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by being very elaborately and finely ground ; where I see not what can be justly pretended for those changes, besides the breaking of their parts into less parts by that contrition. Newton's Opt. 2. Penitence; sorrow for sin : in the strict sense, the sorrow which arises from the desire to please God; distinguished from attrition, or imperfect repentance produced by dread of hell. What is sorrow and contrition for sin 2 A being grieved with the conscience of sin, not only that we have thereby incurred such danger, but also that we have so unkindly grieved and provoked sc good a God. Hammond's Practical Catechism. Fruits of more pleasing savour, from thy seed Sown with contrition in his heart, than those Which, his own hand manuring, all the trees Of Paradise could have produc’d. Milton. Your fasting, contrition, and mortification, when the church and state appoints, and that ospecially in times of greater riot and luxury. Spratt's Sermons. - My future days shall be one whole contrition; A chapel will I build with large endowment, Where every day an hundred aged men Shall all holdup their wither'd hands to heav'n.' - Dryden. CoN TR 1 v AB L E. adj. [from contrive.] Possible to be planned by the mind; possible to be invented and adjusted. It will hence appear how a }. ual motion may seem easily sontrivable. Wilkins' Dedalus. Cox T R 1'v ANC E. m. s. [from contrive.] 1. The act of contriving; excogitation ; the thing contrived. There is no work impossible to these contrivancer, but there may be as much acted by this art as can be fancied by imagination. Wilkins. Instructed, you'll explore Divine contrivance, and a God adore. Blackouere. 2. Scheme ; plan ; disposition of pats or ... causes. ° Our bodies are made according to the most ' curious artifice, and orderly controvazzo. - - Glanville's S. pris. 4. A conceit ; a plot ; an artifice. Have I not manag'd my contrivance well, To try your love, and make you doubt o,mine? den. There might be a feint, a contrivance §: matter, to draw him into scne secret anabush. Atterbury.

To CONTRI'VE. v. a. s. controuver, Fr.] 1. To plan out; to excogitate. One that slept in the contriving lust, and waked to do it. Shakspeare's King Lear. What more likely to contrive this admirable frame of the universe than infinite wisdom * ‘I slotron. Oer poet has always some beautiful design, which he first establishes, and tileu contrives the means which wall naturally conduct him to his tnd. Dryden. 1. To wear aw-ay. Out of use. . Three ages, such as montal men controve. Fairy Queen. Piense ye, we may contrive this afternoon, - And quaff carouses to our mistress' health. Slaloears. To Cost R i've. v. n. To form or design; to plan to scheme ; to complot. - Is it enough That masking habits, and a born ow’d name, Controve to hide my plenitude of shame f Prior. Cost R E M = r. 1, n.s. Liron contrive.] Invent r. loist,

CoN TRI've R. m. . [from contrive..] An

inventer; one that plans a design ; a schemer.

I, the mistress of your charms, The close contriver of all harms, Was never call'd to bear my part. Shakspear c.

Epeus, who the fraud's contriver was. Denban.

Plain loyalty, not built on hope, I leave to your contriver, Pope : None loves his king and country better, Yet none was ever less their debtor. S-rift.

Scenes of blood and desolation, I had painted as the common effects of those destructive inachines; whereof, he said, some evil genius, enemy to mankind, must have been the first contriver. Swift's Gulliver's Traveli,

