing which is spread over the head : as the concave of the skies; any archwork over a door. All these things that are contain'd within this goodly cope, both most and least, Their being have,an o are increast. Spenwer, Over head the dismal hiss of fiery darts in flaming volleys fle",

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Coopi ER. n. 4. [from copy.] 1. One that copies; a transcriber. A coin is in no danger of having its characters altered by copiers and transcribers. Aloiron. 2. One that imitates; a plagiary; an imitator. Without invention a painter is but a copier, and a poet but a plagiary of others. Dryden. Let the faint o on old Tiber's shore, Nor mean the task, each breathing bust explore; Line after line with painful patience trace, This Roman grandeur, that Athenian grace. . . ‘Tickel. Coop1N G. m. . [from cope.] The upper tire of masonry which covers the wall. All these were of costly stones, even from the foundation unto the coping. 1 Kings. The coping, the modillions, or dentils, make a noble so by their graceful projections. Addison's Freeholder. CO'PIOUS. adj. [copia, Lat.] 1. Plentiful; abundant ; exuberant; in great quantities. Rose, as in dance, the stately trees, and spread Their branches hung with copious fruit. Milion. Full measure only bounds Excess, before the all-bountecus king, who show'r'd With copious hand, rejoicing in their joy. Milt. This alkaline acrimony indicates the copious use of vinegar and acid fruits. Arbutbnot. The tender heart is peace, And kindly pours its copious treasures forth In various converse. Thomson's Spring. 2. Abounding in words or images; not barren ; not confined ; not concise. Hail, Son of God, Saviour of men! thy name Shall be the copious matter of my song Henceforth; and never shall my harp thy praise Forget, nor from thy Father's praise disjoin. Milton. Co'P 1 ous I.Y. adv. [from copious.] 1. Plentifully; abundantly; in great quantities. 2. At large; without brevity or conciseness; diffusely. These several remains have been so of..., described by abundance of travellers, and other writers, that it is very difficult to make any new discoveries on so beaten a subject. Aadison. Coopi ous N Ess. . . [from copious.], 1. Plenty ; abundance; great quantity; exuberance. 2. Diffusion; exuberance of style. The Roman orator endeavoured to imitate the copieioners of Homer, and the Latin poet made it his business to reach the conciseness of Demosthenes. Dryden. Coop Is T. m. r. [from copy.] A copier; a transcriber; an imitator. Co'P LAN ID. m. s. A piece of ground which terminates with an acute an ; irt. Co'P PE D. off. [from cop.] Rising to a top or head. It was broad in its basis, and rose copped like a sugar-loaf. Wiseman's Surgery. A galeated eschinus being copped and somewhat conic. Woodward. Co'P P E L. m. s. [This word is variously spelt; as copel, tupel, cuple, and cuppel; WOL. I.

but I cannot find its etymology.) An instrument used in chymistry, in the form of a dish, made of ashes, well washed, to cleanse them from all their salt; or of bones thoroughly calcined. Its use is to try and purify gold and silver, which is done by mingling lead with the metal, and exposing it in the coppel to a violent fire a long while. The impurities of the metal will then be carried off in dross, which is called the litharge of gold and silver. The refiners call the coppel a test. Harris. CO'PPER. m. s. Léoper, Dutch ; cuprum, Latin.] One of the six primitive metals. Copper is the most ductile and malleable metal, after gold and silver. . Of a mixture of copper and lapis calaminaris is formed brass; a composition of copper and tin makes bell-metal; and copper and brass, melted in, equal quantities, produces what the French call bronze, used for figures and statues. Chambers. Copper is heavier than iron or tin; but lighter than silver, lead, and gold. Hill on Fossils. Two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold. Ezra. Co’ppe R. m. s. A vessel made of copper: commonly used for a boiler larger than a moveable pot. They boiled it in a #. to the half; then they poured it into earthen vessels. Bacon. CoPPER-Nose. n.s.. [copper and nose.] A red nose. He having colour enough, and the other higher, is too flaming a praise for a good comlexion: I had as lieve #. golden tongue ad commended Troilus for a †. Shak. Gutta rosacea ariseth in little hard tubercles, affecting the face all over with great itching, which, being scratched, look red, and rise in great welks, rendering the visage fiery; and make copper-noses, as we generally express them. iseman. CoPPER-PLAT e. n.s. A plate on which pictures are engraven for the neaterimpression, distinguished from a wooden Cut. Copper-work. n.s. scopper and work.] A place where copper is worked or manufactured. This is like those wrought at copper-work. Woodward. Co'PPERAs. n. J. [kopperoore, Dut. couperouse, Fr. Supposed to be found in copper mines only..] A name given to three sorts of vitriol ; the green, the bluish green, and the white, which are produced in the mines of Germany, Hungary, and other countries. But what is commonly sold here for copperas is an artificial vitriol, made of a kind of stones found on the sea-shore in Essex, Hampshire, and so westward, ordinarily called gold stones from their colour. They abound with iron, and are exposed to the weather in beds above ground, and receive the rains and dews, which in time breaks and dissolves the stones: the liquor that runs off is pumped into boilers, in which is first put old iron, which, in “glog, dissolves. This ×

