Графични страници
PDF файл

Y am no courtier, nor versed in state affairs: my life hath rather been contemplative than actJoe. acort. Contemptative men may be without the pleasure of discovering the secrets of state, and men of action are commonly without the pleasure of tracing the secrets of divine art. Grew. 3. Having the power of thought or meditation. So many kinds of creatures might be to exercise the contemplative faculty of man. Ray. CoN r E/M P LA riv ELY. adv. [from contemplative.] Thoughtfully; attentively; with deep attention. CoN or FM pla’To R. n.s. [Lat.] One employed in study; an enquirer after knowledge; a student. In the Persian tongue the word magus imports as much as a contemplator of divine and heavenly science. Raleigh's History. The Platonick contemplators reject both these descriptions, founded o parts and colours. rown's Pulgar Errours. CONTE'MPORARY, rain, Fr.] 1. Living in the same age ; coetaneous. Albert Durer was contemporary to Lucas. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 2. Born at the same time. A grove born with himself he sees, And loves his old contemporary trees. Cowley. 3. Existing at the same point of time. It is impossible to make the ideas of yesterday, to-day, and to-morrow, to be the same ; or bring ages past and future together, and make them contemporary. Locke. CoN or E/M Po RAR Y. n.s. One who lives at the same time with another. All this in blooming youth you have atchiev'd; Nor are your foil'd contemporaries griev'd. 1)ryd. As he i. been fourts. to me, he will hear of his kindness from our contemporaries; for we are fallen into an age illiterate, censorious, and detracting. Dryden's juvenal, Prosace. The active part of mankind, as they do most for the good of their contemporaries, very deservedly gain the greatest share in their applauses. Addison's Freeholder. 72 Conte’M ports E. v. a. [con and tempus, Lat.]. To make contemporary; to place in the same age. The indifferency of their existences, contemzoorised into our actions, admits a farther consideration. Brown's Pulgar Errours. cCNTE'MPT. n.s.. [contemptus, Lat.] r. The act of despising others; slight re- gard ; scorn. It was neither in contempt nor pride that I did not bow. Esther. The shame of being miserable Exposes men to scorn and base contempt, Even from their nearest friends. Denham. There is no action, in the behaviour of one man towards another, of which human nature is rnore impatient than of contempt; it being an undervaluing of a man, upon a belief of hisutter uselessness and inability, and a spiteful endeavour to engage the rest of the world in the same slight esteem of him. South. is friend smil'd scornful, and with proud - *::::: Ross, as idle what his fellow dreamt. Dryden. fem ong: sys Longinus, can be great, the con2. An of which is great. Addison. he state of being despised; vileness.

[ocr errors]

The place was like to come unto contempt. 2 Mar. CoNTE'MPt 1 ble. adj. [from contempt.] 1. Worthy of contempt; deserving scorn. No man truly knows himself, but he groweth daily more contemptible in his own eyes. Taylor. From no one vice exempt, And most contemptible to shun contempt. Pope. 2. Despised ; scorned neglected. There is not so contemptible a plant or animal, that does not confound the most enlarged understanding. Locłe. 3. Scornful; apt to despise; contemptuous. This is no proper use. If she should make tender of her love, ’tis very possible he'll scorn it; for the man hath a contemptible spirit. Shakspeare. CoN TE'M PT 1 B L E N Ess. n. 4. [from contemptible.] The state of being contemptible; the state of being despised; meanness; vileness; baseness; cheapness. Who, by a steddy practice of virtue, comes to discern the contemptibleness of baits wherewith he allures us. Decay of Picty. CoNTE/Mpt IBLY. adv. [from contemptible.] Meanly; in a manner deserving contempt. Know'st thou not Their language, and theirways? They also know, And reason not contemptibly. Milton. CoNTE'MPTuous. adj. [from contempt.] Scornful; apt to despise; using words or actions of contempt ; insolent. To neglect God all our lives, and know that we neglect him; to offend God voluntarily, and know that we offend him, casting our hopes on the peace which we trust to make at parting; is no other than a rebellious presumption, and even a contemptuous laughing to scorn and deriding of God, his laws, and precepts. Raleigh. Some much averse I found, and wond’rous harsh, Contemptuous, proud, set on revenge and spite. Milt. Agon. Rome, the proudest part of the heathen world, entertained the most contemptuous opinion of the Jews. - Atterbury. CoNTE'M PTU ously. adv. [from contemptuous.] With scorn; with despite; scornfully ; despitefully. I throw my name against the bruising stone, Trampling contemptuously on thy diadem. Shafts. The apostles and most eminent christians were poor, and used contemptuously. Taylor. If he governs tyrannically in youth, he will be treated contemptuously in age; and the baser his enemies, the more intolerable the affront. L'Estrange. A wise man would not speak cantemptuously of a prince, though out of his dominions. Tillosion. CoNTE'M PTU ous N Ess. n. . [from contemptuous.] Disposition to contempt; insolence. Dict. To CONTE'ND. v. n. [ contendo, Lat.] 1. To strive : to struggle in opposition. Hector's forehead spit forth blood At Grecian swords :ontending. Shakspeare. His wonders and his praises do contend Which should be thine or his. Shai peare. Death and nature do contend about them, Whether they live or die. Shakspeare's Macbeth. Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle; for I will not give thce of their land. **a*.