CONTRO'L. n. J. Leontrole, that is, contre role, French.) 1. A register or account kept by another officer, that each may be examined by the other. 2. Check ; restraint. Let partial spirits still aloud complain, Think themselves injur'd that they cannot reign; And own no liberty, but where they may, Without control, upon their fellows prev. J.;’,illor, He shall feel a force upon himself from within, and from the control of his own principles, to engage him to do worthily. South. If the sinner shall win so complete a victory over his conscience, that all those considerations shall be able to strike no terrour into his mind, lay no restrait upon his lusts, no control upon his appetites, he is certainly too strong for the means of grace. outh's Sermons. Speak, what Phoebus has inspir'd thy soul For common good, and speak without control. - - Dryden's Homer. 3. Power; authority; superintendence. The beasts, the fishes, and the winged fowls, Are their males' subjects, and at their control. Shaospeare. To CoNTR o’i. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To keep under check by a counter reckoning. 2. To govern ; to restrain ; to subject. Authority to convent, to control, to punish, as for as with excommunication, whomsoever they think worthy. Hooker. Give me a staff of honour for mine age; But not a sceptre to control the world. Slakr. Who shall control me for my works 2 Exclus. I feel my virtue struggling in my soul; But stronger passion does its pow'r control. Dryden's Aurengzebe. With this he did a herd of goats control, Which by the way he met, and slily stole; . Clad like a country swain he pip'd and sung, And Vlaying drove his jolly troop along. Dryd. O dearest Andrew, says the humble droll, Henceforth may I obey, and thou control. Prior. 3. To overpower; to confute: as, he controlled all the evidence of his adversary. As for the time while he was in the Tower, and the manner of his brother's death and his own escape, she knew they were thinks that a very few could control. Arcon's Ji.ary v1.1. CoNTRo'Lla Elf. adj. [from control.] Subject to control; subject to com. mand ; *:::: to be over-ruled. Passion is the drunkenness of the mind, and therefore, in its present workings, not controllble by reason. South. CoN TRo'LLER. m. . [from contro/.] One that has the power of governing or restrousung ; a superintendent.

He does not calm his contumelious spirit, Nor cease to be an arrogant controller. The great controller of our fate Deign'd to be man, and liv'd in low estate. Dryden. CoN TRo’llership. n.s.[from controller.] The office of a controller. CoN T R o' LM EN r. m. s. [from control.] 1. The power or act of superintending or restraining. * * 2. The state of being restrained; restraint. They made war and peace with one another, without controlment. Davies on Ireland. 3. Opposition; confutation. Were it reason that we should suffer the same to pass without controlment, in that current meaning whereby every where it prevaileth. Hooker. 4. Resistance; hostility. Here have we war for war, and blood for blood, Controlment for controlment. Shakspeare. CoN Trov E/Rs 1 A L. adj. [from controversy.) Relating to disputes; disputatious. It happens in controversial discourses as it does in the assaulting of towns; where, if the ground be but firm whereon the batteries are erected, there is no farther enquiry whom it belongs to, so it affords but a fit rise for the present purpose. ocłe. Co'N TRov ERsv. n.s.. [controversia, Lat.] 1. Dispute; debate; agitation of contrary opinions: a dispute is commonly oral, and a controversy in writing. How cometh it to pass that we are so rent with mutual contentions, and that the church is so much troubled 2 If men had been willing to learn, all these controversies might have died the very day they were first brought forth. Hoeker. Without controvery, great is the mystery of godliness. Timothy. Wild controvery then, which long had slept. Into the press from ruin'd cloisters leapt. Denh. This left no room for controversy about the title, nor for encroachment on the right of others. " . Locke. 2. A suit in law. If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them, then they shall justify the righteous and condemn the wicked. Deuteronomy. 3. A quarrel. The Lord hath a controvery with the nations. - jeremiah. 4. Opposition; enmity. This is an unusual sense. The torrent roar"d, and we did buffet it With lusty sinews; throwing it aside, And stemming it with hearts of controversy. Shak. To CONTROWERT. v. a. [controverto, Lat.] To debate ; to ventilate in opposite books; to dispute any thing in writing. If any person shall think fit to controvert them, he may do it very safely for me. Cheyne. JHooker seems to use the word controoverse, if it be not an erratum. Persuasion ought to be fully settled in men's hearts, that, in litigations and controversed causes of such quality, the will of God is to have them to do whatsoever the sentence of judicial and final decision shall determine. FIcolor. Con TRove'RT B le. adj. [from contro

overt.] Disputable ; that, may be the

cause of controversy. - - Discoursing of matters dubious, and many eentrovertible truths, we cannot without arro

