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The man "clapt his fingers one day to his 2. To enter with alacrity and briskness mouth, and blew upon them. L'Estrange. His shield thrown by, to mitigate the smart
upon any thing.
Come, a song.
Sbakspeare. If you leave some space empty for the air,
3. To strike the hands together in apthen clap your hand upon the mouth of the vessel, and 'the fishes will contend to get uppermost
plause. in the water.
Ray on the Creation.
All the best men are ours; for 't is ill hap. It would be as absurd as to say, he clapped
If they hold, when their ladies bid'em clap. Ŝbat. spurs to his horse at St. James's, and gallopped. CLAP. n. s. [from the verb.] a way to the Hague.
Addison. I. A loud noise made by sudden collision. By having their minds yet in their perfect Give the door such a clap as you go out, as freedom and indifferency, they pursue truth the will shake the whole room, and make every better, having no bias yet clapped on to mislead thing rattle in it.
2. A sudden or unexpected act or motion. I have observed a certain cheerfulness in as
It is monstrous to me, that the south-ser bad a system of features as ever was clapped should pay half their debts at one clap. Swift. fogether, which
hath appeared lovely. Addison. 3. An explosion of thunder. Let all her ways be unconfin'd,
There shall be horrible claps of thunder, and And clap your padlock on her mind. Prior.
Aashes of lightning, voices and earthquakes. Socrates or Alexander might have a fool's
Hakewill on Providence, coat clapt upon them, and perhaps neither wisdom nor majesty would secure them from a
The clap is past, and now the skies are clear. şneer.
Watts on the Mind. 3. To do any thing with a sudden hasty 4. An act of applause.
The actors, in the midst of an innocent old motion, or unexpectedly.
play, are often startled in the midst of unexpectWe were dead asleep,
ed claps or hisses.
Addison. And, how we know not, all clapt under hatches.
3. A sudden or unexpected misfortune. He was no sooner entered into the town, but
Obsolete. a scambling soldier clap: hold of his bridle, 6. A venereal infection. [from clapoir, which he thought was in a begging or in a French.) drunken fashion. Wotton's Life of Buck. Time, that at last matures a clap to pox, Pope.
So much from the rest of his countrymen, and 7. [With falconers.] The nether part of indeed from his whole species, that his friends
the beak of a hawk. would have clapped him into bedlam, and have begged his estate.
CLA'PPER. n. s. [from clap.]
Spectator Have you observ'd a sitțing hare,
1. One who claps with his hands; an ap. List’ning, and fearful of the storm
plauder. Of horns and hounds, clap back her ear? Prior. 2. The tongue of a bell.
We will take our remedy at law, and clay an He hath a heart as sound as a bell: and his action upon you for old debts. Arbuthnot,
tongue is the clapper; for what his heart thinks, 4. To celebrate or praise by clapping the his tongue speaks.
Sbakspeare. hands; to applaud.
I saw a young lady fall down the other day, I have often heard the stationer wishing for
and she much resembled an overturned bell those hands to take off his melancholy bargain,
without a clapper.
Addison, which clapped its performance on the stage. 3. CLAPPER of a Mill. A piece of wood
Dedication to Dryden's Spanish Friar, shaking the hopper.' s. To infect with a venereal poison. [See To CLAPPERCLAW.v.a. [from clap and the noun.)
claw.] To tonguebeat ; to scold. If the patient hath been capt, it will the more difficult to cure him the second time, and
They are clapperclawing one another. I 'P
Sbakspeare. worse the third.
They 've always been at daggers-drawing, Let men and manners ev'ry dish adapt ;
And one another clapperclawing. Hudibras. Who'd force his pepper, where his guests are slapt?
CLA'R ENCEUX, or CL A'RENCIEUX. n. s. 6. To CLAP up. To complete suddenly, The second king at arms: so named without much precaution.
from the duchy of Clarence. No longer than we well could wash our hands, CLARE-OBSCURE. n. s. (from clarus, To clap this royal bargain up of peace. Shaks, bright, and obscurus, Lat.] Light and Was ever match clapt up so suddenly? Sbaks.
shade in painting. A peace may be clapped up with that sudden
As masters in the clare-obscure ness, that the forces, which are now in motion,
With various light your eyes allure: may unexpectedly fail upon his skirts. Howel.