[ocr errors]

2. To vie; to act in emulation. . You sit above, and see vain men below Contend for what you only can bestow. Dryden. 3. It has for before the ground or cause of contention. The question which our author would contend r, if he did not forget it, is, what persons have a right to be obeyed. Locke. 4. Sometimes about. He will find that many things he fiercely contended about were trivial. Decay of Piety. 5. It has with before the opponent. This battle fares like to the morning's war, When dying clouds contend with growing light. *:::::::: #; V i. If we consider him as our Maker, we cannot sentend with him. Temple. 6. Sometimes against. In ambitious strength I did Contend against thy valour. Shakspeare. To Con TE'N D. v. a. To dispute any thing; to contest. Their airy limbs in sports they exercise, And on the green contend the wrestler's prize. Dryden's AEneid. A time of war at length will come, When Carthage shall contend the world with Rome. Thus low we lie, Shut from this day and that contended sky. Dryd. CoNTE'N DENT. n.s.. [from contend..] Antagonist; opponent; champion ; combatant. Not used. In all notable changes and revolutions, the •ontendents have been still made a prey to the third party. L'Estrange. CoNTE'N DER. n.s.. [from contend.] Combatant; champion. The contenders for it look upon it as undeniable. Locke. Those disputes often arise in good earnest, where the two contenders do really believe the different propositions which they support. Watts. CONTE’NT. adj. [contentus, Lat.] 1. Satisfied, so as not to repine; easy, though not highly pleased. Born to the spacious empire of the Nine, One would have thought she should have been content To manage well that mighty government. Dryd. Who is content, is happy. ocke. A man is perfectly content with the state he is in, when he is perfectly without any uneasiness. Locke. Foe to loud praise, and friend to learned ease, Content with science in the vale of peace. Pope. 3. Satisfied, so as not to oppose. Submit you to the people's voices, Allow their officers, and be content To suffer lawful censure. Shakspeare. To Cont E/NT. v. a. [from the adjective.] 1. To satisfy, so as to stop complaint ; not to offend ; to appease, without plenary happiness or complete gratification. Content thyself with this much, and let this satisfy thee, that I love thee. Sidney. . Great minds do sometimes content themselves to threaten, when they could destroy. Tillotron. Do not content yourselves with obscure and confused ideas where clearer are to be attained. fy Watts's Logick. . To please ; to gratify. 2. Is .. adder lo than the eel Because his painted skin contents the eye?Shah.

[ocr errors]

It doth much content me, To hear him so inclin'd., Skałpeare', Harla. If a man so tem is actions, as in some one of them he doth content every faction, the musick of praise will be fuller. Bazon. Wheat is contented with a meaner earth, and contenting with a suitable gain. rotoCost E'N T. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. Moderate happiness; such satisfaction as, though it does not fill up desire, appeases complaint. Nought's had, all's spent, Where our desire is got without content. Skalp. One thought contest the good to be enjoy'd; This every little accident destroy'd., Dryden. A wise content his even soul secur'd; By want not shaken, nor by wealth allur'd. Smith on Philips.

2. Acquiescence; satisfaction in a thing
, unexamined.
Others for language all their care express,
And value books, as women men, i.
Their praise is still—the stile is excellent;
The sense they humbly take upon centent. Pope.

3. [from contentus, contained.] That which is contained, or included, in any thing. Tho' my heart's content firm love doth bear, Nothing of that shall from mine eyes appear. SBakr Scarcely anything can be determined of the particular contents of any single mass of ore by mere inspection. Weedorard. Experiments are made on the blood of healthy animals: in a weak habit serum might afford other contents. Arkwthmat. 4. The power of containing ; extent; capacity. This island had then fifteen hundred strong ships, of great content. Bazar. It were good to know the geometrical context, figure, and situation of all the lands of a kingdom, according to natural bounds. Grasri. 5. That which is comprised in a writing. In this sense the plural only is in use. I have a letter from her, Of such contents as you will wonder at. SBakoor. I shall prove these writings not counterfeits, but authentick; and the contents true, and worthy of a divine original. Grew's Carmelofia. The contents of both books come before those of the first book, in the thread of the story. Addison's Spectator. CoNT ENTA’Tro N. m. J. [from content.] Satisfaction; content. Out of use.

