« ПредишнаНапред »
Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter contracted more bitterness and sourness than for against them.
Colossians. merly, and were more reserved towards the The word of God, instead of a bitter, teaches king's commissioners.
Clarendon. us a charitable zeal.
Sprat. 4. Satire ; piquancy; keenness of reproach. 3. Calamitous ; miserable.
Some think their wits have been asleep, exNoble friends and fellows, whom to leave cept they dart out somewhat piquant, and to the Is only bitter to me, only dying ;
quick : men ought to find the difference between Go with me, like good angels, to my end. Shak. saltness and bitterness.
Bacon. A dire induction am I witness to;
5. Sorrow; vexation; amiction. And will to France, hoping the conscquence
There appears much joy in him; even so much, Will prove as bitter, black, and tragical. Sbaksp. that joy could not show itself modest enough,
And shun the bitter consequence: for know, without a badge of bitterness. Sbakspeare. The day thou eat’st thereof, my sole command They shall mourn for him, as one mourneth Transgrest, inevitably thou shalt die. Par. Lost. for his only son; and shall be in bitterness for "Tell him, that if I bear my bitter fate,
him, as one that is in bitterness for his first-born. 'T' is to behold his vengeance for my son. Dryd.
Zech. 4. Painful; inclement.
Most pursue the pleasures, as they call them, The fowl the borders fly,
of their natures, which begin in sin, are carried And shun the bitter blast, and wheel about the on with danger, and end in bitterness. Wake. sky.
Dryden, I oft, in bitterness of soul, deplor'd s. Sharp ; reproachful ; satirical.
My absent daughter, and my dearer lord. Pope. Co with me,
Bi'rTERSWEET. n. s. [from bitter and And in the breath of bitter words let's smother sweet.] An apple, which has a comMy damned son.
pound taste of sweet and bitter. 6. Mournful; afflicted.
It is but a bittersweet at best, and the fine Wherefore is light given unto him that is in colours of the serpent do by no means make misery, and life unto the bitter in soul? Job. amends for the smart and poison of his sting. 7. In any manner unpleasing or hurtful.
South. Bitter is an equivocal word; there is bitter When I express the taste of an apple, which Wormwood, there are bitter words, there are
we call the bittersweet, none can mistake what
I mean. bitter enemies, and a bitter cold morning. Watts.
Watts. Bl’TTERGOURD. n. so [colocynthis, Lat.]
Bi'tTERVETCH. n. s. [ervum, Lat.] A
plant. BI'TTERLY. adv. (from bitter.]
BITTERWORT. n. s. [gentiana, Lat.] An
herb. 1. With a bitter taste. 2. In a bitter manner; sorrowfully; ca
BI'TTOUR. 1. s. [butour, Fr. ardea stellalamitously.
ris, Lat.] A bird, commonly called the I so lively acted with my tears,
bittern (see BITTERN), but perhaps as That my poor mistress, moved therewithal, properly bittour. Wept bitterly.
Shakspeare. Then to the water's brink she laid her head; Bitterly hast thou paid, and still art paying, And, as a bitlour bumps within a reed, That rigid score.
Milton. To thee alone, O lake, she said, I tell. Dryden. 3. Sharply ; severely.
BITU'ME. 1, s. [from bitumen.] Bitumen. His behaviour is not to censure bitterly the
Mix with these errours of their zeal.
Sprat. Idæan pitch, quick sulphur, silver's spume, BI'TTERN, n. s. [butour, Fr.] A bird
Sea onion, hellebore, and black bitume. May. with long legs, and a long bill, which BITU'MEN. n. s. [Lat.) A fat unctufeeds upon fish; remarkable for the ons matter dug out of the earth, or noise which he makes, usually called
scuinmed off lakes, as the Asphaltis in bumping. See Bittour.
Judæa, of various kinds: some so hard as The poor fish have enemies enough, besides to be used for coal; others so glutinous such unnatural fishermen as otters, the cormo- as to serve for mortar.
Savary. rant, and the bittern.
Walton, It is reported, that bitumer mingled with lime, So that scarce
and put under water, will make as it were an The bittern knows his time, with bill ingulpht, artificial rock, the substance becomcth so hard. To shake the sounding marsh. Thomson.
Bacon, BI'TTERN: n. s. [from bitter.]