A flaming yellow here they spread, 7. T. CLAP up. To imprison with little
Draw off in blue, or charge in red; formality or delay.
Yet from these colours, oddly mix'd,
of a clear pale red colour.
Red and white wine are in a trice confounded 1. To move nimbly with a noise.
Boyle. Every door flew open
The claret smooth, red as the lips, we press
CLARICHORD. n. s. (from clarus and Pryden. chorda, Latin.] A musical instrument
in form of a spinet, but more ancient. Neither was there any queen-mother who It has forty-nine or fifty keys, and see
might ciasb with his counsellors for authority. venty strings. Chambers.
Baier CLARIFICA’TION. n. s. [from clarify ]
Those that are not convinced what help thes
is to maxistracy, would find it, if they should The act of making any thing clear from chaiice to clasó.
3. To contradict; to oppose. Liquors are, many of them, at the first, thick Wherever there are men, there will be claband troubled; as music, and wort: to know the ing some time or other; and a knock, or a cada means of accelerating clarification, we must know test, spoils all.
L'Estrange the causes of clarijication.
Bacon.' The absurdity in this instance is obvious; and TO CLARIFY v. a. (clarifier, French.) yet every time that clasbing metaphors are part 1. To purify or clear any liquor; to see together, this tault is committed. Spectarer
. parate from feculencies or impurities.
TO CLASH. v. a. To strike 0:e thing The apothecaries clarfy their syrups by whites against another, so as to produce a of eggs, beaten with the juices which they would noise. darify ; which whites of eggsgather all the dregs The nodding statue clasb'd his armis; and grosser parts of the juice to them; and after, And with a sullen sound, and feeble cry, the syrup being set on tire, the whites of eggs Half sunk, and halt pronounc'd the word o. themselves harden, and are taken forth. Bacon.
Drwater 2. To brighten; to illuminate. This CLASH. n. s. [from the verb.) sense is rare.
I. A noisy collision of two bodies. The will was then ductile and pliant to all the The clash of arms, and voice of men, we hear. motions of right reason: it met the dictates of a
Denlan. carified understanding hair way. South.
He nobly seiz'd thee in the dire alarms The christian religion is the only means that Of war and slaughter, and the clash of arins. God has sanctined, to set fallen man upon his
Рері. legs again, to clarify his reason, and to rectify
2. Opposition; contradiction. tis will.
, TO CLA'RIFY. v. 11. To clear up; to Debate, like sparks from fint's collision, springs. grow bright
Denten Whosoever hath his mind fraught with many In the very next line he reconciles the fathers rhoughts, his wits and understanding do clarijy and scripture, and shew's there is no clash betwist and break up in the discoursing with another; them.
Atterbury. he marshalleth his thoughts more orderly, he CLASP. n. s. [chespe, Dutch.] seeth how they look when they are turned into words.
1. A hook to hold any thing close ; as a CLARION. 8. s. [clarin, Spanish; from
book, or garment.
The Scorpion's claws here graspa wide extent, clarus, loud, Lat.) A trumpet; a wind
And here the Crab's in lesser clasps are hent. instrument of war. And after to his palace he them brings,
He took me aside, opening the clasps of the With shams, and trumpets, and with clarions parchment cover. Årbuthnor and Pepe sweet;
2. An embrace, in contempt. And all the way the joyous people sings. Spens.
Your fair daughter, Then strait commands, that at the warlika
Transported with no worse nor better guard, sound
But with a knave of hire, a gondalier,
To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor. Slakot.