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gancy intreat a credulity, or implore any frther assent than the probability of our reasons and” verity of our experiments. Brown's Walz, Err. Cost Rove'RT is r. m. s. [from controvert.] Disputant; a man versed oren. gaged in literary wars or disputations. Who can think himself so considerable or to dread this mighty man of demonstratiot, this prince of controvertists, this great lord ind possessor of first principles? Tilkose, CoNTu MA'cious. adj. [contumax, Lat] Obstinate ; perverse ; stubborn; inflexible. He is in law said to be a conturarious person, who, on his appearance, afterwards depart: it: court without leave. Ayliffe's }. There is another very efficacious method fit subduing of the most obstinate contanations snner, and bringing him into the obedience of the faith of Christ. Hammond's Fundamentii. CoN or UMA’cious LY.ado. from continocious.] Obstinately; stubbornly; inflexibly ; preversely. CoN TUMA'cious N Ess. n.s.. [from contamacious.] Obstinacy 5 perverseness; i. flexibility; stubbornness. From the description I have given of it, judgment may be given of the difficulty and * tumaciousness of cure. H/iscour.

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CoNtume"liousness. n. . [from contumelious.] Rudeness; Yeproach.

CO'NTUMELY. m. s. [contumelia, Lat.] Rudeness; contemptuousness; bitterness of language ; reproach. If the helm of chief government be in the hands of a few of the wealthiest, then haws, providing for continuance thereof, must make the punishment of contumely and wrong, offered unto any of the commonsort, sharp and grievous, that so the evil may be prevented. ooker. Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely, The pang of despis'd love, the law's delay. Shakspeare's Hamlet. It was undervalued and depressed with some bitterness and contumáy. Clarendon. Why should any man be troubled at the contumelies of those, whose judgment deserves not to be valued 2 Tillotron. Eternal contumely attend that guilty title,which claims exemption from thought, and arrogates to its wearers the prerogative of brutes. Addison.

To CONTU'SE. v. a. [contusus, Latin.] 1. To beat together; to bruise. Of their roots, barks, and seeds, contured together, and mingled with other earth, and well watered with warm water, there came forth herbs much like the other. Bacon. 2. To bruise the fresh without a breach of the continuity. The ligature contusz, the lips in cutting them, so that they require to be digested before they can unite. Wiseman. CoN Tu's to N. m. s. [from contusio.] 1. The act of beating or bruising. 2. The state of being beaten or bruised. Take a piece of glass, and reduce it to powder; it acquiring by confusion a multitude of minute surfaces, from a diaphanous, degenerates into a white body. Boyle on Colours. 3. A bruise; a compression of the fibres, distinguished from a wound. That winter lion, who in rage forgets Aged contusions, and all bruise of time. SBakr. The bones, in sharp colds, wax brittle; and all contusions, in hard weather, are more difficult to cure. Bacon. CoN vale'scence. Y m. s. [from convaCos v. A 1. E.'sce N cy. $ lesco, Lat.) Renewal of health; recovery from a disease. Being in a place out of the reach of any alarm, she recovered her spirits to a reasonable convafescence. Clurendon. CCNVALE'SCENT. adj. [convalescens, Latin.] Recovering ; returning to a state of health. CoN v E.'s ABLE. adj. [convenable, French.1 1. Consistent with ; agreeable to ; accordant to. Not in use. e is so meek, wise, and merciable, And with his word his work is convenable. Spenser's Pastorals. 2. That may be convened. ‘To CONVENE. v. n. [convenio, Latin.] I. To come together; to associate; to unite. The fire separates the aqueous parts from the others where with they were blended in the con***, and brings then into the receiver, where } conveas into a liquor. Boyle. * short-sighted men, whose eyes are too p, the 'efraction being too great, the rays crge,” convene in the eyes before the or the botcom, Mowton's Optici.