The fabrick seem'd a work of rising ground, bitter liquor, which drains off in mak- With sulphur and bitumen cast between. Dryden. ing of common salt, and used in the Bitumen is a body that readily takes fire, yields
an oil, and is soluble in water. Woodward. preparation of Epsom salt. Quincy. BITU'MINOUS. adj. (from bitumen.] HavBi’TTERNESS. n. s. [from bitter.]
ing the nature and qualities of bitumen; I. A bitter taste. The idea of whiteness, or bitterness, is in the
compounded of bitumen.
Naphtha, which was the bituminows mortar mind, exactly answering that power which is in
used in the walls of Babylon, grows to an entire any body to produce it there.
and very hard matter, like a stone. Bacon. 2. Malice ; grudge; hatred ; implacabi- The fruitage fair to sight, like that which grew
Near that bituminous lake where Sodom fiam'd. The bitterness and animosity between the
Milton. commanders was such, that a great part of the BIVA'lve. adj. [from binus and valve, army was marched.
Lat.] Having two valves or shutters : 3. Sharpness; severity of temper.
a term used of those fish that have two His sorrows have so overwhelm'd his wits, Shall we be thus afflicted in his wreaks,
shells, as oysters; and of those plants His fits, his frenzy, and his bitterness? Sbaksp.
whose seed pods open their whole Pierpoins and Crew appcared now so have length, to discharge their secd, as peas.
the Blac, A
In the cavity lies loose the shell of some sort sun makes man black, and not the fire; why it of bivalve, larger than could be introduced in at whitens wax, yet blacks the skin? Brown. those holes.
Woodward. 2. Dark. BIVALVULAR. adj. [from bivalve.] Hav- The heaven was black with clouds and wind, ing two valves,
and there was a great rain. Bi'SWORT. n. s. An herb.
3. Cloudy of countenance; sullen,
She háth abated me of half my train; Br’ZANTINE, n. s. [more properly spelt Look'd black upon me.
Sbakspeare byzantine ; from Byzantium.] A great
atrocious. piece of gold valued at fifteen pound,
Either my country never must be freed, which the king offereth upon high festi- Or I consenting to so black a deed.
Dryder. val days ; it is yet called a bizantine, 5. Dismal; mournful. which ancient was a piece of gold A dire induction am I witness to; coined by the emperours of Constanti- And will to France, hoping the consequence nople.
Will prove as bitter, black, and tragical Sbaks.
6. Black and blue. The colour of a bruise; To BLAB. v. a. [blabberen, Dutch.]
a stripe. 1. To tell what ought to be kept secret :
Mistress Ford, good heart, is beaten black and it usually implies rather thoughtlessness blue, that you cannot sec a white spot about her. than treachery; but may be used in
Merry Wives of Windsor. either sense.
And, wing'd with speed and fury, Hew
brow.] Having black eyebrows; gloomy; Ere the blabbing eastern scout,
Come, gentle night; come, loving blach-
brow'd night, Nature has made man's breast no windores,
Give me my Romeo.
Sbakspeare. To publish what he does within doors,
Thus, when a black-brow'd gust begins to rise,
White foam at first on the curi'd ocean fries,
Then roars the main, the billows mount the skies
Dryden. Our foreheadsblabthe secrets of our heart.
Dryd. It is unlawful to give any kind of religious BLACK-BRYONY. n. so (tamnus, Lat.] A the fathers cannot escape the index expurgatorius, BLACK-CATTLE. n. s. Oxen, bulls, and
plant. for blabbing so great a truth.
The other part of the grazier's business is
what we call black-cattle, produces hides, tallow, Where echo sits, and list'ning mocks.
. and beef, for exportation.
Swift. 2. To tell : in a good sense. Not used
BLACK-EARTH. 1. s. It is every where
obrious on the surface of the ground, That blabb'd them with such pleasing eloquence,
and what we call mould.
Woodavard. Istorn from forth that pretty hollow cage. Shak.
BLACK-GUARD. adj. [from black and TO BLAB, vin. To tattle; to tell.tales. guard.] A cant word among the vul. Your mute I'll be ;
gar, by which is implied a dirty felo When my tongue blals, then let mine eyes not low, of the meanest kind.
