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The queen of night, whose large command CREASE. 11. s. [from creta, Latin, chalt
. Rules all the sea and half the land, And over moist and crazy brains,
Skinner.] A mark made by doubling In high spring-tides, at midnight reigns. Hudib.
any thing. 3. Weak ; feeble ; shattered.
Men of great parts are unfortunate in business
, Physick can bnt mend our crazy state;
because they go out of the common road: 1 Patch an old building, not a new create. Dryd.
once desired lord Bolingbroke to observe, that Were it possible that the near approaches of
the clerks used an ivory knife, with a blunt eternity, whether by a mature age, a crazy con
edge, to divide paper, which cut it even, only stitution, or a violent sickness, should amaze so
requiring a strong hand; whereas a sharp penhad they truly considered?
knife would go out of the creare, and distgure many,
Wake. CREAGHT.n. s. [An Irish word.]
, In these fast places, they kept their crearbts,
To CREASE. v.a. [from the noun.] To or herds of cattle; living by the milk of the
mark any thing by doubling it, so as to cow, without husbandry or tillage. Davies.
leave the impression. TO CREAGHT. V. n.
To CREA'TE. v. a. (creo, Latin.]
Genciis 1. To make a harsh protracted noise.
We having but imperfect ideas of the operi. Let not the creaking of shoes, nor the rustling
tions of our minds, and much imperfecter yer of of silks, betray thy poor heart to women.
the operations of God, run into great difficulties
well extricate itself out of. keep,
2. To produce; to cause; to be the oc
Now is the time of help: your eye in Scote
. CREAM. n. s. [cremor, Latin.]
His abilities were prone to create in him grest 1. The unctuous or oily part of milk,
confidence of undertakings, and this was like which, when it is cold, floats on the
enough to betray him to great errours and many
enemies. top, and is changed by the agitation of
They eclipse the clearest truths by difficulties the churn into butter; the flower of milk. of their own creating, or no man could miss his
"T is not your inky brows, your black silk hair, way to hearen for viant of light: Decay of Pictyo
What darts or poison'd arrows were. Raceeau.
Must I new bars to my own joy create,
Refuse myself what I had forc'd from fate? Cream is matured and made to rise speedily,
Dryden's Aurengzeko by putting in cold water; which, as it seemeth,
Long abstinence is troublesome to acid con. Setteth down the whey. Bacon's Nat. Hist.
stitutions, by the uneasiness it creates in the stoHow the drudging goblin swet,
mach. To earn his cream-bowl duly set;
3. To beget. When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,
And the issue there create
4. To invest with any new character.
Arise, my knights o''th' battle: I errate you
King Milk, standing some time, naturally separates
Companions to our person, and will fit you,
With dignities becoming your estates. Skaks. into an oily. liquor called cream; and a thinner, s. To give any new qualities ; to put ang blue, and more ponderous liquor, called skinmed milk. Arbuthnot on Aliments.
thing in a new state, 2. It is used for the best part of any
The best British undertaker had but a propora thing: as, the cream of a jest. To CREAM. v. a. (from the noun.] 1. To skim off the cream. 2. To take the flower and quintessence
CREATION. n. s. [from create.) of any thing: so used somewhere by
1. The act of creating, or conferring (s.
There are a sort of men, whose visages
Thou cream-fat'd lown,
tion of three thousand acres for himself, with
Davies an Irderd
Consider the immensity of the Divine Loie, expressed in all the emanations of his providence;
in his creation, in his conservation of us. Faptera 2. The act of investing with new quali
ties or character: as, the creation of
As subjects then the whole creation canie,
Such was the saint, who shone with ev'ry
grace, CREʻANCE. n. 5. [French.] In falconry,
a fne small line, fastened to a hawk's kash when she is first Jured.
And his own work as his creatica bless'd.
Nor could the tender new creation bear
Ah, cruel creaturs! whom dost thou despise? Th' excessive heats or coldness of the year. The gods, to live in woods, have left the skies. Dryden's Virgil.