2. To assemble for any publick purpose. There are settled periods of their convening, or a liberty left to the prince for convoking the legislature. Lock. To Con v E'N E. v. a. 1. To call together; to assemble; to convoke. No man was better pleased with the convening of this parliament than myself. King Charles. All the factious and schismatical people would frequently, as well in the night as the day, convene themselves by the o: of a bell. Clarend. And now th’ almighty father of the gods Convenes a council in the blest abodes. Pope. 2. To summon judicially. By the papal canon law, clerks, in criminal and civil causes, cannot be convened before any but an ecclesiastical judge. Ayliffo. CoN v EN 1 EN ce. U. m. s. [convenientia, CoN v E'N1 EN cy. $ Latin.] 1. Fitness: propriety. Conveniency is, when a thing or action is so fitted to the circumstances, and the circumstances to it, that thereby it becomes a thing convenient. Perkins. In things not commanded of God, yet lawful because permitted, the question is, what light shall shew us the conveniency which one hath above another ? Hooker. 2. Commodiousness; ease; freedom from difficulties. A man putting all his pleasures into one, is like a traveller's putting all his goods into one jewel; the value is the same, and the convenience greater. South's Sermons. Every man must want something for the conveniency of his life, for which he must be obliged to others. Calamy's Sermons, There is another convenience in this method during your waiting. Swift. 3. Cause of ease ; accommodation. If it have not such a convenience, voyages must be very uncomfortable. Wilkins' Math. Magick. A man alters his mind as the work proceeds; and will have this or that convenience more, of which he had not thought when he began. Dryd. There was a pair of spectacles, a pocket perspective, and several other little conveniencies, I did not think myself bound in honour to discower. Swift's Gulliver's Travels. 4. Fitness of time or place. Use no farther means; But, with all brief and plain conveniency, Let me have judgment. Shakt. Mer of Penice.

CONVE'NIENT. adj. [conveniens, Lat.] 1. Fit ; suitable ; proper; well adapted ; commodious. The least and most trivial episodes, or under actions, are either necessary or convenient: either necessary, that without them the poem must e imperfect; or so convenient that no others can be imagined more suitable to the place in which they are. 1)ryd. Desic. to the AEmeid. Health itself is but a kind of temper, gotten and preserved by a convenient mixture of contrarieties. Arbuthnot on 41iments. 2. It has either to or for before the following noun: perhaps it ought generally to have for before persons, and to before things. Give me neither poverty nor riches, feed me with food convenient for me. Priorly. There are some arts that are peculiarly conient to some particular nations. ‘Tillot.on. CoN VE's 1 ENT 1. Y. adv.[from convenient.] 1. Commodiously; without difficulty.

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CoN v E'N TI cle, n, J. [conventiculum, Lat.] 1. An assembly; a meeting. hey are commanded to abstain from all conventicles of men whatsoever; even, out of the church, to have nothing to do with publick business. Aylift's Parergon. *. An assembly for worship. Generally used in an ill sense, including heresy or schism. It behoveth, that the place where God shall be served by the whole church be a publick place; for the avoiding of privy conventicles, which, covered with pretence of religion, may serve unto dangerous practices. Hocker. Who, far from steeples and their sacred sound, In fields their sullen conventicle, fourd. 17 yden. A sort of men, who are content to be stiled of the church of England, who perhaps attend its service in the morning, and go with their wives to a conventicle in the afternoon. Swift. 3. A secret assembly ; an assembly where conspiracies are formed. Ay, all of you have laid your heads together (Myself had notice of your conventicles), And all to make away my guiltless life. Shaks. 4. An assembly, in contempt. If he revoked this plea too, 't was because he found the expected council was dwindling into a convential: ; a packed assembly of Italian bishops, not a free convention of fathers from all quarters. Atterbury. CoN ve’NT 1 C L E R. n. . [from conventicle.] One that supports or frequents private and unlawful assemblies. Another crop is too like to follow; nay, I fear, it is unavoidable, if the conventiclero be permitted still to scatter. Dryden. CoN v E's rios. n. 4. [conventio, Latin.] 1. The act of coming together; union; coalition ; junction. They are to be reckoned amongst the most general affections of the conventions, or associations, of several particles of matter into bodies of any certain denomination, Boyle. 3. An assembly.