Sermons are the keys of the kingdom of her Latin.] Brightness; splendour.
yen, and do open the scriptures; which being
but read, remain, in comparison, still dospel A light by abundant ilarity invisible; an understanding which itself can only compreherd. There Caxton slept, with Wynkin at his side; Sir Walter Raleigb. One clasp'd in wood, and one in strong cow hide
. Man was not only deceivable in his integrity, but the angels of light in all their clarity. Brown.
2. To catch and hold by twining. CLA'RY. n. s. (herminium, Lat.) An herb.
Direct Plants that have circled leaves do all abound
The clasping ivy where to climb. with moisture. The weakest kind of curling is roughness; as in clary and burr. Bacon. 3. To hold with the hands extended ; to TO CLASH. v. n. [kletsen, Dutch, to
enclose between the hands.
Occasion turneth the handle of the bottle first make a noise.]
lo he received; and after the belly, which is 1. To make a noise by mutual collision ;
haru to clasp. to strike one against another.
4. To embrace. Three times, ús of the clusbing sound
Thou art a slave, whom fortune's tender arm Of arms, we heard.
Denbam. "Those few that should happen to clash, might
With favour never claspt, but bred a dog. Skats.
Thy suppliant, rebound after the collision.
i beg, and slasp thy knees. Miiter's Par.Last. How many candles may send out their light,
He stoop'd below without clasking upon one another! which ar
The flying spear, and shunnid the promis'd blow; gues the smaliness of the parts of light, and the largeness of the interstices between particles of
Then creeping, clasp'd the hero's knees, zod air and other bodies.
Now, now, he clasps her to his panting breast; 2. To act with opposite power, or con. Now he devours her with his eager eyes. Jaube trary direction.
5. To enclose.
Boys, with women's voices,
ing of weapons, and of men running to and Strive to speak big, and clasp their female joints fro.
Knolles's History. In stiff unweildy arms against thy crown. Shaks. Down sunk the monster-bulk, and press'd the CLA'S PER.. n. s. [from clasp.] The ten
ground; dril or thread of a creeping plant, by
His arms and clattering shield on the vast body
sound. which it clings to some other thing for
Their clattering arms with the fierce shocks support.
resound; The tendrels or claspers of plants are
given Helmets and broken lances spread the ground. only to such species as have weak and infirm
Ray on the Creation,
3. To talk fast and idly. 6503
CLA'S PKNIFE. n. s.[from clasp and knife.] Here is a great deal of good matter
Lost for lack of telling;
Now, siker, I see thou do'st but clatter ; 1. A rank or order of
Herm may come of melling. persons.
All those airy speculations, which bertered Segrais has distinguished the readers of poetry,
not men's manners, were only a noise and clataccording to their capacity of judging, into three
tering of words. classes.
Decay of Piety. Dryden. T. CLATTER. V. a. for 2. A number of boys learning the same
1. To strike any thing so as to make it lesson at the school.
sound and rattle.
I only with an oaken staff will meet thee,
And raise such outcries on thy clatter'd iron, shall be with angels and illuminated spirits.
That thou oft shalt wish thyself at Gath. Milt. Watts on the Mind,
When all the bees are gone to settle, 3. A set of beings or things; a number
You clatier still your brazen kettle. Swift. ranged in distribution, under some com 2. To dispute, jar, or clamour: a low mon denomination.
Cla'TTEN. n. s. [from the verb.)
1. A rattling noise made by the frequent A wit with dunces, and a dunce wich wits. Pope. and quick collision of sonorous bodies. To CLASS. v. a. [from the noun.] To
A clatter is a clash often repeated with range according to some stated method
great quickness, and seems to convey of distribution; to range according to
the idea of a sound sharper and shriller different ranks.
than rattle. (See the verb.]
I have seen a monkey overthrow all the dishes I considered that, by the classing and methode
and plates in a kitchen, merely for the pleasure izing such passages, I might instruct the reader.
of seeing them tumble, and hearing the clatter Arbuthnot on Coins. they made in their fall.
Swift. CLASSICAL. CLASSICK. adj. [classicus, Latin.] 2. It is used for any tumultuous and con.
fused noise. 1. Relating to antique authors; relating By this great clatter, one of greatest note to literature.