Let a black-guard boy be always about the BL A B. n. s. [from the verb.] A telltale; house, to send on your errauds, and go to mara thoughtless babbler; a treacherous be
ket for you on rainy days. trayer of secrets.
BLACK-LEAD: n. s.
[from black and lead.] The secret man heareth many confessions;
A mineral found in the lead-mines, much for who will open himself to a blåb, or babbler? used for pencils ; it is not fusible, or
not without a very great heat. To have reveal'd Secrets of man, the secrets of a friend,
You must first get your black-lead sharpened Contempt and scorn of all, to be excluded
finely, and put fast into quills, for your rude All friendship, and avoided as a blab.
and first draught.
BLACK-MAIL, n.-s. A certain rate of
• money, corn, cattle, vacy as publick as a proclamation. L'Estrange.
ation, paid to men allied with robbers, should have gone about shewing my letters, under the charge of secrecy, to every vlab of my
to be by them protected from the dan. .
ger of such as usually rob or steal. BLA'BBER. 9. s. [from blab.] A tatler ; a BLACK-PUDDING. 1. s. [from black and
. telltale. To BLA'BBER.v.n. To whistle to a horse,
blood and grain.
Skinner. BLA'BBER LIPPED. Skinner. See BLos
Through they were lin’d with many a piece
Of ammunition bread and cheese ;
And fat black-puddings, proper food
For warriours that delight in blood. Hudibras
, 1. Of the colour of night.
BLACK-ROD, n. s. [from black and rodi?
The usher belonging to the order of and dark night.
the garter; so called from the black-red
or other consider
A kind of food made of
ion ; a negro.
king's chamber, and likewise usher of
The hollow sound the parliament.
Sung in the leaves, the forest shook around,
Air blackeri'd, rolld the thunder, groand the BLACK. 1. s. [from the adjective.]
Drydenta 1. A black colour.
BLACKISH.adj. [from black.] Somewhat Black is the badge of hell,
black. The hue of dungeons, and the scowl of night.
Part of it all the year continues in the form For the production of black, the corpuscles BLACKMOOR.n. s. [from black and moor.]
of a blackish oil.
Boyle. must be less than any of those which exhibit colours.
Newton. 2. Mourning.
The land of Chus makes no part of Africa ; Rise, wretched widow, rise; nor, undeplor'd,
nor is it the habitation of blackmoors ; but the Permit my ghost to pass the Stygian ford: country of Arabia, especially the Happy and But rise, prepar'd in black to mourn thy perish'd
Brown's Vulgar Errours. lord.
More to west
Dryden. 3. A blackamoor.
The realm of Bacchus to the blackmoor sea.
Milton. 4. That part of the eye which is black. It suffices that it be in every part of the air,
BLACKNESS. n. s. [from black.] which is as big as the black or sight of the eye.
I. Black colour.
Blackness is only a disposition to absorb, or To BLACK. v. a. [from the noun.] To
stifle, without reflection, most of the rays of make black; to blacken.
every sort that fall on the bodies.
There would emerge one or more very black Blacking over the paper with ink, not only the ink would be quickly dried up, but the pa
spots, and, within those, other spots of an intenser blackness.
Newton. per, that I could not burn before, we quickly set
His tongue, his prating tongue, had chang'd on fire.
him quite Then in his fury black'd the raven o'er, And bid him prate in his white plumes no more.
To sooty blackness from the purest white. Addis. Addison.
2. Darkness. BLA'CKAMOOR.N.s.[from blackand moor.)
His faults in him seem as the spots of heav'n,
More fiery by night's blackness, Sbakspeare A man by nature of a black complex- 3. Atrociousness ; horribleness ; wicked
They are no more afraid of a blackamoor, or a lion, than of a nurse or a cat.
BLACKSMITH.12.s. [from blackand smith.]
Locke. BLACKBERRIED Heath. [empetrum, Lat.]
A smith that works in iron ; so called
from being very smutty. Blackberry Bush. n.s. (rubus, Lat.] A
The blacksmith may forge what he pleases.
Howel. species of bramble.
Shut up thy doors with bars and bolts; it will BLACKBERRY. n. s. The fruit of the be impossible for the blacksmith to make them bramble.
so fast, but a cat and a whoremaster will find a The policy of these crafty sneering rascals,
way through them.