Publick conventions are liable to all the nor

mities, follies, and vices, of private men. Strift,

3. A contract; an agreement for a time, previous to a definitive treaty.

Cosve's T for A L. adj. [from convention.] Stipulated ; agreed on by compact. Conventional services, reserved by tenure: upon grants made out of the crown, or kno" service. Hak. Cos v F.'s rio's A Ry. adj. [from conver. tion. Acting upon contract; settled by stipulations. The ordinary covenants of most contentionary tenants are, to pay due capon and due harvo journeys. Carew's Sorry. Cos v ENTua L. adj. [conventics, Fr.] Belonging to a convent; monastick. Those are called c oventual priors, that have the chief ruling power over a monastery. Ayo, CoN v E.'s Tu A L. m. s. Ltron convent. A monk; a nun ; one that lives in a codvent. I have read a sermon of a conventual, wholid it down, that Adam could not laugh before the fall. - Addison's Spot-to

To CONVERGE. v. n. [convergo, Lat.) To tend to one point from difiercat places. Where the rays from all the points of any coject meet again, after they have been mad: to converge by reflexion or refraction, there tier will nake a picture of the object upon a wit: body. Newton's Upika, Ensweeping first The lower skies, they all at once converg: High to the crown of heaven. testat. CoN v E^* G E N T. { ad: (from converge.] Cos v E'R G is G. Tciding to one point from differents parts. CoN v E R G N G Series. See SER ifs. . . CoN v E'R's ABLE. adj. [from converse. It is sometimes written conversible, but im: properly ; conversant, conversation, cover;able.] Qualified for conversation; fit for company; well adapted to the reciprocal communication of thoughts; communicative. That fire and levity which makes the your; scarce conversible, when tempered by years makes a gay old age. -ji:ites. CoN v E'R's A B L E N Ess. n. 4. [from conversable.] The quality of being a pleasing companion ; fluency of talk. Conve'R's A B ly, adv.[from conversalk) In a conversable manner; with the qualities of a pleasing communicatiot companion.

CoN v E'R's ANT. adj. [convertant, Fr.] 1. Acquainted with ; having a knowledg: of anything acquired by familiarity and

habitude; familiar: with in.

The learning and skill which he had by bein: eonversant in their books. Hector, Let them make some towns near to the mourtain's side, where they may dwell together with neighbours, and be conversant in the view of the worki. See Those who are converrant in both the tongues, I leave to make their own judgment of it. InHe uses the different dialects as one who Sad been convertant with them all. Po, 4. Having intercourse with any; acquails