Dryden's Virgil. In days of yore, no matter where or when, Some young creatures have learnt their letters Before the low crcation swarın'd with men. and syllables by having them pasted upon lialo Parnd, tablets,
Watts. 4. Any thing produced, or caused. 7. A person who owes his rise or his forArt thou not, fatal vision, sensible
tune to another. To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but
He sent to colonel Massey to send him men; A dagger of the mind, a false creation
which he, being a creature of Essex's, refused. Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
Clarendor. Sbakspeare's Macbeth. The duke's creature he desired to be esteemed. CREA'TIVE. adj. [from create.]
Clarendon. I. Having the power to create.
Great princes thus, when favourites they raise, But come, ye generous minds, in whose wide To justify their grace, their creatures praise. thought,
Drydenta Of all his works, creative beauty burns
The design was discovered by a person whom With warmest beam. Thomson's Spring
every man knows to be the creature of a certain 2. Exerting the act of creation.
Swifi. To trace the outgoings of the ancient of days CREATURELY.adj. [from creature.] Havin the first instance, and of his creative power, is
ing the qualities of a creature. a research too great for mortal enquiry, South. The several parts of relatives, or creaturely inCREA'TOR. n. s. [creator, Latin.] The finites, may have finite proportions to one anbeing that bestows existence.
other. Cbeyne's Philosopbical Principles. Open, ye heavens, your living doors : let in CRE'BRITUDE. n. 's. [from ereber, freThe great Creator, from his work return'd quent, Latin.] Frequentness. Dict. Magnificent; his six days work, a world. Milt. CREBROUS, adj. [from creber, Latin.) When you lie down, close your eyes with a
Dict. short prayer, commit yourself into the hands of your faithful Creator: and when you have done, CRE'DENCE. n. s. [from credo, Latia; trust him with yourself, as you must do when credence, Norman French,] you are dying. Taglor's Guide to Devotion. I. Belief; credit.
Ne let it seem that credence this exceeds: Cre'ATURE. n. s. [creatura, low Latin.]
For he that made the same was known right well 1. A being not self-existent, but created
To have done much more adinirable deeds; by the supreme power.
It Merlin was.
Spences. Were these persons idolaters for the worship
Love and wisdom, they did not give to the Creator, or for the wor- Approv'd so to your majesty, may plead ship they did give to his creatures? Stilling fleet. For ample credence.
Sbakspeare. 2. Any thing created.
They did not only underhand give out that God's first creature was light.
Bacon. this was the true earl; but the friar, finding Imperfect the world, and all the creatures in some credence in the people, took boldness in the it, must be acknowledged in many respects to pulpit to declare as much.
Tillotson. 2. That which gives a claim to credit or 3. An animal, not human.
belief. The queen pretended satisfaction of her know. After they had delivered to the king their ledge only in killing creatures vile, as cats and letters of credence, they were led to a chamber dogs. Sbakspeare's Cymbeline. richly furnished,
Hayward. 4. A general term for man.
CREDENDA. 11. s. (Latin.] Things Yet crime in her could never creature find; to be believed ; articles of faith : distinBut for his love, and for her own self sake, She wander'd had from one to other Ind. Spens.
guished in theology from agendu, or Most cursed of all creatures under sky,
These were the great articles and credendi of Lo, Tantalus, I here tormented lie ! Spenser, Tho' he might burst his lungs to call for help,
christianity, that so much startled the world. No creature would assist or pity him. Roscom,
Cre'dent. adj. [credens, Latin.] 5. A word of contempt for a human being.
1. Believing; easy of belief.
Then weigh what loss your honour may Hence; home, you idle creatures, get you
If with too credent ear you list' his songs. Shaks.