Spectator. that stale old mouse-eaten cheese Nestor, and BLA'CKTAIL. n. s. (from black and tail.] that same dog-fox Ulysses, is not proved worth a blackberry.
A fish; a kind of perch, by some called Then sad he sung the Children in the Wood; ruffs, or popes. See Pope. Dict. How blackberries they pluck'd in desarts wild, BLACKTHORN."..[from black and thorn.) And fearless at the glittering faulchion smil'd. The same with the sloe. See PLUM, of
Gay. which it is a species. BLA'CKBIRD. n. s. [from black and bird.] BLA'DDER, no so [bladone, Saxon ; blader, A bird.
Dutch.] Of singing birds, they have linnets, goldfinches, blackbirds, thrushes, and divers others. 1. That vessel in the body which contains
Carew. the urine A schoolboy ran unto't, and thought
The bladder should be made of a membrana The crib was down, the blackbird caught. Swift. ous substance, and extremely dilatable for reTo BLACKEN. v. a. [from black.]
ceiving and containing the urine till an opportu1. To make of a black colour.
nity of emptying it.
Ray. Bless'd by aspiring winds, he finds the strand 2. It is often filled with wind, to which Blacken'd by crouds.
Prior. allusions are frequently made.. While the long fun'rals blacken all the way. That huge great body which the giant bore
Pope. Was vanquish'd quite, and of that monstrous 2. To darken ; to cloud. That little cloud that appeared at first to
Was nothing left, but like an empty bladder was. Elijah's servant no bigger than a man's hand,
Spenser, but presently after grew, and spread, and black
A bladder but moderately filled with air, and ered the face of the whole heaven. South. strongly tied, being held near the tire,grevexceed3. To defame, or make infamous.
ing turgid and hard; but being brought nearer to Let us blacken him what we can, said that mis
thie fire, it suddenly broke, with so loud a noise creant Harrison of the blessed king, upon the
as jade us for a while after almost deaf. Boyle. wording and drawing up his charge against his
3. It is usual for those, that learn to swim, approaching trial.
South. to support themselves with blown blada The morals blacken'd, when the writings 'scape, ders. The libell'd person, and the pictur'd shape. Pope.
I have ventur'd, To BLACK&N. v.n. To grow black, or Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, dark.
These many summers in a sea of glory, VOL. 1,
But far beyond my depth: my highblown pride
Whene'er I hear a rival nam'd, At length broke under me. Sbakspeare. I feel my body all infiam'd; 4. A blister; a pustule.
Which, breaking out in boils and blains, BLADDER-NUT. n. s. [stapbylodendron, BLAMABLE. adj. from blame.] Culpable;
With yellow tilth my linen stains. Swifi. Lat ] A plant. BLADDER-SENA. *. s. [colutea, Lat.) A
Virtue is placed between two extremes, which
are on both sides equally blamable. Dryden. BLADE. n. s. [blæd, bles, Sax. bled, Fr.] BLA'M ABLENESS. n. s. [from blamable.}
The spire of grass before it grows to Fault; the state of being liable to : seed ; the green shoots of corn which
blame ; culpableness ; faultiness. rise from the seed. This seems to me BLA'M A BLY. adv. (from blamable.] Cul. the primitive signification of the word
pably; in a manner liable to censure. blade; from which, I believe, the blade
A process may be carried on against a person, of a sword was first named, because of that is maliciously or blumably absent, even to a its similitude in shape ; and, from the
Ayliffe blade of a sword, that of other weapons
TO BLAME. v. a. (blamer, Fr.) or tools
1. To censure ; to charge with a fault : it There is hardly found a plant that yieldeth a generally implies a slight censure. red juice in the blade or ear, except it be the tree
Our pow'r that beareth sanguis draconis.
Bacon. Shall do a court'sy to our wrath, which men Send in the feeding Hocks betimes e' invade May blame, but not controul. Sbakspearls The rising bulk of the luxuriant blade. Dryden. Porphyrius, you too far did tempt your fate:
It we were able to dive into her secret recesses, 'Tis true, your duty to me it became; we should find that the smallest blade of grass, or But, praising that, I must your conduct blame, most contemptible weed, has its particular use.
Dryden. Swift. Each finding, like a friend, Hung on every spray, on every blade
Something to blame, and something to commend. Of grass, the myriad dewdrops twinkle round.