ed; familiar by cohabitation or fellowship; cohabiting: with among or with: All that Moses commanded, Joshua read before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them. joshua. Never to be infected with delight, Nor conversant with ease and idleness. Shakt: Old men who have loved young company, and been conversant continually with them, have been of long life. Bacon. Gabriel, this day by proof thou shalt behold, Thou, and all angels conversant on earth J/ith man, or men's affairs, how I begin To verify that solemn message. Milton. To such a one, an ordinary coffeehouse gleaner of the city is an arrant statesman; and as much superiour too, as a man conversant about Whitehall and the court is to an ordinary shopkeeper. - Locke. 2. Relating to ; having for its object; concerning : with about, formerly in. The matters wherein church policy is convereant, are the publick religious duties of the church. Hooker. - If any think education, because it is conversant ... children, to be but a private and domestick duty, he has been ignorantly bred himself. otton on Education. Discretion, considered both as an accomplishment and as a virtue, not only as convertant about worldly affairs, but as regarding our whole existence. Addison's Spectator. Indifference cannot but be criminal, when it is senterrant about objects which are so far from being of an indifferent nature, that they are of the highest importance to ourselves and our country. Addison's Freeholder. Cos v E R sa’t to N. m.s.. [conversatio, Lat.] J. Familiar discourse; chat; easy talk: opposed to a formal conference. She went to Pamela's chamber, meaning to i. her thoughts with the sweet conversation of ... her sister. Sidney. What I mentioned some time ago in conversation, was not a new thought, just then started by accident or occasion. - Swift. 2. A particular act of discoursing upon any subject : as, we had a long conversation on that question. 3. Commerce; intercourse; familiarity. The knowledge of men and manners,the freedom of habitudes, and conversation with the best company. ... Dryden. His apparent, open guilt ; I mean his conversation with Shore's wife. Shak. 4. Behaviour; manner of acting in common life. Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles. I o: s. Practical habits; knowledge by long acquaintance. I set down, out of long experience in business and much conversation in books, what I thought pertinent to this business. Bucun. By experience and conversation with these bodies, a man may be enabled to give a near conjecture at the metallic ingredients of any mass. A cadavard. Cosve'R's A rive, ad;. [from converse.] Relating to publick life, and commerce with men ; not contemplative. Finding him little studious and contemplative, she chose to enduz him with conversative qualities of youth. to.

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1. To cohabit with ; to hold intercourse with ; to be a companion to : followed by with. By approving the sentiments of a person with whom he converset, in such particulars as were just, he won him over from those points in which 3. was mistaken. Addisco. For him who lonely loves To seek the distant hills, and there converse With nature. Thomson's Summer. 2. To be acquainted with ; to be familiar to action. I will converte with iron-witted fools, And unrespective boys: none are for me, That look into me with considerate eyes. Shaë. Men then come to be furnished with fewer or more simple ideas from without, according as the cbjects they converse with afford greater or less variety. . Locke. 3- o convey the thoughts reciprocally in talk. Go, therefore; half this day, as friend with

friend, Converse with Adam. Milton Par. Lor?. Much less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl. So well converse. JMilton's Paradise Lost.

4. To discourse familiarly upon any subject: with on before the thing. We had converted so often on that subject, and he had communicated his thoughts of it so o to ye, that I had not the least remaining di ficulty. Dryden's Dufrenzy. 5. To have commerce with a different sex. Being asked by some of her sex, in how long a time a woman might be allowed to pray to the gods, after having converted with a man? If it were a husband, says she, the next day; if a stranger, never. Guardian. ,

Co’s v ERs E. m. s. [from the verb. It is sometimes accented on the first syllable, sometimes on the last, Pope has used both : the first is more analogical.] 1. Conversation; manner of discoursing in familiar life. His converse is a system fit Alone to fill up all her wit. *::: Gen'rous converse, a soul exempt from pride, And love to praise with reason on his side. Popa. Form'd by thy converse, happily to steer From grave to gay, from lively to severe. Pope. 2. Acquaintance; cohabitation; familiarity. Though it be necessitated, by its relation to flesh, to a terrestrial converse; yet it is, like the sun, without contaminating its beams. Granville. By such a free converte with persons of different sects, we shall find that there are persons of good sense and virtue, persons of piety and worth. Watts on the Mind. 3. In geometry. [from conversus.] proposition is said to be the converse of another, when, after drawing a conclusion from something first proposed, we proceed to sup what had been before concluded, and to j. from it what had been *::::::: Thus, if two sides of a triangle be equal, the angles opposite to those sides are also equal: the converse of the proposition is, that if two angles of a triangle be equal, the sides opposite to angles are also equal. Churbers. CoN ve'R's ELY.adv.s from converse.] With change of order; in a contrary order; reciprocally. CoN v E’Rs1 on. n.s.. [conversic, Latin.] 1. Change from one state into another; transmutation. Artificial conversion of water into ice, is the

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