2. Having credit ; not to be questioned. And from the common creatures pluck a glove,
credent bulk, I've heard that guilty creatures at a play,
That no particular scandal once can touch Have, by the very cunning of the scene,
But it confounds the breather. Shakspeare, Been struck so to the soul, that presently CREDE'NTIAL, 7. s. [from credens, Lat.) They have proclaim'd thcir malefactions. That which gives a title to credit ; the
Sbakspeare's Hamlet. Nor think tonight of thy ill nature,
warrant upon which belief or authority But of thy follies, idle creature.
is claimed A good poet no sooner communicates his A few persons.of an odious and despised works, but it is imagined he is a vain young cria
country could not have filled the world with beture, given up to the ambition of fame. Pope
lievers, had they not shown undoubted credene
tials from the Divine Person who sent them on 6. A word of petty tenderness, And then, sir, would he gripe and wring my
such a message. Addison on the Cbristian Relig:
CREDIBI'LITY. n. s. [from credible.) Cry, Oh sweet creature and then kiss me hard, Claim to credit; possibility of obtain
Sbakspeare. ing belief; probability.
The first of those opinions I shall shew to be They sent him likewise a copy of their sup altogether incredible, and the latter to have all plication to the king, and desired him to use the credibility and evidence of which a thing of his credit that a treaty might be entered into. that nature i capable. Tillotson.
Clarenden Calculate the several degrees of credibility and Having credit enough with his master to proconviction, by which the one evidence surpass
vide for his own interest, he troubled not hirs. eth the other. Atterbury. self for that of other med.
Clareados. CREDIBLE, adj. [credibilis, Lat.] Wor. T. CRE'DIT. v. a. (credo, Latin.)
thy of credit ; deserving of belief; hav- 1. To believe. ing a just claim to belief.
Now I change my mind, The ground of credit is the credibility of And partly credit things that do presage. Shati, things credited; and things are made credible,
To credit the unintelligibility both of this either by the known condition and quality of
union and motion, we need no more than to the utterer, or by the manifest likelihood of consider it.
Glamos truth in themselves.
Hoolar. 2. To procure credit or honour to any None can demonstrate to me, that there is thing. such an island as Jamaica; yet, upon the testi- May here her monument stand so, mony of credible persons, I am free from doubt. To credit this rude age; and show
Pindutson, To future times, thai eren we CRE’DIBLENESS. n. s. (from credibie.] Sone patterns did of virtue see. Wale.
Credibility; worthiness of belief; just It was not upon design to credit these papers, ciaim to belief.
nor to compliment a society so much above fase The credibleness of a good part of these narra
Glansilk. tives has been confirmed to me by a practiser of
At present you credit the church as much by physick.
your government as you did the school formerly by your wit.
S... CREDIBLY. adv. [from credible.] In a
3. To trust; to confide in. manner tha: claims belief. This, with the loss of so few of the English as
4. To admit as a debtor. is searce credible; being, as hath been rather CRE’DITABLE. adj. [from credit.] confidently than credibly reported, but of one 1. Reputable; above contempt. man, though not a few hurt.
Baron. He settled him in a good creditable way of live CREDIT. n. s. (credit, French.]
ing, having procured him by his interest one of
the best places of the country. Arbatboat. s. Belief; faith yielded to another.
2. Honourable ; estimable. When the people heard these words, they
The contemplation of things that do not serve gave no credit unto them, nor received them.
to promote our happiness, is but a more spe
cious sort of idleness, a more pardonable and I may give credit to reports. Addison's Spect.
creditable kind of ignorance.
Tillation. Some secret truths, from learned pride conceal'd,
CRE'DITABLENESS. 11. s. [from credita. "To maids alone and children are reveal'd. ble.] Reputation ; estimation. What though no credit doubting wits may give? Among all these snares, there is none more The fair and innocent shall still believe. Popo.
entangling than the creditableness and repute of 2. Honour; reputation.
Decay of Pisty. I published, because I was told I might please CRE'DITABLY, adv. (from creditabk.] such as it was a credit to please. Pope.
Reputably; without disgrace. 3. Esteem; good opinion.