Pope. Tbomsen, 2. To blame has usually the particle for BLADE n. s. [blatte, Germ. blad, Dutch.] before the fault. 1. The sharp or striking part of a weapon The reader must not blame me for making use
or instrument, distinct from the handle. here all along of the word sentiment. Lecke. It is usually taken for a weapon, and so
3. Sometimes, but rarely, of. called probably from the likeness of a
Tomoreus he blamed of inconsiderate rashness;
for that he would busy himself in matters not sword blade to a blade of grass. It is
belonging to his vocation. commonly applied to the knife.
Knolles' History of the Turis. He sought all round about, his thirsty blade
BLAME. N. s. (from the verb.]
1. Imputation of a fault. Pollute her sabre with ignoble blood. Dryden.
In arms the praise of success is shared among Be his this sword, whose blade of brass displays
many; yet the blame of misadventures is charged A ruddy gleam, whose hilt a silver blaze. Pope.
They lay the blame on the poor little ones, 2. A brisk man, either fierce or gay, called
sometimes passionately enough, to divert it from so in contempt. So we say mettle for themselves.
2. Crime ; that which produces or deYou'll find yourself mistaken, sir, if you 'll take upon you to judge of these blades by their
Who would not judge us to be discharged of all garbs, looks, and outward appearance.
blame, which are confest to have no great fault, L'Estrange
even by their very word and testimony, in whose Then turning about to the hangman, he said,
eyes no fault of ours hath ever hitherto been acDispatch me, I pri'thee, this troublesome blade.
customed to seem small.
I unspeak mine own detraction; here abjure BLADE of the shoulder. n. s. The bone The taints and blames I laid upon myself, BLADE BONE.
called by anato- For strangers to my nature. Sbakspeare. mists the scapula, or scapular bone. 3. Hurt. Not in use.'
He fell most furiously on the broiled relicks of Therewith upon his crest a shoulder of mutton, commonly called a blade- With rigour so outrageous he smit, bone.
Pope. That a large share it hew'd out of the rest, To BLADE. v. a. (from the noun.] To And glancing down his shield, from blame him furnish or fit with a blade.
Fairy Quers. BLA'VED. adj. (from blade.) Having A. There is a peculiar structure of this blades or spires.
word, in which it is not very evident Her silver visage in the wat'ry glass,
whether it be a noun or a verb, but I Decking with liquid pearl the bladed grass. Sbad. conceive it to be the noun. To blame,
As where the lightning runs along the ground, in French à tort ; culpable; worthy of Nor bladet grass, nor bearded corn succeeds,
censure. But scales of scurf and putrefaction breeds. Dryd.
You were to blame, I must be plain with you, BLAIN. 1. s. [blegene, Sax.blegne, Dutch.] To part so slightly with your wife's first gift. A pustule; a botch ; a blister.
Sbakspear. Itches, blains,
I do not ask whether they were mistaken; but, Sow all th' Athenian bosoms, and the crop whether they were to blame in the manner. Bé general leprosy: Shakspeare.
Stilling fleet Botches and blains must all his flesh imboss,
Now we should hold them much to blame, And all his people.
Milton, If they went back before they came. Prier.
BLA'MEFUL. adj. [from blame and full.] Bla'sCHER: n. s. [from blanch.) A - Criminal ; guilty; meriting blame. whitener.
Dict. Is not the causer of these timeless deaths
BLAND. adj. [blandus, Lat.] Soft; mild; As blameful as the executioner? Shakspeare.
gentle. Bluntwitted lord, ignoble in demeanour,
In her face excuse If ever lady wrong'd her lord so much,
Came prologue, and apology too prompt; Thy mother tock into her vlameful bed
Which, with bland words at will, she thus ad. Some stern untutor'd churl. Sbakspeare.
Milton. BLA'MELESLY.adv. [from blameless.] In
And even calm nocently ; without crime.
Perpetual reign'd, save what the zephyrs blind It is the vilful opposing explicit articles, and
Breath'd o'er che blue expanse.
T10.7.19 not the not believing them when not reycaled, or To BLI'SDISH. v. a. (blandior, Lat.) To not with that conviction, against which he cannot
smooth; to soften. I have met with blamelesly, without pertinacy, hold out, that will
this word in ne other passage. bring danger of ruin on any.