factitious cooperas, in many respects, agrees with the native green vitriol. Chambers. Hill. It may be questioned, whether, in this operation, the iron or cooperas be transmuted, from the cognation of opera, with copper, and the iron remaining after conversion. Brown. Co'r Po Rs 11: H. n. 4. [coffer and smith.] One that manufactures copper. Salmoneus, as the Grecian tale is, Was a mad coppersmith of Elis; x Up at his forge by morning peep. Swift. Co'PPER wor M. m. s. steredo, Lat.] 1. A little worm in ships. 2. A worm that fretteth garments. 3. A worm breeding in one's hand. Ainsworth. Co'PPF. R.Y. ad;. [from copper.] Containing copper; made of copper. Some springs of Hungary, highly impregnated with vitriclick salts, dissolve the body of iron put into the spring, and deposite, in lieu of the irony, particles carried off, coppery particles brought with the water out of the neighbouring copper-mines. jo'oodward on Fossils. COPPICE. n. 4. [coupeaux, Fr. from couffer, to cut or lop. It is often written copse.] A low wood cut at stated times for fuel; a place overrun with brushwood. A land, each side where.cf was bounded both with high timber trees, and copies of far more humble growth. Sidney. Upon the edge of yonder coffice, A stand, where you may have the firest shoot. Shalsfeare. In coppice woods, if you leave staddles too thick, they run to bushes and briars, and have little clean underwood. Bacon. The willows, and the hazel copies green, Shall now no more be seen - Fanning their joyous leaves to their soft lays. h Milton. Raise trees in your seminaries and nurseries,

and you may transplant them for coor ground,

walks, or hedges. Mortimer's Husbandry. The rate of coppice lands will fall upon the discovery of coal-mines. Loote.

Co’f PLE-Dust. n.s. [probably for copper or cupel dust.] Powder used in purifying metals, or the gross parts separated by the cupel. It may be also tried by incorporating powder of steel, or copple-dot, by pouncing into the quicksilver. Bacon. Copple-ston Es are lumps and fragments of stone or marble, broke from the adjacent cliffs, rounded by being bowled and tumbled to and again by the action of the water. Woodward. Co'PP le D. adj. [from cop.] Rising in a conick form; rising to a point. There is some difference in this shape, some being flatter on the top, others more copiod. Woodward on Fossils. Cops E. n. 4. [abbreviated from coppice.] A low wood cut at a certain growth for fuel; a place overgrown with short wood. The east quarters of the shire are not destitute of copse woods. Garew'. Survey of Corn:vall. Oaks and brambles, if the cofoo be burn'd, Confounded lie, to the same ashes turn'd. Waller.

- A term of grammar.