Many will chuse rather to neglect their duty There is no decaying merchant, or inward
safely and creditably; than to get a broken pie beggar, hath so many tricks to uphold the credit
in the church's service, only to be rewarded with of their wealth, as these empty persons have to that which will break their hearts too. maintain the credit of their sufficiency. Bacon.
CREDITOR. n. s. (creditor, Latin.]
1. He to whom a debt is owed; he that
Swift. Yes; while I live, no rich or noble knave gives credit : correlative to debtor. Shall walk the world in credit to his grave. Pope.
There came divers of Antonio's crediters in Faith ; testimony; that which procures
my company to Venice, that swear he cannot chuse but break.
Sbaksgear. belief. We are contented to take this upon your creo
I am so used to consider myself as cresttar
and debtor, that I often state my accounts aft: dit, and to think it may be.
the same manner with regard to heaven and was The things which we properly believe, be only
Addisor's Spectator such as are received upon the credit of divine
No man of honour, as that word is usually testimony.
understood, did ever pretend that his honor The author would have done well to have left
obliged him to be chaste or temperate, to pay h* so great a paradox only to the credit of a single
creditors, to be useful to his country, to do good assertion.
to mankind, to endeavour to be wise or learned s. Trust reposed, with regard to proper- to regard his word, his promise, or bis osth. ty: correlative to debt.
Seij Credit is nothing but the expectation of mo- 2. One who credits, one who believed ney within some limited time.
Not used. 6. Promise given.
Many sought to feed They have never thought of violating the pub
The easy creditors of novelties lick credit, or of alienating the revenues to other
By voicing him alive.
Slakascar uses than to what they have been thus assigned.
Addison. CREDU'LITY, n. s. (credulité, Fr. credo y. Influence ; power not compulsive ; •in- litas, Lat.) Easiness of belief; readiterest.
ness of credit. She employed his uttermost credit to relieve The poor Plangus, being subject to the colt us, which was as great as a beloved son with a disadvantage of honest hearts, cretsiis, 35 mother.
Sidnega suaded by hin,
The prejudice of credulity may, in some mea- 2. To grow along the ground, or on other sure, be cured, by learning to set a high value on
The grottos cool, with shady poplars crown'd, CREDULOUS. adj. [credulus, Latin.] And creeping vines on harbours weav'd around. Apt to believe ; unsuspecting ; easily
3. To move forward without bounds or A credulous father, and a brother noble,
leaps, as insects. Whose nature is so far from doing harm, 4. To move slowly and feebly. That he suspects none. Slakspeare's King Lear.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Who now enjoys thee credulous all gold,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, Who always vacant, always amiable
To the last syllable of recorded time. Shaksp. Hopes thee, of Hatcering gales
Why should a man Unmindful? Hapless they,
Sleep when he wakes, and creep into the jaundice 'T' whom thou untry'd seem'st fair! Milton.
By being peevish? Sbakspeare's Mercb.of Venice. CRE'DULOUSNESS. n. s. [from credulous.] He who creeps after plain, dull, common sensen Aptness to believe; credulity.
is safe from committing absurdities, but can ne. CREED. n. s. [from credo, the first word ver reach the excellence of wit. Dryden. of the apostles creed.]
s. To move secretly and clandestinely. I. A form of words in which the articles I'll creep up into the chimney.
-There they always use to discharge their of faith are comprehended.
birding-pieces: creep into the kiln-hole. Sbaksja The larger and fuller view of this foundation
Whate'er you are, is set down in the croad's of the church.
That in this desart inaccessible,
Under the shade of melancholy boughs
Lose and neglect the breeping hours of time. say that one who writes a treatise of morality
Sbakspeare ought not to make in it any collection of moral
of this sort are they which creep into houses precepts ?
and lead captive silly women. 2 Timotby. 2. Any solemn profession of principles or 'Thou makest darkness and it is night: wherein opinion.
all the beasts of the forest do.creep forth. Psalms. For me, my lords,
Now and then a work or two has crept in, to I love him not, nor fear himn; there's my creed. keep his first design in countenance. Atterbury.