I seek no better warrant than my own corscience, nor no greater pleasure than mine own condentation. Sidney. Fourteen years space, during the minority of Gordianus, the government was with great applause and contentation in the hands of Misitheus, a pedant. The shield was not long after incrusted with a new rust; and is the same, a cut of which hath been engraved and exhibited, to the great or tentation of the learned. Arbuthnet and Poo. CoNtE'Nt Ed. participial adj. [from cotent.] Satisfied; at quiet; not repining; not demanding more; easy, though not plenarily happy. Barbarossa, in hope by sufferance to obtain onother kingdom, seemed contented with the * swcI. - Knollu’ Histor

Dream not of other worlds, Contented that thus far has been reveal’d, Not of earth only, but of highest heav'n. Milton's Par, Lost. - If he can *:::: $ome nobler foe approach, to him he calls, And begs his fate, and then contented falls. Denham. To distant lands Vertumnus never roves; Like you, contented with his native groves. Pope. CoNTE'N T E D N Ess. n.s.. [from contented.] State of satisfaction in any lot. .# was, after tedious study, a calmer of unquiet thoughts, a moderator of passions, a procurer of contentedness. Walton's A CoNTE'NT Io N. n. 4. [contentio, Lat.] 1. Strife ; debate; contest; quarrel; mutual opposition.

ngler.

Can we with manners ask what was the dif

ference 2 • * —Safely, I think; 't was a contention in publick. Shakspeare,

Avoid foolish questions and genealogies, and contentions and strivings. Titus. Can they keep themselves in a perpetual contention with their ease, their reason, and their God, and not endure a short combat with a sinful custom I}ccay ofPiety. The ancients made contention the principle that reigned in the chaos at first, and then love ; the one to express the divisions, and the other the union of all parties in the middle and common bond. Burnet's Theory of the Earth. 2. Emulation; endeavour to excel. Sons and brother at a strife What is your quarrel; how began it first 2 —No quarrel, but a sweet contention. Shakr. 3. Eagerness; zeal; ardour; vehemence of endeavour. Your own earnestness and contention to effect what you are about, will continually suggest to you several artifices. - . Holder. This is an end, which at first view appears worthy our utmost contention to obtain. Rogers. cos r E'N Tious. adj. [from contend.] Quarrelsome; given to debate ; perverse; not peaceable. Thou thinkest much that this contentious storm Invades us to the skin. Shakspeare's King Lear. There are certain contentious humours that are never to be pleased. L'Estrange. Rest made them idle, idleness made them curiotis, and curiosity contentious. Decay of Piety. co Nore NT to us jurisdiction. [In law.] A court which has a power to judge and determine differences between contending parties. The lord chief justices, and judges, have a contentious jurisdiction; but the lords of the treasury, and o the commissioners of the customs, have none, being merely judges of accounts * and transactions. Chambers. Co NT ENT 1 ously. adv. [from contentious.]. Perversely ; quarrelsomely: We shall not contentiously rejoin, or only to

justify our own, but to applaud and confirm his rnaturer assertions. Brown.