Grow to be short;
O'Rourk's jolly boys dwelleth, and from them it is derived. Felton.
Ne'er dreamt of the matter, 2. Of the first order or rank.
Till rous'd by the noise
And musical clatter.
Swift, weights and coins are deduced': in the settling
The jumbling particles of matter of which I have followed Mr.Greaves, who may
In chaos make not such a clatter. Swift. be justly reckoned a classical author on this sub Cl. A'VATED. adj. [clavatus, Lat.] Knobject.
Arbuthnot on Coins. bed; set with knobs. CLASSICK. N. s. (classicus, Lat.] An au
These appear plainly to have been slovated thor of the first rank: usually taken for
spikes of some kind of echinus ovarius. Woodww. ancient authors.
CL. A'UDENT. adj. (claudens, Lat] SliutThe classicks of an age that heard of none. Pope.
ting ; enclosing ; confining. Dict. CLA'SSIS. n. s. [Latin.] Order; sort ;
TO CLA'UDICATE. v.n. (claudico, Lat.) body:
To halt; to limp.
Dici. - He had declared his opinion of that classis of CLAUDICA’TION. n. s. [from claudicate.) men, and did all he could to hinder their growth. The act or habit of haltiny. Dict.
Clarendon. CLAVE. The preterit of cleave. TO CLA'TTER. V. n. (clatjunge,
a rat CLA'VELLATED adi. [clavellatus, loin tle, Saxon.]
Latin.] Made with burnt tartar: a chy1. To make a noise by knocking two so
Chambers. norous bodies frequently together.
Air, transmitted through clavellated ashes into
an exhausted receiver, loses weight as it passes Now the sprightly trumpet from afar Hadrous'd the neighing steeds to scour the fields,
Arbuthnot. While the fierce riders clatter'd on their shields.
CLAVER, n. s. [clæfen pynt, Sax.] This Dryden.
is now universally written clover, though 2. To utter a noise by being struck toge not so properly. See CLOVER, ther.
CLAVICLE. n. so [clavicula, Lat.] The All that night was heard an unwonted dattere collar bone.
dear CLIA 1. Fre
Some quadrupeds can bring their fore feet Clays are earths firmly coherent, weighty and unto their mouths; as most that have clavicles, compact, stiff, viscid, and ductile to a great de or collar bones.
gree while moist; smooth to the touch, not A girl was brought with angry wheals down, easily breaking between the fingers, nor readily her neck, towards the clavicle. Wiseman. diffusible in water; and, when mixed, not readily CLAUSE. n. s. (clausula, Latin.]
subsiding from it.
Hill on Fausili 1. A sentence; a single part of a discourse;
Deep Acheron, a subdivision of a larger sentence; so
Whose troubled eddies, thick with ooze andeles,
Expose the clay to the rain, to drain it from
salts, that the bricks may be more durable. God may be glorified by obedience, and obeyed
Woodward on Fossils, by performance of his will, although 'no special The sun, which softens wax, will harden clay, clause or sentence of scripture be in every such
Wattie action set before men's eyesto warrant it. Hooker.
Clover is the best way of improving clays, where 2. An article, or particular stipulation. manure is scarce. Mortimer's Husbandry
. The clause is untrue concerning the bishop. 2. [In poctry.] Earth in general ; the ter•
Hooker. restrial element.
cover with clay ; to manure with clay.
This manuring lasts fifty years : then the asteries, next to the abbot or chief governour in
ground must be clayed again. such religious houses.
Ayliffe. CLAY-COLD. adj. [clay and cold.) Life. CLA'usure. 11. s. [clausura, Lat.) Con less; cold as the unanimated earth. finement; the act of shutting ; the state
I wash'd his clay-cold corse with holy drops, of being shut.