Shakspeare. 6. To move timorously without soaring, TO CREEK. v.a. (See To CREAK.] To or venturing into dangers. make a harsh noise.
Paradise Lost is admirable ; but am I there Shall I stay here,
fore bound to maintain, that there are no flats Creeking my shoes on the plain masonry? Slaks. amongst his elevations, when it is evident he CREEK. n. s. (crecca, Saxon ; krcke, creeps along sometimes for above an hundred
lines together? Dutch.)
We here took a little boat, to creep along the 1. A prominence or jut in a winding
sea-shore as far as Genoa. Addison on Italy. coast. As streams, which with their winding banks 7. To comme unexpected; to steal forward
unheard and unseen. do play, Stopp'd by their creeks run softly through the
By those gifts of nature and fortune he creeps, plain.
nay he flies, into the favour of poor silly women. They on the bank of Jordan, by a creek
Sidney Where winds with reeds and osiers whisp'ring
It seems, the marriage of his brother's wife play,
Has crept too near his conscience.
-No, his conscience Their unexpected loss and plaints outbreath'd.
Has crept too near another lady. Sbakspeara 2. A small port ; a bay ; a cove.
Necessity enforced them, after they grew full
of people, to spread themselves, and creep out of A law was made here to stop their passage in
Shinar, or Babylonia. Raleigh': History. every port and creek. Davies on Ireland.
None pretends to know from how remote 3. Any turn, or alley.
corners of those frozen mountains some of those A back-friend, a shoulder-clapper; one that
fierce nations first crept out.
Templo. commands the passages of alleys, creeks, and nar- It is not to be expected that every one should row lands.
Shakspeare. guard his understanding from being imposed on CREEKY. adj. [from creek.) Full of
by the sophistry which creeps into most of the books of argument.
Locka creeks ; unequal; winding.
8. To behave with servility; to fawn; to Who, leaning on the belly of a pot,
bend. Pour'd forth a water, whose out-gushing food Ran bathing all the creeky shore a-flot,
They were us'd to bend, Whereon the Trojan prince spilt Turnus' blood.
To send their smiles before them, to Achilless Sponser.
To come as humbly as they us'd to creed TO CREEP. v. n. pret. crept. (cnýpan, CRE'EPER. n. s. [from creep.)
To holy altars. Sbakspeare': Troilus and Cressida Saxon; krepan, German.) 1. To move with the belly to the ground,
1. A plant that supports itself by means of without legs, as a worm.
some stronger body.
Plants that put forth their sap hastily have Ye that walk The earth; and stately tread, or lowly creep!
bodies not proportionable to their length; there
i fore they are winders or creepers, as ivy, briony, Milton. and woodbine.
Bacon, And every creeping thing that creeps the 2. An iron used to slide along the grate in ground.
Milton. cannot distinguish creeping from living,
kitchens. let them lay down Virgil, and take up Ovid De
3. A kind of patten or clog worn by Drydu. women.
CREE'PHOLE. n. s. (creep and hole.)
And two fair crescents of translucent hora 1. A hole into which any animal may creep
The brows of all their young increase adom. to escape danger.
Pope's Odyssey 2. A subterfuge; an excuse.
CRESCIVE. adj. (from cresco, Latin. ] IRCREE'PINGLY. adv. [from creeping.]
creasing ; growing:
So the prince obscur'd his contemplation Slowly ; after the manner of a reptile.
Under the veil of wildness: which, no doubt, The joy, which wrought into Pygmalion's Grew, like the summer grass, fastest by night; mind, was even such as, by each degree of Zel
Unseen, yet crescioe in his faculty. Sbakifrant
. mana's words, creepingly entered into Philoclea's.
CRESS. n. s. [perhaps from cresco, it be
Sidney. Cree'PLE. n. s. [from creep.] A lame per
ing a quick grower; nasturtium, Lat.]