Cost on rious Ness. n.s.. [from conten*..] Proneness to contest; perverse"; ; turbulence; quarrelsomeness.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Best states, contentlerz, Have a distracted and most wretched being, Worse than the worst, content. Shakspeart. CoNTE's TM ENT. n.s.. [from content, thu: verb.] 1. Acquiescence, without plenary satisfaction. Such men's contentment must be wrought by stratagem: the usual method of fare is not for them. Hooker. Submission is the only reasoning between a creature and its Maker, and contentment in his will is the best remedy we can apply to misfortulles. Temple. Contentment without external honour, is humility; without the pleasure of eating, temperance. Grew's Cosmologia. Some place the bliss in action, some in ease; Those call it pleasure, and contentment these. Pops. But now no face divine contentinent wears, "Tis all black sadness, or continual tears. Pope. 2, Gratification. At Paris, the prince spent one whole day, to ive his mind some contentment in viewing of a amous city. Wotta t. CoNTE'RM in ous. adj.[conterminus, Lat.] Bordering upon; touching at the boul daries. This conformed so many of them, as were conterminous to the colonies and garrisons, to d \e Roman laws. Ha le. CoN TERRA'Neous. adj. [conterranee s, Lat.] Of the same country. Dil 't. To CONTE'ST. v. a. [contester, French, probably from contra testari, Lat.] T'o dispute; to controvert; to litigate; to call in question. "T is evident upon what account none have presumed to contest the proportion of these a ucient pieces. Dryden's Dufresno y. To Co NT ess T. v. n. 1. To strive; to contend: followed by with. The difficulty of an argument adds to the F. of contesting with it, when there alre opes of victory. Burnt t2. To vie; to emulate. I do contest As hotly and as nobly with thy love, As ever in ambitious strength I did Contend against thy valour. Sbakıpear 2. Of man, who dares in pomp with Jove contest, Unchang'd, immortal, and supremely blest ? - Pope's Odytro. Co'N TEST. n. 4. [from the verb. It is now r accented on the first syllable.] Dispute ; difference : debate. This of old no less contests did move, Than when for Homer's birth sev'n cities strove. Denhan. A definition is the only way whereby the meaning of words can be known, without leaving room for contest about it. LockeLeave all noisy contests, all immodestclamours, and brawling language. Watts. CoN TE's r A B L E. adj. [from contest.] That may be contested; disputable; controvertible. CoN TE's TABLE N Ess. n. s. [from contestable.] Possibility of contest. 1)ict. CoN T Est A’ rio N. n.s.[from contest.] The act of contesting ; debate ; strife. Doors shut, visits forbidden, and, which was worse, divers contestations eveu with the queen herself, JP'ution. After years spent in domestick, unsociable contritations, she found means to withdraw. Clarend. To CONTE'X. v. a. [contexo, Lat.] To weave together; to unite by interposition of parts. Not in use. Nature inay contex a plant, though that be a Perfectly mixt concrete, without having all the elements previously presented to her to comound it of. Boyle. The fluid body of quicksilver is contexed with the salts it carries up in sublimation. Boyle. Co'N Tex T. n.s.. [contextus, Latin.] The general series of a discourse; the parts of the discourse that precede and follow the sentence quoted. * That chapter is really a representation of one, which hath only the knowledge, not practice, of his duty; as is manifest from the context. Hammond on Fundamentals. Conte'xt. adj. [from contex.] Knit together; firm. Hollow and thin, for lightness; but withalcontext and firm, for strength. Derham.

CoNTE's tur E. m. s. [from contex.] The disposition of parts one among others; the composition of any thing out of separate parts; the system; the constitution ; the manner in which anything is woven or formed. He was not of any delicate contexture; his smbs rather sturdy than dainty. Watton. Every species, afterwards expressed, was produced from that idea, forming that wonderful antexture of created beings. Dryden. Hence 'gan relax The ground's contexture; hence Tartarian dregs, Sulphur and nitrous spume, enkindling fierce, Bellow'd within their darksome caves. Philips. This apt, this wise contexture of the sea, Makes it the ships, driv'n by the winds, obey; Whence hardy merchants sail from shore to shore. Blackmore. CoN or 1 GN A^T Io N. m. s. [contignatio, Lat.] 1. A frame of beams joined together; a story. We mean a porch, or cloister, or the like, of one contignation, and not in storied buildings. Wetzon's Architecture. Where more of the orders than one shall be set in several stories or contignations, there must be an exquisite care to place the columns one over another. Wotton. 2. The act of framing or joining a fabrick of wood. CoN TI Gu’ity. n. 4. [from contiguous.] Actual contact; situation in which two bodies or countrics touch upon each other. iie defined magnetical attraction to be a natural imitation and disposition conforming unto contiguity. roovn. The immediate contiguity of that convex were a real space. }}. Orig. of Mankind.

CONTI'GUOUS. adj. [contiguus, Lat.] 1. Meeting so as to touch ; bordering upon each other; not separate. Flame doth not mingle with flame as air doth with air, or water with water, but only remaineth contiguous; as it cometh to pass betwixt consisting bodies. Bacon's Natural History. The loud misrule Of chaos far remov’d; lest fierce extremes, Corrigaolo, might distemper the whole frame. - 44ilian.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

2. That which contains any thing. This seiße is perhaps only in Shakspeare. O cleave, my sides! Heart, once be stronger than thy continent; Crack thy frail case! Antony and Cleopatra. Close pent-up guilts, Rive your contending continents. King Lear. To CONTINGE. v. n. [contingo, Latin.] To touch ; to reach ; to happen. Dict. CoN T 1/N GEN ce. n.s. (from contingent.] CoNT1'N GEN cy. The quality of being fortuitous ; accidental possibility. Their credulities assent unto any prognosticks, which, considering the contingency in events, are

only in the prescience of God. Brown. For once, O heav'n' unfold thy adamantine book;