Hammond. BLA'MELESNESS 1. s. [from blameless.]
M: sc'ring all her wiles,
With blandish' parleys, feminine assaults, Innocence ; exemption from censure. Tongue-batteries, sie serceas'd not day nor night Having resolved with him in Homer, that all
To storm me over-watch'd, and weary'd out is chargeable on Jupiter and fate, they infer,
Milton. with him, the blamelesness of the inferiour agent.
BLA'NDISHMENT. n. s. [from blandish; Hammond,
blanditie, Lat.] BLA'MELESS. adj. [from blame.] 1. Guiltless ; innocent; exempt from cen
1. Act of fondness; expression of tender
ness by gesture. sure or blame.
The little babe up in his arms he hent, She found out the righteous, and preserved
Who, with sweet pleasure and bold blar.dishment, him blameless unto God.
Spenser. The flames ascend on either altar clear,
Each bird and beast, behold While thus the blameless maid address'd her
Approaching two and two; these cow'ring low' pray'r. Dryden. With blandishment.
Milton. Such a lessening of our coin will deprive great numbers of blameless men of a fifth part of their
2. Soft words; kind speeches. estates.
He was both well and fair spoken, and would 2. Sometimes it is used with of.
use strange sweetness and blandishment of words,
where he desired to effect or persuade any thing We will be blameless of this thine oath. Joshua. that he took to heart.
Bacon. BLA'MER. n. s. (from blame.] One that blames or finds fault; a censurer.
3. Kind treatment; caress.
Him Dido now with blandishment detains; In me you 've hallowed a pagan muse, And denizon'd a stranger, who, mistaught
But I suspect the town where Juno reigns. Dryd.
In order to bring those infidels within the wide By blamers of the times they marr’d, hath sought Virtues in corners.
circle of whiggish community, neither blandisha Donne.
ments nor promises are omitted. Swift. BLAMEW O'RTHY. adj. [from blame and
worthy.] Culpable ; blamable ; worthy BLANK. adj. [blanc, Fr. derived by Me of blame or censure.
nage from olbianus, thus: albianus, alAlthough the same should be blamewortby,
bianicus, bianicus, biancus, bianco, blaniyet this age hath forborn to incur the danger of cus, blancus, blanc; by others from any such blame.
Hooker. blanc, which, in Danish, signifies shinTo BLANCH. v. a. [blanchir, Fr.]
ing ; in conformity to which, the Ger, 1. To whiten ; to change from some other mans have blancker, to shine; the Saxons, colour to white.
blæcan; and the English, bleach, to You can behold such sights,
whiten.] And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,
1. White. When mine is blancb'd with fear. Sbakspeare.
To the blank moon A way of whiting wax cheaply may be of use;
Her office they prescrib'd; to th' other five and we have set down the practice of tradesmen who' blancb it.
Their planetary motions.
Milton, Boyle. And sin's black dye seems blanch'd by age to
2. Without writing ; unwritten ; empty virtue.
of all marks. 2. To strip or peel such things as have
Our substitutes at home shall have blank char. husks.
ters, Their suppers may be biskot, raisins of the
Whereto, when they know that men are rich,
They shall subscribe them for large eums of geld. sun, and a few blanched almonds. Wiseman,
Sbakspeare. 3. To slur; to balk; to pass over ; to Upon the debtor side, I find innumerable arshift away. Not in use.
ticles; but, upon the creditor side, little more The judges thought it dangerous to admit ifs
than bla... paper.
Addison. and ands, to qualify treason; whereby every one 3. Pale ; confused ; crushed ; dispirited; might express his malice, and blanch his danger. subdued ; depressed.
There without such beast, or sign of joy, You are not transported in an action that
Solicitous and blank, he thus began. warms the blood, and is appearing holy, to
Adam, soon as he heard
The fatal wrespass done by Eve, amaz'd,
Astonied stood, and blank, while horrour chill To BLANCH. V. n. To evade ; to shift ; Ran through his veins, and all his joints relax'd. to speak soft.
Milton. Optimi consiliarii mortui ; books will speak
. But now no face divine contentment wears; plain when counsellors blanck.
Bacen, 'Tis all blank sadness, or continual fears. Pope.