And saw him laid in hallow'd ground. Real In some monasteries theseverity of the clausure
CI. AY-PIT. n. s. (clag and pit.] A pit is hard to be born.
*T was found in a clay-pit. 1. The foot of a beast or bird, armed with Claves. n. s. [claye, Pr. In fortifica. sharp nails ; or the pincers or holders of
tion.] Wattles made with stakes inter2 shellfish.
wove with osiers, to cover lodgments. I saw her range abroad to seek her food, T'embrue her teeth and claws with lukewarm CLA'Yey. adj, [from clay.) Consisting of blood.
clay; abounding with clay. What's justice to a man, or laws,
Some in a lax or sandy, some a heavy or classy That never comes within their claws? Hudibras. soil.
He softens the harsh rigour of the laws, Blunts their keen edge, and grinds their harpy
Cla'yish. adj. [from clay.] Partaking of claws.
the nature of clay; containing particles 2. Sometimes a hand, in contempt.
of clay. TO CLAW. v. a. (clapan, Saxon.]
Small beer proves an unwholesome drink; 1. To tear with nails or claws.
perhaps, by being brewed with a thick, muddish, Look, if the wither'd elder hath not his poll
and clayisb water, which the brewers covet. claw'd like a parrot !
Sbakspeare. CLA'YMARL. n. s. [clay and marl] A 2. To pull, as with the nails. I am afraid we shall not easily claw off that
whitish, smooth, chalky clay. South.
Claymarl resembles clay, and is near a-kin to 3. To tear or scratch in general.
it; but is more fat, and sometimes mixed with
1. Free from dirt or filth : as, clean water
Above the water were on high extent, I must laugh when I am merry, and claw no
And fain'd to wash themselves incessantly; man in his humour.
Yet nothing cleaner were for such intent, 5. To flatter: an obsolete sense. See
But rather fouler. CLAWBACK.
They make clean the outside of the cup and of 6. To Claw off, or away. To scold ; to
the platter, but within they are full of extortion
and excess. rail at. You thank the place where you found money;
2. Free from moral impurity; chaste ; but the jade Fortune is to be clawed away for 't,
nocent ; guiltlses.
. CLA'W BACK. N. 5. (from claw and back.]
Create in me a clean heart, OʻGod! Psalmi. A flatterer; a sycophant; a wheedler.
3. Elegant ; neat; not unweildy; not en The pope's clawbacks.
cumbered with CLA'wed. adj. [from claw.] Furnished
proportioned. or armed with claws.
The timber and wood are in some trees more
Yet thy waist is straight and clean
As Cupid's shaft, or Hermes' rod. 1. Unctuous and tenacious earth, such as will mould into a certain form.
Harvey on Gensumptions.
any thing useless or dis.
is the strongest.
clean, in some more knotty. Bacon's Nat. Hist.
Waller. 4. Not foul with any loathsome disease ;
If the plague be somewhat dark, and spread
not in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him He minded only the clearness
of his satire, and Elean.
Leviticus the cleanness of expression. Dryden's Juvenal. s. Dexterous; not bungling; feat : as, a 3. Purity; innocence.
clean trick ; a clean leap ; a clean boxer. The cleanness and purity of one's mind is never CLEAN. adv.
better proved, than in discovering its own faults i. Quite ; perfectly; fully; completely. To Cleanse. v.a. (clænsian, Saxon.]
at first view. This sense is now little used. Their actions have been clean contrary, upto
1. To free from filth or dirt, by washing those before mentioned.
Hooker, or rubbing. Being seated, and domestick broils
Cleanse the pale corpse with a religious hand Clean overblown.
From the polluting weed and common sand. A philosopher, pressed with the same objection,
Prior. shapes an answer clean contrary. Hakewill. 2. To purify from guilt. 2. Without miscarriage ; in a dexterous The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil. manner.
Proverbs. Pope came off clean with Homer; but they say, Not all her od'rous tears can cleanse her crime, Broome went before, arid kindly swept the way. The plant alone deforms the happy clime. Drydo
Henley. TO CLEAN. v.a. [from the adjective.] TO 3. To free from noxious humours by purfree from dirt or filth.