But in what quarter of the rose it lay, His eye by certain level could survey. Dryák. To Cops E. v. a. [from the noun..] To preserve underwoods. The neglect of cosing word cut down, h2th been of very evil consequence. Swift. CO'PULA. n.s. [Latin.] The word which unites the subject and predicate of a proposition : as, books are dear. The copula is the form of a proposition; it represents the act of the mind, affirming or deny1ng. * Watt's Logo. To COPULATE. v. a. scopulo, Lat.] To unite ; to conjoin ; to link together. If the force of custom, simple and serarate, be great, the force of custom copriate and cojoined, and collegiate, is far greater. Borea. To Coopui. At E. v. n. To come together as different sexes. Not only the persons so copulating are infected, ... but also their children. Wieran. Copula’rio N. m. s. [from copulate.] Th: congress or embrace of the two sexes. Soudry kinds, even of conjugal copulatio, are proibited as unhonest. Hector, Cosru LAT IV. E. adj. [copulativus, Latin.] Copulative propositions are those which his more subjects or predicates connected by aff mative of negative conjunctions: as, risfies 1-3 honours are temptations to Pride; Cesar to: quered the Gauls and the Britons; neither gold nor jewels will purchase immortality. Witt. COPY. m. . [copie, Fr. copia, low Latin; quod caipian facta est copia exscribendi. junios inclines, after his manner, to derive it from x3:3", labour; because, says he, to copy another's writing is very painful and laborious.] 1. A transcript from the archetype or original. If virtue's self were lost, we might Fo your * mind new coies write. o: ave not the vanity to think my c. --to the original. y y #. He stept forth, not only the refy of God's hands, but also the copy of his perfections, a kind of image or representation of the Deity in small Saoto's Serrero. The Romans having sent to Athens, and the Greek cities of Italy, #. copies of the best laws, chose ten legislators to put them into form.Soft. 2. An individual book; one of many books: as, a good or fair copy. The very having of the books of God was a matter of no small charge, as they could not be had otherwise than in written copies. Heir. 3. The autograph; the original; the ar. chetype ; that from which anything is copied. It was the copy of our conference; In bed he slept not, for my urging it; At board he fed not, for my urging it. Sto. Let him first learn to write, after a stor, in the letters in the vulgar alphabet. *. The first of them I have forgotten, and carrot easily retrieve, because the coy is at the press Dryo. 4. An instrument by which any convoy. ance is made in law. Tho know'st that Banquo and his Fleinst ives; But in them nature's copy's not eternal. Sist, 5. A picture drawn from another picture. Copy-book, m. s. [copy and book. A book in which copies are written for learners to imitate. Copy-hold. n. . [copy and hold.]. A tenure, for which the tenant hath nothing to show but the copy of the rolls made by the steward of his lord’s court: for the steward, as he enrolls other things done in the lord’s court, so he registers such tenants as are admitted in the court, to any parcel of land or te: nement belonging to the manor ; and the transcript of this is called the court roll, the copy of which the tenant takes from him, and keeps as his only evidence. Copy-hold is called a base tenure, because it holds at the will of the lord; yet not simply, but according to the custom of the manor: so that if a copy-holder break not the custom of the manor, and thereby forfeit his tenure, he cannot be turned out at the lord's pleasure. These customs of manors vary, in one point or other, almost in every manor. Some copy-holds are finable, and some certain : that which is finable, the lord rates at what fine or income he pleases, when the tenant is admitted into it; that which is certain, is a kind of inheritance, and called in many places customary; because the tenant dying, and the hold being void, the next of blood paying the customary fine, as two shillings for an acre, or so, cannot be denied his admission. Some copy-holders have, by custom, the wood growing upon their own land, which by law they could not have. Some hold by the verge in ancient demesne; and though they hold by copy, yet are they, in account, a kind of freeholder; for, if such a one commit felony, the king hath annum, diem, and vastum, as in case of freehold. Some others hold by common tenure, called mere copy-hold; and they conmitting felony, their laid escheats to the lord of the manor. Cowell. If a customary tenant die, the widow shall have what the law calls her free bench in all his copy-boid lands. - Addison. Cory-hold E. R. n. . [from refor-hold.] One that is possessed of land in copyhold. 72 Coop v. v. a. [from the noun.] I. To transcribe ; to write after an original : it has sometimes out, a kind of pleonasm. He who hurts a barmless neighbour's peace, Who loves a lie, lame slander helps about, Who writes a libel, or who copies out. Pope. 2. To imitate; to propose to imitation ; to endeavour to resemble. He that borrows other men's experience, with this design of copying it out, possesses himself of one of the greatest advantages. Decay of Piety. set the examples, and their souls inflaine To copy out their great forefathers fame. Dryd. To copy her few nymphs aspir'd,

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ation of amorous advances ; desire of attracting notice. I was often in company with a couple of charming women, who had all the wit and beauty one could desire in female companions, without a dash of coquetry, that from time to time gave me a great many agreeable torments. Addison. COQUE"TTE. m. s. [coquette, Fr. from coquart, a prattler.] A gay, airy girl; a girl who endeavours to attract notice. The light coquettes in sylphs aloft repair, And sport and flutter in the fields of air. Pope. A coquette and a tinder-box are spark-led. Arbuthnot. Co'R Aci.e. n. 4. [cowrvgle, Welsh ; probably from corium, leather, Lat.) A boat used in Wales by fishers, made by drawing leather or oiled cloth upon a frame of wicker work. CO’RAL. n.s.. [corallium, Latin.] 1. Red coral is a plant of as great hardness and stony nature while growing in the water, as it has after long exposure to the air. The vulgar opinion, that coral is soft while in the sea, proceeds from a soft and thin coat, of a crustaceous"matter, covering it while it is growing, and which is taken off before it is packed up for use. The whole coral plant grows to a foot or more in height, and is variously ramified. It is thickest at the stem, and its branches grow gradually smaller. It grows to stones, without a root, or without any way penetrating them ; but as it is found to grow, and take in its nourishment, in the manner of plants, and to produce flowers and seeds, or at least a matter analogous to seeds, it properly belongs to the vegetable kingdom. Hill's Mat. Med. In the sea, upon the south-west of Sicily, much cora! is found. . It is a submarine plant; it hath no leaves; it brancheth only when it is under water. It is soft, and green of colour; but being brought into the air, it becometh hard and shining red, as we see. Bacon. This gentleman, desirous to find the nature of coral, caused a man to go down a hundred fathom into the sea, ‘..." * orders to take x

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