An herb. son; a cripple.
Its flower consists of four leaves, placed in She to whom this world must itself refer
form of a cross; the pointal arises from the cene As suburbs or the microcosm of her, Shie, she is d:ad, she's dead; when thou know'st
tre of the flower-cup, and becomes a roundish
smooth fruit, divided into two cells, and fur. this,
nished with seeds generally smooth. Thou know'st how lame a creeple this world is.
His court with nettles and with cresses star'd;
Donne. CREMA'TION. 1. s. (crematio, Latin.] A
With soups unbought, and sallads, blest his
CRE'SSET. n. s. (croissette, Fr. because CREMOR. n. s. [Latin.] A milky sub- beacons had crosses anciently on their stance; a soft liquor resembling cream.
tops.] A great light set upon a beacon, The food is swallowed into the stomach;
lighthouse, or watchtower. Hanmer. where, mingled with dissolvent juices, it is reduced into a chyle or cremor.
They still raise armies in Scotland by ERE'NATED. adj. [from crena, Latin.] carrying about the fire-cross. Notched ; indented.
At my nativity
The front of hear'n was full of firy sparks, The cells are prettily crenated, or notched,
Of burning cressets. quite round the edges; but not straited down to
Sbakspeare's Henry Rs any depth.
From the arched roof,
Pendent by subtle magick, many a row CRE'PANE. 2. s. (With farriers.) An
Of starry lamps, and blazing cressets, fed ulcer seated in the midst of the forepart With naphtha and asphaltus, yielded light of the foot.
Farrier's Dict. As from a sky. Miltor's Paradise Lut. TO CREPITATE. v. n. (crepito, Lat.) To CREST. n. s. [crista, Latin.) make a small crackling noise.
1. The plume of feathers on the top of CREPITA’TION. n. s. (from crepitate.) A the ancient helmet; the helmet. small crackling noise.
His valour, shewn upon our crests to-day,, CRE'Pt. The participle of creep.
Has taught us how to cherish such high deeds, There are certain men crept in unawares.
Ev’n in the bosom of our adversaries. Shelts,
Jude. 2. The comb of a cock: whence Milica This fair vine, but that her arms surround calls him crested. Her married elm, had crept along the ground.
Others on ground
Pope. Walk'd firm; the crested cock, whose dation CREPU'SCULE. n. s. [crepusculum, Lat.) sounds Twilight.
The silent hours. Milton's Paradise Lxl. CREPU’SCULOUS. adj. [crepusculum, Lat.] 3. The ornament of the helmet in be
raldry Glimmering ; in a state between light and darkness.
Of what esteem crests were, in the time of
king Edward the Third's reign, may appear by A close apprehension of the one might perhaps afford a glimmering light and crepusculous
his giving an eagle, which he himself had fore
merly born, for a crest to William Montcute, glance of the other.
Canser's Rescia The beginnings of philosophy were in a cre
'The horn; pusculou's obscurity, and it is yet scarce past the dawn.
It was a crest ere thou wast born:
Thy father's father wore it. CRE'SCENT. adj. (from cresco, Latin.]
. Increasing ; growing; in a state of in- 4. Any tuft or ornament on the head,
as some which the poets assign to sera I have seen him in Britain: he was then of a
Their crests divide, crescent note.
And, tow'ring o'er his head, in triumph ride. Came Astoreth, whom the Phænicians callid
Dryden's Page Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns.
5. Pride ; spirit ; fire ; courage ; loftinosi
Milton. of mien. CRE'SCENT. n. s. (crescens, Lat.] The
When horses should endure the bloody spear, moon in her state of increase; any simi- CRESTED. adj. [from crest; cristatus
They fall their trests.
Skaisen litude of the moon increasing.
The boid Ascalonites
dust. Jove in dusky clouds involves the skies,
Ar this, for new replies he did not stay: And the faint crescent shoots by fits before their But lac'd his gested helm, and strode away eyes,