Canst thou not minister to a mind diseas'd; Their tribes adjusted, clean'd their vig'rous
And, with somie sweet oblivious antidote, wings,
Cleanse the stuft'd bosom of that perilous stuff And many a circle, many a short essay,
Which weighs upon the heart? Wheel'd round and round.
This oil, combined with its own salt and sugar, CLE'ANLILY. adv. [from cleanly.] In a makes it saponaceous and cleansing ; by which cleanly manner.
quality it often helps digestion, and excites apCLE'ANLINESS, n. s. (from cleanly. ] petite.
Arbutbnot on Aliments. 1. Freedom from dirt or filth.
4. To free from leprosy. I shall speak nothing of the extent of this city, Shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy the cleanliness of its streets, nor the beauties of cleansing those things which Moses commanded. its piazza. Addison.
Mark. 2. Neatness of dress; purity; the quality 5. To scour ; to rid of all offensive things. contrary to negligence and nastiness.
This river the Jews proffered the pope to The mistress thought it either not to deserve,
cleanse, so they might have what they found. or not to need, any exquisite decking, having no
Addison on Italy. adorning but cleanliness.
Sidney. CLE'ANSER. n. s. [clænsere, Sax.] That From whence the tender skin assumes
which has the quality of-evacuating A sweetness above all perfumes;
any foul humours, or digesting a sore ; From whence a cleanliness remains,
a detergent. Incapable of outward stains.
If there happens an imposthume, honey, and Such cleanliness from head to heel; No humours gross, or frowzy steams,
even honey of roses, taken inwardly, is a good cleanser.
Arbuthnot. No noisome whiffs, or sweaty streams. Swift.
CLEAR. adj. [clair, Fr. klaer, Dutch; CLE'ANLY. adj. [from clean.] 1. Free from dirtiness ; careful to avoid
clarus, Lat.) filth; pure in the person.
1. Bright; transpicuous; pellucid ; transNext that, shall mountain 'sparagus be laid,
parent; luminous ; without opacity or Pullid by some plain but cleanly country maid.
cloudiness; not nebulous; not opacous;
Dryden. not dark. An ant is a very cleanly insect, and throws out The stream is so transparent, pure, and clear, of her nest all the small remains of the corn on That, had the self-enamour'd youth gaz'd here, which she feeds.
Addison, He but the bottom, not his face, had seen. Denb. 2. That makes cleanliness.
2. Perspicacious; sharp. In our fantastick climes, the fair
Michael fromAdam's eyes the film remov'd, With cleanly powder dry their hair. Prior. Which that false fruit, that promis'd clearer sight, 3. Pure; innocent; immaculate.
Milton's Paradise Lost, Perhaps human nature meets few more sweetly A tun about was every pillar there; relishing and cleanly joys, than those that derive A polish'd mirrour shone not half so clear.Dryd. from successful trials.
Glanville. 3. Cheerful; not clouded with care or 4. Nice ; addresstul; artful.
anger. Through his fine handling, and his cleanly play,
Sternly he pronounc'd All those royal signs had stole away. Spenser. The rigid interdiction, which resounds
We can secure ourselves a retreat by some Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice cleanly evasion.
L'Estrange's Fables. Not to incur; but soon bis clear aspect CLE'ANLY. adv. [from clean.] Elegantly; Return'd, and gracious purpose thus renew'd. neatly; without nastiness.
Milton, If I do grow great, I'll leave sack, and live 4. Free from clouds ; serene. cleanly, as a nobleman should.
Sbakspeare. I will darken the earth in a clear day. Anos. CLE'ANNESS. n. s. [from clean.]
And the clear sun on his wide watery glass Gaz'd hot.
Milton's Par. Lost. 1. Neatness ; freedom from filth. 2. Easy exactness; justness; natural, un
3. Without mixture ; pure; unmingled. laboured correctness.
6. Perspicuous ; not obscure; not hard to He shewed no strength in shaking of his staff; be understood ; not anbiguous. but the fine cleanness of bearing it was deligiita We pretend to give a clear account how thunful.