If not thy firm immutable decree, At least the second page of great contingency, Such as consists with wills originally free. Dryd. Aristotle says, we are not to § certain rules upon the contingency of human actions. South. CoNT1's GF NT. adj. [contingens, Latin.] Falling out by chance; accidental; not determinable by . certain rule. Hazard naturally implie, in it, first, something future; secondly, something contingent. South. I first informed myself in all material circumstances of it, in more places than one, that there might be nothing casual or contingent in any one of those circumstances. Woodward. CoN or 1'N G E N T. n. J. 1. A thing in the hands of chance. By contingents we are to understand those things which come to pass without any human forecast. Grew's Cosmologia. His understanding could almost pierce into future contingents, his conjectures improving even to prophecy. Soutb's Sermons. 2. A proportion that falls to any person upon a division : thus, in time of war, each prince of Germany is to furnish his contingent of men, money, and munition. Co Nori'N Gently. adv. [from contingent.] Accidentally ; without any settled rule. It is digged out of the earth contingently, and indifferently, as the pyritae and agates. Woodw. CoNT1'N G ENT N Ess. n. 4. [from contin£ent.] Accidentalness; fortuitousness. Cô N ri'NUAL. adj. [continuus, Lat.]. r. In cessant; proceeding without interruption ; successive without any space of time between. Continual is used of time, and continuous of place. He that is of a merry heart hath a continual feast. Proverbs. Other care perhaps PMay have diverted from continual watch Cour great forbidder. Milton. T is all blank sadness, or continual tears. Pope. 2- CIn law.] A continual claim is made from time to time, within every year and day, to land or other thing, which, - in some respect, we cannot attain without danger. For example, if I be disReised of land, into which, though I i.;; into it, I dare not enter for on. beating; it behooveth me to hold tunit y right of entry to the best opporDTOa§: me and mine heir, by ap- ng as near it as I can, once cvery

year as long as I live; and so I save the right of entry to my heir. Cowell. 3. It is sometimes used for perpetual. CoN T 1'NUALLY. adv. [from continual.] 1. Without pause ; without interruption. The drawing of boughs into the inside of a room, where fire is continually kept, hath been tried with grapes. Bacon. 2. Without ceasing. Why do not all animals continually increase in bigness, during the whole space of their lives? Bentley's Sermont. CoNT1'NUAN ce. n.s.. [from continue.] 1. Succession uninterrupted. The brute immediately regards his own preservation, or the continuance of his species. Addison's Spectator. 2. Permanence in one state. Continuance of evil doth in itself increase evil. SidneyA chamber where a great fire is kept, though the fire be at one stay, yet with the continuance continually hath its heat increased. Sid These Romish casuists speak peace to the consciences of men, by suggesting something which shall satisfy their minds, notwithstanding a known, avowed continuance in sins. South. 3. Abode in a place. 4. Duration; lastingness.

You either fear his humour, or my negligence, that you call in question the continuance of his love. Shakspeare's Twelfth Night. Their duty depending upon fear, the one was of no greater continuance than the other. Hayw. That pleasure is not of greater continuance, which arises from the prejudice or malice of its hearers. Addison's Freeholder. 5. Perseverance. To them who, by patient continuance in welldoing, seek for glory, and honour, and immortality, eternal life. Acwawi. 6. Progression of time. In thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned. Psalms. 7. Resistance to separation of parts; conto: Wool, tow, cotton, and raw silk, have, besides the desire of continuance in regard to the tenuity of their thread, agreediness of moisture. BaronConti'Nuate. adj. [continuatus, Lat.] 1. Immediately united. We are of him and in him, even as though our very flesh and bones should be made contnuate with his. Hooker. 2. Uninterrupted; unbroken. A most incomparable man, breath'd, as it were, To an untirable and continuate goodness. Shahr. A clear body broken to small pieces produceth white; and becometh most black while it is continuate and undivided, as we see in deep waters and thick glasses. eacham. CoNT1'NUATE LY. adv.[from continuate.] With continuity; without interruption. The water ascends gently, and by intermissions; but it falls continuately, and with force. Wilkins. CoNTINUA’T 1 on. n. . [from continuate.l Protraction, or succession uninterrupted. These things must needs be the works of Providence, for the continuation of the species, and upholding the world. Ray. The Roman poem is but the second part of the Ilias; a continuation of the same story. Dryá.

« ПредишнаНапред »